La maison de Guise était une famille illustre de la noblesse française. Branche cadette de la maison de Lorraine, elle marqua l'histoire de France pendant les guerres de religion.

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  • La maison de Guise était une famille illustre de la noblesse française. Branche cadette de la maison de Lorraine, elle marqua l'histoire de France pendant les guerres de religion.
  • Duque de Guisa (en francés Duc de Guise) fue un título de la nobleza francesa creado en 1528 que perteneció inicialmente a la Casa de Guisa, rama menor de la Casa de Lorena. Varios duques de Guisa compitieron en el siglo XVI por el trono de Francia. A principios del siglo XVIII la titularidad del ducado de Guisa pasó a la casa de Borbón-Condé y a mediados del siglo XIX, a los de Orleans que reservaron el título de duque de Guisa para uso protocolario.
  • La Casa di Guisa fu una famiglia ducale francese, parzialmente responsabile delle Guerre di religione francesi: erano cattolici e desideravano annullare l'influenza crescente del calvinismo. La Casa di Guisa deriva da un ramo cadetto della Casa di Lorena: Claudio di Lorena, figlio cadetto di Renato II di Lorena, si mise al servizio di Francesco I di Francia, che lo insignì del titolo ducale. Sua figlia Maria di Guisa (1515-1560) sposò Giacomo V di Scozia divenendo madre della regina Maria Stuarda ed il primogenito Francesco I di Guisa, divenne un eroe in Francia riconquistando Calais agli inglesi nel 1558.Nel 1558 re Francesco II di Francia sposò la cugina Maria Regina di Scozia e l'anno dopo i suoi potenti zii Guisa ebbero ancora maggior influenza nel governo della Francia. Ciò portò alla Cospirazione di Amboise in cui gli Ugonotti e i membri della Casa di Borbone, cugini dei Valois meditarono di strappare il potere reale ai Guisa: infatti il duca di Guisa e suo fratello il Cardinale Carlo controllavano la politica francese durante il breve regno del malato re Francesco II. Il Cardinale era inoltre il leader dei rappresentanti francesi al Concilio di Trento e, dato ironico rispetto alla politica dei suoi consanguinei, si era battuto per venire incontro il più possibile ai protestanti. Sostenendo il cattolicesimo contro gli Ugonotti, nel 1560, i Guisa schiacciarono brutalmente la cospirazione di Amboise: dopo che alla morte del re Francesco II seguì una politica più tollerante da parte della Reggente Caterina de' Medici, i Guisa soffiarono sul fuoco dei contrasti agevolando quel clima che avrebbe condotto alle Guerre di Religione Francesi.La Casa di Guisa, guidata da Francesco I di Guisa sconfisse gli Ugonotti alla Battaglia di Dreux ma fu ucciso poco dopo (1563). Suo figlio Enrico di Guisa divenne il terzo Duca di Guisa e partecipò alla cospirazione che sarebbe sfociata nella Notte di San Bartolomeo e fu responsabile della creazione della Lega Cattolica. La morte dell'erede al trono, Francesco Ercole di Valois Duca d'Angiò, nel 1584, che rese il re protestante Enrico III di Navarra erede presuntivo, spinse il paese in un'ulteriore guerra civile, nota come la Guerra dei tre Enrichi tra Re Enrico III di Francia, Enrico III di Borbone Re di Navarra ed Enrico Duca di Guisa. Il Guisa diede di fatto il via alla guerra dopo aver dichiarato che non avrebbe accettato il Navarra come Re, e il suo potere all'interno della Lega Cattolica presto costrinse Enrico III a seguirlo. Immensamente ambizioso, nel 1588 Enrico di Guisa, con il supporto degli Spagnoli, istigò una sommossa contro il re, prendendo il controllo della città di Parigi e diventando un sovrano de facto.Dopo una conciliazione apparente, nel dicembre 1588 Enrico III fece assassinare sia il duca Enrico che suo fratello il Cardinale Luigi nel castello di Blois. La direzione della Lega Cattolica fu affidata ad un terzo fratello, Carlo di Guisa, duca di Mayenne, comandante delle forze militari della Lega. Poco tempo dopo un frate avrebbe ucciso lo stesso re Enrico III.Il nipote di Mayenne, figlio di Enrico, Carlo I di Guisa, quarto duca, fu proposto come erede al trono ed offerto per un matrimonio con Isabella d'Asburgo-Spagna, figlia di Filippo II di Spagna e discendente di Enrico II di Francia. Benché Carlo di Mayenne e gli altri membri della Lega avessero assassinato, torturato e terrorizzato molti cittadini francesi, per il bene del paese re Enrico IV di Francia comprò la pace con loro, e nel gennaio 1596 un trattato venne firmato, mettendo termine alla Lega. La famiglia Guisa si è estinta nella discendenza maschile nel 1688.
