Giacomo della Chiesa, né à Pegli, près de Gênes au Royaume de Sardaigne, le 21 novembre 1854, fut pape sous le nom de Benoît XV (en latin Benedictus XV, en italien Benedetto XV) du 3 septembre 1914 à sa mort le 22 janvier 1922 à Rome.Son règne est marqué par la promulgation du nouveau Code de droit canonique en 1917, étape importante dans la centralisation du pouvoir pontifical, ainsi que par une intense activité diplomatique au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale.

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  • Giacomo della Chiesa, né à Pegli, près de Gênes au Royaume de Sardaigne, le 21 novembre 1854, fut pape sous le nom de Benoît XV (en latin Benedictus XV, en italien Benedetto XV) du 3 septembre 1914 à sa mort le 22 janvier 1922 à Rome.Son règne est marqué par la promulgation du nouveau Code de droit canonique en 1917, étape importante dans la centralisation du pouvoir pontifical, ainsi que par une intense activité diplomatique au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale.
  • Papa Benedetto XV (in latino: Benedictus PP. XV, nato Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa; Pegli di Genova, 21 novembre 1854 – Roma, 22 gennaio 1922) è stato il 258º vescovo di Roma e papa della Chiesa cattolica (il 257º successore di Pietro), fermo oppositore della prima guerra mondiale.
  • Бенеди́кт XV (лат. Benedictus PP. XV, до интронизации — Джакомо, маркиз делла Кьеза, итал. Giacomo della Chiesa; 21 ноября 1854, Пельи, Сардинское королевство — 22 января 1922, Рим) — папа римский в 1914—1922.
  • ベネディクトゥス15世(ラテン語:Benedictus PP. XV, ベネディクト15世;1854年11月21日 - 1922年1月22日)はローマ教皇(在位,1914年9月3日 - 1922年1月22日)、カトリック教会の司教。本名、ジャコモ・デッラ・キエーザ(Giacomo Della Chiesa)。第一次世界大戦という未曾有の惨劇を乗り越え、世俗国家の仲介者としての新しいカトリック教会のあり方を模索した。
  • XV. Benedictus, asıl adı Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (d. 21 Kasım 1854, Pegli, Cenova - ö. 22 Ocak 1922, Roma), 3 Eylül 1914 – 22 Ocak 1922 arasında hüküm sürmüş papa.
  • Benedikt XV., vlastním jménem Giacomo della Chiesa, (21. listopadu 1854 – 22. ledna 1922), byl v letech 1914 až 1922 v pořadí 258. papež Římskokatolické církve.
  • 교황 베네딕토 15세(라틴어: Benedictus PP. XV, 이탈리아어: Papa Benedetto XV)는 제258대 교황(재위: 1914년 9월 3일 - 1922년 1월 22일)이다. 본명은 자코모 델라 키에사(이탈리아어: Giacomo Della Chiesa)이다.그의 재위기간 동안에 제1차 세계 대전이 발발하였으며, 전쟁과 이후 전후 체제는 그의 중요 관심사였다. 베네딕토 15세는 제1차 세계 대전 당시 연합국과 동맹국 사이에서 성좌의 중립을 선언하면서 교전국들 간의 화해와 평화를 중재하기 위해 노력하였다. 그러나 연합국과 동맹국 어디에서도 베네딕토 15세의 이러한 중재를 거부하였다. 독일의 프로테스탄트교도들은 ‘교황에 의한 평화’라는 무례한 언사를 사용함으로써 거절하였으며, 프랑스 정치인 조르주 클레망소는 교황의 이러한 활동은 명백하게 프랑스를 반대하는 활동이라고 평가 절하하였다.베네딕토 15세는 교전국 간의 외교적 중재에는 실패하였으나, 전쟁 포로들을 돌보거나 부상당한 병사들의 교환, 유럽 각국에 있는 어려운 사람들을 지원하기 위한 식료품 전달 등 전쟁으로 인한 피해를 완화시키기 위한 인도적인 활동에 열성을 다하였다. 이처럼 뛰어난 외교적 수완과 더불어 근대 사회에 대한 개방적인 태도를 지녔던 그는 사람들이 자신은 물론 교황직 자체에도 존경심을 갖게 만들었다.
