Pierre Nicole est un théologien et un controversiste français, né le 19 octobre 1625 à Chartres, mort le 16 novembre 1695 à Paris. Il est considéré comme un des principaux auteurs jansénistes.

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  • Pierre Nicole est un théologien et un controversiste français, né le 19 octobre 1625 à Chartres, mort le 16 novembre 1695 à Paris. Il est considéré comme un des principaux auteurs jansénistes.
  • Nicole Pierre (19. října 1625 Chartres – 16. listopadu 1695 Paříž) byl francouzský jansenistický teolog. Byl činný v opatství Port-Royal, kde působil jako učitel. S Arnauldem napsal kurs logiky La logique ou l'art de penser (1662, Logika neboli umění mysliti), která měla význam pro propagaci vědeckého myšlení, a jiné spisy (výbor z poesie a j.).
  • Пьер Николь (фр. Pierre Nicole; 1625—1695) — известный французский моралист и богослов.Занимаясь в Париже изучением богословия и древнееврейского языка, Николь сблизился с Пор-Роялем, стал там профессором и принимал деятельное участие во всех трудах Пор-Рояля — «Logique», «Grainmaire générale», «Méthode», a также в его религиозной полемике.Друг и сотрудник Антуана Арно, Николь не обладал его непреклонным характером: слабый, робкий и сдержанный, он терялся в устных дебатах и лишь в тиши кабинета находил те доводы, которые делали его одним из лучших тогдашних полемистов. Преследования, которым подвергались янсенисты, его единомышленники, и страх перед иезуитами, которых раздражили его нападки, довели Николя, в 1658 г., до бегства в Германию; лишь благодаря увещаниям Арно он решился возвратиться.Смерть покровительницы Николя, герцогини Лонгвиль, заставила его опять искать убежища вне Франции; он бежал в Нидерланды и, только получив, по ходатайству архиепископа парижского, разрешение возвратиться на родину, поселился в Шартре, затем в Париже, где всецело погрузился в свой любимый и главный труд: «Essais de morale» — собрание небольших рассуждений о вопросах этики и религии.Полемика по-прежнему привлекала Николя, но, изменив свои воззрения, он обращался, по преимуществу, против протестантов. От янсенистов он отрекся совершенно; произведения, написанные им в последний период его жизни, рассорили его с прежними друзьями по Пор-Роялю.Произведения Николя, очень популярные в своё время, позже были почти забыты, кроме небольшого рассуждения: «Des moyens de conserver la paix avec les hommes» (из «Essais de morale»), которое перепечатывалось много раз.
  • Pierre Nicole (October 19, 1625 – November 16, 1695) was one of the most distinguished of the French Jansenists.Born in Chartres, he was the son of a provincial barrister, who took in charge his education. Sent to Paris in 1642 to study theology, he soon entered into relations with the Jansenist community at Port-Royal through his aunt, Marie des Anges Suireau, who was for a short time abbess of the convent, and he taught for a while at the Petites écoles de Port-Royal. Some scruple of conscience forbade him to proceed to the priesthood, and he remained throughout life a "clerk in minor orders," although a profound theological scholar. For some years he was a master in the "little school" for boys established at Port Royal, and had the honour of teaching Greek to young Jean Racine, the future poet. But his chief duty was to act, in collaboration with Antoine Arnauld, as general editor of the controversial literature put forth by the Jansenists.He had a large share in collecting the materials for Pascal's Provincial Letters (1656); in 1658 he translated the Letters into Latin, under the pseudonym of Nicholas Wendrock. In 1662 he coauthored the very successful Port-Royal Logic with Antoine Arnauld, based on a Cartesian reading of Aristotelian logic. In 1664 he himself began a series of letters, Les Imaginaires, intended to show that the heretical opinions commonly ascribed to the Jansenists really existed only in the imagination of the Jesuits. His letters being violently attacked by Desmaretz de Saint-Sorlin, an erratic minor poet who professed great devotion to the Jesuits, Nicole replied to him in another series of letters, Les Visionnaires (1666). In the course of these he observed that poets and dramatists were no better than "public poisoners." This remark stung Racine to the quick; he turned not only on his old master, but on all Port Royal, in a scathing reply, which—as Boileau told him—did more honour to his head than to his heart.About the same time Nicole became involved in a controversy about transubstantiation with the Huguenot Claude; out of this grew a massive work, La Perpétuité de la foi de l'Église catholique touchant l'eucharistie (1669), the joint effort of Nicole and Antoine Arnauld. But Nicole's most popular production was his Essais de morale, a series of short discussions on practical Christianity. The first volume was published in 1671, and was followed at irregular intervals by others; altogether the series numbers fourteen volumes. In 1679, on the renewal of the persecution of the Jansenists, Nicole was forced to flee to Belgium in company with Arnauld. But the two soon parted. Nicole was elderly and in poor health; the life of a fugitive was not to his taste, and he complained that he wanted rest. "Rest," answered Arnauld, "when you have eternity to rest in!" In 1683 Nicole made a rather ambiguous peace with the authorities, and was allowed to come back to Paris. There he continued his literary labours up to the last; he was writing a refutation of the new heresy of the Quietists, when death overtook him. Nicole was one of the most attractive figures of Port Royal. Many stories are told of his quaint absent-mindedness and unreadiness in conversation. His books are distinguished by exactly opposite qualities; they are neat and orderly to excess. Hence they were exceedingly popular with Mme de Sevigné and readers of her class. No other Jansenist writer, not even Pascal, was so successful in putting the position of Port Royal before the world. And although a modern appetite quails before fourteen volumes on morality, there is much solid sense and practical knowledge of human nature to be found in the Essais de morale. Several abridgments of the work exist, notably a Choix des essais de morale de Nicole, ed. Silvestre de Saci (Paris, 1857). Nicole's life is told at length in the 4th volume of Sainte-Beuve's Port-Royal.