  • Guise ist ein französisches Herzogsgeschlecht, deren Vertreter im Frankreich des 16. Jahrhunderts eine bedeutende Rolle spielten. Es handelt sich bei dem Geschlecht um eine jüngere Linie des Hauses Vaudémont.
  • Guise leinua frantziar nobleziako familia izan zen, jatorria Guise herrian zuena. XVI. mendearen bigarren erdialdean izan zuen botere gehien eta Frantziako Erlijio Gerretan parte hartze nabarmena izan zuen. Frantzian ez ezik, Eskozian ere kausa katolikoa defendatu zuen, Maria Lorrenakoa eta honen alaba, Maria Estuardoren bitartez. Guise leinua, Lorrena leinuaren adar txiki bat zena, Klaudio Lorrenakoak (1496–1550) sortua izan zen, Frantziaren alde egindako zerbitzuak zirela eta, 1528an Frantzisko I.a Frantziakoak Guiseko duke izendatu zuenean. Frantzisko II.a Frantziakoaren erregealdian Klaudioren bi seme, Frantzisko, Guiseko bigarren dukea, eta Karlos kardinala, nabarmendu ziren. Espainiako erregearen eta Aita Santuaren laguntzaz burututako higanoten aurkako jazarpenaren ondorioa izan zen Amboiseko konspirazioa (1560). Porrot egin zuen matxinada kalbinista honen helburuak Guisetar buruzagiak erail eta aginpidea Borboi leinuari ematea ziren. Guisetarrek antolatutako Wassyko higanoten sarraskiak (1562) Frantziako Erlijio Gerren hasiera eragin zuen. Gerra hauetan Guisetarrak Parisko Liga Santuaren buru izateagatik, protestanteekiko zuten intolerantziagatik nabarmendu ziren eta baita Valoistarrekin Frantziako koroa lortzeko izan zuten lehiagatik ere.1584an Henrike III.a Nafarroakoa kalbinista Frantziako tronurako oinordeko bihurtu zenean, Henrike I.a Guiseko dukeak onartezintzat jo zuen. Horrek beste gerra zibil bat eragin zuen, Hiru Henrikeena deritzona, non Guiseko Henrikek, Filipe II.a Espainiakoaren laguntzarekin, Paris kontrolpean hartu, gobernari de facto bihurtu eta Frantziako errege koroa nahi izan zuen. 1588an Henrike III.a Frantziakoak Guiseko dukea eta honen anaia Luis, Reimseko artzapezpikua, hilarazi zituen. Hurrengo urtean, berriz, Jacques Clementek Henrike III.a Frantziakoa erail zuen.Erailaren anaia txikia, Karlos Lorrenakoa Mayennego dukea (1554-1611) Guise leinuko buruzagi berri bihurtu zen. Honen iloba, Guisako duke berria zen Karlos Guisekoa (1571–1640) Frantziako errege izateko hautagai proposatua izan zen, ustez, Isabel Clara Eugenia espainiar infantarekin ezkonduz. Alabaina, 1596ko urtarrilean Henrike Borboikoak bakeak egin zituen Guise leinuarekin.Guise leinuaren gizonezkoen ondorengotza zuzena 1675ean desagertu zen, Guiseko VII. dukearen heriotza goiztiarrarekin, eta geroago, 1705ean, Guisetarren ondasunak Borboi-Condé leinura pasa ziren.
