Dans les années 1990 et au début des années 2000, le 14e dalai-lama désapprouva publiquement le culte de Dordjé Shougdèn et demanda à ce que ses adeptes cessent la pratique de ce culte et que ceux qui refusent de le faire soient expulsés des monastères et ne participent plus aux cérémonies,,.

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  • Dans les années 1990 et au début des années 2000, le 14e dalai-lama désapprouva publiquement le culte de Dordjé Shougdèn et demanda à ce que ses adeptes cessent la pratique de ce culte et que ceux qui refusent de le faire soient expulsés des monastères et ne participent plus aux cérémonies,,. À la demande de plusieurs lamas tibétains pratiquant le culte de Dordjé Shougdèn, Guéshé Kelsang Gyatso, fondateur de la communauté des adeptes de Shougdèn (Shugden Supporters Community ou SSC) adressa une lettre ouverte au dalaï-lama et, déclarant ne pas avoir reçu de réponse de sa part, il lança une campagne accusant le chef du gouvernement tibétain en exil de persécution religieuse et organisa des manifestations lors de sa visite au Royaume-Uni en 1996. À la suite de ces manifestations, par une lettre du monastère de Sera datant de 1996, Guéshé Kelsang fut radié de cet établissement. Pour certains, cette controverse est une question d'ordre spirituel et la désapprobation du dalaï-lama une simple recommandation. Ainsi, pour l'historien l'historien Patrick French, le dalaï-lama a déconseillé l'adoration de Dordjé Shougdèn. Pour d'autres, il s'agit d'une manœuvre politique, d'une manifestation d'intolérance et d'une répression de la liberté religieuse de la part du guide spirituel tibétain.
  • De Dorje Shugden-controverse is een controverse rondom de plaats en de hoedanigheid die het wezen Dorje Shugden inneemt in het pantheon van het Tibetaanse boeddhisme. Het conflict heeft zijn wortels in de periode van de vijfde dalai lama Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso in de 17e eeuw en laaide opnieuw op aan het eind van de 20e eeuw, nadat de veertiende dalai lama Tenzin Gyatso de verering van Dorje Shugden in de Tibetaanse kloosters in ballingschap verbood.Het Dorje Shugden-conflict moet begrepen worden in de context van de geschiedenis van Tibet waarin politieke verschillen van mening en onderlinge machtsstrijd vaak werden vertaald in religieuze conflicten, met slechts een klein onderscheid tussen de religieuze en politieke component. Belangrijk element binnen de historische context is de ontstaansgeschiedenis van dharmapala's in het Tibetaanse boeddhisme.
  • Dorje Shugden (em tibetano: རྡོ་རྗེ་ཤུགས་ལྡན; Wylie: rdo-rje shugs-ldan, "Vajra Que Possui Força") ou, em sua denominação regional, Dolgyal Shugden (དོལ་རྒྱལ་ཤུགས་ལྡན, Wylie: dol rgyal shugs ldan, "Shugden, Rei de Dhol") é uma divindade (tibetano: lha) do budismo tibetano, especialmente de sua escola Gelug, na qual é visto como um Protetor do Darma, ou "Anjo Guardião". É visto como a encarnação do Gelugpa Lama Dragpa Gyaltsen do Mosteiro de Drepung, um contemporâneo de Lobsang Gyatso, o 5º Dalai Lama (1617–1682)..Dorje Shugden é um Protetor do Darma das tradições Sakya e Gelug, venerado por mais de trezentos anos. No entanto, a natureza precisa deste Protetor tanto como um ser iluminado quanto como um ser mundano vem sendo alvo de discussões entre os seguidores do budismo tibetano desde o seu surgimento no século XVII. A controvérsia de Dorje Shugden surgiu no fim da década de 1970, quando o Décimo-Quarto Dalai Lama começou a se pronunciar contra a prática, e foi intensificada deste 1996 quando ele publicou uma "proibição explícita", reprimindo a prática dentro da comunidade de exilados tibetanos.