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 16 de Novembro de 1625 - Indefinido, 1695) foi um dos mais destacados pensadores jansenistas franceses.Nicole foi uma das personagens mais atrativas de Port-Royal-des-Champs. Muitas histórias são contadas sobre sua curiosa distração enquanto conversava. Seus livros são reconhecidos exatamente por serem o oposto disto; eles são concisos e organizados em excesso. Em consequência, ficaram muito populares entre os alunos de Madame de Sevigné. Nenhum outro escritor jansenista, nem mesmo Pascal, foi tão bem sucedido em defender a escola de Port Royal perante o mundo. A vida de Pierre Nicole está contada ao longo dos quatro volumes escritos por Sainte-Beuve a respeito de Port Royal.
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 19 d'octubre de 1625 − París, 16 de novembre de 1695) va ser un teòleg francès considerat un dels principals autors jansenistes. Entra en contacte amb el monestir de Port Royal des Champs través de la seva tia, Maria dels Àngels Suireau, que és abadessa de Port Royal. Dedica part del seu temps ensenyant a les escoles petites de Port-Royal. També va estudiar el pensament de Sant Agustí i de Tomàs d'Aquino, que li permet, en 1649, ser batxiller en teologia. No obstant això, no obté la seva llicenciatura en teologia, a causa dels disturbis que en aquest moment hi ha a la Universitat al voltant de cinc propostes dels Agustins de Jansen. Després es va retirar a Port Royal des Champs, a invitació dels jansenistes, especialment d'Antoine Arnauld. Va ser gran amic del filòsof Blaise Pascal.
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 13 ottobre 1625 – Parigi, 16 novembre 1695) è stato un filosofo e teologo francese.
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 19 oktober 1625 - Parijs, 16 november 1695) was een van de meest vooraanstaande van de Franse Jansenisten.
  • Pierre Nicole (* 19. Oktober 1625 in Chartres; † 16. November 1695 in Paris) war ein französischer Theologe und Logiker, so wie Vertreter des Jansenismus.Mit Antoine Arnauld verfasste er La logique ou l'art de penser (bekannt als Logik von Port-Royal), ein Buch, das logisches Schließen als Grundvoraussetzung für den Wissensgewinn propagierte. Es war für die Aufklärer des 18. Jahrhunderts von besonderer Bedeutung.
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  • Category:Pierre Nicole
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  • Pierre Nicole
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  • Pierre Nicole est un théologien et un controversiste français, né le 19 octobre 1625 à Chartres, mort le 16 novembre 1695 à Paris. Il est considéré comme un des principaux auteurs jansénistes.
  • Nicole Pierre (19. října 1625 Chartres – 16. listopadu 1695 Paříž) byl francouzský jansenistický teolog. Byl činný v opatství Port-Royal, kde působil jako učitel. S Arnauldem napsal kurs logiky La logique ou l'art de penser (1662, Logika neboli umění mysliti), která měla význam pro propagaci vědeckého myšlení, a jiné spisy (výbor z poesie a j.).
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 13 ottobre 1625 – Parigi, 16 novembre 1695) è stato un filosofo e teologo francese.
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 19 oktober 1625 - Parijs, 16 november 1695) was een van de meest vooraanstaande van de Franse Jansenisten.
  • Pierre Nicole (* 19. Oktober 1625 in Chartres; † 16. November 1695 in Paris) war ein französischer Theologe und Logiker, so wie Vertreter des Jansenismus.Mit Antoine Arnauld verfasste er La logique ou l'art de penser (bekannt als Logik von Port-Royal), ein Buch, das logisches Schließen als Grundvoraussetzung für den Wissensgewinn propagierte. Es war für die Aufklärer des 18. Jahrhunderts von besonderer Bedeutung.
  • Pierre Nicole (October 19, 1625 – November 16, 1695) was one of the most distinguished of the French Jansenists.Born in Chartres, he was the son of a provincial barrister, who took in charge his education. Sent to Paris in 1642 to study theology, he soon entered into relations with the Jansenist community at Port-Royal through his aunt, Marie des Anges Suireau, who was for a short time abbess of the convent, and he taught for a while at the Petites écoles de Port-Royal.
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 19 d'octubre de 1625 − París, 16 de novembre de 1695) va ser un teòleg francès considerat un dels principals autors jansenistes. Entra en contacte amb el monestir de Port Royal des Champs través de la seva tia, Maria dels Àngels Suireau, que és abadessa de Port Royal. Dedica part del seu temps ensenyant a les escoles petites de Port-Royal. També va estudiar el pensament de Sant Agustí i de Tomàs d'Aquino, que li permet, en 1649, ser batxiller en teologia.
  • Pierre Nicole (Chartres, 16 de Novembro de 1625 - Indefinido, 1695) foi um dos mais destacados pensadores jansenistas franceses.Nicole foi uma das personagens mais atrativas de Port-Royal-des-Champs. Muitas histórias são contadas sobre sua curiosa distração enquanto conversava. Seus livros são reconhecidos exatamente por serem o oposto disto; eles são concisos e organizados em excesso. Em consequência, ficaram muito populares entre os alunos de Madame de Sevigné.
  • Пьер Николь (фр.
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  • Pierre Nicole
  • Pierre Nicole
  • Pierre Nicole
  • Pierre Nicole
  • Pierre Nicole
  • Pierre Nicole
  • Pierre Nicole
  • Pierre Nicole
  • Николь, Пьер (богослов)
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