William Labov (né le 4 décembre 1927 à Rutherford, New Jersey) est un linguiste américain, considéré comme un des fondateurs de la sociolinguistique moderne, particulièrement dans son volet quantitatif. Son apport considérable a permis une redéfinition et une meilleure description de la variation linguistique, et prend plusieurs orientations majeures.

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  • William Labov (né le 4 décembre 1927 à Rutherford, New Jersey) est un linguiste américain, considéré comme un des fondateurs de la sociolinguistique moderne, particulièrement dans son volet quantitatif. Son apport considérable a permis une redéfinition et une meilleure description de la variation linguistique, et prend plusieurs orientations majeures. Premièrement, il est, avec Uriel Weinreich et Marvin Herzog, un père de la linguistique variationniste, qui étudie le langage en le considérant comme sujet d'une inhérente variabilité, tout en étant ordonné dans son hétérogénéité. William Labov a également porté un éclairage social à l'évolution du langage au cours du temps, en expliquant la relation dynamique entre variation et changement. Il a par la suite introduit une nouvelle approche de la langue vernaculaire par le biais de l'analyse du texte narratif oral. Corollairement à son travail sur la variation linguistique, William Labov a enfin porté d'importantes contributions à la méthodologie de l'analyse de corpus en linguistique. Professeur à l'université de Pennsylvanie, il y poursuit actuellement des recherches en sociolinguistique et en dialectologie.
  • ウィリアム・ラボフ(William Labov, 1927年12月4日 - )は、アメリカ合衆国の言語学者でペンシルベニア大学の教授。社会言語学、方言学を研究する。ニューヨークの調査を発表したThe Social Stratification of English in New York City (1966)は学界に大きな影響を与える。黒人英語を独自の体系を持った言語として擁護し、下層の黒人の標準語の教育を充実させるべきだと主張した。
  • Уи́льям Лабо́в (англ. William Labov; род. 4 декабря 1927(19271204), Резерфорд, Нью-Джерси) — американский лингвист, считающийся одним из основателей социолингвистики, создавшим значительную часть методологии этой дисциплины. Школа его последователей — так называемый вариационизм — играет большую роль в США и Канаде. Лабов является профессором университета Пенсильвании, помимо социолингвистики, занимается исследованием языковых изменений и диалектологии.Окончил Гарвардский университет (1948), работал химиком, заинтересовался лингвистикой во второй половине 1950-х. Описал диалект Мартас-Винъярд (магистерская диссертация, 1963). Руководителем его докторской диссертации был видный социолингвист Уриэль Вайнрайх. В 1964—1970 преподавал в Колумбийском университете, исследовал социальную стратификацию языка Нью-Йорка (The Social Stratification of English in New York City (1966)), а затем занялся языком афроамериканцев — Black English, показав, что он имеет ряд собственных грамматических черт (Language of the Inner City, 1972). Важным вкладом Лабова в лингвистику стало также изучение не отдельных предложений, а целых текстов — нарративов афроамериканцев о своей жизни — и открытие ряда принципов теории дискурса.В 1960-х годах первым начал исследовать чёрный анлийский язык.Лабов исследовал также сдвиги гласных в разговорном американском английском, выделив два таких процесса — на Юге США и в северных городах.Лабову принадлежит двухтомник «Принципы языковых изменений» (Principles of Linguistic Change, vol.I Internal Factors, 1994; vol.II Social Factors, 2001), а также, в соавторстве с Ш. Эш и Ч. Бобергом, диалектологический атлас английского языка в Северной Америке (The Atlas of North American English, 2006).
  • William Labov ( * Rutherford, Nueva Jersey, 4 de diciembre de 1927) es un lingüista norteamericano del departamento de lingüística de la Universidad de Pensilvania. Se le considera el fundador de la sociolingüística cuantitativa y su trabajo se ha centrado en la sociolingüística y la dialectología.
