Le gangsta rap est un style de musique créé vers la fin des années 1980 sur la Côte Ouest des États-Unis et qui fut principalement véhiculé par des artistes comme Tupac, Snoop Dogg, Too Short, Ice T ou le groupe N.W.A.

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  • Le gangsta rap est un style de musique créé vers la fin des années 1980 sur la Côte Ouest des États-Unis et qui fut principalement véhiculé par des artistes comme Tupac, Snoop Dogg, Too Short, Ice T ou le groupe N.W.A. Il a connu son apogée de départ à Compton (Californie) dans le comté de Los Angeles, à travers le groupe N.W.A.Les thèmes fondateurs et récurrents du gangsta rap sont l'argent et la réussite, essentiellement financière ; les femmes, la drogue et son commerce, les meurtres et autres activités illégales, ce que désigne le terme « gangsta » issu de l'argot anglophone gangster. Si ce style est né sur la Côte Ouest, on le retrouve aujourd'hui partout aux États-Unis et, en particulier, sur la Côte Est. Schoolly D, rappeur gangsta conscient et revendicatif, originaire de Philadelphie ou Kool G Rap, new-yorkais « old timer » et librettiste respecté, tous deux présents depuis le début des années 1980, illustrent cette généralisation d'Ouest en Est.Les premiers rappeurs gangsta étaient issus de gangs, et racontaient leur vie dans la violence. C'est une des raisons pour laquelle certains thèmes sont récurrents : la drogue, la haine de la police, le proxénétisme, l'argent, l'homophobie, la misogynie...
  • Gangsta rap, 1980'li yılların sonunda ABD'de ortaya çıkan şiddete ve yasadışı şeylerin yüceltilmesine dayalı müzik kültürü. "Gangsta" sözcüğünün kökeni, yasadışı işler yapan çete üyesi anlamına gelen "Gangster"dir. 1980'lerdeki öncüleri Schooly D ile Ice T olan gangsta rap'in asıl popülerliğini kazanması 1980'li yılların sonlarına doğru N.W.A gibi rap gruplarının ortaya çıkmasıyla yaşanmıştır. 1980'lerin sonları ile 1990'ların başları arasında, Ice-T ve N.W.A'nın ulusal bilince dikkat çekmesiyle birlikte gangsta rap, hip hop müziğinin en çok kâr getiren alt türlerinden biri olmuştur.
  • Gangsta Rap é um termo cunhado pela mídia para descrever um certo gênero do rap, que tem por característica a descrição do dia-a-dia violento dos jovens de algumas cidades.A palavra gangsta é um dereivativo de gangster, soletrando-a na pronúncia do Inglês vernáculo afro-americano. Os estadunidenses chamam este tipo de grafia de Eye dialect.O gênero desenvolveu-se durante os anos 80. Um dos pioneiros do Gangsta Rap foi o rapper Ice-T com seus singles Cold Wind Madness/The Coldest Rap e Body Rock/Killers, de 1983 e 1985, respectivamente. O Gangsta Rap foi popularizado por grupos como N.W.A no final dos anos 80. As suas letras são violentas e normalmente tendem a criticar a sociedade e a mostrar ao mundo a injustiça desta, e a partir dessa crítica, abrir os olhos de quem não está nem aí para a dura realidade das ruas, mesmo que isso atinja diretamente ao ouvinte. Geralmente, os autores têm problemas com a lei, alguns inclusive tem ou já tiveram envolvimento com gangues. MCs como Ice-T, Eazy-E, 50 Cent, Snoop Dogg, Tupac Shakur, entre outros, já passaram pelos tribunais por atividades relacionadas com o tráfico em geral, de armas, assassinatos, etc. O Gangsta Rap também é conhecido pelas acusações, de promover crimes como assassinato, tráfico de drogas; além da promoção do machismo, promiscuidade, preconceito, vandalismo, violência desnecessária e desrespeito às autoridades.Um dos mais ferrenhos críticos do Gangsta Rap é o diretor cinematográfico Spike Lee, que acusou o estilo de incentivar a ignorância dos afro-americanos. Os gangsta-rappers, por sua vez, defendem-se das acusações alegando que suas letras não falam de nada além da realidade vivida nas periferias e procuram, através das mesmas, chamar a atenção das autoridades. É a vertente mais extrema do Hip Hop.
