Emevî Hâlifeliği, (Arapça: بنو أمية/الأمويون), Dört Halife Dönemi’nden (632-661) sonra Müslüman Arap İslam Devleti'ne egemen olan hanedan. Ali bin Ebu Talib’nin 661’de öldürülmesinden sonra başa geçen Emevîler, 750’de Abbâsîler tarafından yıkılıncaya değin hüküm sürdüler.

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Bani Umayyah (bahasa Arab: بنو أمية, Banu Umayyah, Dinasti Umayyah) atau Kekhalifahan Umayyah, adalah kekhalifahan Islam pertama setelah masa Khulafaur Rasyidin yang memerintah dari 661 sampai 750 di Jazirah Arab dan sekitarnya (beribukota di Damaskus) ; serta dari 756 sampai 1031 di Kordoba, Spanyol sebagai Kekhalifahan Kordoba. Nama dinasti ini dirujuk kepada Umayyah bin 'Abd asy-Syams, kakek buyut dari khalifah pertama Bani Umayyah, yaitu Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan atau kadangkala disebut juga dengan Muawiyah I.
  • Emevî Hâlifeliği, (Arapça: بنو أمية/الأمويون), Dört Halife Dönemi’nden (632-661) sonra Müslüman Arap İslam Devleti'ne egemen olan hanedan. Ali bin Ebu Talib’nin 661’de öldürülmesinden sonra başa geçen Emevîler, 750’de Abbâsîler tarafından yıkılıncaya değin hüküm sürdüler.
  • Omeiatar Kaliferria (arabieraz: بنو أمية, Banu Umayyah) Mahoma hil ondoren izandako lau kaliferrietatik bigarrena izan zen. Omeiatar leinuak zuzendua izan zen, leinuaren sortzailea Umayya ibn Abd Shams izan zen. Nahiz eta omeiatarrak jatorriz Mekakoak izan, Damasko aukeratu zuten bere hiriburua. Munduko inperiorik zabalena bilakatu zen. Abasidar kaliferriak omeiarrak bota zituenean, Al-Andalusera ihes egin zuten non Kordobako kaliferria sortu zuten.
  • El Califato Omeya o Califato de los Omeyas (en lengua árabe: بنو أمية banū umayya o الأمويون al-umawiyyūn; en persa: امویان omaviyân; en turco: emevi). El Omeya fue un linaje árabe que ejerció el poder califal, primero en Oriente, con capital en Damasco, y luego en al-Ándalus, con capital en Córdoba (España).
  • The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الأموية‎, trans. Al-Ḫilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. The caliphate was centered on the Umayyad dynasty (Arabic: الأمويون‎, al-ʾUmawiyyūn, or بنو أمية, Banū ʾUmayya, "Sons of Umayya"), hailing from Mecca. The Umayyad family had first come to power under the third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan (r. 644–656), but the Umayyad regime was founded by Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan, long-time governor of Syria, after the end of the First Muslim Civil War in 661 CE/41 AH. Syria remained the Umayyads' main power base thereafter, and Damascus was their capital. The Umayyads continued the Muslim conquests, incorporating the Caucasus, Transoxiana, Sindh, the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus) into the Muslim world. At its greatest extent, the Umayyad Caliphate covered 5.17 million square miles (13,400,000 km2), making it the largest empire the world had yet seen, and the fifth largest ever to exist.At the time, the Umayyad taxation and administrative practice were perceived as unjust by some Muslims. While the non-Muslim population had autonomy, their judicial matters were dealt with in accordance with their own laws and by their own religious heads or their appointees. They paid a poll tax for policing to the central state. Muhammad had stated explicitly during his lifetime that each religious minority should be allowed to practice its own religion and govern itself, and the policy had on the whole continued. The welfare state for both the Muslim and the non-Muslim poor started by Omar had also continued. Muawiya's wife Maysum (Yazid's mother) was also a Christian. The relations between the Muslims and the Christians in the state were good. The Umayyads were involved in frequent battles with the Christian Byzantines without being concerned with protecting their rear in Syria, which had remained largely Christian like many other parts of the empire. Prominent positions were held by Christians, some of whom belonged to families that had served in Byzantine governments. The employment of Christians was part of a broader policy of religious tolerance that was necessitated by the presence of large Christian populations in the conquered provinces, especially in Syria. This policy also boosted his popularity and solidified Syria as his power base.The rivalries between the Arab tribes had caused unrest in the provinces outside Syria, most notably in the Second Muslim Civil War of 680–692 CE and the Berber Revolt of 740–743 CE. During the Second Civil War, leadership of the Umayyad clan shifted from the Sufyanid branch of the family to the Marwanid branch. As the constant campaigning exhausted the resources and manpower of the state, the Umayyads, weakened by the Third Muslim Civil War of 744–747 CE, were finally toppled by the Abbasid Revolution in 750 CE/132 AH. A branch of the family fled across North Africa to Al-Andalus, where they established the Caliphate of Córdoba, which lasted until 1031 before falling due to the Fitna of al-Ándalus.