  • William Labov (/ləˈboʊv/ lə-BOHV;born December 4, 1927) is an American linguist, widely regarded as the founder of the discipline of variationist sociolinguistics. He has been described as "an enormously original and influential figure who has created much of the methodology" of sociolinguistics. He is employed as a professor in the linguistics department of the University of Pennsylvania, and pursues research in sociolinguistics, language change, and dialectology. He plans to retire at the end of Spring 2014.
  • William Labov (Rutherford, 4 dicembre 1927) è un linguista statunitense, considerato il fondatore della sociolinguistica, ossia la branca della linguistica che studia i collegamenti tra il linguaggio e la società.Labov ha condotto diversi esperimenti, i più famosi sono quelli fatti nell'isola di Martha's Vineyard, e quello eseguito a New York negli anni '60, in tre diversi famosi grandi magazzini, per osservare come i commessi pronunciassero la lettera "r" e le differenze di pronuncia tra i più ricchi e socialmente elevati e i più modesti.
  • 윌리엄 라보프(William Labov, 1927년 12월 4일~ )는 사회언어학에 변이연구 방법론을 정립시킨 미국의 언어학자이며 흔히 사회언어학의 태두로 간주된다. 라보프는 사회언어학이야말로 언어학이며 기존 언어학은 순수언어학이라 불러야 한다고 믿었고 언어 구조 연구는 반드시 언어공동체의 사회적 맥락 속에서 이루어져야 한다고 생각했다. 그는 자신의 관심사를 사회적인 것보다는 언어적인 것에 한정지었던 사람임에도 불구하고 언어학적 의문에 대한 가장 현실적 기술과 설명을 가능하게 하는 방법에 관심을 가져왔다.라보프가 The Social Stratification of English in New York City(1966)에서 수행한 음운 변이 연구는 이후의 음운 변이 연구에 있어서 하나의 전범이 되었다. 그는 '관찰자의 역설'(observer's paradox)을 피하기 위해 여러 가지 독창적인 자료 수집방식을 고안했고, 가장 유명한 것이 뉴욕시의 백화점에서 손님이 점원에게 질문하는 방식으로 자료를 수집한 경우이다.
  • William Labov (* 4. Dezember 1927 in Rutherford, New Jersey) ist ein US-amerikanischer Linguist, der vor allem Sprachwandel und Sprachvariation erforscht.
  • William Labov (* 4. prosince 1927, Rutherford, New Jersey, USA) je americký jazykovědec, který je řazen k zakladatelům vědní disciplíny s názvem sociolingvistika. Píše a mluví se o něm jako o „velmi originální a vlivné osobnosti, která významně přispěla k metodice sociolingvistiky“. Působí na Katedře jazykovědy Univerzity v Pensylvánii a věnuje se průzkumu v oblasti sociolingvistiky, změny jazyka a dialektologie.
  • Уилям Лабов (на английски: William Labov /ləˈboʊv/; р. 4 декември 1927) e американски лингвист, приеман за основател на дисциплината социолингвистика. Той е описван като "изключително оригинална и влиятелна фигура, и създател на голяма част от методологията" на социолингвистиката. Той е професор в департамента по лингвистика в Пенсилванския университет, където е изследовател по социолингвистика, лингвистична промяна и диалектология.
  • William Labov (Rutherford (New Jersey), 4 december 1927) is een Amerikaans taalkundige. Labov is hoogleraar taalkunde aan de Universiteit van Pennsylvania, waar hij – ondanks zijn hoge leeftijd – nog steeds colleges verzorgt en onderzoek verricht. Labov wordt door velen beschouwd als de grondlegger van de sociolinguïstiek, de tak van wetenschap die zich bezighoudt met de relatie tussen taal en sociale groep. Zelf heeft hij zich lange tijd verzet tegen deze benaming omdat volgens hem elke tak van taalkunde zich (ook) bezighoudt met de sociale inbedding van taal. Behalve naar sociolinguïstiek in strikte zin verrichtte Labov ook onderzoek naar dialectologie, de structuur van levensverhalen, forensische toepassingen van de taalwetenschap, taalverandering en het specifieke Engels van Afro-Amerikanen. Eind 2005 verscheen de vrucht van zijn laatste grote project: de Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology, and Sound Change, een grote dialectatlas van Noord-Amerika. Daarnaast is hij de auteur van een magnum epos uit drie delen over taalverandering, waarvan het laatste deel in 2010 verscheen: de 'Principles of language change' (Principes van taalverandering).
