Herbert Clark Hoover, né le 10 août 1874 et mort le 20 octobre 1964, est un homme politique américain, qui fut le 31e président des États-Unis, de 1929 à 1933.Lorsque Hoover est élu, l’économie est relativement florissante et l’optimisme règne. Quelques mois plus tard, la bourse de New York s’écroule et la Grande Dépression (crise économique) commence. Hoover tente sans grand succès d’y mettre fin et a été critiqué pour son inaction face à la crise.

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  • Herbert Clark Hoover, né le 10 août 1874 et mort le 20 octobre 1964, est un homme politique américain, qui fut le 31e président des États-Unis, de 1929 à 1933.Lorsque Hoover est élu, l’économie est relativement florissante et l’optimisme règne. Quelques mois plus tard, la bourse de New York s’écroule et la Grande Dépression (crise économique) commence. Hoover tente sans grand succès d’y mettre fin et a été critiqué pour son inaction face à la crise.
  • Ге́рберт Кларк Гу́вер (англ. Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 августа 1874 — 20 октября 1964) — 31-й президент США с 1929 по 1933, от Республиканской партии.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (10. srpna 1874 – 20. října 1964) byl americký politik a 31. prezident USA v letech 1929–1933. Syn kvakerů, přistěhovalců z Německa a Švýcarska. Jeho rodiče zemřeli, když byl Herbert ještě mladý. Otec Jesse v roce 1880 a matka Hulda Minthorn o tři roky později. Původní rodinné příjmení neznělo Hoover, nýbrž Huber. Jako ministr obchodu USA garantoval spolu s prezidentem Masarykem první mezinárodní světový kongres o vědeckém řízení, konaný v Pantheonu Národního muzea v Praze v červenci 1924 (1.PIMCO - First Prague International Management Congress).Byl prvním americkým prezidentem, který se narodil západně od řeky Mississippi. Za jeho vlády vypukla Velká hospodářská krize.
  • Herbert C. Hoover (10 d'agost de 1874 - 20 d'octubre de 1964) va ser President dels Estats Units d'Amèrica (1929-1933). Va néixer a West Branch, Iowa. Membre del Partit Republicà
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, 10 agosto 1874 – New York, 20 ottobre 1964) è stato un politico statunitense, 31º presidente degli Stati Uniti, dal 1929 al 1933.Si trovò a fronteggiare la fase acuta della grande depressione, ovvero immediatamente successiva ai fallimenti che colpirono gli istituti finanziari e le imprese all'indomani del martedì nero. Dapprima favorevole a un approccio "psicologico" alla crisi, convinto che i problemi del paese dipendessero dalla scarsa fiducia nell'avvenire (e poi da cause esogene agli USA), essendosi speso in annunci rassicuranti sulla situazione economica, maturò in seguito, nell'inverno 1931-1932 con l'aggravamento della crisi, la convinzione in un progetto di intervento più complesso.La sua reazione, tuttavia, fu volta più che al sostegno diretto alle classi disagiate, ad una strategia di supporto ai gruppi finanziari e alle amministrazioni, negando sempre l'aumento delle provvidenze ai disoccupati e gli interventi volti a mitigare gli effetti della crisi a beneficio delle famiglie e delle classi lavoratrici.
  • ハーバート・クラーク・フーヴァー(Herbert Clark Hoover, 1874年8月10日 - 1964年10月20日)は、アメリカ合衆国の第31代大統領。左利き。
  • 허버트 클라크 후버(Herbert Clark Hoover, 1874년 8월 10일 ~ 1964년 10월 20일)는 미국의 31번째 대통령이다. 광산업으로 크게 성공한 후에 난민 구제위원회를 만들어 활동을 한 박애주의자이자 행정 관료이다.
