This HTML5 document contains 94 embedded RDF statements represented using HTML+Microdata notation.

The embedded RDF content will be recognized by any processor of HTML5 Microdata.

PrefixNamespace IRI
n9http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Vision_de_l'
dctermshttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
dbpedia-owlhttp://dbpedia.org/ontology/
foafhttp://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/
n21http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conflit_sexuel?oldid=
n26http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Evolution_de_l'
dbpedia-eshttp://es.dbpedia.org/resource/
n17http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Orgueil_et_Préjugés_(film,_1940)
n18http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Évolution_(biologie)
rdfshttp://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
n19http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Polygamie_(éthologie)
category-frhttp://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Catégorie:
dbpedia-pthttp://pt.dbpedia.org/resource/
n22http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Évolution_de_l'
n14http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Modèle:
n15http://rdf.freebase.com/ns/m.
wiki-frhttp://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/
n10http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Q_(film,_2011)
rdfhttp://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
owlhttp://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
dbpedia-frhttp://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/
prop-frhttp://fr.dbpedia.org/property/
n20http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#
xsdhhttp://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#
dbpediahttp://dbpedia.org/resource/
dbpedia-jahttp://ja.dbpedia.org/resource/
n23http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Théorie_synthétique_de_l'
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Caractère_hyperthélique
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Inégalités_homme-femme
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Écologie_évolutive
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Femelle_alpha
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Comportement_homosexuel_chez_les_animaux
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Guerre_des_sexes
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Beau
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Hyaenidae
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Spéciation
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Dimorphisme_sexuel
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Xenopus
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Hypothèse_de_la_reine_rouge
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Course_aux_armements
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Sexualité_animale
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Définition_de_la_sexualité
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Démécologie
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Infanticide
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
n23:évolution
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
n17:
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
n19:
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Le_Turbot
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Polyandrie
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Polygamie
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Sélection_naturelle
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
n18:
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Phallocratie
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Sélection_sexuelle
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Coévolution
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Monogamie
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Interaction_biologique
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Éthologie
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Coévolution_antagoniste
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Civilization_II
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Mâle_dominant
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Rut
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
owl:sameAs
dbpedia-es:Conflicto_sexual n15:0gngk4 dbpedia:Sexual_conflict dbpedia-pt:Conflito_sexual dbpedia-ja:性的対立
dcterms:subject
category-fr:Sexualité category-fr:Écologie_comportementale category-fr:Sélection_sexuelle
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
n14:ISBN n14:Portail n14:En n14:Ébauche
rdfs:label
性的対立 Sexual conflict Conflito sexual Conflit sexuel
rdfs:comment
Conflito sexual ocorre quando os diferentes sexos da mesma espécie possuem estratégias de optimização da aptidão diferentes em relação à reprodução, levando a uma corrida ao armamento evolutiva entre machos e fêmeas. Le conflit sexuel, ou coévolution antagoniste dans le cadre sexuel, est un concept forgé en écologie évolutive qui souligne que les organismes vivants sexués présentent une divergence d'intérêts dans l'évolution. Selon cette théorie il existe une rivalité entre les mâles, une concurrence entre femelles et un conflit entre mâles et femelles. C'est la « guerre des sexes ». 性的対立あるいはセクシャル・コンフリクトとは男女間、雌雄間で繁殖に関する最適戦略が異なるときに起きる進化的な対立のことであり、両性間に進化的軍拡競走を引き起こす原因となる。性的葛藤とも訳される。この原理はヒトや植物を含めた全ての有性生殖生物に当てはめることができるが、主に動物で研究されている。かつては種の保存のために雌雄間の関係は友好的なものと考えられていた。しかし種の保存論理がの誤りが明らかになり、個体選択、遺伝子選択の再評価と提案によって異性間における進化的な利害の対立が明らかとなった。 Sexual conflict or sexual antagonism occurs when the two sexes have conflicting optimal fitness strategies concerning reproduction, particularly over the mode and frequency of mating, potentially leading to an evolutionary arms race between males and females. For instance, males may benefit from multiple matings, while multiple matings may harm or endanger females.