  • Омейя́дский халифа́т (араб. الخلافة الأموية‎‎) или Дама́сский халифа́т — феодальное государство, существовавшее с 661 по 750 год. Правящая династия — Омейяды. Столица находилась в Дамаске. Глава государства — халиф. В его руках была сосредоточена духовная и светская власть, которая передавалась по наследству. Официальный язык — арабский. Валюта — золотой динар и серебряный дирхем.
  • O Califado Omíada (em árabe: الأمويون / بنو أمية; transl.: Umawiyy; em persa: امویان; transl.: Omaviyân; em turco: Emevi) foi o segundo dos quatro principais califados islâmicos estabelecidos após a morte de Maomé. O califado foi centrado na dinastia Omíada (em árabe: الأمويون, al-ʾUmawiyyūn ou بنو أمية], Banū ʾUmayya, "Filhos de Umayya"), originários de Meca. A família omíada havia chegado ao poder durante o governo do terceiro califa, Otman (r. 644–656), mas o regime omíada foi fundado por Muawiya I, governador de longa data da Síria, após o fim da Primeira Guerra Civil Islâmica em 661 (41 Anno Hegirae). Por conseguinte, a Síria permaneceu como a principal base de poder dos Omíadas, com Damasco como sua capital. Os Omíadas continuaram as conquistas muçulmanas, incorporando no mundo muçulmano o Cáucaso, Transoxiana, Sinde, Magrebe e a península Ibérica (al-Andalus). Na sua maior extensão, o Califado Omíada cobria 15 000 000 km², fazendo dele o maior império que o mundo tinha visto até então, e o quinto maior que já existiu.Na época, o imposto e ação administrativa Omíada foi percebida como injusta por alguns muçulmanos. Enquanto a população não-muçulmana tinha autonomia, as suas questões judiciais foram tratadas de acordo com suas próprias leis e por seus próprios chefes religiosos ou seus nomeados. Pagavam ao governo central taxa para o policiamento. Maomé tinha afirmado explicitamente enquanto era vivo que todas as minorias religiosas deviam ser autorizadas a praticar a sua religião e terem as suas próprias instituições governamentais e jurídicas e em termos gerais essa política tinha continuado. As medidas de assistência social tanto para muçulmanos como para não muçulmanos iniciadas por Omar também tinham sido mantidas. A esposa de Muawiya, Maysum, mãe de Yazid também era cristã. As relações entre os muçulmanos e os cristãos no estado foram boas. Os omíadas foram envolvidos em batalhas frequentes com os cristãos bizantinos, sem se preocupar com a proteção de sua retaguarda na Síria, que havia permanecido em grande parte cristã como muitas outras partes do império. Posições de destaque foram mantidas pelos cristãos, alguns dos quais pertenciam a famílias que serviram nos governos bizantinos. O trabalho dos cristãos era parte de uma política mais ampla de tolerância religiosa que foi necessária em virtude da presença de grandes populações cristãs nas províncias conquistadas, especialmente na Síria. Esta política também impulsionou sua popularidade e solidificou a Síria como sua base do poder.As rivalidades entre as tribos árabes causou agitação nas províncias fora da Síria, principalmente na Segunda Guerra Civil Muçulmana de 680-692 CE e a revolta berbere de 740-743 CE. Durante a Segunda Guerra Civil, a liderança do clã Omíada passou do ramo Sufyanid da família para o ramo Marwanida. À medida que a campanha constante esgotou os recursos materiais e humanos do Estado, os omíadas, enfraquecidos pela Terceira Guerra Civil Muçulmana de 744-747 CE, foram finalmente derrubados pela revolução abássida em 750 CE/132 AH. Um ramo da família fugiu para o Norte da África para Al-Andalus, onde se estabeleceu o Califado de Córdova, que durou até 1031, antes de cair devido a Fitna de Al-Andalus.
dbpedia-owl:capital
dbpedia-owl:currency
dbpedia-owl:demographics
dbpedia-owl:event
dbpedia-owl:existence
dbpedia-owl:flag
  • Umayyad Flag.svg
dbpedia-owl:government
dbpedia-owl:language
dbpedia-owl:mapCaption
  • Califat omeyyade en 750.
