Mary Shelley, née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin le 30 août 1797 à Somers Town, un faubourg de Londres (aujourd'hui dans le district de Camden), et morte le 1er février 1851 à Belgravia (Londres), est une femme de lettres anglaise, romancière, nouvelliste, dramaturge, essayiste, biographe et auteure de récits de voyage.

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  • Mary Shelley, née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin le 30 août 1797 à Somers Town, un faubourg de Londres (aujourd'hui dans le district de Camden), et morte le 1er février 1851 à Belgravia (Londres), est une femme de lettres anglaise, romancière, nouvelliste, dramaturge, essayiste, biographe et auteure de récits de voyage. Elle est surtout connue pour son roman Frankenstein ou le Prométhée moderne.Fille de la philosophe féministe Mary Wollstonecraft et de l'écrivain politique William Godwin, elle perd sa mère alors qu'elle-même n'est âgée que de onze jours. Son père se remarie quatre ans plus tard. Il offre à sa fille une éducation riche et l'encourage à adhérer à ses théories politiques libérales. En 1814, Mary Godwin entame une liaison avec un homme marié, partisan de son père, Percy Bysshe Shelley. Accompagné de Claire Clairmont, la fille de la belle-mère de Mary, le couple voyage à travers l'Europe. Au cours des deux années qui suivent, Mary et Percy affrontent un endettement permanent et la mort de leur fille. Ils se marient en 1816, après le suicide de la première épouse de Percy.En 1816, lors d'un séjour près de Genève, Mary (devenue Mary Shelley) écrit son premier roman, Frankenstein. En 1818, les Shelley quittent la Grande-Bretagne pour l'Italie, où meurent leur deuxième et leur troisième enfant, avant que Mary Shelley ne donne naissance à son fils, Percy Florence Shelley, qui seul survivra. En 1822, son mari se noie dans le golfe de la Spezia, au cours d'une tempête. Un an plus tard, Mary Shelley retourne en Angleterre et, dès lors, se consacre entièrement à l'éducation de son fils et à sa carrière d'auteur. Les dix dernières années de sa vie sont marquées par la maladie.Elle décède d'une tumeur du cerveau le 1er février 1851.Jusqu'aux années 1970, Mary Shelley, outre son Frankenstein, est surtout connue pour les efforts qu'elle fit en vue de faire publier les œuvres de son mari. Les études récentes ont permis une vision plus complète de son œuvre et montré que Mary Shelley est restée toute sa vie une radicale sur le plan politique, soutenant l'idée que la coopération et la solidarité, pratiquées tout naturellement par les femmes au sein de leur famille, sont la voie qui permet de réformer la société civile.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (London, Ingalaterra, 1797ko abuztuaren 30a- 1851ko otsailaren 1a) idazle britainiarra izan zen.William Godwin anarkistaren eta Mary Wollstonecraft emakumeen eskubideen lehen defendatzailearen alaba. 1816an P. B. Selley poeta erromantikoarekin ezkondu zen, eta hura hil zenean haren lanak argitaratu zituen. Bere obrarik ezagunena Frankenstein (1818) da, izu eleberrietako maisulantzat hartua dena. Horrez gainera, beste bi liburu argitaratu zituen, The last man(1826, Azken gizona) eta Lodore (1835) autobiografia.
  • Mary Shelley, nata Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (Londra, 30 agosto 1797 – Londra, 1º febbraio 1851), fu una scrittrice, saggista e biografa inglese.È l'autrice del romanzo gotico Frankenstein (Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus), pubblicato nel 1818. Curò le edizioni delle poesie del marito Percy Bysshe Shelley, poeta romantico e filosofo. Era figlia della filosofa Mary Wollstonecraft, antesignana del femminismo, e del filosofo e politico William Godwin.La madre morì dodici giorni dopo averla messa al mondo. Mary, insieme alla sorellastra più grande Fanny Imlay Godwin, nata da una precedente relazione della madre con Gilbert Imlay, crebbe col padre William Godwin, il quale decise di adottare Fanny e di crescerla come fosse sua figlia.Quando Mary aveva tre anni suo padre sposò Mary Jane Clairmont, sua vicina di casa. Godwin fornì a Mary un'educazione ricca e informale, incoraggiandola ad aderire alle sue idee politiche. Nel 1814 Mary si innamorò di uno dei discepoli di Godwin, Percy Bysshe Shelley, all'epoca già sposato con Harriet Westbrook. Assieme alla sorellastra Claire Clairmont, seconda figlia di Mary Jane Clairmont, Mary fuggì in Francia con Percy con il quale, dopo aver attraversato insieme l'Europa, dovette rientrare in Inghilterra per mancanza di soldi. Mary aspettava un figlio di Percy e la bambina che ne nacque morì pochi giorni dopo il parto prematuro, senza aver ricevuto nemmeno un nome. Mary e Percy si sposarono nel 1816, dopo il suicidio della moglie di lui.Nel 1817 la coppia trascorse un'estate con Lord Byron, John William Polidori e Claire Clairmont nei pressi di Ginevra, in Svizzera, dove Mary ebbe l'ispirazione per la stesura del suo romanzo Frankenstein.Nel 1818 gli Shelley lasciarono l'Inghilterra per l'Italia, dove morirono Clara Everina e William, rispettivamente seconda e il terzo figlio di Mary e Percy, e dove nacque Percy Florence, l'unico a sopravvivere ai genitori. Nel 1822 suo marito annegò durante una traversata della baia di La Spezia. Un anno dopo Mary ritornò in Inghilterra dove si dedicò totalmente alla carriera di scrittrice, in modo da poter mantenere il figlio. Trascorse l'ultima decade della sua vita nella malattia, probabilmente un tumore al cervello, che la uccise all'età di 53 anni, nel 1851.Fino al 1970 Mary Shelley è stata principalmente conosciuta per l'apporto che ha dato alla comprensione e alla pubblicazione delle opere del marito e per il suo romanzo Frankenstein, che ebbe grande successo e ispirò numerosi adattamenti teatrali e cinematografici.Ma studi recenti hanno permesso una più profonda conoscenza del profilo letterario di Mary Shelley; in particolare, questi studi si sono concentrati su opere meno conosciute dell'autrice, tra cui romanzi storici come Valperga (1823) e The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck (1830), romanzi apocalittici come L'ultimo uomo (1826), e gli ultimi due romanzi, Lodore (1835) e Falkner (1837).Altri suoi scritti meno conosciuti, come il libro di viaggi A zonzo per la Germania e per l'Italia (1844) e gli articoli biografici scritti per la Cabinet Cyclopedia di Dionysius Lardner (1829-46), contribuirono a supportare l'opinione che Mary Shelley rimase una politica radicale per tutta la sua vita.Le opere di Mary Shelley sostengono spesso gli ideali di cooperazione e di comprensione, praticati soprattutto dalle donne, come strade per riformare la società civile. Questa idea era una diretta sfida all'etica individualista-romantica promossa da Percy Shelley e alle teorie politiche illuministe portate avanti da William Godwin.