  • The House of Guise was a French ducal family, partly responsible for the French Wars of Religion.The Guises were Catholic, and Henry Guise wanted to end growing Calvinist influence. The assassination of Guise heightened passions and inspired Catholic attacks on Huguenots and their culture.The House of Guise was founded as a cadet branch of the House of Lorraine by Claude of Lorraine, first Duke of Guise (1496–1550), who entered French service and was made a duke by King Francis I. The family's high rank was due not to possession of the Guise dukedom but to their membership in a sovereign dynasty, which procured for them the rank of prince étranger at the royal court of France. Claude's daughter, Mary of Guise (1515–1560), married King James V of Scotland and was mother of Mary, Queen of Scots. Claude's eldest son, Francis, became a military hero thanks to his capture of Calais from the English in 1558, while another son, Charles became Archbishop of Reims and a Cardinal in the Catholic Church.In 1558, the Dauphin Francis married Mary, Queen of Scots. When the sickly young man became king after his father's death in 1559, the queen's uncles, the Duke of Guise and his brother the Cardinal of Lorraine, controlled French politics during his short reign. This prompted the Amboise conspiracy in which the Huguenots and the House of Bourbon plotted to usurp the power of the House of Guise. The Cardinal of Lorraine was also leader of the French representatives at the final sittings of the Council of Trent, and, ironically given his family's role in French politics, had fought for a greater willingness to compromise with Protestantism than the Italian and Spanish delegates.Championing Catholicism against the Huguenots, in 1560, the Guise family brutally put down the Conspiracy of Amboise. After King Francis' death they opposed the more tolerant policy of the Regent, Catherine de' Medici, and their doings provoked the French Wars of Religion.The Duke Francis helped to defeat the Huguenots at the Battle of Dreux, but he was assassinated shortly afterward, in 1563. His son, Henry of Guise, became the third Duke of Guise (1550–1588). He helped plan the infamous St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre and was responsible for the formation of the Catholic League. The death of the royal heir-presumptive, the Duc d'Anjou, in 1584, which made the Protestant King Henry of Navarre heir to the French throne, led to a new civil war, the War of the Three Henries, with King Henry III of France, Henry of Navarre, and Henry of Guise all fighting for control of France. Guise began the war by declaring the unacceptability of Navarre as King of France, and his control of the powerful Catholic League soon forced the French king to follow in his wake. Immensely ambitious, in 1588 Guise, with Spanish support, instigated a revolt against the king, taking control of the city of Paris and becoming the de facto ruler.After an apparent conciliation between the French king and the duke, in December of 1588 King Henry III had both the Duke of Guise and his brother, Louis of Lorraine, Cardinal of Guise (1555–1588), murdered during a meeting in the Royal Chateau at Blois. Leadership of the Catholic League fell to their brother, Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, who was commander of the armed forces of the Catholic League.The Duke of Mayenne's nephew, the young Duke of Guise, Charles, was proposed by the Catholic League as a candidate for the throne, possibly through a marriage to Philip II of Spain's daughter Isabella, the granddaughter of Henry II of France. The Catholic League was eventually defeated, but for the sake of the country King Henry IV bought peace with Mayenne, and in January 1596 a treaty was signed that put an end to the League. After this, the House of Guise receded from its prominent position in French politics, and the senior line, that of the Dukes of Guise became extinct in 1688. The vast estates and title were disputed and diverted by various relatives, although several junior branches of the family (Dukes of Mayenne, Dukes of Elbeuf, etc.) kept the male line extant until 1825. Thereafter, the only surviving male branch of the House of Lorraine was the seniormost branch, which had exchanged the sovereign duchy of Lorraine for that of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, holding sovereignty as the Habsburg-Lorraine Emperors of Austria-Hungary into the 20th century.Their principal title, Duke de Guise in 1688 was awarded to a branch of the House of Bourbon and afterwards to the House of Orléans. The title, with one exception, was not used by pretenders to throne of France (that is, French throne but-for-the-French Revolution of 1848). One if its heads, Prince Jean, Duke of Guise (1874 – 1940) nonetheless took it as his title of pretence to the former crown of France, supported by some of the 19th century Orleanist activists. These formed for at the time the junior set of Legitimists - claimants to be senior, rightful descendants of the pre-1848 French Royal Family and supported by restorative movements before, during and after the Second French Empire of Emperor Napoleon III, the last undoubted monarch of France. By the end of the 1880s, a series of republican Presidents during the relatively young French Third Republic ended any hope of a monarchy.