dbpedia-owl:motto
  • Il n'y a de dieu que Dieu, Mahomet est le messager de Dieu
dbpedia-owl:nextEntity
dbpedia-owl:previousEntity
dbpedia-owl:religion
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wholeArea
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 44515 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageLength
  • 34379 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 248 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 108988886 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
prop-fr:année
  • 1960 (xsd:integer)
  • 1994 (xsd:integer)
  • 1996 (xsd:integer)
  • 2000 (xsd:integer)
  • 2002 (xsd:integer)
  • 2004 (xsd:integer)
  • 2005 (xsd:integer)
  • 2009 (xsd:integer)
  • 2012 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:annéeDébut
  • 661 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:annéeFin
  • 750 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:capitale
prop-fr:carte
  • Umayyad750ADloc.png
prop-fr:collection
  • Champs
  • Nouvelle Clio
  • Essential Histories
  • Grands dictionnaires
prop-fr:devise
  • Il n'y a de dieu que Dieu, Mahomet est le messager de Dieu
prop-fr:directeur
  • oui
prop-fr:drapeau
  • Umayyad Flag.svg
prop-fr:evt
prop-fr:evt1Date
  • 661 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:evt2Date
  • 680 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:evt3Date
  • 0711-07-19 (xsd:date)
prop-fr:evt4Date
  • 0717-08-15 (xsd:date)
prop-fr:evt5Date
  • 0732-10-25 (xsd:date)
prop-fr:evt6Date
  • 0750-01-25 (xsd:date)
prop-fr:evt7Date
  • 750 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:gouvernement
prop-fr:isbn
  • 72442336 (xsd:integer)
  • 415240735 (xsd:integer)
  • 521779332 (xsd:integer)
  • 748625127 (xsd:integer)
  • 791418278 (xsd:integer)
  • 1846032733 (xsd:integer)
  • 2080816454 (xsd:integer)
  • 2130473202 (xsd:integer)
  • 2130557627 (xsd:integer)
  • 2747587167 (xsd:double)
prop-fr:jour
  • 1 (xsd:integer)
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
  • 15 (xsd:integer)
  • 16 (xsd:integer)
  • 19 (xsd:integer)
  • 21 (xsd:integer)
  • 26 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:langue
  • en
  • fr
prop-fr:langues
prop-fr:leadera
prop-fr:leadera1Date
  • 661 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:leadera2Date
  • 744 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:lienAuteur
  • David Nicolle
  • Pierre Guichard
  • Dominique Sourdel
  • Oleg Grabar
  • Émile Tyan
prop-fr:lienÉditeur
  • Presses universitaires de France
  • Groupe Flammarion
  • Cambridge University Press
  • McGraw-Hill
  • Routledge
  • Éditions L'Harmattan
  • Osprey Publishing
  • Éditions Brill
prop-fr:lieu
  • Cambridge
  • Leyde
  • Paris
  • Édimbourg
  • Oxford
  • Albany
prop-fr:légende
  • Califat omeyyade en 750.
prop-fr:mois
  • 1 (xsd:integer)
  • 3 (xsd:integer)
  • 4 (xsd:integer)
  • 5 (xsd:integer)
  • 6 (xsd:integer)
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
  • 9 (xsd:integer)
  • 10 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:monnaie
  • Dinar omeyyade
prop-fr:nom
  • Guichard
  • Moreau
  • Nicolle
  • Bianquis
  • Tillier
  • Al-Ḫilāfah al-ʾumawiyyah
  • Blankinship
  • Fisher
  • Grabar
  • Hawting
  • Lapidus
  • Marsham
  • Ochsenwald
  • Sourdel
  • Tyan
prop-fr:nomFrançais
  • Califat omeyyade
prop-fr:p
prop-fr:popDate
  • vers 700
prop-fr:prénom
  • Dominique
  • Pierre
  • Andrew
  • David
  • Janine
  • Jean-Paul
  • Mathieu
  • Thierry
  • William
  • Émile
  • Gerald R.