  • メアリー・ウルストンクラフト・ゴドウィン・シェリー(Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley、1797年8月30日 - 1851年2月1日)は、イギリスの小説家。ゴシック小説『フランケンシュタイン』で名を残したが、SFの先駆者と呼ばれたり、あるいは創始者と見なす者も少なくない。フェミニズムの創始者、あるいは先駆者とも呼ばれるメアリ・ウルストンクラフトを母、無神論者でアナキズムの先駆者であるウィリアム・ゴドウィンを父として生まれた。詩人のパーシー・シェリーは夫。日本では単にシェリー夫人と呼ばれることもあった
  • Mary Shelley (lahir 30 Agustus 1797 – meninggal 1 Februari 1851 pada umur 53 tahun) adalah seorang novelis Inggris, dikenal dengan novelnya Frankenstein. Ia menikah dengan penyair Romantisme Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (30 d'agost de 1797-1 de febrer de 1851) fou una escriptora anglesa. La seva obra més coneguda és Frankenstein, o el Modern Prometeu. Estava casada amb el poeta romàntic Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelleyová (rozená Godwinová) (30. srpna 1797, Londýn – 1. února 1851, Londýn) byla anglická spisovatelka tvořící v období romantismu, která psala mimo jiné gotické romány, známá je především svým dílem Frankenstein. Byla druhou manželkou Percyho Bysshe Shelleyho.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (Londres, 30 de agosto de 1797 - íd., 1 de febrero de 1851), conocida como Mary Shelley, fue una narradora, dramaturga, ensayista, filósofa y biógrafa británica, reconocida sobre todo por ser la autora de la novela gótica Frankenstein o el Moderno Prometeo (1818). También editó y promocionó las obras de su esposo, el poeta romántico y filósofo Percy Bysshe Shelley. Su padre fue el filósofo político William Godwin y su madre la filósofa feminista Mary Wollstonecraft.La madre de Mary falleció tras darla a luz, por lo que ella y su hermana mayor, Fanny Imlay, serían criadas por su padre. Cuando Mary tenía tres años, Godwin contrajo matrimonio con su vecina, Mary Jane Clairmont. Godwin dio a su hija una educación que la alentó a adherirse a las teorías políticas liberales. En 1814, Mary Godwin inició una relación sentimental con uno de los seguidores políticos de su padre, Percy Bysshe Shelley, quien ya estaba casado. Los dos, junto con la hermanastra de Mary, Claire Clairmont, vivieron en Francia y viajaron por Europa; a su regreso a Inglaterra, Mary estaba embarazada. Durante los dos años siguientes, ella y Percy se enfrentaron al ostracismo social, a las deudas constantes y a la desgracia del fallecimiento de su hija, nacida prematuramente. Se casaron a finales de 1816, luego del suicidio de la primera esposa de Percy Shelley, Harriet.En 1816, la pareja pasó un verano con George Gordon Byron, John William Polidori y Claire Clairmont cerca de Ginebra, Suiza, en donde Mary concibió la idea para su novela Frankenstein. Los Shelley abandonaron Gran Bretaña en 1818 y se mudaron a Italia, en donde su segundo y su tercer hijo murieron antes de que Shelley diese a luz a su último hijo, el único que sobrevivió, Percy Florence. En 1822, su esposo se ahogó al hundirse su velero, durante una tormenta en la Bahía de La Spezia. Un año después, Mary Shelley regresó a Inglaterra y desde entonces en adelante se dedicó a la educación de su hijo y a su carrera como escritora profesional. La última década de su vida estuvo plagada de enfermedades, probablemente vinculadas al tumor cerebral que acabaría con ella a los 53 años.Hasta la década de 1970, Mary Shelley fue principalmente reconocida por sus esfuerzos para publicar las obras de Percy Shelley y por su novela Frankenstein, la cual sigue siendo ampliamente leída y ha inspirado varias adaptaciones en cine y teatro. Recientemente, los historiadores han comenzado a estudiar más detalladamente los logros de Mary Shelley. Los eruditos han mostrado un interés creciente en su producción literaria, particularmente en sus novelas, como las novelas históricas Valperga (1823) y Perkin Warbeck (1830), la novela apocalíptica El último hombre (1826) y sus dos últimas novelas, Lodore (1835) y Falkner (1837). Los estudios de sus trabajos menos conocidos, como el libro de viajes Caminatas en Alemania e Italia (1844) y sus artículos biográficos incluido en la obra de Dionysius Lardner Cabinet Cyclopaedia (1829–46) apoyan el punto de vista de que Mary Shelley continuó siendo una política radical a lo largo de su vida. Las obras de Mary Shelley a menudo argumentan que la cooperación y la compasión, particularmente las practicadas por las mujeres en sus familias, son las formas de reformar a la sociedad civil. Esta visión constituyó un desafío directo al romanticismo individual promovido por Percy Shelley y a las teorías políticas educativas articuladas por su padre, William Godwin.