  • Хърбърт Кларк Хувър (на английски: Herbert Clark Hoover) (10 август 1874 – 20 октомври 1964) е 31–ят (1929 – 1933) президент на САЩ. Преди да заеме този пост е успешен минен инженер, филантроп и администратор. Той е най–дълго живелият оттеглил се президент и умира 31 год. след напускането на поста, по време на администрацията на Линдън Джонсън – 5-ия президент след него.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (lahir di West Branch, Iowa, 10 Agustus 1874 – meninggal di Kota New York, New York, 20 Oktober 1964 pada umur 90 tahun) adalah Presiden Amerika Serikat yang ke-31 (1929-1933). Masa jabatan Hoover terutama dihantui oleh krisis ekonomi yang mulai dari tahun 1929. Oleh karena itu perkampungan-perkampungan miskin di Amerika disebut Hooverville (Kota Hoover). Dia juga seorang yang insinyur tambang, humanitarian, dan administrator. Ia memberikan contoh komponen Gerakan Penghematan dari Era Progresif, berpendapat bahwa hal itu adalah solusi teknis untuk semua masalah sosial dan ekonomi—kedudukan yang dihadapi pada masa Depresi Besar yang bermula saat ia menjadi presiden. Claus Bernet: Herbert Hoover, in: BBKL, 30, 2009, 644-653: http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/h/hoover_h_c.shtmlWikidata: {{#property:P373}}
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (10 de agosto de 1874 - 20 de octubre de 1964) fue el trigésimo primer Presidente de los Estados Unidos.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (d. 10 Ağustos 1874, Iowa – ö. 20 Ekim 1964, New York), Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'nin 31. başkanıdır.1891 yılında Kaliforniya'daki Stanford Üniversitesi'nin ilk açılış yılındaki öğrencilerinden biri oldu. Jeoloji dalında eğitim aldı. 1895 yılında mezun olduktan sonra maden mühendisi olarak çalıştı. I. Dünya Savaşı yıllarında açlıktan kırılan Batı ve Doğu Avrupa ülkelerine yiyecek yardımı konusunda öncülük yaptı. 1920-1928 yılları arasında ticaret bakanlığı yaptı. 1928 yılında Cumhuriyetçi Parti'den Başkan seçildi. Başkan olmasından 7 ay sonra New York borsası çöktü ve ABD tarihinin en büyük ekonomik krizine saplandı. Bu kriz Hoover'ın bütün başkanlık döneminde devam etti. Bir sonraki seçimi Franklin D. Roosevelt'e büyük bir farkla kaybetti. Kitaplar ve makaleler yazdı. Kendisinden sonra gelen başkanlara danışmanlık yaptı. 1964 yılında 90 yaşındayken New York kentinde öldü.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (* 10. August 1874 in West Branch, Cedar County, Iowa; † 20. Oktober 1964 in New York City) war der 31. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zwischen 1929 und 1933. Zuvor war er unter den Präsidenten Warren G. Harding und Calvin Coolidge Handelsminister gewesen. Hoovers Präsidentschaft war mit optimistischen Erwartungen verbunden gewesen, welche durch die Weltwirtschaftskrise ein Ende fanden. Er konnte mit seiner Politik der Great Depression nichts entgegensetzen. Als er aus dem Amt schied, war er einer der unbeliebtesten Präsidenten der amerikanischen Geschichte. Hoover betätigte sich Zeit seines Lebens karitativ und engagierte sich nach beiden Weltkriegen erfolgreich für die Lebensmittelversorgung der notleidenden europäischen Bevölkerung.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, Iowa, Ameriketako Estatu Batuak, 1874ko abuztuaren 10a - New York, Ameriketako Estatu Batuak, 1964ko urriaren 20a) politikaria izan zen. Ameriketako Estatu Batuetako presidente izan zen 1929ko martxoaren 4tik 1933ko martxoaren 4ra.Meatzeetako ingeniaria zen, eta lanbideak herrialde asko ezagutzeko aukera izan zuen: Errusia, Txina, India, Australia. Lehen Mundu Gerran, Europarako elikadura-laguntzaren banaketaren ardura hartu zuen. 1921etik 1924ra Merkataritzako estatu-idazkaria izan ondoren, Alderdi Errepublikanoko presidentegaia izan zen 1928ko hauteskundeetan, bai eta irabazi ere.Ekonomia- eta gizarte-garapenerako plan zabal bati ekin arren, Depresio Handiak deuseztatu zituen Hooverrek harturiko neurri guztiak. Japoniarrak Mantxurian sartzea galarazteko egin zituen ahalegin guztiak alferrik izan ziren (1931). Krisiak Europa jo zuenean, Lausanako itunean erabaki zelarik europarren gerra-zorrak ezabatzea, nazioarteko tentsioa areagotu egin zen, eta Hoover gero eta Europako herrietatik urruntzearen aldekoago agertu zen. Ondoko hauteskundeetan, Alderdi Demokrata nagusitu zen, eta Franklin Delano Rooseveltek beretu zuen lehendakaritza.