  • William Labov (Rutherford, 4 de desembre de 1927) és un lingüista estatunidenc del departament de Lingüística de la Universitat de Pennsilvània. Se'l considera el fundador de la sociolingüística quantitativa i el seu treball s'ha centrat en la sociolingüística i la dialectologia.Nascut a Rutherford, Nova Jersey, va estudiar a la Universitat Harvard (el 1948) i després treballà com a químic industrial (entre 1949 i 1961) abans de dedicar-se a la lingüística. Per a la seva tesi de MA va realitzar un estudi de canvi dialectal a l'illa de Martha's Vineyard (a la costa de l'estat de Massachusetts), que va presentar a la Societat Lingüística d'Amèrica amb cert èxit. Posteriorment, Labov va realitzar el seu doctorat a la Universitat Colúmbia el 1964 sota la direcció d'Uriel Weinreich. Va ensenyar a aquella universitat entre 1964 i 1970 abans d'ingressar com a professor de lingüística de la Universitat de Pennsilvània (1971), on esdevingué més tard el director del laboratori de lingüística de la universitat (1977). Els mètodes que va fer servir per a recollir dades del seu estudi de les varietats de l'anglès parlades a Nova York, publicat com a The Social Stratification of English in New York City (1966), han tingut una influència fonamental per a la dialectologia social.A finals dels anys 60 i al principi dels 70, els seus estudis sobre les característiques lingüístiques de l'anglès afroamericà van suposar un canvi radical de les mentalitats: Labov va argumentar que aquesta varietat no hauria de ser estigmatitzada sinó que s'hauria de considerar coma una varietat amb les seves regles gramaticals pròpies, encara que els seus locutors puguin usar sovint un anglès americà estàndard quan comuniquen en altres àmbits. El 5 de juny de 2012 fou investit doctor honoris causa per la Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF) de Barcelona.Els seus treballs inclouen Language in the Inner City: Studies in Black English Vernacular (1972), Sociolinguistic Patterns (1972), Principles of Linguistic Change (vol.I Factors Interns, 1994; vol.II Factors socials, 2001), i, amb Sharon Ash i Charles Boberg, The Atlas of North American English (2006).
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prop-fr:prénom
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prop-fr:responsabilité
  • dir.
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  • rédacteur
prop-fr:région
  • Linguiste occidental
prop-fr:sousTitre
  • the interpretation of zeros in African American English
  • An answer from the study of reading
  • Cognitive and Cultural Factors
  • Internal Factors
  • Phonology and Phonetics
  • Psychotherapy as Conversation
  • Social Factors
  • The case of African-American Vernacular English
  • The case of the Black English trial in Ann Arbor
  • studies in the black English vernacular
  • the cultural work of Jewish literary scholars, 1930-1990
  • An International Handbook on the Evolution of the Study of Language from the Beginnings to the Present
  • Review of The Cultural Context of Leaning and Thinking by M. Cole, J. Gay, J.Glick and D. Sharp
prop-fr:sousTitreChapitre
  • A linguistic approach to the question
  • A response to Beatriz Lavendera
  • Re-deploying Weinreich’s approach to diasystems
  • Some Practical Suggestions
  • a sociolinguistic approach
  • short /a/ in Philadelphia
  • the development of tense
prop-fr:sousTitreOuvrage
  • Acte du XVIe Colloque annuel de l'Association de linguistique des Provinces atlantiques
  • New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics
  • Sociolinguistics and multilingual speech communities
  • Connecting Observation and Understanding
  • Critical Reflections
  • Diachronic, Areal and Typological Linguistics
  • Educational Equity and the Law
  • Ethnic Perspectives
  • Issues in Learning, Teaching and Schooling
  • Labov, un bilan
  • Language, Narrative and Social Life
  • L’insécurité linguistique en question
  • State of the Art
  • Structure, history and use
  • The Language and Culture Atlas of Ashkenazi Jewry
  • The political Interview and Doctor-Patient
  • the 1970's.