  • Мери Шели (на английски: Mary Shelley) е английска писателка, автор на романа „Франкенщайн“. Дъщеря на Мери Уолстънкрафт и Уилям Годуин. Втора жена на известния поет-романтик Пърси Шели.
  • Mary Shelley lub Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (ur. 30 sierpnia 1797 w Londynie, zm. 1 lutego 1851 w Londynie) – angielska poetka i pisarka okresu romantyzmu. Tworzyła w gatunku powieści gotyckiej, prekursorka powieści SF.
  • Mary Shelley (* 30. August 1797 in London, England; † 1. Februar 1851 ebenda), geborene Mary Godwin, häufig auch als Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley bezeichnet, war eine britische Schriftstellerin des frühen 19. Jahrhunderts. Sie ist als Autorin von Frankenstein oder Der moderne Prometheus (1818), einem der bekanntesten Werke der fantastischen Literatur, in die Literaturgeschichte eingegangen. Zu ihrem Gesamtwerk zählen mehrere Romane, Kurzgeschichten, Theaterstücke, Essays, Gedichte, Rezensionen, Biografien und Reiseerzählungen. Sie gab außerdem das Werk ihres früh verstorbenen Ehemanns Percy Bysshe Shelley heraus. Ihr Vater war der Sozialphilosoph und Begründer des politischen Anarchismus William Godwin. Ihre Mutter war die Schriftstellerin und Feministin Mary Wollstonecraft, die mit Verteidigung der Rechte der Frau (1792) eine der grundlegenden Arbeiten der Frauenrechtsbewegung verfasste.Mary Godwins Mutter starb kurz nach der Geburt ihrer Tochter. William Godwin zog seine Tochter gemeinsam mit ihrer älteren Halbschwester Fanny Imlay selbst auf. Sie erhielten durch ihn und seine zweite Ehefrau Mary Jane Clairmont eine zwar informelle, aber durchaus umfassende Erziehung, während dieser William Godwin seine Töchter ermutigte, seinen liberalen politischen Theorien zu folgen. 1814 verliebte sich Mary Godwin in den verheirateten Percy Bysshe Shelley, einen Bewunderer der Werke ihrer Mutter und Anhänger der politischen Ideen ihres Vaters. Gemeinsam mit ihrer Stiefschwester Claire Clairmont folgte die erst 16-jährige Mary Godwin Percy B. Shelley auf eine Reise durch Europa. Bei ihrer Rückkehr war Mary Godwin schwanger. Während der nächsten zwei Jahre war das unverheiratete Paar wegen seiner offen unkonventionellen Lebensweise einer gesellschaftlichen Ächtung ausgesetzt.Den Sommer 1816 verbrachte das Paar gemeinsam mit Lord Byron, John William Polidori und Claire Clairmont am Genfersee. In einer der am häufigsten beschriebenen Episoden der Literaturgeschichte entwarf Mary Godwin dort ihre Idee für ihren Roman Frankenstein. Erst gegen Ende des Jahres 1816, wenige Wochen nach dem Selbstmord von Percy Shelleys erster Ehefrau Harriet, heiratete das Paar. 1818 ließen sich die beiden für längere Zeit in Italien nieder. 1822 ertrank Percy B. Shelley während einer Segeltour im Golf von La Spezia. Ein Jahr später kehrte Mary Shelley mit ihrem letztgeborenen und einzigen überlebenden Kind nach England zurück, wo sie erfolgreich ihre Karriere als Schriftstellerin fortsetzte. Ihr letztes Lebensjahrzehnt war von Krankheiten gezeichnet. Sie starb im Alter von 53 Jahren vermutlich an einem Gehirntumor.Bis in die 1970er Jahre wurde Mary Shelley vor allem als Nachlassverwalterin ihres Ehemanns sowie als Verfasserin des Romans Frankenstein wahrgenommen. Ihr bekanntestes Werk wird auch knapp zweihundert Jahre nach seiner Erstveröffentlichung noch gelesen und wurde mehrfach für Bühne und Film adaptiert. Die Literaturwissenschaft ist seit den 1970er Jahren zu einer umfassenderen Wertung ihres vielseitigen Werkes gelangt und würdigt heute auch ihre späteren Romane wie den historischen Roman Valperga (1823), Perkin Warbeck (1830), den apokalyptischen Roman The Last Man (1826) und ihre zwei letzten Erzählungen Lodore (1835) und Falkner (1837). Eine genauere Auseinandersetzungen mit ihren weniger bekannten Arbeiten wie dem Reisebericht Rambles in Germany and Italy (1844) und den biografischen Aufsätzen für Dionysius Lardners Cabinet Cyclopaedia (1829–46) zeigt, dass Mary Shelley bis an ihr Lebensende radikale politische Ideen vertrat. In ihren Arbeiten findet sich häufig die Ansicht, dass eine gesellschaftliche Reform durch ein kooperatives und verständnisvolles Verhalten seitens der Frauen angestoßen werden könne. Mit dieser Überzeugung stand sie im Gegensatz zu der individualistischen Romantik, wie sie Percy Shelley vertrat, und den politischen Theorien ihres Vaters, William Godwin.