La Guerre israélo-arabe de 1948, également nommée Guerre de 1948, Guerre de Palestine de 1948,, Guerre d'indépendance ou Guerre de la Libération et al-Naqba (« la Catastrophe ») fait référence à la guerre qui mena à la fondation de l'État d'Israël et à la naissance du problème des réfugiés palestiniens,.

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  • La Guerre israélo-arabe de 1948, également nommée Guerre de 1948, Guerre de Palestine de 1948,, Guerre d'indépendance ou Guerre de la Libération et al-Naqba (« la Catastrophe ») fait référence à la guerre qui mena à la fondation de l'État d'Israël et à la naissance du problème des réfugiés palestiniens,. Elle marque également le début de l'exode des communautés juives du monde arabe,,.La Guerre de 1948 s'est déroulée en deux phases : Du 30 novembre 1947 au 14 mai 1948, la Palestine toujours sous mandat britannique connaît une période de Guerre civile marquée par l'affrontement des organisations armées juives d'une part et des irréguliers palestiniens soutenus par des volontaires arabes d'autre part. À partir du 15 mai 1948, date de la fin du mandat et de la fondation d'Israël, commence la Première Guerre israélo-arabe avec, à la suite de la débâcle des Arabes palestiniens, l'intervention militaire de la Ligue arabe contre Israël et l'envoi de corps expéditionnaires égyptien, syrien, irakien et transjordanien en Palestine. Divers armistices sont signés au cours de l'année 1949.
  • The 1948 Palestine war, known in Arabic as al-Nakba (النكبة, "The Catastrophe") and in Hebrew as the Milkhemet Ha'atzma'ut (מלחמת העצמאות, "War of Independence") or Milkhemet Hashikhrur (מלחמת השחרור "War of Liberation"), refers to the war that occurred in the former Mandatory Palestine during the period between the United Nations vote on the partition plan on November 30, 1947, and the official end of the first Arab-Israeli war on July 20, 1949.Historians divide the war into two phases: The 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine (sometimes called an "intercommunal war") in which the Jewish and Arab communities of Palestine, supported by the Arab Liberation Army, clashed, while the region was still fully under British rule. The 1948 Arab–Israeli War after 15 May 1948, marking the end of the British Mandate and the birth of Israel, in which Transjordan, Egypt, Syria and Iraq intervened and sent expeditionary forces that fought the Israeli army.At the end of the war, the State of Israel kept the area that had been recommended by the UN General Assembly Resolution 181 but also took control of almost 60% of the area allocated to the proposed Arab state including the Jaffa, Lydda and Ramle area, Galilee, some parts of the Negev, a wide strip along the Tel-Aviv–Jerusalem road and some territories in the West Bank, putting them under military rule. Transjordan took control of the remainder of the West Bank and annexed this and the Egyptian military took control of the Gaza Strip. No Arab Palestinian state was created.Demographic changes occurred in the country. Around 700,000 Palestinian Arabs fled or were expelled from the area that became Israel and they became Palestinian refugees. Around 10,000 Jews were forced to leave their homes in Palestine. In the three years following the war, about 700,000 Jews immigrated to Israel, where they settled mainly along the borders and in former Palestinian lands. The war also marked the beginning of the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim lands. Beginning in 1948, and continuing until 1972, an estimated 800,000 to 1,000,000 Jews fled or were expelled.In Israel, the war is known as War of Independence or War of Liberation, because it was the origin of the State of Israel. Their traditional historiography sometimes marks the anniversary as of 15 May 1948. It is known in Arabic as al-Nakba ("the Catastrophe"), because of their loss of traditional lands which they had occupied for centuries, the high number of displaced people, and their failure to create a state following their defeat in the war.