  • Readings in the Interpretation of Afro-Ameriocan Folklore
prop-fr:titre
  • Hypercorrection by the lower middle class as a factor in linguistic change
  • A Life of Learning: Six People I Have Learned From
  • A Quantitative Study of Sound Change in Progress
  • A clear demonstration
  • A short history of structural linguistics
  • Academic ignorance and black intelligence
  • Atlas of North American English
  • A sociolinguistic perspective on sociophonetic research
  • Constraints on the agentless passive
  • Enlarging America
  • History of the Language Sciences
  • Il Continuo e il Discreto nel Linguaggio
  • Intensity
  • Interview with William Labov
  • Is linguistic knowledge useful knowledge?
  • Language in the Inner City
  • Locating Language in Time and Space
  • Narrative pre-construction
  • Objectivity and commitment in linguistic science
  • On the mechanism of linguistic change
  • On the uses of variable rules
  • Principles of Linguistic Change
  • Resolving the Neogrammarian controversy
  • Sociolinguistic Patterns
  • Some further steps in narrative analysis
  • Some principles of linguistic methodology
  • Speech actions and reactions in personal narrative
  • Studies in Sociolinguistics by William Labov
  • The Study of Non-Standard English
  • The Study of Nonstandard English
  • The child as linguistic historian
  • The linguistic consequences of being a lame
  • The linguistic variable as a structural unit
  • The several logics of quantification
  • The social motivation of a sound change
  • The study of language in its social context
  • Therapeutic Discourse
  • Thinking about Charles Ferguson
  • Transmission and diffusion
  • Uncovering the event structure of narrative
  • Unendangered languages, endangered people
  • What is a linguistic fact?
  • What is a reading error?
  • When ordinary children fail to read
  • Where do grammars stop?
  • Crossing the gulf between sociology and sociolinguistics
  • Review of The Regional Vocabulary of Texas by E. Bagby Atwood
  • Systematic relations of standard and non-standard rules in the grammars of Negro speakers
  • The interaction of sex and social class in the course of linguistic change
  • The Social Stratification of English in New York City Department Stores
  • A preliminary study of the structure of English used by Negro and Puerto Rican speakers in New York City
  • Contraction, deletion, and inherent variability of the English copula
  • Negative attraction and negative concord in English grammar
  • A note on the relation of reading failure to peer-group status in urban ghettos
  • Near mergers and the suspension of phonemic contrast
  • A study of the non-standard English of Negro and Puerto Rican speakers in New York City
prop-fr:titreChapitre
  • Conversation
  • The relative influence of family and peers on the learning of language
  • What can be inferred about change in progress from synchronic descriptions?
  • The place of linguistic research in American society
  • Some suggestions for teaching standard English to speakers of nonstandard urban dialects
  • Addressing social issues through linguistic evidence
  • Building on empirical foundations
  • Can reading failure be reversed
  • Competing value systems in the inner-city schools
  • Finding out about children's language
  • Gaining access to the dictionary
  • Is a structural dialectology practical?
  • Is there a creole speech community?