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (Londres, 30 de agosto de 1797 -— Londres, 1 de fevereiro de 1851), mais conhecida por Mary Shelley foi uma escritora britânica, filha do filósofo William Godwin e da pedagoga e escritora Mary Wollstonecraft. Casou-se com o poeta Percy Bysshe Shelley em 1816, depois do suicídio de sua primeira esposa. Mary Shelley foi autora de contos, dramaturga, ensaísta, biógrafa e escritora de literatura de viagens, mais conhecida por sua novela gótica Frankenstein: ou O Moderno Prometeu (1818). Ela também editou e promoveu os trabalhos de seu marido, o poeta romântico e filósofo Percy Bysshe Shelley. A mãe de Mary morreu quando ela tinha 10 dias de nascida; ela e sua meia-irmã, Fanny Imlay, foram criadas por seu pai. Quando Mary tinha quatro anos, Godwin casou-se com uma vizinha, Mary Jane Clairmont. Godwin deu à sua filha uma rica e informal educação, encorajando-a a aderir às suas teorias políticas liberais. Em 1814, Mary Godwin iniciou um relacionamento amoroso com um dos seguidores políticos de seu pai, o casado Percy Bysshe Shelley. Junto com a irmã adotiva de Mary, Claire Clairmont, eles partem para a França e viajam pela Europa; uma vez retornando a Inglaterra, Mary fica grávida de Percy. Durante os próximos dois anos, ela e Percy enfrentam o ostracismo, dívidas e a morte da filha prematura. Eles se casaram em 1816 após o suicídio da primeira mulher de Percy Shelley, Harriet.Em 1816, o famoso casal passou o verão com Lord Byron, John William Polidori, e Claire Clairmont próximos de Genebra, Suíça, onde Mary concebe a idéia de sua novela Frankenstein. Os Shelleys deixam a Grã-Bretanha em 1818 e vão para a Itália, onde o segundo e o terceiro filhos morrem antes do nascimento de seu último e único sobrevivente filho, Percy Florence. Em 1822, seu marido afogou-se quando seu barco afundou durante uma tempestade na Baía de La Spezia. Um ano depois, Mary Shelley retornou a Inglaterra, devotando-se, desde então à educação de seu filho e à carreira como autora profissional. A última década de sua vida foi marcada pela doença, provavelmente causada pelo tumor cerebral que a iria matar aos 53 anos de idade.Até os anos 70, Mary Shelley era conhecida principalmente por seus esforços em publicar os trabalhos de Percy Shelley e pela novela Frankenstein, que permanece sendo lida mundialmente e tendo inspirado muitas peças de teatro e adaptações para o cinema. O currículo escolar recente rendeu uma visão mais compreensiva das realizações de Mary Shelley. Estudantes demonstraram mais interesse em sua carreira literária, particularmente suas novelas, que incluem novelas históricas Valperga (1823) e The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck (1830), a novela apocalíptica The Last Man (1826), e suas últimas duas novelas, Lodore (1835) e Falkner (1837). Estudos de seus últimos trabalhos conhecidos como o livro de viagem Rambles in Germany and Italy (1844) e os artigos biográficos de Dionysius Lardner's, Cabinet Cyclopaedia (1829–46) serviram de base e visualização de que Mary Shelley permaneceu uma política radical por toda a vida. O trabalho de Mary Shelley frequentemente discute que essa cooperação e simpatia, particularmente praticada pelas mulheres na família, eram maneiras de se reformar a sociedade civil. Essa visão foi um desafio direto ao caráter romântico individualista promovido por Percy Shelley e as teorias políticas iluministas articuladas por seu pai, William Godwin.
  • Мэри Шелли (англ. Mary Shelley; урождённая Мэри Уолстонкрафт Годвин, англ. Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin) (30 августа 1797, Лондон — 1 февраля 1851, Лондон) — английская писательница.Известна как жена поэта-романтика Перси Шелли и как автор книги «Франкенштейн, или Современный Прометей».