  • Benedicto XV (Génova, Reino de Piamonte-Cerdeña, (actual Italia), 21 de noviembre de 1854 - Roma, 22 de enero de 1922) fue el Papa n.º 258 de la Iglesia católica, entre 1914 y 1922.
  • Benedykt XV (łac. Benedictus XV, właśc. Giacomo della Chiesa; ur. 21 listopada 1854 w Genui, zm. 22 stycznia 1922 w Rzymie) – papież w okresie od 3 września 1914 do 22 stycznia 1922.
  • Бенедикт XV (на латински: Benedictus PP. XV, на италиански: Benedetto XV), (21 ноември 1854 – 22 януари 1922) е римски папа от 3 септември 1914 г. до 22 януари 1922 г. Рожденото му име е Джакомо Паоло Джовани Батиста дела Чинеза (на италиански: Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa). На папския престол наследява папа Пий X.
  • Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus XV; 21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa, was Pope from 3 September 1914 to his death in 1922. His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I and its political, social and humanitarian consequences in Europe.Between 1846 and 1903, the Catholic Church had experienced its two longest pontificates in history up to that point. Together Pius IX and Leo XIII ruled for a total of 57 years. In 1914, the College of Cardinals chose della Chiesa at the young age of 59, indicating their desire for another long-lasting pontificate at the outbreak of World War I, which he labeled “the suicide of civilized Europe.” The war and its consequences were the main focus of Benedict XV. He immediately declared the neutrality of the Holy See and attempted from that perspective to mediate peace in 1916 and 1917. Both sides rejected his initiatives. German Protestants rejected any “Papal Peace” as insulting. The French politician Georges Clemenceau regarded the Vatican initiative as being anti-French.Having failed with diplomatic initiatives, Benedict XV focused on humanitarian efforts to lessen the impacts of the war, such as attending prisoners of war, the exchange of wounded soldiers and food deliveries to needy populations in Europe. After the war, he repaired the difficult relations with France, which re-established relations with the Vatican in 1921. During his pontificate, relations with Italy improved as well, as Benedict XV now permitted Catholic politicians led by Don Luigi Sturzo to participate in national Italian politics.In 1917, Benedict XV promulgated the Code of Canon Law which was released on May 27, the creation of which he had prepared with Pietro Gasparri and Eugenio Pacelli during the pontificate of Pope Pius X. The new Code of Canon Law is considered to have stimulated religious life and activities throughout the Church. He named Pietro Gasparri to be his Cardinal Secretary of State and personally consecrated Nuncio Eugenio Pacelli (the future Pope Pius XII) on 13 May 1917 as Archbishop on the very day of the first Marian apparition in Fatima. World War I caused great damage to Catholic missions throughout the world. Benedict XV revitalized these activities, asking in Maximum Illud for Catholics throughout the world to participate. For that, he has been referred to as the "Pope of Missions".His last concern was the emerging persecution of the Catholic Church in the Soviet Russia and the famine there after the revolution. Benedict XV was an ardent Mariologist, devoted to Marian veneration and he was open to new perspectives of Roman Catholic Mariology. He supported the mediatrix theology and authorized the Feast of Mary Mediator of all Graces.After seven years in office, Pope Benedict XV died on 22 January 1922 after battling pneumonia since the start of that month. He was buried in the grottos of Saint Peter's Basilica. With his diplomatic skills and his openness towards modern society, "he gained respect for himself and the papacy." To this day, he is possibly the least remembered pontiff of the 20th century, overshadowed by the likes of successors such as Pope Pius XII and Pope John Paul II.
  • XV. Benedek pápa, (Giacomo Paolo Battista della Chiesa) (Genova, 1854. november 21. – Róma, 1922. január 22.) a 258. pápa 1914-től haláláig.Egy hónappal az első világháború kitörése után gyűlt össze a konklávé. A 65 szavazásra jogosult bíborosból 60 személy vett részt a pápaválasztáson. Augusztus 31-től szeptember 3-ig tartott a konklávé, melyen végül - a politikai helyzet okán - diplomata pápát választottak. Giacomo Della Chiesa bíboros a XV. Benedek nevet vette fel Lambertini bíboros tiszteletére, mert két századdal korábban ő is Bologna érseke volt, és pápaként a XIV. Benedek nevet viselte.