  • Dorje Shugden, also known as Dolgyal, was a "gyalpo" "angry and vengeful spirit" of South Tibet, which was subsequently adopted as a "minor protector" of the Gelug school, the newest of the schools of Tibetan Buddhism, headed by the Dalai Lamas (although nominally the Ganden Tripas). Dreyfus says "Shuk-den was nothing but a minor Ge-luk protector before the 1930s when Pa-bong-ka started to promote him aggressively as the main Ge-luk protector." Pabongka transformed Dorje Shugden's "marginal practice into a central element of the Ge-luk tradition," thus "replacing the protectors appointed by Dzong-ka-ba himself" and "replacing the traditional supra-mundane protectors of the Ge-luk tradition." This change is reflected in artwork, since there is "lack of Dorje Shugden art in the Gelug school prior to the end of the 19th century." The view of Pabongka, and living ideological successors such as Kelsang Gyatso, is that Dorje Shugden is a ’jig rten las ’das pa’i srung ma (an enlightened being).Restrictions on the practice of Shugden were implemented by the 13th Dalai Lama. Pabongka apologized and promised not to propitiate Shuk-den any more. With the urging of the other schools who have long been opposed to Shugden, and his senior Gelug tutor who always doubted the practice, the 14th Dalai Lama asked the increasing number of western Shugden practitioners who were newly being proselytized primarily in Britain to refrain from attending his teachings. Thurman notes that members of the cult responded by trying "to force their supposed mentor to adopt their perspective that the demonic spirit is an enlightened being, almost more important than the Buddha himself, and perhaps also rejoin their worship of it, or at least give them all his initiatory teachings in spite of their defiance of his best advice."Thurman and Bultrini note the Chinese fueled cult of Shugden is an offshoot of the Gelug school, and not Tibetan Buddhism as a whole. Dilgo Khyentse, the primary non-Gelug teacher of the current Dalai Lama, and Gelug lama Trijang Rinpoche had a good laugh when Dilgo Khyentse said that Shugden would hit him if he accepted Trijang Rinpoche's invitation to stay in his house. Dreyfus said "The irony is that Shuk-den is presented by his followers as the protector of the Ge-luk (dge lugs) school, of which the Dalai Lama is the (de facto) leader." Kapstein notes the 14th Dalai Lama is "focused upon the role of Shugden as a militantly sectarian protector of the Gelukpa order, and the harm that has been done to Tibetan sectarian relations by the cult's more vociferous proponents."
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  • Dans les années 1990 et au début des années 2000, le 14e dalai-lama désapprouva publiquement le culte de Dordjé Shougdèn et demanda à ce que ses adeptes cessent la pratique de ce culte et que ceux qui refusent de le faire soient expulsés des monastères et ne participent plus aux cérémonies,,.
  • De Dorje Shugden-controverse is een controverse rondom de plaats en de hoedanigheid die het wezen Dorje Shugden inneemt in het pantheon van het Tibetaanse boeddhisme.
  • Dorje Shugden, also known as Dolgyal, was a "gyalpo" "angry and vengeful spirit" of South Tibet, which was subsequently adopted as a "minor protector" of the Gelug school, the newest of the schools of Tibetan Buddhism, headed by the Dalai Lamas (although nominally the Ganden Tripas).
  • Dorje Shugden (em tibetano: རྡོ་རྗེ་ཤུགས་ལྡན; Wylie: rdo-rje shugs-ldan, "Vajra Que Possui Força") ou, em sua denominação regional, Dolgyal Shugden (དོལ་རྒྱལ་ཤུགས་ལྡན, Wylie: dol rgyal shugs ldan, "Shugden, Rei de Dhol") é uma divindade (tibetano: lha) do budismo tibetano, especialmente de sua escola Gelug, na qual é visto como um Protetor do Darma, ou "Anjo Guardião".
rdfs:label
  • Controverse Dordjé Shougdèn
  • Controvérsia de Dorje Shugden
  • Dorje Shugden controversy
  • Dorje Shugden-controverse
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