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States (1929–1933). Hoover, born to a Quaker family, was a professional mining engineer. He achieved American and international prominence in humanitarian relief efforts in war-time Belgium and served as head of the U.S. Food Administration during World War I. As the United States Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s under Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge, he promoted partnerships between government and business under the rubric "economic modernization". In the presidential election of 1928, Hoover easily won the Republican nomination, despite having no elected-office experience. Hoover is the most recent cabinet secretary to be elected President of the United States, as well as one of only two Presidents (along with William Howard Taft) elected without electoral experience or high military rank. America was at the height of an economic bubble at the time, facilitating a landslide victory for Hoover over Democrat Al Smith.Hoover, a globally experienced engineer, believed strongly in the Efficiency Movement, which held that the government and the economy were riddled with inefficiency and waste, and could be improved by experts who could identify the problems and solve them. He also believed in the importance of volunteerism and of the role of individuals in society and the economy. Hoover, who had made a small fortune in mining, was the first of two Presidents to redistribute their salary (President Kennedy was the other; he donated all his paychecks to charity). When the Wall Street Crash of 1929 struck less than eight months after he took office, Hoover tried to combat the ensuing Great Depression with government enforced efforts, public works projects such as the Hoover Dam, tariffs such as the Smoot-Hawley Tariff, an increase in the top tax bracket from 25% to 63%, and increases in corporate taxes. These initiatives did not produce economic recovery during his term, but served as the groundwork for various policies incorporated in Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. After 1933, he became a spokesman in opposition to the domestic and foreign policies of the New Deal. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman brought him back to help make the federal bureaucracy more efficient through the Hoover Commission. The consensus among historians is that Hoover's defeat in the 1932 election was caused primarily by his failure to end the downward economic spiral, although his support for strong enforcement of prohibition was also a significant factor. Hoover is generally ranked lower than average among U.S. Presidents.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, 10 de agosto de 1874 – Nova Iorque, 20 de outubro de 1964) foi o 31º presidente dos Estados Unidos entre 1929 e 1933. Hoover nasceu em uma família quaker e trabalhou como engenheiro de minas. Ele alcançou proeminência internacional por seus esforços humanitários na Bélgica e por servir como chefe da Administração de Alimentos dos EUA antes e durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Como secretário do comércio sob os presidentes Warren G. Harding e Calvin Coolidge, ele promoveu parcerias entre governo e negócios com o nome de "modernização econômica". Na eleição presidencial de 1928, Hoover facilmente venceu a indicação Republicana, mesmo nunca tendo sido eleito para um cargo público. Ele é o mais recente secretário membro do gabinete presidencial a ser