  • A guerra da Palestina de 1948 teve início em 30 de novembro de 1947 e perdurou até meados de de 1949 na Palestina Mandatária.A guerra se divide em duas fases principais : A primeira tem início antes de 14 de maio de 1948, quando a Palestina ainda estava sob a autoridade britânica, e refere-se a uma guerra civil que envolveu o yishuv e os árabes palestinos, tanto muçulmanos quanto cristãos. apoiados pelo Exército Árabe de Liberação. A segunda fase começa após 15 de maio de 1948 e dura até meados de 1949, envolvendo Israel e vários países árabes.Os protagonistas e comentadores denominam esses eventos de maneiras diferentes: os palestinos se referem à Guerra Civil de 1947-1948 como Al-Naqba ou Al Nakba ("a catástrofe"), aludindo principalmente ao primeiro período, durante o qual os árabes foram vencidos pelas forças judias, e grande parte da população árabe da Palestina viveu um êxodo. Já do ponto de vista israelense, trata-se da Guerra da Independência ou Guerra da Liberação, expressão que concerne sobretudo ao segundo período, iniciado com a declaração de independência do Estado de Israel e seguida de confronto entre Israel e os Estados Árabes vizinhos.A partir dos anos 1980, após a abertura dos arquivos israelenses sobre a guerra da Palestina, o conflito foi objeto de novos estudos, realizados sobretudo pelos chamados Novos Historiadores, que reescreveram (ou, segundo seus detratores, fabricaram) a história do conflito.== Referências ==
  • Perang Palestina 1948 merujuk pada peristiwa yang terjadi di Palestina antara rencana pembagian Palestina pada 30 November 1947, hingga berakhirnya perang Arab-Israel pada 20 Juli 1949.Sejarawan membagi Perang Palestina 1948 menjadi dua fase: Perang Saudara dimana Arab Palestina saling berperang satu sama lain sementara wilayah Palestina masih berada dibawah kekuasaan Britania. Perang Arab–Israel 1948 setelah 15 Mei. Yordania, Mesir, Suriah dan Irak menyerang Israel.↑ ↑ ↑
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  • La Guerre israélo-arabe de 1948, également nommée Guerre de 1948, Guerre de Palestine de 1948,, Guerre d'indépendance ou Guerre de la Libération et al-Naqba (« la Catastrophe ») fait référence à la guerre qui mena à la fondation de l'État d'Israël et à la naissance du problème des réfugiés palestiniens,.
  • Perang Palestina 1948 merujuk pada peristiwa yang terjadi di Palestina antara rencana pembagian Palestina pada 30 November 1947, hingga berakhirnya perang Arab-Israel pada 20 Juli 1949.Sejarawan membagi Perang Palestina 1948 menjadi dua fase: Perang Saudara dimana Arab Palestina saling berperang satu sama lain sementara wilayah Palestina masih berada dibawah kekuasaan Britania. Perang Arab–Israel 1948 setelah 15 Mei. Yordania, Mesir, Suriah dan Irak menyerang Israel.↑ ↑ ↑
  • The 1948 Palestine war, known in Arabic as al-Nakba (النكبة, "The Catastrophe") and in Hebrew as the Milkhemet Ha'atzma'ut (מלחמת העצמאות, "War of Independence") or Milkhemet Hashikhrur (מלחמת השחרור "War of Liberation"), refers to the war that occurred in the former Mandatory Palestine during the period between the United Nations vote on the partition plan on November 30, 1947, and the official end of the first Arab-Israeli war on July 20, 1949.Historians divide the war into two phases: The 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine (sometimes called an "intercommunal war") in which the Jewish and Arab communities of Palestine, supported by the Arab Liberation Army, clashed, while the region was still fully under British rule.
  • A guerra da Palestina de 1948 teve início em 30 de novembro de 1947 e perdurou até meados de de 1949 na Palestina Mandatária.A guerra se divide em duas fases principais : A primeira tem início antes de 14 de maio de 1948, quando a Palestina ainda estava sob a autoridade britânica, e refere-se a uma guerra civil que envolveu o yishuv e os árabes palestinos, tanto muçulmanos quanto cristãos. apoiados pelo Exército Árabe de Liberação.
rdfs:label
  • Guerre israélo-arabe de 1948
  • 1948 Palestine war
  • Guerra da Palestina de 1948
  • Perang Palestina 1948
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