  • 메리 셸리(Mary Shelley, 혼전이름:메리 울스턴크래프트 고드윈 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, 1797년 8월 30일 ~ 1851년 2월 1일)는 영국의 소설가·극작가·수필가·전기 작가이자 여행 작가이다. 그는 또한 낭만주의 시인이자 철학자인 남편 퍼시 비시 셸리의 작품을 편집하고 소개하기도 하였다. 정치철학자 윌리엄 고드윈, 철학자이자 여권운동가 메리 울스턴크래프트 부부의 딸이다.메리 고드윈은 고작 생후 11일에 모친을 여의었는데, 이후 배다른 언니인 패니 임레이와 함께 부친의 손에서 자라났다. 메리가 네 살 때, 부친 윌리엄 고드윈은 그의 이웃 메리 제인 클레어몽과 결혼했다. 고드윈은 딸에게 자금·학술·교육 면에서 모든 자원을 아끼지 않고 지원해 그가 그의 자유주의 정치 이론에 동참하는 데 영향을 끼쳤다. 1814년에 메리 고드윈은 부친의 정치적 추종자 중 한 사람, 나중에 남편이 되는 퍼시 비시 셸리와 연애하기 시작한다. 메리의 배다른 자매 클레어 클레어몽과 함께 이 둘은 프랑스로 떠나 유럽을 여행하게 되는데, 그들이 영국으로 돌아왔을 때 메리는 퍼시의 아이를 임신한 상태였다. 이 후 2년 동안, 그와 퍼시는 도편 추방과 계속된 자금난을 겪게 되고, 이 와중에 뱃속의 딸을 유산하였다. 퍼시 셸리가 그의 첫 번째 부인인 해리엇과 사별한 뒤, 이 둘은 1816년 말엽에 혼인하였다.1816년, 부부는 바이런 경과 존 윌리엄 폴리도리, 클레어 클레어몽과 함께 스위스 제네바 근방에서 여름을 보낸 것으로 유명한데, 이곳에서 메리는 그의 소설 《프랑켄슈타인》의 큰 틀을 구상하였다. 셸리 부부가 1818년에 영국을 떠나 자리잡은 이탈리아는, 그들의 아이들 중 유일하게 살아남는 넷째 아이 퍼시 플로렌스를 낳기 전, 둘째와 셋째 아이를 잃은 곳이다. 1822년에 그의 남편은, 라스페치아 근해에서 항해 중 폭풍을 만나 타고 있던 배가 침몰하여 익사하였다. 일 년 뒤 메리 셸리는 영국으로 돌아왔고, 이 때부터 그의 여생을 아들의 양육과 전문 작가로서의 활동에 헌신하며 보냈다. 그는 그의 생애의 마지막 십 년을 지루한 투병생활로 보냈는데, 그가 53세의 나이로 세상을 떠난 것을 두고 사람들은 뇌종양이 원인일 것이라고 추측하고 있다.1970년대 까지의 메리 셸리는 주로 남편 퍼시 셸리의 작품을 출판하는 데 참여한 공로와, 전 세계적으로 널리 읽히고 많은 희곡과 영화로 재구성되고 있는 소설 《프랑켄슈타인》의 작가로만 대중에게 알려져 있었다. 최근에서야 학계는 메리 셸리가 남긴 자료를 조금 더 포괄적인 시선으로 바라보고 가치를 인정하였다. 문단에서는 점차 그의 집필 자료들, 특히 역사소설 《발퍼가》(1823)와 《퍼킨 워벡의 행운》(1830), 묵시소설 《최후의 인간》(1826), 그리고 그가 남긴 마지막 두 소설 《로도어》(1835)와《포크너》(1837) 등, 그가 남긴 소설에 대한 관심이 증가하고 있다. 기행문 《1840, 1842, 1843년 독일과 이탈리아 산책》(1844)과 다이어니셔스 라드너의 전기문인 《잡동사니 백과사전》(Cabinet Cyclopaedia)(1829~46) 등 그의 덜 알려진 작품들에 대한 연구는 메리 셸리의 생애 전반에서 정치적 급진주의의 흔적을 찾을 수 있다는 평가를 뒷받침한다. 메리 셸리는 종종 작품을 통해 당시 여성들이 가정에서나 보여주던 협력과 조화로 시민 사회를 재구성할 수 있다고 주장했다. 이러한 시선은 부친 윌리엄 고드윈으로부터 물려받은 계몽주의 정치론과 남편 퍼시 셸리의 조력에 기인했으며, 개인주의가 팽배했던 낭만주의의 품위에 대한 직접적인 도전이었다.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley (d. 30 Ağustos 1797 - ö. 1 Şubat 1851), yazdığı romanlarla ünlü İngiliz yazar. 1797 yılında Londra'da doğdu. Babası William Godwin, radikal siyasal görüşleriyle tanınan bir yazar, annesi Mary Wollstonecraft ise dönemin etkili bir kadın hakları savunucusuydu. Annesi doğumu sırasında ölünce, babası tarafından büyütüldü ve doğal olarak ondan ve arkadaş çevresinden oldukça etkilendi. Bu şartlar altında edebiyat ve felsefe'nin başlıca ilgi alanları olması kaçınılmazdı. Çocukluğunun büyük bölümünü kitap okuyarak, hikâyeler yazarak geçiren Mary 1814'de, dönemin en gözde romantik şairlerinden Percy Bysshe Shelley'e aşık oldu. Percy Shelley'in evli olması nedeniyle İsviçre'ye kaçmak zorunda kaldıklarında Mary henüz 17 yaşındaydı. Babası William Godwin bu ilişkiye karşı çıktı. İki sevgili, Percy'nin eşinin 1816'da ölümünden sonra Londra'ya dönüp evlenebildiler. Ardından İtalya'ya yerleştiler. Frankenstein'in düşüncesi; Mary'de, 1816 yazında yarı uyanık olarak gördüğü bir kabus sebebiyle oluştu ve hikâyeyi geliştirmesi için eşi tarafından desteklendi. Frankenstein ya da Modern Prometheus 1818 başlarında yayımlandı. Romanın doğuşunda, İngiltere'deki sanayi devriminin, Locke ve Hobbes gibi düşünürlerin etkisini de görmek mümkündür.1822 yılında eşini bir tekne kazasında kaybeden Mary, Londra'ya döndü ve 1851 yılında ölünceye kadar profesyonel yazarlık yaptı.Frankenstein; kuşaktan kuşağa bir korku klasiği olarak aktarılsa da, öyküde doğrudan korkuya yapılan bir gönderme yoktur aslında. Katil, canavar denilen yaratık ve yaratıcısı Dr. Frankenstein kurbandır aslında. Modern çağa ve rasyonel aklın egemenliğine karşı romantik başkaldırının metaforudur onlar. Yani toplum dışına itilen, kendi savaşını veren ve bu savaşta yenilen farklı insanların acıklı öyküsüdür.Daha çok Frankenstein ile anılan Mary Shelley ayrıca, Lodore, Falkner ( 1837 ), Perkin Warbeck ve insanlığın yavaş yavaş yok oluşunu inceleyen ve 1826 da yayımlanan apokaliptik bir roman olan The Last Man'in de yazarıdır.
  • Mary Shelley, geboren Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (Londen, 30 augustus 1797 – aldaar, 1 februari 1851) was een Engels schrijfster.Mary Shelley was de dochter van de feministe Mary Wollstonecraft en de filosoof William Godwin. Ze werd de vrouw van de beroemde schrijver en dichter Percy Bysshe Shelley. Haar vijf jaar oudere echtgenoot organiseerde met regelmaat bijeenkomsten waarbij contemporaine literaire grootheden bijeenkwamen. Zij mocht daarbij als toehoorder aanwezig zijn. Geïnspireerd door de verhalen van de literaire kopstukken uit die tijd, schreef Mary Shelley op 19-jarige leeftijd haar bekendste werk, de gothic novel Frankenstein (The Modern Prometheus).Ze stierf op 1 februari 1851 te Londen. Op haar eigen verzoek werd ze begraven in Bournemouth op de begraafplaats van de Saint Peter's Church.