  • Гангста рап е стил в Хип-Хоп музиката, характеризиращ се с текстове, свързани с живота на членове на банди и други престъпници. Често самите изпълнители са членове на банди или твърдят, че са били такива. Началото на този стил в Рапа се поставя от Ice-T, N.W.A (начело с Eazy E), както и Tupac, които допринасят за популизирането на този стил.Гангста рапът бива изопачена форма на националистическия рап. Познати със свръхкрайната си ярост към полицията, gangsta рапърите често ползват музиката, за да произвеждат контраобрази срещу правителството и полицията, разпръснати из истории за живота на човека извън закона.Саморазправата на махленско ниво, екшън мотивите и престрелките, както и войната между отделни членове и банди на гето общността са водещи краски при описанието и анализа на песни от gangsta рап стила, който повежда Хип Хоп културата в нов курс на развитие. “Героят” в подобни постановки се държи предизвикателно с полицията, обикновено успява да се измъкне невредим и да надхитри органите на реда. Същият този герой защитава тезата, че чернокожият мъж е онеправдан и е нарочен за враг на полицията. Като чеда на мизерното съществуване, героите на gangsta рапа понякога застъпват теми за бързо забогатяване, уреждане на сметки и доминиране в йерархията на квартала, като не бива да се учудваме, че често подчертават с гордост идентичността и името на родното си място. Някои наблюдатели приписват появата на първата gangsta рап песен на Ice-T “6 `n the Mornin`”, още през 1986 г., която описва премеждията в ежедневието на чернокожия престъпник. Тълкуването на първичните тръпки на гето младежа е необходимо да се търси в недоволство от привилегиите на белите, които се разпореждат със съществуването на онези от предградията.След първоначалното му създаване, жанрът изтърпява доста промени, като с времето, от брутален уличен ъндърграунд рап (в който основна тема са престъпленията) се превръща в по-комерсиален стил, за да може да бъде по-добре възприет и продаван.Известни ЛичностиTupacEazy EThe GameIce CubeDr.DreMC RenNate DoggSnoop DoggEminem50 CentLlyod BanksDaddy YankeeAchi G
  • ギャングスタ・ラップ(Gangsta rap)とは、ラップのジャンルの1つである。ラップの中でも、特に「過激で攻撃的な歌詞を用いるアーティスト」を指すときに使われる言葉である。代表的なアーティストには、ドクター・ドレー、スヌープ・ドッグ、NWA、2パックなどがいる。なお「ギャングスタ」とは、本来はストリートギャングやヤクザ者の事を表すスラングだが、ヒップホップにおいては、「男気・男らしさ・いきがっている奴」という意味で用いられる事が多い。
  • El Gangsta Rap és el sub-gènere de la música rap en el qual les lletres donen més importància a les històries de gàngsters i drogues sense un missatge social constructiu. És principalment un subgènere temàtic, que es plasma en diferents subestils musicals de la música hip hop.
  • Gangsta rap - odmiana rapu. Wykształciła się w połowie lat 80. na wschodnim wybrzeżu Stanów Zjednoczonych, ale została spopularyzowana na zachodnim. Pierwszym artystą, który nagrał utwór w stylistyce gangsta rapu był pochodzący z Filadelfii Schoolly-D. "Gangsta Boogie", bo taki tytuł miała piosenka została wydana w 1984 roku. Teksty utworów najczęściej mówią o życiu w biedzie, gangach, rasizmie i problemach z policją.Prekursorem gatunku był Lightnin' Rod, który na wydanym w 1973 albumie Hustler's Convention zawarł wiele tematów w późniejszym czasie wiązanych z gangsta rapem.