  • Benedikto XV.a (latinez Benedictus PP. XV) jaiotzez Giacomo Giambattista della Chiesia (Genoa, Sardiniako erresuma, g.e. Italia, 1854ko azaroaren 21a - Erroma, 1922ko urtarrilaren 22a) Eliza Katolikoko Aita Santu izan zen 1914ko irailaren 3tik bere heriotza egunera arte.
  • Benet XV (en llatí: Benedictus XV, en francès: Benoît XV, en italià: Benedetto XV) és el nom que va adoptar el cardenal Giacomo Giambattista della Chiesa en ser escollit papa de Roma, càrrec que ostentà fins a la seva mort l'any 1922.
  • Benedikt XV. (als Giacomo della Chiesa; * 21. November 1854 in Genua, Königreich Sardinien; † 22. Januar 1922 in Rom) war Papst von 1914 bis 1922. Auf Grund seines engagierten Auftretens gegen den Ersten Weltkrieg wurde er als Friedenspapst bekannt.
  • Papa Bento XV (em italiano: Benedetto XV, em latim: Benedictus PP. XV) OFS, nascido Giacomo della Chiesa, Pegli, Génova, 21 de Novembro de 1854 — Roma, 22 de Janeiro de 1922) foi Papa desde 3 de setembro de 1914 até a data da sua morte.
  • Benedictus XV, geboren als Giacomo Giambattista markies della Chiesa, (Genua, 21 november 1854 - Rome, 22 januari 1922) was paus van 1914 tot aan zijn dood. Hoewel hij zich tijdens zijn pontificaat inzette voor de totstandkoming van een snelle vredesoplossing tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog, wat hem de bijnaam de vredespaus opleverde, zou Benedictus XV daarin niet slagen ten gevolge van zijn beperkte invloed en de onwil van de gevestigde machten om het Vaticaan te betrekken in vredesbesprekingen. Wel slaagde Benedictus XV erin om de diplomatieke banden van Vaticaanstad met andere landen aanzienlijk te verbeteren, waaronder die met Frankrijk. Door de verkiezing van kardinaal Joseph Ratzinger tot paus Benedictus XVI in 2005 ontstond weer belangstelling voor het pontificaat van een in de vergetelheid geraakte paus.
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  • Giacomo della Chiesa, né à Pegli, près de Gênes au Royaume de Sardaigne, le 21 novembre 1854, fut pape sous le nom de Benoît XV (en latin Benedictus XV, en italien Benedetto XV) du 3 septembre 1914 à sa mort le 22 janvier 1922 à Rome.Son règne est marqué par la promulgation du nouveau Code de droit canonique en 1917, étape importante dans la centralisation du pouvoir pontifical, ainsi que par une intense activité diplomatique au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale.
  • Papa Benedetto XV (in latino: Benedictus PP. XV, nato Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa; Pegli di Genova, 21 novembre 1854 – Roma, 22 gennaio 1922) è stato il 258º vescovo di Roma e papa della Chiesa cattolica (il 257º successore di Pietro), fermo oppositore della prima guerra mondiale.
  • Бенеди́кт XV (лат. Benedictus PP. XV, до интронизации — Джакомо, маркиз делла Кьеза, итал. Giacomo della Chiesa; 21 ноября 1854, Пельи, Сардинское королевство — 22 января 1922, Рим) — папа римский в 1914—1922.
  • ベネディクトゥス15世(ラテン語:Benedictus PP. XV, ベネディクト15世;1854年11月21日 - 1922年1月22日)はローマ教皇(在位,1914年9月3日 - 1922年1月22日)、カトリック教会の司教。本名、ジャコモ・デッラ・キエーザ(Giacomo Della Chiesa)。第一次世界大戦という未曾有の惨劇を乗り越え、世俗国家の仲介者としての新しいカトリック教会のあり方を模索した。
  • XV. Benedictus, asıl adı Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (d. 21 Kasım 1854, Pegli, Cenova - ö. 22 Ocak 1922, Roma), 3 Eylül 1914 – 22 Ocak 1922 arasında hüküm sürmüş papa.