  • La transmission des changements linguistiques
  • Language change as a form of communication
  • Language structure and social structure
  • Learning the syntax of questions
  • Methodology
  • Modes of mitigation and politeness
  • Mysteries of the substrate
  • Narrative analysis
  • On the adequacy of natural languages I
  • On the use of the present to explain the past
  • Oral Narratives of Personal Experience
  • Ordinary Events
  • Phonological correlates of social stratification
  • Public discourse and the problem of social order
  • Pursuing the cascade model
  • Quantitative Analysis of Linguistic Variation
  • Recognizing Black English in the classroom
  • Regular sound change in English dialect geography
  • Resyllabification
  • Rules for ritual insults
  • Some features of the English of Black Americans
  • Some sources of reading problems
  • Sources of inherent variation
  • Stages in the acquisition of standard English
  • Ten principles of bilingual education
  • The Non-Standard Negro Vernacular
  • The anatomy of style
  • The art of sounding and signifying
  • The boundaries of words and their meanings
  • The case of the missing copula
  • The community as educator
  • The effect of normal aging on discourse
  • The exact description of the speech community
  • The internal evolution of linguistic rules
  • The interpretation of zeroes
  • The judicial testing of linguistic theory
  • The logic of non-standard English
  • The notion of 'system' in creole languages
  • The overestimation of functionalism
  • The quantitative study of linguistic structure
  • The reading of the -ed suffix
  • The social origins of sound change
  • The social setting of linguistic change
  • The three dialects of English
  • The two futures of linguistics
  • Toasts
  • Triggering events
  • Understanding Birmingham
  • Unendangered dialects, endangered people
  • Some notes on the role of misperception in language learning
  • Variation in language
  • When intuitions fail
  • Where does the sociolinguistic variable stop?
  • Where shall I begin?
  • General attitudes towards the speech of New York City
  • Testing listeners' reactions to phonological markers
  • The recent history of some dialect markers on the island of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
  • Applying our knowledge of African American English to the problem of raising reading levels in inner-city schools
  • The effect of social mobility on linguistic behavior
  • Co-existent systems in African-American Vernacular English
  • Sociolinguistique et sociologie du langage: une discipline ou deux?
  • Empirical foundations for a theory of language change
  • Vers une réévaluation de l’insécurité linguistique des femmes
  • De Facto segregation of black and white vernaculars
  • Field methods of the Project on Linguistic Change and Variation
prop-fr:titreOuvrage
  • Language, Society and Education: A Profile of Black English
  • Process of the 11th International Congress of Linguists
  • Narrative Discourse in Neurologically Impaired and Normal Aging Adults
  • A Survey of Linguistic Science
  • African American English
  • Approaches to Social Theory
  • Basic Studies on Reading
  • Bilingual Education
  • Black English
  • Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences
  • Children In and Out of School
  • Current Trends in Linguistics
  • Directions for Historical Linguistics
  • Directions in Sociolinguistics
  • Discourse Analysis and Public Life
  • Diversity and Diachrony
  • Essays on the Verbal and Visual Arts
  • Functionalism in Linguistics
  • Georgetown Monograph on Languages and Linguistics
  • HSK Sociolinguistics/Sociolinguisik
  • History of Englishes
  • Human Communication
  • Hétérogénéité et variation
  • Invariance and Variability in Speech Process
  • Language Change and Variation
  • Language Variety in the South Revisited
  • Language and the Law
  • Language in Context
  • Language in Use
  • Language in its Social Setting
  • Language, Society and Education
  • Language. An Invitation to Cognitive Science
  • Les femmes et la langue
  • Linguistic Change and Generative Theory
  • Linguistics in the Morning Calm
  • Literacy Among African-American Youth
  • Locating Language in Time and Space
  • Mother Wit from the Laughing Barrel
  • New Directions in Elementary English
  • New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English
  • Perspectives on Historical Linguistics
  • Pidgin and Creole Tense-Mood-Aspect Systems
  • Pidginization and Creolization of Languages
  • Quantitative Analyses of Sound Change
  • Recent Advances in the Psychology of Language
  • Social Dialectology : in Honor of Peter Trudgill
  • Social Dialects and Language Learning
  • Social Lives in Language
  • Sociolinguistic Variation
  • Sociolinguistique et aménagement des langues
  • Studies in Social Interaction
  • Studies in the History of the English Language
  • Style and Sociolinguistic Variation
  • Sustaining Linguistic Diversity
  • Telling Stories
  • The Learning of Language
  • The Nordic Languages and Modern Linguistics
  • The Structure of African-American English
  • Themes in Linguistics
  • Theoretical Orientations in Creole Studies
  • Variation Omnibus
  • Variation, change and phonological theory
  • Varieties of Present-Day English
  • Working Papers in Communication
  • Working Papers in Sociolinguistics
  • Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Variation
  • Papers from the Parasession on Theory and Data in Linguistics
  • Sociocultural and Historical Contexts of African American English
  • xplorations in sociolinguistics
  • Papers of the Groningen Conference on Medical and Political discourse
  • Process of the Stanford Conference on Language and Literature
  • Aspetti Sociolinguistici dell' Italia contemporanea
  • Proceedings of the Fifth International Phonology Meeting, Eisenstadt
  • Evidence of Yiddish Documented in European Societies
  • Studies in Linguistics in Honor of Raven I. McDavid Jr.