  • Ira Marvin
  • Khalid Yahya
  • Oleg
  • Sydney Nettleton
prop-fr:religion
prop-fr:s
prop-fr:sousTitre
  • A History
  • De Muhammad aux dynasties autonomes
  • Accession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire
  • The Reign of Hishām Ibn ‘Abd-al Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads
  • The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750
  • dans l'Empire romain et l'Occident médiéval
prop-fr:superficieDate
  • vers 750
prop-fr:titre
  • Dictionnaire historique de l'islam
  • A History of Islamic Societies
  • Disputes et conflits du christianisme
  • La Formation de l'art islamique
  • Les débuts du monde musulman
  • Histoire de l'organisation judiciaire en pays d'islam
  • Rituals of Islamic Monarchy
  • The End of the Jihâd State
  • The First Dynasty of Islam
  • The Great Islamic Conquests AD 632–750
  • The Middle East
prop-fr:titreLeadera
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
prop-fr:éditeur
  • Presses universitaires de France
  • Brill
  • Cambridge University Press
  • Flammarion
  • L'Harmattan
  • Presses Universitaires de France
  • Routledge
  • Edinburgh University Press
  • Osprey Publishing
  • State University of New York Press
  • The McGraw-Hill Companies
dcterms:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Emevî Hâlifeliği, (Arapça: بنو أمية/الأمويون), Dört Halife Dönemi’nden (632-661) sonra Müslüman Arap İslam Devleti'ne egemen olan hanedan. Ali bin Ebu Talib’nin 661’de öldürülmesinden sonra başa geçen Emevîler, 750’de Abbâsîler tarafından yıkılıncaya değin hüküm sürdüler.
  • Omeiatar Kaliferria (arabieraz: بنو أمية, Banu Umayyah) Mahoma hil ondoren izandako lau kaliferrietatik bigarrena izan zen. Omeiatar leinuak zuzendua izan zen, leinuaren sortzailea Umayya ibn Abd Shams izan zen. Nahiz eta omeiatarrak jatorriz Mekakoak izan, Damasko aukeratu zuten bere hiriburua. Munduko inperiorik zabalena bilakatu zen. Abasidar kaliferriak omeiarrak bota zituenean, Al-Andalusera ihes egin zuten non Kordobako kaliferria sortu zuten.
  • El Califato Omeya o Califato de los Omeyas (en lengua árabe: بنو أمية banū umayya o الأمويون al-umawiyyūn; en persa: امویان omaviyân; en turco: emevi). El Omeya fue un linaje árabe que ejerció el poder califal, primero en Oriente, con capital en Damasco, y luego en al-Ándalus, con capital en Córdoba (España).
  • Омейя́дский халифа́т (араб. الخلافة الأموية‎‎) или Дама́сский халифа́т — феодальное государство, существовавшее с 661 по 750 год. Правящая династия — Омейяды. Столица находилась в Дамаске. Глава государства — халиф. В его руках была сосредоточена духовная и светская власть, которая передавалась по наследству. Официальный язык — арабский. Валюта — золотой динар и серебряный дирхем.
  • The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الأموية‎, trans. Al-Ḫilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. The caliphate was centered on the Umayyad dynasty (Arabic: الأمويون‎, al-ʾUmawiyyūn, or بنو أمية, Banū ʾUmayya, "Sons of Umayya"), hailing from Mecca. The Umayyad family had first come to power under the third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan (r.
  • O Califado Omíada (em árabe: الأمويون / بنو أمية; transl.: Umawiyy; em persa: امویان; transl.: Omaviyân; em turco: Emevi) foi o segundo dos quatro principais califados islâmicos estabelecidos após a morte de Maomé. O califado foi centrado na dinastia Omíada (em árabe: الأمويون, al-ʾUmawiyyūn ou بنو أمية], Banū ʾUmayya, "Filhos de Umayya"), originários de Meca. A família omíada havia chegado ao poder durante o governo do terceiro califa, Otman (r.
  • Bani Umayyah (bahasa Arab: بنو أمية, Banu Umayyah, Dinasti Umayyah) atau Kekhalifahan Umayyah, adalah kekhalifahan Islam pertama setelah masa Khulafaur Rasyidin yang memerintah dari 661 sampai 750 di Jazirah Arab dan sekitarnya (beribukota di Damaskus) ; serta dari 756 sampai 1031 di Kordoba, Spanyol sebagai Kekhalifahan Kordoba.
rdfs:label
  • Omeyyades
  • Califado Omíada
  • Califato Omeya
  • Emevî Hâlifeliği
  • Kekhalifahan Umayyah
  • Omeiatar Kaliferria
  • Umayyad Caliphate
  • Омейядский халифат
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Califat omeyyade
is dbpedia-owl:category of
is dbpedia-owl:nextEntity of
is dbpedia-owl:nextEvent of
is dbpedia-owl:previousEntity of
is dbpedia-owl:type of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink of
is prop-fr:adversaires of
is prop-fr:allégeance of
is prop-fr:combattants of
is prop-fr:nom of
is skos:subject of
is foaf:primaryTopic of