  • Mary Shelley (née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus (1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.Mary Godwin's mother died when she was eleven days old; afterwards, she and her older half-sister, Fanny Imlay, were raised by her father. When Mary was four, Godwin married his neighbour, Mary Jane Clairmont. Godwin provided his daughter with a rich, if informal, education, encouraging her to adhere to his liberal political theories. In 1814, Mary Godwin began a romantic relationship with one of her father’s political followers, the married Percy Bysshe Shelley. Together with Mary's stepsister, Claire Clairmont, they left for France and travelled through Europe; upon their return to England, Mary was pregnant with Percy's child. Over the next two years, she and Percy faced ostracism, constant debt, and the death of their prematurely born daughter. They married in late 1816 after the suicide of Percy Shelley's first wife, Harriet.In 1816, the couple famously spent a summer with Lord Byron, John William Polidori, and Claire Clairmont near Geneva, Switzerland, where Mary conceived the idea for her novel Frankenstein. The Shelleys left Britain in 1818 for Italy, where their second and third children died before Mary Shelley gave birth to her last and only surviving child, Percy Florence. In 1822, her husband drowned when his sailing boat sank during a storm near Viareggio. A year later, Mary Shelley returned to England and from then on devoted herself to the upbringing of her son and a career as a professional author. The last decade of her life was dogged by illness, probably caused by the brain tumour that was to kill her at the age of 53.Until the 1970s, Mary Shelley was known mainly for her efforts to publish Percy Shelley's works and for her novel Frankenstein, which remains widely read and has inspired many theatrical and film adaptations. Recent scholarship has yielded a more comprehensive view of Mary Shelley’s achievements. Scholars have shown increasing interest in her literary output, particularly in her novels, which include the historical novels Valperga (1823) and Perkin Warbeck (1830), the apocalyptic novel The Last Man (1826), and her final two novels, Lodore (1835) and Falkner (1837). Studies of her lesser-known works such as the travel book Rambles in Germany and Italy (1844) and the biographical articles for Dionysius Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia (1829–46) support the growing view that Mary Shelley remained a political radical throughout her life. Mary Shelley's works often argue that cooperation and sympathy, particularly as practised by women in the family, were the ways to reform civil society. This view was a direct challenge to the individualistic Romantic ethos promoted by Percy Shelley and the Enlightenment political theories articulated by her father, William Godwin.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (London, 1797. augusztus 30. – London, 1851. február 1.) angol romantikus író, a Frankenstein, avagy a modern Prométheusz mű szerzője. A romantikus költő Percy Bysshe Shelley felesége volt.
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  • Portrait de Mary Shelley par Richard Rothwell.
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  • Betty T. Bennett, Donald H. Reiman, Michael C. Jaye
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley, Donald H. Reiman, Neil Fraistat
  • Anne K Mellor
  • Audrey A. Fisch, Anne K. Mellor, Esther H. Schor
  • Betty T. Bennett
  • Betty T. Bennett, Robert Brinkley and Keith Hanley
  • Charlene E. Bunnell
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  • Esther Schor, Diane Long Hoeveler
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  • Esther Schor, Kate Ferguson Ellis
  • Esther Schor, Susan J. Wolfson
  • Frederick S. Frank, Syndy M. Conger, Gregory O'Dea
  • George Levine, U. C. Knoepflmacher
  • J. A. Carlson
  • James Bieri
  • Jane Blumberg
  • Johanna M. Smith
  • Lee Sterrenburg
  • Marc Nadaux
  • Mary Poovey
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley, Betty T. Bennett
  • Mary Shelley, Charles E. Robinson
  • Mary Shelley, Janet Todd
  • Mary Shelley, Lisa Vargo
  • Mary Shelley, Michael Rossington
  • Mary Shelley, Morton D. Paley
  • Mary Shelley, Susan J. Wolfson
  • Mary Shelley, Tilar J. Mazzeo
  • Melissa Sites, Darby Lewes
  • Michael Eberle-Sinatra
  • Miranda Seymour
  • Mitzi Myers, Betty T. Bennett
  • Muriel Spark
  • Pamela Clemit
  • Pamela Clemit, Betty T. Bennett
  • Richard Holmes
  • Robert Gittings, Jo Manton
  • Sandra M. Gilbert, Susan Gubar
  • Syndy M. Conger, Frederick S. Frank, Gregory O'Dea
  • William D. Brewer
  • William St Clair
  • Ann M Frank Wake, Syndy M. Conger, Frederick S. Frank, Gregory O'Dea
  • Mary Shelley, Paula R. Feldman, Diana Scott-Kilvert
  • Harriet Devine Jump, Pamela Clemit, Betty T. Bennett
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  • mai 1997
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  • Baltimore
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  • Portrait de Mary Shelley par Richard Rothwell.
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  • http://books.google.com/books?id=mFkJAAAAQAAJ&dq=percy+shelley+date:1838-1840&lr=&as_brr=0&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0
  • Mary Shelley's Fictions: From Frankenstein to Falkner.
  • The Proper Lady and the Woman Writer: Ideology as Style in the Works of Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley and Jane Austen
  • Mary Shelley's Early Novels: «This Child of Imagination and Misery»
  • Claire Clairmont and the Shelleys
  • Collected Tales and Stories
  • Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus
  • The god undeified: Mary Shelley's Valperga, Italy, and the Aesthetic of Desire
  • Lodore
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley en lecture numérique
  • Mary Shelley in her Times
  • Mary Shelley's Literary Lives and Other Writings
  • Mary Shelley: Her Life, her Fiction, Her Monsters
  • Mary Shelley: Romance and Reality
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: An Introduction
  • My Hideous Progeny: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
  • England's First Family of Writers: Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin, Mary Shelley
  • A Critical History of «Frankenstein ». « Frankenstein». Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism
  • Selected Letters of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
  • Shelley's Poetry and Prose
  • Shelley: The Pursuit
  • The Journals of Mary Shelley, 1814–44
  • The Other Mary Shelley: «Beyond Frankenstein»
  • Valperga
  • Iconoclastic Departures: Mary Shelley after «Frankenstein». Essays in Honor of the Bicentenary of Mary Shelley's Birth.