  • Gangsta Rap je subžánr hudebního stylu Hip hop, který odráží násilný život v černošských ghettech v USA. Výraz "Gangsta" je slangový výraz pro slovo "Gangster". Mezi první gangsta rappery patřili, na východním pobřeží USA: Schooly D a na západním pobřeží Ice-T. Tento styl proslavila skupina N.W.A v pozdních 80. letech 20. století. Gangsta rap se díky nim stal komerčně nejvýnosnějším podžánrem Hip hopu. Hlavními tématy textů byly zločin, sériová vražda, násilí, sprostá slova, homofobie, rasismus, promiskuita, misogynie, znásilnění, gangy, vandalismus, krádeže, prodej drog, závislost na alkoholu a drogách, konzumerismus a narcismus.
  • Gangsta rap es un subgenero del rap que persigue reflejar el estilo de vida violento de la juventud de las zonas menos favorecidas de la ciudad. Gangsta es una pronunciación no rótica de la palabra gangster. El género surgió hacia mediados de los años 1980 en Estados Unidos de la mano de raperos como Schoolly D y Ice-T, y fue popularizado en la última parte de la década de los ochenta por grupos como N.W.A. Gracias a la atracción mediática que Ice-T y N.W.A lograron entre finales de los años ochenta y comienzos de los noventa en su país, el gangsta rap pasó a convertirse en el subgénero más lucrativo en términos comerciales del hip hop. Algunos raperos gangsta de Estados Unidos han sido asociados fuera del circuito musical con gánsters reales, afirmándose la existencia de lazos con pandillas como los Bloods o los Crips.
  • 갱스터 랩(Gangsta rap)는 랩장르의 하나이다. 랩 중에서도, 특히 "과격하고 공격적인 가사를 이용하는 랩"을 가리킬 때 사용되는 말이다. 대표적인 아티스트는 닥터 드레, 스눕 독, NWA, 투팍등이 있다.
  • Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop music that evolved from hardcore hip hop. The genre was pioneered in the mid-1980s by rappers such as Schoolly D and Ice-T, and was popularized in the later part of the 1980s by groups like N.W.A. After the national attention that Ice-T and N.W.A attracted in the late 1980s and early 1990s, gangsta rap became the most commercially lucrative subgenre of hip hop. Some gangsta rappers have been associated, or allegedly have ties with the Bloods or Crips gangs.The subject matter inherent in gangsta rap has caused a great deal of controversy. Criticism has come from both left wing and right wing commentators, as well as religious leaders, who have accused the genre of promoting crime, serial killing, violence, profanity, sex addiction, homophobia, racism, promiscuity, misogyny, rape, street gangs, drive-by shootings, vandalism, thievery, drug dealing, alcohol abuse, substance abuse, disregarding law enforcement, materialism, and narcissism. The White House administrations of both George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton criticized the genre. "Many black rappers--including Ice-T and Sister Souljah--contend that they are being unfairly singled out because their music reflects deep changes in society not being addressed anywhere else in the public forum. The white politicians, the artists complain, neither understand the music nor desire to hear what's going on in the devastated communities that gave birth to the art form," wrote journalist Chuck Philips in a review of the battle between the Establishment and defenders of rap music. "The reason why rap is under attack is because it exposes all the contradictions of American culture ...What started out as an underground art form has become a vehicle to expose a lot of critical issues that are not usually discussed in American politics. The problem here is that the White House and wanna-bes like Bill Clinton represent a political system that never intends to deal with inner city urban chaos," Sister Souljah told Philips.On the other hand, some commentators (for example, Spike Lee in his satirical film Bamboozled) have