Les systèmes mixtes sont des systèmes électoraux dans lesquels on intègre (scrutin mixte à finalité proportionnelle) ou bien on adjoint (scrutin parallèle) un scrutin majoritaire à un scrutin proportionnel afin d'élire une assemblée législative. La motivation peut être d'aider à l'élection de partis plus populistes, ou bien d'obtenir les meilleures propriétés de chaque (comme la proportionnelle avec une moindre fragmentation, ou encore avec un maillage du territoire).

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Les systèmes mixtes sont des systèmes électoraux dans lesquels on intègre (scrutin mixte à finalité proportionnelle) ou bien on adjoint (scrutin parallèle) un scrutin majoritaire à un scrutin proportionnel afin d'élire une assemblée législative. La motivation peut être d'aider à l'élection de partis plus populistes, ou bien d'obtenir les meilleures propriétés de chaque (comme la proportionnelle avec une moindre fragmentation, ou encore avec un maillage du territoire).
  • 小選挙区比例代表連用制(しょうせんきょくひれいだいひょうれんようせい)とは、小選挙区制の要素を加えた比例代表制。1993年4月17日に政治改革推進協議会(民間政治臨調)が「政治改革に関し第126回国会において実現すべき事項に関する提言」において提唱したが、これまでに日本で実際に採用された例はない。
  • The Additional Member System (AMS) is the term used in the United Kingdom for the voting system used in Scotland, Wales and the London Assembly.AMS is sometimes confused with the mixed member proportional representation system or the parallel voting system, like AMS a semi-proportional voting system. In both cases, some representatives are elected from single-winner geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from a wider area, usually by party lists. Voters usually have two votes, one for the party and the second for the candidate in a constituency, even if sometimes these votes are combined. The constituency representatives are generally elected under the first-past-the-post voting system. The party representatives are elected by a party vote, where the electors vote for a political party, and usually not directly for an individual. The particular individuals selected come from lists drawn up by the political parties before the election, at a national or regional level. The differences between these systems and the Additional Member System are as follows: Under the mixed member proportional representation (MMP) or Top-Up (compensatory) system, the aim is either for the party's total number of representatives, including constituency representatives, to be proportional to its percentage of the party vote, or for the allocation of additional party seats to offset all or most of the disproportionate result in the constituencies. The party vote determines the proportional number of representatives the party has in the assembly, so creating a proportional representation, differently from the semi-proportional parallel voting. The Additional Member System is almost the same, except that there are no "overhang" or "balance" seats to compensate if a party to get more constituency seats than its party vote should allow, and so it is, in some cases, not proportional. Under a parallel voting or Supplementary Member (SUP) system, the party seats are allocated proportionally within themselves, without consideration of any constituency seats the party may have won. Under some points of view, the SUP is not an electoral method, but two systems run in parallel for simultaneous, separate elections. However, differently from the mixed member proportional representation, the proportional division of the seats between the contesting parties is calculated upon the party-list seats only, and not upon all seats.
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  • Les systèmes mixtes sont des systèmes électoraux dans lesquels on intègre (scrutin mixte à finalité proportionnelle) ou bien on adjoint (scrutin parallèle) un scrutin majoritaire à un scrutin proportionnel afin d'élire une assemblée législative. La motivation peut être d'aider à l'élection de partis plus populistes, ou bien d'obtenir les meilleures propriétés de chaque (comme la proportionnelle avec une moindre fragmentation, ou encore avec un maillage du territoire).
  • 小選挙区比例代表連用制(しょうせんきょくひれいだいひょうれんようせい)とは、小選挙区制の要素を加えた比例代表制。1993年4月17日に政治改革推進協議会(民間政治臨調)が「政治改革に関し第126回国会において実現すべき事項に関する提言」において提唱したが、これまでに日本で実際に採用された例はない。
  • The Additional Member System (AMS) is the term used in the United Kingdom for the voting system used in Scotland, Wales and the London Assembly.AMS is sometimes confused with the mixed member proportional representation system or the parallel voting system, like AMS a semi-proportional voting system. In both cases, some representatives are elected from single-winner geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from a wider area, usually by party lists.
rdfs:label
  • Système mixte
  • Additional Member System
  • 小選挙区比例代表連用制
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