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Exploding head syndrome Síndrome de la cabeza explosiva Syndrome de la tête qui explose
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Q3106901
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Le syndrome de la tête qui explose est un trouble du sommeil, totalement bénin, faisant partie des parasomnies. Exploding head syndrome (EHS) is a form of hypnagogic auditory hallucination and is a rare and relatively undocumented parasomnia event in which the subject experiences a loud bang in their head similar to a bomb exploding, a gun going off, a clash of cymbals, ringing, an earthquake, or any other form of loud, indecipherable noise that seems to originate from inside the head.This noise usually happens at the onset of sleep or within an hour or two of falling asleep, but is not necessarily the result of a dream. El síndrome de la cabeza explosiva (en inglés exploding head syndrome) es una rara enfermedad que fue registrada por primera vez por un médico británico en 1988 y por la cual el paciente siente ocasionalmente un sonido extremadamente fuerte, generalmente descrito como un estallido o estruendo, como si procediera de su propia cabeza. A pesar de ser percibido como un sonido tremendamente potente, muy rara vez es acompañado por dolor.
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101770171
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Exploding head syndrome (EHS) is a form of hypnagogic auditory hallucination and is a rare and relatively undocumented parasomnia event in which the subject experiences a loud bang in their head similar to a bomb exploding, a gun going off, a clash of cymbals, ringing, an earthquake, or any other form of loud, indecipherable noise that seems to originate from inside the head.This noise usually happens at the onset of sleep or within an hour or two of falling asleep, but is not necessarily the result of a dream. An episode can last from a few seconds to a couple of minutes. Most episodes occur just after falling asleep or just prior to waking up, and are not associated with occurring in any certain sleep stage. EHS is an uncommon, usually nocturnal parasomnia that arises from the transition between different sleep stages. Although the sound is perceived as extremely loud, it is usually not accompanied by pain. Attacks appear to change in number over time, with several attacks happening in a space of days or weeks, followed by months of remission. Sufferers often feel a sense of fear and anxiety before and after an attack, accompanied by elevated heart rate. Attacks may also be accompanied by perceived flashes of light (when perceived on their own, known as a "visual sleep start") or difficulty in breathing. The condition is also known as "auditory sleep starts". The associated symptoms are varied, but the benign nature of the condition is emphasized and neither extensive investigation nor treatment are indicated. Sufferers may experience an inability to vocalize any sound, or mild forms of sleep paralysis during an attack. EHS can mimic nocturnal headache syndromes and seizures. There is no actual headache or persistent pain, but some patients may experience a brief, mild jab-like sensation. Reassurance reduces anxiety; however, in some patients, EHS is very troublesome and can cause sleep-onset insomnia.There is no known treatment. Le syndrome de la tête qui explose est un trouble du sommeil, totalement bénin, faisant partie des parasomnies. El síndrome de la cabeza explosiva (en inglés exploding head syndrome) es una rara enfermedad que fue registrada por primera vez por un médico británico en 1988 y por la cual el paciente siente ocasionalmente un sonido extremadamente fuerte, generalmente descrito como un estallido o estruendo, como si procediera de su propia cabeza. A pesar de ser percibido como un sonido tremendamente potente, muy rara vez es acompañado por dolor. Los ataques parecen incrementarse y decrecer en frecuencia con el tiempo: varios ataques pueden ocurrir en espacio de pocos días seguidos por meses de receso. Los pacientes a menudo sienten una sensación de terror, ansiedad e impotencia después de un ataque, acompañado por un elevado ritmo cardíaco. Los ataques también son acompañados en ocasiones por flashes luminosos o dificultad para respirar.
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