criticized gangsta rap as analogous to black minstrel shows and blackface performance, in which performers – both black and white – were made up to look African American, and acted in a stereotypically uncultured and ignorant manner for the entertainment of audiences. Gangsta rappers often defend themselves by saying that they are describing the reality of inner-city life, and that they are only adopting a character, like an actor playing a role, which behaves in ways that they may not necessarily endorse. Gangsta Rappers appears hardcore and "badder" compared to the early concepts and themes of hip-hop because they were saying what some people were afraid to say. Plenty of victims of police brutality wanted to say "fuck the police" but they were afraid to say it; they were too afraid of appearing to be anti-American or anti- government order. Though some these gangsta rappers are just painting fantasies, where they're violent and dealing drugs, a life they probably know nothing about, they are hard because they have the "balls" to tell these crazy stories even though they haven't lived it. In the "hood" perpetrating or putting on these made up personas is life threatening but the fact that these gangsta rappers told the stories of others they were given respect for letting the world know that there existed a world outside of their "perfect" world. In this world of gangsta rap there exist the emotion and perspective of a marginalized people that are constantly overlooked and are constantly berated and belittled by society. Gangsta rap was a side effect to the various wrongdoings that were being done to Black people in underprivileged neighborhoods. The various riots that were sparked by the Rodney King beating and the acquittal of the police officers that did the beating sparked anger and outrage in a people and area that was already on the bubble. Gangsta rap acted as an outlet so these marginalized and victimized people could express themselves angrily and not in fear that they were going to be silenced for telling the truth. They used gangsta rap to tell their stories, which were not always pretty. Gangsta rap told stories of violence, hypersexuality, and drugs. Some think that presently gangsta rap is a thing of the past, however it seems to have evolved in a new form deemed trap music.
  • Gangsta-Rap ist ein Genre der Rapmusik, das gewaltorientiert und (mittlerweile) klischeehaft das Lebensumfeld eines Gangsters – im Sinne von „Mitglied einer (Jugend-)Gang“ – beschreibt. Der Ausdruck Gangsta Rap ist dabei normalerweise dem Hip-Hop der Westcoast und der Südstaaten vorbehalten, inhaltlich und stilistisch ähnlicher Eastcoast Hip-Hop wird als Hardcore-Rap bezeichnet.Hip-Hop entstand in den Ghettos der US-amerikanischen Großstädte, und so waren die dort gegenwärtigen sozialen Probleme wie Gewalt und Drogen von Beginn an wichtiger Teil der Liedtexte. In den frühen Stadien des Hip-Hop wurden die Texte sehr kritisch und distanziert angenommen, auch weil sich die Inhalte in Soul-Produktion der 1970er bereits ankündigten und nicht verstanden wurden. Gangsta Rap hingegen konzentriert sich ausschließlich auf jenen kriminellen Bereich des Lebens und glorifiziert dabei die einzelnen Aspekte wie den Drogenhandel, Zuhälterei, Mord und Ungerechtigkeit. Der Stil, in dessen Sprechgesang in der Regel die Vulgärsprache eine kennzeichnende Rolle spielt, ist das bisher kommerziell erfolgreichste Subgenre des Hip-Hops und war besonders Mitte und Ende der 1990er die in den Charts dominierende Hip-Hop-Untergruppe. Erst seit der Jahrtausendwende wandten sich viele Künstler vom Gangsta Rap ab und integrierten stärkere Elemente konventioneller Popmusik, ebenso, wie sie versuchten, ein familienfreundlicheres Image aufzubauen.