eleito presidente dos Estados Unidos, e um de apenas dois presidentes (o outro sendo William Howard Taft) a ser eleito sem experiência eleitoral ou alta patente militar. O país estava no auge de sua bolha econômica, o que facilitou sua grande vitória contra Al Smith, o candidato Democrata.Hoover acreditava no Movimento de Eficiência, que afirmava que o governo e a econômia estavam cheios de ineficiência e desperdício, e apenas podiam ser melhorados por especialistas que entendiam os problemas e como resolvê-los. Ele também acreditava na importância do voluntarismo e no papel dos indivíduos na sociedade e econômia. Hoover, que adquiriu uma pequena fortuna com mineração, foi o primeiro de apenas dois presidentes a redistribuir seu salário (o segundo foi John F. Kennedy, que doou todos para a caridade). Quando a bolsa de Nova Iorque quebrou em 1929, oito meses depois do início de seu mandato, Hoover tentou combater a Grande Depressão com esforços governamentais, projetos públicos como a Represa Hoover, tarifas como a Smoot–Hawley, o aumento no suporte de imposto de 25% para 63% e aumentos nos impostos corporativos. Essas medidas não produziram uma recuperação econômica durante seu mandato, mas serivram de base para várias políticas do New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt. Depois de 1933, ele se tornou um porta-voz contra as políticas internas e externas do New Deal. Em 1947, o presidente Harry S. Truman o trouxe de volta para ajudá-lo a deixar a burocracia federal mais eficiente através da Comissão Hoover. O consenso entre os historiadores é de que sua derrota na eleição de 1932 se deu por ele não conseguir reverter o declínio econômico do país, apesar de seu apoio a lei seca ter sido um fator importante também. Hoover morreu em 1964 e foi enterrado em sua cidade natal, West Branch, Iowa.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch (Iowa), 10 augustus 1874 – New York City (New York), 20 oktober 1964) was de 31e president van de Verenigde Staten van 1929 tot 1933. Daarvoor was Hoover al beroemd door zijn humanitaire acties tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog, in het bijzonder door voedselhulp aan het bezette België. Van 1921 tot 1928 was hij Minister van Economische Zaken onder president Warren G. Harding en na zijn dood diens opvolger Calvin Coolidge. Als president werd hij geconfronteerd met een zware economische crisis die bekend zou raken als de Grote Depressie. Daardoor verloor Hoover zijn herverkiezing in 1932.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (ur. 10 sierpnia 1874, zm. 20 października 1964) – amerykański polityk, prezydent USA, działacz Partii Republikańskiej.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, Iowa, 1874. augusztus 10. – New York, 1964. október 20.) az Amerikai Egyesült Államok 31. elnöke volt 1929 és 1933 között.
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  • Herbert Clark Hoover, né le 10 août 1874 et mort le 20 octobre 1964, est un homme politique américain, qui fut le 31e président des États-Unis, de 1929 à 1933.Lorsque Hoover est élu, l’économie est relativement florissante et l’optimisme règne. Quelques mois plus tard, la bourse de New York s’écroule et la Grande Dépression (crise économique) commence. Hoover tente sans grand succès d’y mettre fin et a été critiqué pour son inaction face à la crise.
  • Ге́рберт Кларк Гу́вер (англ. Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 августа 1874 — 20 октября 1964) — 31-й президент США с 1929 по 1933, от Республиканской партии.
  • Herbert C. Hoover (10 d'agost de 1874 - 20 d'octubre de 1964) va ser President dels Estats Units d'Amèrica (1929-1933). Va néixer a West Branch, Iowa. Membre del Partit Republicà
  • ハーバート・クラーク・フーヴァー(Herbert Clark Hoover, 1874年8月10日 - 1964年10月20日)は、アメリカ合衆国の第31代大統領。左利き。
  • 허버트 클라크 후버(Herbert Clark Hoover, 1874년 8월 10일 ~ 1964년 10월 20일)는 미국의 31번째 대통령이다. 광산업으로 크게 성공한 후에 난민 구제위원회를 만들어 활동을 한 박애주의자이자 행정 관료이다.
