Muscle Shoals est une agglomeration de l'Alabama célèbre pour ses studios d'enregistrement spécialisés dans la musique soul, particulièrement dans les années 1960 et 1970. Les plus fameux d'entre eux sont M.S.S.S. et FAME.The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section aussi connu sous le nom de The Swampers est un groupe américain de musique soul, rhythm and blues et de musique country de musiciens de studio basé dans la ville de Muscle Shoals.

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  • Muscle Shoals est une agglomeration de l'Alabama célèbre pour ses studios d'enregistrement spécialisés dans la musique soul, particulièrement dans les années 1960 et 1970. Les plus fameux d'entre eux sont M.S.S.S. et FAME.The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section aussi connu sous le nom de The Swampers est un groupe américain de musique soul, rhythm and blues et de musique country de musiciens de studio basé dans la ville de Muscle Shoals.
  • Das Muscle Shoals Sound Studio ist ein US-amerikanisches Tonstudio, das 1969 in Muscle Shoals, Alabama von den Musikern Barry Beckett (Tasteninstrumente; † 10. Juni 2009), Roger Hawkins (Schlagzeug), Jimmy Johnson (Gitarre) und David Hood (Bass) gegründet wurde, nachdem sie die Fame Studios verlassen hatten. Rick Hall, der Besitzer der Fame Studios, hatte einen Vertrag mit Capitol Records unterschrieben, der eine Garantiesumme von einer Million US-Dollar beinhaltete. Den Musikern bot er auf Druck von Johnson und Hawkins 10.000 Dollar pro Jahr an, woraufhin diese Fame verließen. Die Aufnahmen der Musiker kann man auf den Veröffentlichungen unter anderem von Aretha Franklin, Wilson Pickett und den Staple Singers hören.Die Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section – unter diesem Namen wurden die Musiker bekannt – gehörten zu den ersten Musikern, die ein eigenes Tonstudio und im Gefolge davon einen eigenen Musikverlag und eine eigene Produktionsfirma besaßen. Der sich einstellende Erfolg ließ immer mehr Künstler in diesem Studio aufnehmen, auch solche aus der Rockmusik. So unter anderem The Rolling Stones, die ihre Stücke Brown Sugar und Wild Horses für das Stones-Album Sticky Fingers im Muscle Shoals Sound Studio aufnahmen. Weitere Künstler mit Aufnahmen aus dem Muscle-Shoals-Studio sind die Band Traffic, die Sängerin Lulu, Boz Scaggs, Willie Nelson, Paul Simon, Bob Dylan, Elkie Brooks und Bill Haley & His Comets (die ihre letzten beiden Alben in Muscle Shoals aufnahmen) sowie die jüngere Soul-Generation wie zum Beispiel Bobby Womack und Millie Jackson. 1985 verkauften die Gründer das Studio.Das originale Studiogebäude liegt in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, 3614 Jackson Highway und ist im US-amerikanischen National Register of Historic Places verzeichnet. Das neue Studio befindet sich in Sheffield, Alabama, gelistet im NRHP mit der Nr. 06000437.
  • The Muscle Shoals Sound Studio was formed in Sheffield, Alabama, in 1969 when a group of four session musicians called The Swampers decided to leave the nearby FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals to create their own recording set-up.The four, Barry Beckett (keyboards), Roger Hawkins (drums), Jimmy Johnson (guitar) and David Hood (bass), then became known as The Muscle Shoals Sound Rhythm Section and were the first rhythm section to own a studio and eventually run their own publishing and production companies.Their backing and arrangements have been heard on many recordings, including major hits from Wilson Pickett, Aretha Franklin, and the Staple Singers, but a wide range of artists in popular music recorded hit songs and complete albums at the studio.The group first came together in 1967 and initially played sessions in New York and Nashville, as well as on recordings made at Rick Hall's FAME facility. The initial successes in soul and R&B led to the arrival at the Muscle Shoals Sound studios of more mainstream rock and pop performers, including The Rolling Stones, Traffic, Elton John, Boz Scaggs, Willie Nelson, Paul Simon, Bob Dylan, Dr. Hook, Elkie Brooks, Millie Jackson and Julian Lennon.The studios at 3614 Jackson Highway were relocated to an updated and larger facility on Alabama Avenue in Sheffield in the late 1970s, but the original building still sees occasional use as a recording studio. The Black Keys album, Brothers, was recorded there in 2009 and achieved Grammy Award success in 2011. Recording equipment was brought into the former studio to make the album.The original Muscle Shoals Sound Studios building is listed on The National Register of Historic Places. In June 2013, it was sold by businessman Noel Webster, who kept the building maintained, to the Muscle Shoals Music Foundation. Their goal is to eventually make the historic building a music museum.The Alabama Avenue studios were sold in 1985 to the Jackson, Mississippi based soul and blues label, Malaco Records, which also bought the MSS publishing rights. Malaco used the Sheffield studios for their own artists, including Johnnie Taylor, Bobby Bland and Little Milton, as well as continuing to operate their own facility in Jackson. The building was bought by a film and television production company in 2005 after Malaco decided to close the studios, selling the two Neve sound desks to studios elsewhere in the U.S, according to an article in Billboard magazine.Filmmaker Greg Camalier premiered his documentary Muscle Shoals at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2013. It is about Rick Hall, FAME, and the Swampers foundation of the Muscle Shoals Sound Studios, The film includes interviews with Bono, Alicia Keys, Mick Jagger, and Keith Richards.The Muscle Shoals Sound Rhythm Section are referred to as "the Swampers" in the lyrics of Sweet Home Alabama by Lynyrd Skynyrd.
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  • Muscle Shoals est une agglomeration de l'Alabama célèbre pour ses studios d'enregistrement spécialisés dans la musique soul, particulièrement dans les années 1960 et 1970. Les plus fameux d'entre eux sont M.S.S.S. et FAME.The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section aussi connu sous le nom de The Swampers est un groupe américain de musique soul, rhythm and blues et de musique country de musiciens de studio basé dans la ville de Muscle Shoals.
  • The Muscle Shoals Sound Studio was formed in Sheffield, Alabama, in 1969 when a group of four session musicians called The Swampers decided to leave the nearby FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals to create their own recording set-up.The four, Barry Beckett (keyboards), Roger Hawkins (drums), Jimmy Johnson (guitar) and David Hood (bass), then became known as The Muscle Shoals Sound Rhythm Section and were the first rhythm section to own a studio and eventually run their own publishing and production companies.Their backing and arrangements have been heard on many recordings, including major hits from Wilson Pickett, Aretha Franklin, and the Staple Singers, but a wide range of artists in popular music recorded hit songs and complete albums at the studio.The group first came together in 1967 and initially played sessions in New York and Nashville, as well as on recordings made at Rick Hall's FAME facility.
  • Das Muscle Shoals Sound Studio ist ein US-amerikanisches Tonstudio, das 1969 in Muscle Shoals, Alabama von den Musikern Barry Beckett (Tasteninstrumente; † 10. Juni 2009), Roger Hawkins (Schlagzeug), Jimmy Johnson (Gitarre) und David Hood (Bass) gegründet wurde, nachdem sie die Fame Studios verlassen hatten. Rick Hall, der Besitzer der Fame Studios, hatte einen Vertrag mit Capitol Records unterschrieben, der eine Garantiesumme von einer Million US-Dollar beinhaltete.
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