  • Gangstarap is een onderdeel van de muziekstroming rap, afkomstig uit de getto's van grote Amerikaanse steden. De teksten zijn vaak seksistisch en gewelddadig en gaan over de moeilijke leefomstandigheden in de getto's, het leven in bendes, geweld en drugs. Mede door het provocerende karakter van de teksten werd gangstarap enorm populair bij jongeren, vaak tot grote zorg van ouders en politici.Het genre ontstond voor het eerst in het midden van de jaren 1980 met rappers als Schoolly D en Ice-T, en werd populair in de tweede helft van de jaren 1980 door groepen als N.W.A. Na de nationale aandacht die Ice-T en N.W.A aantrokken in de jaren 1980 en 1990, werd gangstarap de meest commercieel lucratieve subgenre van hiphop.Binnen de gangstarap zijn drie richtingen: de Westcoast, Eastcoast en Dirty South. Deze namen refereren aan de oorsprong van de stromingen: Westcoast komt uit het westen van de Verenigde Staten, Eastcoast uit het oosten en Dirty South uit het zuiden. Bekende Westcoast artiesten zijn Eazy-E, Dr. Dre, 2Pac, Snoop Dogg, Ice Cube en Game. Eastcoast artiesten zijn onder meer 50 Cent, P. Diddy, Jay Z, Nas en 2Pacs tegenpool Notorious B.I.G. Tussen de Westcoast en de Eastcoast bestond een grote concurrentie, die zich zowel verbaal als in fysiek geweld uitte. In songteksten bijvoorbeeld werden beschuldigingen over en weer geuit en veel gangstarappers waren regelmatig betrokken bij gewelddadigheden. Dramatische dieptepunten waren de moord op 2Pac in 1996 en de moord op Notorious B.I.G. in 1997. Alhoewel beide moorden nooit zijn opgelost, is de algemene gedachte dat beide rappers slachtoffer zijn geworden van de strijd tussen de Westcoast en de Eastcoast.Binnen de Verenigde Staten is er voornamelijk door conservatieve Republikeinen kritiek op deze vorm van muziek. Vooral Bill O'Reilly, de presentator van het Fox News programma The O'Reilly factor, heeft al diverse keren meerdere rappers van openlijke geweldpleging beschuldigd.
  • Гангста-рэп (англ. gangsta rap, букв. гангстерский рэп) — разновидность стиля хип-хоп, тексты в котором посвящены жизни криминального мира афроамериканских гетто.
  • Il gangsta rap o g-rap è un genere musicale derivato dal rap, che attraverso testi violenti e omofobi si sofferma su temi come droga, sesso, armi, e in generale le attività criminali inerenti allo stile di vita delle bande di strada (come i Crips o i Bloods) e dei gangster. La label californiana Ruthless Records è considerata la principale inventrice di questo genere di rap, in particolare Eazy-E fu il rapper che usò di più di tutti il gangsta rap facendolo diventare famoso prima a Los Angeles e poi in tutto il mondo.
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  • Le gangsta rap est un style de musique créé vers la fin des années 1980 sur la Côte Ouest des États-Unis et qui fut principalement véhiculé par des artistes comme Tupac, Snoop Dogg, Too Short, Ice T ou le groupe N.W.A.
  • ギャングスタ・ラップ(Gangsta rap)とは、ラップのジャンルの1つである。ラップの中でも、特に「過激で攻撃的な歌詞を用いるアーティスト」を指すときに使われる言葉である。代表的なアーティストには、ドクター・ドレー、スヌープ・ドッグ、NWA、2パックなどがいる。なお「ギャングスタ」とは、本来はストリートギャングやヤクザ者の事を表すスラングだが、ヒップホップにおいては、「男気・男らしさ・いきがっている奴」という意味で用いられる事が多い。
  • El Gangsta Rap és el sub-gènere de la música rap en el qual les lletres donen més importància a les històries de gàngsters i drogues sense un missatge social constructiu. És principalment un subgènere temàtic, que es plasma en diferents subestils musicals de la música hip hop.
  • 갱스터 랩(Gangsta rap)는 랩장르의 하나이다. 랩 중에서도, 특히 "과격하고 공격적인 가사를 이용하는 랩"을 가리킬 때 사용되는 말이다. 대표적인 아티스트는 닥터 드레, 스눕 독, NWA, 투팍등이 있다.
  • Гангста-рэп (англ. gangsta rap, букв. гангстерский рэп) — разновидность стиля хип-хоп, тексты в котором посвящены жизни криминального мира афроамериканских гетто.