  • Os Guise foram uma poderosa família ducal católica francesa com muita influência ao longo do século XVI.Assim estão implicados na formação da Liga Católica (conhecida como Santa Liga) e tiveram participação directa em várias Guerras religiosas na França, sobretudo ao influenciar o rei Carlos IX de França e Catarina de Médicis no massacre da noite de São Bartolomeu.A Casa dos Guises foi fundada como um ramo colateral da Casa de Lorena por Claude I de Lorena (1496-1550), que recebeu o título de duque de Guise pelas mãos de Francisco I de França. A filha de Claude, Maria de Guise (1515-1560), casou-se com o rei Jaime V da Escócia e foi mãe da rainha Maria Stuart.
  • Guisa fou una senyoria i després comtat i ducat de França, a la Picardia, a la vila de Guise.Fou una senyoria no hereditària i entre els senyors s'esmenten un Renat i un Bukhard I al segle XI. El primer senyor hereditari de Guisa fou Gautier I, fill de Raul II de Vexin comte de Valois, probablement senyor de Guisa per cessió del seu germà el comte Raul IV de Crépy; Gautier segurament va aprofitar la successió al comtat de Vexin del 1077 per esdevenir senyor hereditari de Guisa.
  • Дом Гизи (на френски: Maison de Guise) е френски херцогски род, чийто членове имат важна роля през 16 век във Франция. Родът е млада линия на Дом Водемон от Лотарингия.Династията е основана от Клод I Лотарингски, херцог на Гиз (1496–1550), който е от 1527 г. херцог на Гиз. Чрез неговата женитба с Антоанета дьо Бурбон (« mère des Guises ») фамилията е роднина с френската кралска фамилия. Гизите са противници на хугенотите по времето на хугенотските войни. През 1675 г. херцогският род изчезва. Наследството им отива на Бурбон-Конде (Condé).
  • ギーズ家(仏: Maison de Guise)は、近世フランスの貴族の家系。16世紀のユグノー戦争に大きな影響をおよぼした。
  • Гизы (фр. Guise) — французский род, боковая ветвь Лотарингского дома, получившая в 1360 году владение Гиз в приданое и впоследствии разделившаяся на линии Гиз и Эльбёф. Из членов этой фамилии известны:
  • Gwizjusze (fr. de Guise) - francuski ród książęcy pochodzący z Lotaryngii. Boczna linia dynastii z Vaudémont.Protoplastą rodu był Klaudiusz de Guise, syn księcia lotaryńskiego - Rene II, i jego żona - Antonina de Burbon-Vendôme. W okresie wojen religijnych we Francji w XVI wieku Gwizjusze stanęli na czele stronnictwa katolików walczących przeciw hugenotom i Burbonom. Henryk I de Guise był jednym z inicjatorów nocy św. Bartłomieja, przywódcą Ligi Katolickiej. W 1588 roku obwołany został królem przez lud Paryża. Maria de Guise została królową Szkocji.
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  • La maison de Guise était une famille illustre de la noblesse française. Branche cadette de la maison de Lorraine, elle marqua l'histoire de France pendant les guerres de religion.
  • Duque de Guisa (en francés Duc de Guise) fue un título de la nobleza francesa creado en 1528 que perteneció inicialmente a la Casa de Guisa, rama menor de la Casa de Lorena. Varios duques de Guisa compitieron en el siglo XVI por el trono de Francia. A principios del siglo XVIII la titularidad del ducado de Guisa pasó a la casa de Borbón-Condé y a mediados del siglo XIX, a los de Orleans que reservaron el título de duque de Guisa para uso protocolario.
  • Guise ist ein französisches Herzogsgeschlecht, deren Vertreter im Frankreich des 16. Jahrhunderts eine bedeutende Rolle spielten. Es handelt sich bei dem Geschlecht um eine jüngere Linie des Hauses Vaudémont.