  • Position Papers from Language Education for the Disadvantaged
  • Speech and Language in the Laboratory, School and Clinic
prop-fr:titreVolume
  • Phonologica 1984
  • Selected Papers from SICOL-1992
  • Empirical and Analytical Advances in the Study of English Language Change
prop-fr:url
  • http://www.acls.org/publications/audio/labov/default.aspx?id=4462
prop-fr:urlTexte
  • http://people.pwf.cam.ac.uk/bv230/lang-var/labov%201969%20copula.pdf
  • http://www.basesproduced.com/699/readings/Labov1981.pdf
  • http://www.smkb.ac.il/Eims/data2/2002/10/91153011.pdf
  • http://www.hf.uib.no/forskerskole/Labov.pdf
  • http://www.ling.upenn.edu/phonoatlas/LOT/TD.pdf
  • http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~wlabov/Papers/NPC.pdf
  • http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~wlabov/uesn.pdf
  • http://albuquerque.bioinformatics.uottawa.ca/Papers/JournalPublication/1979_Sankoff_Labov.pdf
  • http://www.geoffbarton.co.uk/files/student-resources/A%20Level/Language%20%26%20Race/Labov%20Article.doc
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  • I
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  • 4.0
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prop-fr:époque
  • -
prop-fr:œuvresPrincipales
  • ''Principles of linguistic change
  • Sociolinguistic patterns
  • The atlas of North American English
  • The Social stratification of English in New York City
  • • I. Internal factors
  • • II. Social factors
  • • III. Cognitive and Cultural factors
dcterms:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • William Labov (né le 4 décembre 1927 à Rutherford, New Jersey) est un linguiste américain, considéré comme un des fondateurs de la sociolinguistique moderne, particulièrement dans son volet quantitatif. Son apport considérable a permis une redéfinition et une meilleure description de la variation linguistique, et prend plusieurs orientations majeures.
  • ウィリアム・ラボフ(William Labov, 1927年12月4日 - )は、アメリカ合衆国の言語学者でペンシルベニア大学の教授。社会言語学、方言学を研究する。ニューヨークの調査を発表したThe Social Stratification of English in New York City (1966)は学界に大きな影響を与える。黒人英語を独自の体系を持った言語として擁護し、下層の黒人の標準語の教育を充実させるべきだと主張した。
  • William Labov ( * Rutherford, Nueva Jersey, 4 de diciembre de 1927) es un lingüista norteamericano del departamento de lingüística de la Universidad de Pensilvania. Se le considera el fundador de la sociolingüística cuantitativa y su trabajo se ha centrado en la sociolingüística y la dialectología.
  • William Labov (Rutherford, 4 dicembre 1927) è un linguista statunitense, considerato il fondatore della sociolinguistica, ossia la branca della linguistica che studia i collegamenti tra il linguaggio e la società.Labov ha condotto diversi esperimenti, i più famosi sono quelli fatti nell'isola di Martha's Vineyard, e quello eseguito a New York negli anni '60, in tre diversi famosi grandi magazzini, per osservare come i commessi pronunciassero la lettera "r" e le differenze di pronuncia tra i più ricchi e socialmente elevati e i più modesti.