  • Gangsta Rap é um termo cunhado pela mídia para descrever um certo gênero do rap, que tem por característica a descrição do dia-a-dia violento dos jovens de algumas cidades.A palavra gangsta é um dereivativo de gangster, soletrando-a na pronúncia do Inglês vernáculo afro-americano. Os estadunidenses chamam este tipo de grafia de Eye dialect.O gênero desenvolveu-se durante os anos 80.
  • Gangsta-Rap ist ein Genre der Rapmusik, das gewaltorientiert und (mittlerweile) klischeehaft das Lebensumfeld eines Gangsters – im Sinne von „Mitglied einer (Jugend-)Gang“ – beschreibt.
  • Gangsta rap, 1980'li yılların sonunda ABD'de ortaya çıkan şiddete ve yasadışı şeylerin yüceltilmesine dayalı müzik kültürü. "Gangsta" sözcüğünün kökeni, yasadışı işler yapan çete üyesi anlamına gelen "Gangster"dir. 1980'lerdeki öncüleri Schooly D ile Ice T olan gangsta rap'in asıl popülerliğini kazanması 1980'li yılların sonlarına doğru N.W.A gibi rap gruplarının ortaya çıkmasıyla yaşanmıştır.
  • Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop music that evolved from hardcore hip hop. The genre was pioneered in the mid-1980s by rappers such as Schoolly D and Ice-T, and was popularized in the later part of the 1980s by groups like N.W.A. After the national attention that Ice-T and N.W.A attracted in the late 1980s and early 1990s, gangsta rap became the most commercially lucrative subgenre of hip hop.
  • Gangsta rap - odmiana rapu. Wykształciła się w połowie lat 80. na wschodnim wybrzeżu Stanów Zjednoczonych, ale została spopularyzowana na zachodnim. Pierwszym artystą, który nagrał utwór w stylistyce gangsta rapu był pochodzący z Filadelfii Schoolly-D. "Gangsta Boogie", bo taki tytuł miała piosenka została wydana w 1984 roku.
  • Gangsta rap es un subgenero del rap que persigue reflejar el estilo de vida violento de la juventud de las zonas menos favorecidas de la ciudad. Gangsta es una pronunciación no rótica de la palabra gangster. El género surgió hacia mediados de los años 1980 en Estados Unidos de la mano de raperos como Schoolly D y Ice-T, y fue popularizado en la última parte de la década de los ochenta por grupos como N.W.A.
  • Il gangsta rap o g-rap è un genere musicale derivato dal rap, che attraverso testi violenti e omofobi si sofferma su temi come droga, sesso, armi, e in generale le attività criminali inerenti allo stile di vita delle bande di strada (come i Crips o i Bloods) e dei gangster.
  • Гангста рап е стил в Хип-Хоп музиката, характеризиращ се с текстове, свързани с живота на членове на банди и други престъпници. Често самите изпълнители са членове на банди или твърдят, че са били такива. Началото на този стил в Рапа се поставя от Ice-T, N.W.A (начело с Eazy E), както и Tupac, които допринасят за популизирането на този стил.Гангста рапът бива изопачена форма на националистическия рап.
  • Gangstarap is een onderdeel van de muziekstroming rap, afkomstig uit de getto's van grote Amerikaanse steden. De teksten zijn vaak seksistisch en gewelddadig en gaan over de moeilijke leefomstandigheden in de getto's, het leven in bendes, geweld en drugs.
  • Gangsta Rap je subžánr hudebního stylu Hip hop, který odráží násilný život v černošských ghettech v USA. Výraz "Gangsta" je slangový výraz pro slovo "Gangster". Mezi první gangsta rappery patřili, na východním pobřeží USA: Schooly D a na západním pobřeží Ice-T. Tento styl proslavila skupina N.W.A v pozdních 80. letech 20. století. Gangsta rap se díky nim stal komerčně nejvýnosnějším podžánrem Hip hopu.
rdfs:label
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta rap
  • Gangsta-Rap
  • Gangstarap
  • Гангста рап
  • Гангста-рэп
  • ギャングスタ・ラップ
  • 갱스터 랩
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