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
108268393
dbpedia-owl:abstract
Sexual conflict or sexual antagonism occurs when the two sexes have conflicting optimal fitness strategies concerning reproduction, particularly over the mode and frequency of mating, potentially leading to an evolutionary arms race between males and females. For instance, males may benefit from multiple matings, while multiple matings may harm or endanger females. The development of an evolutionary arms race can also be seen in the chase-away sexual selection model, which places inter-sexual conflicts in the context of secondary sexual characteristic evolution, sensory exploitation, and female resistance. According to chase-away selection, continuous sexual conflict creates an environment in which mating frequency and male secondary sexual trait development are somewhat in step with the female’s degree of resistance. It has primarily been studied in animals, though it can in principle apply to any sexually reproducing organism, such as plants and fungi.Sexual conflict/antagonism can be in two forms:Interlocus sexual conflict is the interaction of a set of antagonistic alleles at one or more loci in males and females. An example is conflict over mating rates. Males frequently have a higher optimal mating rate than females because in most animal species, they invest fewer resources in offspring than their female counterparts. Therefore, males have numerous adaptations to induce females to mate with them. Another well-documented example of inter-locus sexual conflict is the seminal fluid of Drosophila melanogaster, which up-regulates females' egg-laying rate and reduces her desire to re-mate with another male (serving the male's interests), but also shortens the female's lifespan reducing her fitness.Intralocus sexual conflict This kind of conflict represents a tug of war between natural selection on both sexes and sexual selection on one sex. For example, the bill color in Zebra finches etc. Ornamentation could be costly to produce, it is important in mate choice but also makes an individual vulnerable to predators, the alleles for such phenotypic traits are under antagonistic selection and this conflict is resolved via elaborate sexual dimorphism thus maintaining sexually antagonistic alleles in the population. Evidence indicates that intralocus conflict may be an important constraint in the evolution of many traits.Sexual conflict may lead to antagonistic co-evolution, in which one sex (usually male) evolves a favorable trait that is offset by a countering trait in the other sex. Similarly, interlocus sexual conflict can be the result of what is called a perpetual cycle. The perpetual cycle begins with the traits that favor male reproductive competition, which eventually manifests into male persistence. These favorable traits will cause a reduction in the fitness of females due to their persistence. Following this event, females may develop a counter-adaptation, that is, a favorable trait that reduces the direct costs implemented by males. This is known as female resistance. After this event, females' fitness depression decreases, and the cycle starts again. Interlocus sexual conflict reflects interactions among mates to achieve their optimal fitness strategies and can be explained through evolutionary concepts.Sensory exploitation by males is one mechanism that involves males attempting to overcome female reluctance. It can result in chase-away selection, which then leads to a co-evolutionary arms race. There are also other mechanisms involved in sexual conflict such as traumatic insemination, forced copulation, penis fencing, love darts and others.Female resistance traditionally includes reducing negative effects to mechanisms implemented by males, but outside the norm may include sexual cannibalism, increased fitness in females on offspring and increased aggression to males.Animal species that are not in a state of sexual conflict are more likely to be in sync to the male dominance hierarchy as the females are more docile in these organizations such as wolves, common rabbits and crocodiles. Others, such as spiders, ants and orcas are female-dominated. Some regard sexual conflict as a subset of sexual selection (which was traditionally regarded as mutualistic), while others suggest it is a separate evolutionary phenomenon. Conflito sexual ocorre quando os diferentes sexos da mesma espécie possuem estratégias de optimização da aptidão diferentes em relação à reprodução, levando a uma corrida ao armamento evolutiva entre machos e fêmeas. Le conflit sexuel, ou coévolution antagoniste dans le cadre sexuel, est un concept forgé en écologie évolutive qui souligne que les organismes vivants sexués présentent une divergence d'intérêts dans l'évolution. Selon cette théorie il existe une rivalité entre les mâles, une concurrence entre femelles et un conflit entre mâles et femelles. C'est la « guerre des sexes ». Tandis que les mâles peuvent augmenter leur nombre de descendants en multipliant les partenaires sexuels, les femelles ne peuvent accroitre leur descendance par la polyandrie. Chez les drosophiles par exemple, la compétition spermatique entre les mâles peut conduire à la production d'un sperme toxique qui altère la qualité du sperme d'un prédécesseur, mais la toxicité de ce sperme peut à son tour perturber la femelle au point de réduire sa survie. Le corps de la femelle est ici le lieu de cette guerre des sexes.Ce conflit sexuel a pour conséquence une augmentation de la reproduction d'un sexe au détriment de l'autre. Il en résulte un processus dit de « coévolution antagoniste », où l'évolution d'un sexe perturbe le succès reproductif de l'autre selon un modèle évolutif de « course aux armements » ou de « tir à la corde ». Alors que le conflit est regardé par les néodarwinistes comme un simple évènement de la sélection sexuelle, Thierry Lodé étend le concept de conflit d'intérêt à tous les processus de coévolution et d'interactions antagonistes identifiés comme autant de sources des processus évolutifs. Le conflit agirait notamment à travers le déplacement de caractères reproducteurs ou écologiques. 性的対立あるいはセクシャル・コンフリクトとは男女間、雌雄間で繁殖に関する最適戦略が異なるときに起きる進化的な対立のことであり、両性間に進化的軍拡競走を引き起こす原因となる。性的葛藤とも訳される。この原理はヒトや植物を含めた全ての有性生殖生物に当てはめることができるが、主に動物で研究されている。かつては種の保存のために雌雄間の関係は友好的なものと考えられていた。しかし種の保存論理がの誤りが明らかになり、個体選択、遺伝子選択の再評価と提案によって異性間における進化的な利害の対立が明らかとなった。
n20:wasDerivedFrom
n21:108268393
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutDegree
18
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
1532192
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Thierry_Lodé category-fr:Sélection_sexuelle category-fr:Écologie_comportementale dbpedia-fr:Drosophiles n18: dbpedia-fr:Écologie_évolutive dbpedia-fr:Compétition_spermatique category-fr:Sexualité dbpedia-fr:Course_aux_armements dbpedia-fr:Sélection_sexuelle dbpedia-fr:Coévolution dbpedia-fr:Coévolution_antagoniste dbpedia-fr:Conflit_parents-progéniture dbpedia-fr:Déplacement_de_caractères n26:allocation_à_la_reproduction dbpedia-fr:Polyandrie
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageLength
2410
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
wiki-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Thierry_Lodé
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
n10:
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_parents-progéniture
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Sélection_de_parentèle
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
n9:Angleterre_contemporaine_dans_Dombey_et_Fils
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
n22:allocation_à_la_reproduction
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
wiki-fr:Conflit_sexuel
foaf:primaryTopic
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Co-évolution_antagoniste
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Compétition_sexuelle
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
Subject Item
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_Sexuel
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects
dbpedia-fr:Conflit_sexuel