  • William Labov (* 4. Dezember 1927 in Rutherford, New Jersey) ist ein US-amerikanischer Linguist, der vor allem Sprachwandel und Sprachvariation erforscht.
  • William Labov (* 4. prosince 1927, Rutherford, New Jersey, USA) je americký jazykovědec, který je řazen k zakladatelům vědní disciplíny s názvem sociolingvistika. Píše a mluví se o něm jako o „velmi originální a vlivné osobnosti, která významně přispěla k metodice sociolingvistiky“. Působí na Katedře jazykovědy Univerzity v Pensylvánii a věnuje se průzkumu v oblasti sociolingvistiky, změny jazyka a dialektologie.
  • Уилям Лабов (на английски: William Labov /ləˈboʊv/; р. 4 декември 1927) e американски лингвист, приеман за основател на дисциплината социолингвистика. Той е описван като "изключително оригинална и влиятелна фигура, и създател на голяма част от методологията" на социолингвистиката. Той е професор в департамента по лингвистика в Пенсилванския университет, където е изследовател по социолингвистика, лингвистична промяна и диалектология.
  • William Labov (/ləˈboʊv/ lə-BOHV;born December 4, 1927) is an American linguist, widely regarded as the founder of the discipline of variationist sociolinguistics. He has been described as "an enormously original and influential figure who has created much of the methodology" of sociolinguistics. He is employed as a professor in the linguistics department of the University of Pennsylvania, and pursues research in sociolinguistics, language change, and dialectology.
  • Уи́льям Лабо́в (англ. William Labov; род. 4 декабря 1927(19271204), Резерфорд, Нью-Джерси) — американский лингвист, считающийся одним из основателей социолингвистики, создавшим значительную часть методологии этой дисциплины. Школа его последователей — так называемый вариационизм — играет большую роль в США и Канаде.
  • William Labov (Rutherford (New Jersey), 4 december 1927) is een Amerikaans taalkundige. Labov is hoogleraar taalkunde aan de Universiteit van Pennsylvania, waar hij – ondanks zijn hoge leeftijd – nog steeds colleges verzorgt en onderzoek verricht. Labov wordt door velen beschouwd als de grondlegger van de sociolinguïstiek, de tak van wetenschap die zich bezighoudt met de relatie tussen taal en sociale groep.
  • William Labov (Rutherford, 4 de desembre de 1927) és un lingüista estatunidenc del departament de Lingüística de la Universitat de Pennsilvània. Se'l considera el fundador de la sociolingüística quantitativa i el seu treball s'ha centrat en la sociolingüística i la dialectologia.Nascut a Rutherford, Nova Jersey, va estudiar a la Universitat Harvard (el 1948) i després treballà com a químic industrial (entre 1949 i 1961) abans de dedicar-se a la lingüística.
  • 윌리엄 라보프(William Labov, 1927년 12월 4일~ )는 사회언어학에 변이연구 방법론을 정립시킨 미국의 언어학자이며 흔히 사회언어학의 태두로 간주된다. 라보프는 사회언어학이야말로 언어학이며 기존 언어학은 순수언어학이라 불러야 한다고 믿었고 언어 구조 연구는 반드시 언어공동체의 사회적 맥락 속에서 이루어져야 한다고 생각했다. 그는 자신의 관심사를 사회적인 것보다는 언어적인 것에 한정지었던 사람임에도 불구하고 언어학적 의문에 대한 가장 현실적 기술과 설명을 가능하게 하는 방법에 관심을 가져왔다.라보프가 The Social Stratification of English in New York City(1966)에서 수행한 음운 변이 연구는 이후의 음운 변이 연구에 있어서 하나의 전범이 되었다.
rdfs:label
  • William Labov
  • William Labov
  • William Labov
  • William Labov
  • William Labov
  • William Labov
  • William Labov
  • William Labov
  • Лабов, Уильям
  • Уилям Лабов
  • ウィリアム・ラボフ
  • 윌리엄 라보프
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