  • Matilda with Mary and Maria: or, The Wrongs of Woman, by Mary Wollstonecraft
  • « Falkner and other fictions », The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley: The Female Author between Public and Private Spheres. Mary Shelley in her Times.
  • Voix de femmes : roman féminin et condition féminine, de Mary Wollstonecraft à Mary Shelley
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley, a Biography: Exile of Unfulfilled Renown, 1816–1822.
  • «All the World's a Stage»: Dramatic Sensibility in Mary Shelley's Novels.
  • The Godwins and the Shelleys: The Biography of a Family
  • « Stories for the Keepsake. » The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley
  • « Mary Shelley, editor », The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley
  • The Godwinian Novel: The Rational Fictions of Godwin, Brockden Brown, Mary Shelley
  • Finding Mary Shelley in her Letters. Romantic Revisions
  • Mary Shelley's Rambles in Germany and Italy, the Celebrity Author, and the Undiscovered Country of the Human Heart". Romanticism On the Net 11
  • Re/membering Home: Utopian Domesticity in Mary Shelley's « Lodore ». A Brighter Morn: The Shelley Circle's Utopian Project
  • Women in the Active Voice: Recovering Female History in Mary Shelley's Valperga and Perkin Warbeck. Iconoclastic Departures: Mary Shelley «Frankenstein». Essays in Honor of the Bicentenary of Mary Shelley's Birth.
  • « Biographer. » The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley.
  • From «The Fields of Fancy» to «Matilda».Mary Shelley in her Times.
  • Mary Shelley's Other Fictions: A Bibliographic Consensus. Iconoclastic Departures: Mary Shelley after «Frankenstein». Essays in Honor of the Bicentenary of Mary Shelley's Birth.
  • « Frankenstein, feminism, and literary theory », The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley.
  • The Political Philosophy of Mary Shelley's Historical Novels: Valperga and Perkin Warbeck. The Evidence of the Imagination
  • « The Last Man »: Anatomy of Failed Revolutions. Nineteenth Century Fiction Berkeley, Cal. vol. 33, n°3, pp. 324-347
  • The Endurance of Frankenstein: Essays on Mary Shelley's novel
  • The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination
  • Lives of the Great Romantics. Godwin, Wollstonecraft Mary Shelley by Their Contemporaries - 3 volumes
  • William Godwin, Chivalry, and Mary Shelley's The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck.Papers on Language and Literature 35.2 : p. 187–205
prop-fr:url
  • http://www.19e.org/personnages/etranger/shelley.htm
  • http://clio.revues.org/document369.html?format=print
  • http://home-1.worldonline.nl/~hamberg/
  • http://www.livropolis.com/index.php?i=6&author=387
  • http://www.erudit.org/revue/ron/1997/v/n6/005750ar.html
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
prop-fr:wikisource
  • Mary Shelley
prop-fr:éditeur
  • dbpedia-fr:Palgrave_Macmillan
  • Cardinal
  • Oxford University Press
  • Broadview Press
  • Cambridge University Press
  • Clarendon Press
  • Edward Moxon
  • Faber & Faber
  • Farleigh Dickinson University Press
  • Harper Perennial
  • John Murray
  • Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Lexington Books
  • Madison, NJ: Farleigh Dickinson University Press
  • New York University Press
  • New York, Oxford University Press
  • New York, St. Martin's Press/Palgrave
  • Oxford Paperbacks
  • Pearson Longman
  • Penguin
  • Pickering & Chatto
  • Routledge
  • University of California Press
  • University of Chicago Press
  • University of Delaware Press
  • University of Iowa Press
  • W. W. Norton and Co. 2ème édition
  • Yale University Press
prop-fr:œuvresPrincipales
  • * Frankenstein ou le Prométhée moderne
dcterms:subject
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rdfs:comment
  • Mary Shelley, née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin le 30 août 1797 à Somers Town, un faubourg de Londres (aujourd'hui dans le district de Camden), et morte le 1er février 1851 à Belgravia (Londres), est une femme de lettres anglaise, romancière, nouvelliste, dramaturge, essayiste, biographe et auteure de récits de voyage.
  • メアリー・ウルストンクラフト・ゴドウィン・シェリー(Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley、1797年8月30日 - 1851年2月1日)は、イギリスの小説家。ゴシック小説『フランケンシュタイン』で名を残したが、SFの先駆者と呼ばれたり、あるいは創始者と見なす者も少なくない。フェミニズムの創始者、あるいは先駆者とも呼ばれるメアリ・ウルストンクラフトを母、無神論者でアナキズムの先駆者であるウィリアム・ゴドウィンを父として生まれた。詩人のパーシー・シェリーは夫。日本では単にシェリー夫人と呼ばれることもあった
  • Mary Shelley (lahir 30 Agustus 1797 – meninggal 1 Februari 1851 pada umur 53 tahun) adalah seorang novelis Inggris, dikenal dengan novelnya Frankenstein. Ia menikah dengan penyair Romantisme Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (30 d'agost de 1797-1 de febrer de 1851) fou una escriptora anglesa. La seva obra més coneguda és Frankenstein, o el Modern Prometeu. Estava casada amb el poeta romàntic Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelleyová (rozená Godwinová) (30. srpna 1797, Londýn – 1. února 1851, Londýn) byla anglická spisovatelka tvořící v období romantismu, která psala mimo jiné gotické romány, známá je především svým dílem Frankenstein. Byla druhou manželkou Percyho Bysshe Shelleyho.