  • Benedikt XV., vlastním jménem Giacomo della Chiesa, (21. listopadu 1854 – 22. ledna 1922), byl v letech 1914 až 1922 v pořadí 258. papež Římskokatolické církve.
  • Benedicto XV (Génova, Reino de Piamonte-Cerdeña, (actual Italia), 21 de noviembre de 1854 - Roma, 22 de enero de 1922) fue el Papa n.º 258 de la Iglesia católica, entre 1914 y 1922.
  • Benedykt XV (łac. Benedictus XV, właśc. Giacomo della Chiesa; ur. 21 listopada 1854 w Genui, zm. 22 stycznia 1922 w Rzymie) – papież w okresie od 3 września 1914 do 22 stycznia 1922.
  • Бенедикт XV (на латински: Benedictus PP. XV, на италиански: Benedetto XV), (21 ноември 1854 – 22 януари 1922) е римски папа от 3 септември 1914 г. до 22 януари 1922 г. Рожденото му име е Джакомо Паоло Джовани Батиста дела Чинеза (на италиански: Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa). На папския престол наследява папа Пий X.
  • Benedikto XV.a (latinez Benedictus PP. XV) jaiotzez Giacomo Giambattista della Chiesia (Genoa, Sardiniako erresuma, g.e. Italia, 1854ko azaroaren 21a - Erroma, 1922ko urtarrilaren 22a) Eliza Katolikoko Aita Santu izan zen 1914ko irailaren 3tik bere heriotza egunera arte.
  • Benet XV (en llatí: Benedictus XV, en francès: Benoît XV, en italià: Benedetto XV) és el nom que va adoptar el cardenal Giacomo Giambattista della Chiesa en ser escollit papa de Roma, càrrec que ostentà fins a la seva mort l'any 1922.
  • Benedikt XV. (als Giacomo della Chiesa; * 21. November 1854 in Genua, Königreich Sardinien; † 22. Januar 1922 in Rom) war Papst von 1914 bis 1922. Auf Grund seines engagierten Auftretens gegen den Ersten Weltkrieg wurde er als Friedenspapst bekannt.
  • Papa Bento XV (em italiano: Benedetto XV, em latim: Benedictus PP. XV) OFS, nascido Giacomo della Chiesa, Pegli, Génova, 21 de Novembro de 1854 — Roma, 22 de Janeiro de 1922) foi Papa desde 3 de setembro de 1914 até a data da sua morte.
  • Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus XV; 21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa, was Pope from 3 September 1914 to his death in 1922. His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I and its political, social and humanitarian consequences in Europe.Between 1846 and 1903, the Catholic Church had experienced its two longest pontificates in history up to that point. Together Pius IX and Leo XIII ruled for a total of 57 years.
  • XV. Benedek pápa, (Giacomo Paolo Battista della Chiesa) (Genova, 1854. november 21. – Róma, 1922. január 22.) a 258. pápa 1914-től haláláig.Egy hónappal az első világháború kitörése után gyűlt össze a konklávé. A 65 szavazásra jogosult bíborosból 60 személy vett részt a pápaválasztáson. Augusztus 31-től szeptember 3-ig tartott a konklávé, melyen végül - a politikai helyzet okán - diplomata pápát választottak. Giacomo Della Chiesa bíboros a XV.
  • 교황 베네딕토 15세(라틴어: Benedictus PP. XV, 이탈리아어: Papa Benedetto XV)는 제258대 교황(재위: 1914년 9월 3일 - 1922년 1월 22일)이다. 본명은 자코모 델라 키에사(이탈리아어: Giacomo Della Chiesa)이다.그의 재위기간 동안에 제1차 세계 대전이 발발하였으며, 전쟁과 이후 전후 체제는 그의 중요 관심사였다. 베네딕토 15세는 제1차 세계 대전 당시 연합국과 동맹국 사이에서 성좌의 중립을 선언하면서 교전국들 간의 화해와 평화를 중재하기 위해 노력하였다. 그러나 연합국과 동맹국 어디에서도 베네딕토 15세의 이러한 중재를 거부하였다.
  • Benedictus XV, geboren als Giacomo Giambattista markies della Chiesa, (Genua, 21 november 1854 - Rome, 22 januari 1922) was paus van 1914 tot aan zijn dood.
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  • 교황 베네딕토 15세
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