  • Guisa fou una senyoria i després comtat i ducat de França, a la Picardia, a la vila de Guise.Fou una senyoria no hereditària i entre els senyors s'esmenten un Renat i un Bukhard I al segle XI. El primer senyor hereditari de Guisa fou Gautier I, fill de Raul II de Vexin comte de Valois, probablement senyor de Guisa per cessió del seu germà el comte Raul IV de Crépy; Gautier segurament va aprofitar la successió al comtat de Vexin del 1077 per esdevenir senyor hereditari de Guisa.
  • ギーズ家(仏: Maison de Guise)は、近世フランスの貴族の家系。16世紀のユグノー戦争に大きな影響をおよぼした。
  • Гизы (фр. Guise) — французский род, боковая ветвь Лотарингского дома, получившая в 1360 году владение Гиз в приданое и впоследствии разделившаяся на линии Гиз и Эльбёф. Из членов этой фамилии известны:
  • The House of Guise was a French ducal family, partly responsible for the French Wars of Religion.The Guises were Catholic, and Henry Guise wanted to end growing Calvinist influence. The assassination of Guise heightened passions and inspired Catholic attacks on Huguenots and their culture.The House of Guise was founded as a cadet branch of the House of Lorraine by Claude of Lorraine, first Duke of Guise (1496–1550), who entered French service and was made a duke by King Francis I.
  • Os Guise foram uma poderosa família ducal católica francesa com muita influência ao longo do século XVI.Assim estão implicados na formação da Liga Católica (conhecida como Santa Liga) e tiveram participação directa em várias Guerras religiosas na França, sobretudo ao influenciar o rei Carlos IX de França e Catarina de Médicis no massacre da noite de São Bartolomeu.A Casa dos Guises foi fundada como um ramo colateral da Casa de Lorena por Claude I de Lorena (1496-1550), que recebeu o título de duque de Guise pelas mãos de Francisco I de França.
  • La Casa di Guisa fu una famiglia ducale francese, parzialmente responsabile delle Guerre di religione francesi: erano cattolici e desideravano annullare l'influenza crescente del calvinismo. La Casa di Guisa deriva da un ramo cadetto della Casa di Lorena: Claudio di Lorena, figlio cadetto di Renato II di Lorena, si mise al servizio di Francesco I di Francia, che lo insignì del titolo ducale.
  • Gwizjusze (fr. de Guise) - francuski ród książęcy pochodzący z Lotaryngii. Boczna linia dynastii z Vaudémont.Protoplastą rodu był Klaudiusz de Guise, syn księcia lotaryńskiego - Rene II, i jego żona - Antonina de Burbon-Vendôme. W okresie wojen religijnych we Francji w XVI wieku Gwizjusze stanęli na czele stronnictwa katolików walczących przeciw hugenotom i Burbonom. Henryk I de Guise był jednym z inicjatorów nocy św. Bartłomieja, przywódcą Ligi Katolickiej.
  • Дом Гизи (на френски: Maison de Guise) е френски херцогски род, чийто членове имат важна роля през 16 век във Франция. Родът е млада линия на Дом Водемон от Лотарингия.Династията е основана от Клод I Лотарингски, херцог на Гиз (1496–1550), който е от 1527 г. херцог на Гиз. Чрез неговата женитба с Антоанета дьо Бурбон (« mère des Guises ») фамилията е роднина с френската кралска фамилия. Гизите са противници на хугенотите по времето на хугенотските войни. През 1675 г. херцогският род изчезва.
  • Guise leinua frantziar nobleziako familia izan zen, jatorria Guise herrian zuena. XVI. mendearen bigarren erdialdean izan zuen botere gehien eta Frantziako Erlijio Gerretan parte hartze nabarmena izan zuen. Frantzian ez ezik, Eskozian ere kausa katolikoa defendatu zuen, Maria Lorrenakoa eta honen alaba, Maria Estuardoren bitartez.
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  • Casa de Guise
  • Ducado de Guisa
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  • Guise leinua
  • Gwizjusze
  • House of Guise
  • Гизы
  • Дьо Гиз
  • ギーズ家
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