  • Хърбърт Кларк Хувър (на английски: Herbert Clark Hoover) (10 август 1874 – 20 октомври 1964) е 31–ят (1929 – 1933) президент на САЩ. Преди да заеме този пост е успешен минен инженер, филантроп и администратор. Той е най–дълго живелият оттеглил се президент и умира 31 год. след напускането на поста, по време на администрацията на Линдън Джонсън – 5-ия президент след него.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (10 de agosto de 1874 - 20 de octubre de 1964) fue el trigésimo primer Presidente de los Estados Unidos.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (ur. 10 sierpnia 1874, zm. 20 października 1964) – amerykański polityk, prezydent USA, działacz Partii Republikańskiej.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, Iowa, 1874. augusztus 10. – New York, 1964. október 20.) az Amerikai Egyesült Államok 31. elnöke volt 1929 és 1933 között.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (10. srpna 1874 – 20. října 1964) byl americký politik a 31. prezident USA v letech 1929–1933. Syn kvakerů, přistěhovalců z Německa a Švýcarska. Jeho rodiče zemřeli, když byl Herbert ještě mladý. Otec Jesse v roce 1880 a matka Hulda Minthorn o tři roky později. Původní rodinné příjmení neznělo Hoover, nýbrž Huber.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, 10 agosto 1874 – New York, 20 ottobre 1964) è stato un politico statunitense, 31º presidente degli Stati Uniti, dal 1929 al 1933.Si trovò a fronteggiare la fase acuta della grande depressione, ovvero immediatamente successiva ai fallimenti che colpirono gli istituti finanziari e le imprese all'indomani del martedì nero.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (d. 10 Ağustos 1874, Iowa – ö. 20 Ekim 1964, New York), Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'nin 31. başkanıdır.1891 yılında Kaliforniya'daki Stanford Üniversitesi'nin ilk açılış yılındaki öğrencilerinden biri oldu. Jeoloji dalında eğitim aldı. 1895 yılında mezun olduktan sonra maden mühendisi olarak çalıştı. I. Dünya Savaşı yıllarında açlıktan kırılan Batı ve Doğu Avrupa ülkelerine yiyecek yardımı konusunda öncülük yaptı. 1920-1928 yılları arasında ticaret bakanlığı yaptı.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States (1929–1933). Hoover, born to a Quaker family, was a professional mining engineer. He achieved American and international prominence in humanitarian relief efforts in war-time Belgium and served as head of the U.S. Food Administration during World War I. As the United States Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s under Presidents Warren G.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch (Iowa), 10 augustus 1874 – New York City (New York), 20 oktober 1964) was de 31e president van de Verenigde Staten van 1929 tot 1933. Daarvoor was Hoover al beroemd door zijn humanitaire acties tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog, in het bijzonder door voedselhulp aan het bezette België. Van 1921 tot 1928 was hij Minister van Economische Zaken onder president Warren G. Harding en na zijn dood diens opvolger Calvin Coolidge.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, Iowa, Ameriketako Estatu Batuak, 1874ko abuztuaren 10a - New York, Ameriketako Estatu Batuak, 1964ko urriaren 20a) politikaria izan zen. Ameriketako Estatu Batuetako presidente izan zen 1929ko martxoaren 4tik 1933ko martxoaren 4ra.Meatzeetako ingeniaria zen, eta lanbideak herrialde asko ezagutzeko aukera izan zuen: Errusia, Txina, India, Australia. Lehen Mundu Gerran, Europarako elikadura-laguntzaren banaketaren ardura hartu zuen.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (lahir di West Branch, Iowa, 10 Agustus 1874 – meninggal di Kota New York, New York, 20 Oktober 1964 pada umur 90 tahun) adalah Presiden Amerika Serikat yang ke-31 (1929-1933). Masa jabatan Hoover terutama dihantui oleh krisis ekonomi yang mulai dari tahun 1929. Oleh karena itu perkampungan-perkampungan miskin di Amerika disebut Hooverville (Kota Hoover). Dia juga seorang yang insinyur tambang, humanitarian, dan administrator.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, 10 de agosto de 1874 – Nova Iorque, 20 de outubro de 1964) foi o 31º presidente dos Estados Unidos entre 1929 e 1933. Hoover nasceu em uma família quaker e trabalhou como engenheiro de minas. Ele alcançou proeminência internacional por seus esforços humanitários na Bélgica e por servir como chefe da Administração de Alimentos dos EUA antes e durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Como secretário do comércio sob os presidentes Warren G.
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (* 10. August 1874 in West Branch, Cedar County, Iowa; † 20. Oktober 1964 in New York City) war der 31. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zwischen 1929 und 1933. Zuvor war er unter den Präsidenten Warren G. Harding und Calvin Coolidge Handelsminister gewesen. Hoovers Präsidentschaft war mit optimistischen Erwartungen verbunden gewesen, welche durch die Weltwirtschaftskrise ein Ende fanden. Er konnte mit seiner Politik der Great Depression nichts entgegensetzen.
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  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert C. Hoover
  • Herbert Clark Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Гувер, Герберт Кларк
  • Хърбърт Хувър
  • ハーバート・フーヴァー
  • 허버트 후버
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