  • Мери Шели (на английски: Mary Shelley) е английска писателка, автор на романа „Франкенщайн“. Дъщеря на Мери Уолстънкрафт и Уилям Годуин. Втора жена на известния поет-романтик Пърси Шели.
  • Mary Shelley lub Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (ur. 30 sierpnia 1797 w Londynie, zm. 1 lutego 1851 w Londynie) – angielska poetka i pisarka okresu romantyzmu. Tworzyła w gatunku powieści gotyckiej, prekursorka powieści SF.
  • Мэри Шелли (англ. Mary Shelley; урождённая Мэри Уолстонкрафт Годвин, англ. Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin) (30 августа 1797, Лондон — 1 февраля 1851, Лондон) — английская писательница.Известна как жена поэта-романтика Перси Шелли и как автор книги «Франкенштейн, или Современный Прометей».
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (London, 1797. augusztus 30. – London, 1851. február 1.) angol romantikus író, a Frankenstein, avagy a modern Prométheusz mű szerzője. A romantikus költő Percy Bysshe Shelley felesége volt.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (Londres, 30 de agosto de 1797 -— Londres, 1 de fevereiro de 1851), mais conhecida por Mary Shelley foi uma escritora britânica, filha do filósofo William Godwin e da pedagoga e escritora Mary Wollstonecraft. Casou-se com o poeta Percy Bysshe Shelley em 1816, depois do suicídio de sua primeira esposa.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (Londres, 30 de agosto de 1797 - íd., 1 de febrero de 1851), conocida como Mary Shelley, fue una narradora, dramaturga, ensayista, filósofa y biógrafa británica, reconocida sobre todo por ser la autora de la novela gótica Frankenstein o el Moderno Prometeo (1818). También editó y promocionó las obras de su esposo, el poeta romántico y filósofo Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Mary Shelley, nata Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (Londra, 30 agosto 1797 – Londra, 1º febbraio 1851), fu una scrittrice, saggista e biografa inglese.È l'autrice del romanzo gotico Frankenstein (Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus), pubblicato nel 1818. Curò le edizioni delle poesie del marito Percy Bysshe Shelley, poeta romantico e filosofo.
  • Mary Shelley (née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus (1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Mary Shelley (* 30. August 1797 in London, England; † 1. Februar 1851 ebenda), geborene Mary Godwin, häufig auch als Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley bezeichnet, war eine britische Schriftstellerin des frühen 19. Jahrhunderts. Sie ist als Autorin von Frankenstein oder Der moderne Prometheus (1818), einem der bekanntesten Werke der fantastischen Literatur, in die Literaturgeschichte eingegangen.
  • 메리 셸리(Mary Shelley, 혼전이름:메리 울스턴크래프트 고드윈 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, 1797년 8월 30일 ~ 1851년 2월 1일)는 영국의 소설가·극작가·수필가·전기 작가이자 여행 작가이다. 그는 또한 낭만주의 시인이자 철학자인 남편 퍼시 비시 셸리의 작품을 편집하고 소개하기도 하였다. 정치철학자 윌리엄 고드윈, 철학자이자 여권운동가 메리 울스턴크래프트 부부의 딸이다.메리 고드윈은 고작 생후 11일에 모친을 여의었는데, 이후 배다른 언니인 패니 임레이와 함께 부친의 손에서 자라났다. 메리가 네 살 때, 부친 윌리엄 고드윈은 그의 이웃 메리 제인 클레어몽과 결혼했다. 고드윈은 딸에게 자금·학술·교육 면에서 모든 자원을 아끼지 않고 지원해 그가 그의 자유주의 정치 이론에 동참하는 데 영향을 끼쳤다. 1814년에 메리 고드윈은 부친의 정치적 추종자 중 한 사람, 나중에 남편이 되는 퍼시 비시 셸리와 연애하기 시작한다.
  • Mary Shelley, geboren Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (Londen, 30 augustus 1797 – aldaar, 1 februari 1851) was een Engels schrijfster.Mary Shelley was de dochter van de feministe Mary Wollstonecraft en de filosoof William Godwin. Ze werd de vrouw van de beroemde schrijver en dichter Percy Bysshe Shelley. Haar vijf jaar oudere echtgenoot organiseerde met regelmaat bijeenkomsten waarbij contemporaine literaire grootheden bijeenkwamen. Zij mocht daarbij als toehoorder aanwezig zijn.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (London, Ingalaterra, 1797ko abuztuaren 30a- 1851ko otsailaren 1a) idazle britainiarra izan zen.William Godwin anarkistaren eta Mary Wollstonecraft emakumeen eskubideen lehen defendatzailearen alaba. 1816an P. B. Selley poeta erromantikoarekin ezkondu zen, eta hura hil zenean haren lanak argitaratu zituen. Bere obrarik ezagunena Frankenstein (1818) da, izu eleberrietako maisulantzat hartua dena.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley (d. 30 Ağustos 1797 - ö. 1 Şubat 1851), yazdığı romanlarla ünlü İngiliz yazar. 1797 yılında Londra'da doğdu. Babası William Godwin, radikal siyasal görüşleriyle tanınan bir yazar, annesi Mary Wollstonecraft ise dönemin etkili bir kadın hakları savunucusuydu. Annesi doğumu sırasında ölünce, babası tarafından büyütüldü ve doğal olarak ondan ve arkadaş çevresinden oldukça etkilendi.
rdfs:label
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelley
  • Mary Shelleyová
  • Мери Шели
  • Шелли, Мэри
  • メアリー・シェリー
  • 메리 셸리
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