Le syndrome de la main étrangère, en anglais : Alien Hand Syndrome (AHS), est une affection neurologique rare, parfois également appelée « syndrome de la main anarchique », « syndrome du Dr Strangelove » (traduit et adapté en français : « syndrome du docteur Folamour ») ou « syndrome de la main capricieuse », provoquant chez les personnes qui en sont atteintes des mouvements incontrôlables de la main qui semble dirigée par une volonté externe.↑ (en) « The Mind's Strange Syndromes », BBC News,‎ 8 septembre 2000« Even today, "anarchic hand" has earned the popular sobriquet Dr Strangelove syndrome - named after the eponymous scientist with the unruly limb in Stanley Kubrick's 1964 film.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Le syndrome de la main étrangère, en anglais : Alien Hand Syndrome (AHS), est une affection neurologique rare, parfois également appelée « syndrome de la main anarchique », « syndrome du Dr Strangelove » (traduit et adapté en français : « syndrome du docteur Folamour ») ou « syndrome de la main capricieuse », provoquant chez les personnes qui en sont atteintes des mouvements incontrôlables de la main qui semble dirigée par une volonté externe.
  • Az idegenkéz-szindróma (alien hand; szellemkéz; dr. Strangelove-szindróma) egy neurológiai rendellenesség, amely során a páciens úgy érzi, hogy a keze (bár ritkábban előfordul a lábbal is) felett elvesztette az uralmat. Mintha az a végtag nem hozzá tartozna, nem a sajátja lenne.
  • Het alien-handsyndroom (AHS) is een neurologische aandoening, waarbij een ledemaat (meestal de hand) van een persoon gedragingen vertoont, zonder de intentie van de persoon. Het ledemaat lijkt een eigen wil te hebben.De klinische definitie vereist “het gevoel dat een ledemaat vreemd is of een eigen wil heeft, samen met aantoonbare onvrijwillige motoriek” (met nadruk “zonderling”).Het syndroom is vaak het gevolg van een beschadiging aan het corpus callosum, enerzijds wanneer het is gescheiden ter behandeling van hardnekkige epilepsie, of te wijten aan een beroerte.De standaard neurologische verklaring is dat de gevoelde wil weergegeven door de taaldominante linker hemisfeer niet correspondeert met de handelingen uitgevoerd door de niet-taaldominante rechter hemisfeer, en zo suggererend dat de twee hemisferen onafhankelijk besef van vrije wil zouden kunnen hebben.
  • 외계인 손 증후군(alien hand syndrome, anarchic hand, AHS)은 자신의 손이 자신의 뜻대로가 아닌, 마음대로 움직이는 신경 질환이다.뇌 수술, 중중, 감염, 종양, 대동맥질환, 또 알츠하이머병과 크로이츠펠트-야코프병과 같은 특정 퇴행성 두뇌 질환 이후에 일부 발병할 수도 있다. 외계인 손 증후군과 연계되는 두뇌의 다른 부분으로는 전두엽, 후두엽, 두정엽이 있다.
  • El síndrome de la mano extraña o síndrome de la mano ajena (o síndrome del Dr. Strangelove) es una enfermedad mental en la cual una de las manos de quien lo padece parece adquirir vida propia. El síndrome es más común en casos de personas las cuales han tenido una cirugía de separación de hemisferios cerebrales (comisurotomía), un procedimiento usado en ocasiones para relajar los síntomas de casos extremos de epilepsia. También ocurre en algunos otros casos de neurocirugía, golpes cerebrales o infecciones.
  • A síndrome da mão alheia, ou síndrome da mão alienígena, é uma desordem neurológica incomum na forma de apraxia, na qual os membros do paciente parecem adquirir vida própria. O membro — a mão, por exemplo — passa a realizar tarefas complexas e involuntárias, como abrir botões da camisa ou retirar as roupas do corpo. Na maioria das vezes a pessoa não percebe que o membro está executando movimentos.== Referências ==
  • La sindrome della mano aliena (AHS), anche nota come sindrome della mano anarchica (o più raramente sindrome del Dr. Stranamore) è un raro disturbo neurologico in base alla quale, una mano (in genere la sinistra) sembra avere vita propria e in contrasto rispetto a ciò che dovrebbe fare. Spesso cerca di impedire le azioni della mano inalterata (in genere la destra) oppure movimenti del soggetto stesso.La sindrome insorge solitamente dopo una separazione chirurgica degli emisferi cerebrali (commissurotomia o callosotomia), una procedura a volte utilizzata per alleviare i sintomi più gravi dell'epilessia. Il disturbo può verificarsi anche dopo altri tipi di interventi neurochirurgici, ictus cerebrali, infezioni, aneurismi, tumori o come conseguenza di malattie neurodegenerative come la malattia di Alzheimer e la malattia di Creutzfeldt-Jakob. Il primo caso fu descritto nel 1908 dal neurologo tedesco Kurt Goldstein. Il termine "sindrome della mano aliena" deriva da un lavoro del 1972, quando furono descritti alcuni casi di pazienti, con tumore al corpo calloso, che mostrarono di non controllare più una delle mani.Esistono diverse varianti della sindrome, in base alla zona cerebrale colpita.
  • Das Alien-Hand-Syndrom (AHS) ist eine bisher sehr selten beschriebene neurologische Störung, bei der bei betroffenen Menschen eine der beiden Hände nicht mehr der willentlichen Steuerung unterliegt. Es ist am besten dokumentiert bei Menschen, bei denen im Gehirn das Corpus callosum (Balken) durchtrennt ist (Split-Brain-Patient). Die Störung kann aber auch nach Schlaganfällen oder Infektionen auftreten. Erstmals beschrieben wurde sie 1908 vom deutschen Neurologen Kurt Goldstein. Der Begriff Alien-Hand-Syndrom stammt aus einer Arbeit aus dem Jahr 1972, in der drei Fälle von Patienten mit einem Tumor am Corpus Callosum beschrieben wurden, die entsprechende Störungen der Kontrolle einer Hand zeigten.
  • Синдром чужой руки — сложное психоневрологическое расстройство, форма апраксии, при которой одна или обе руки действуют сами по себе, вне зависимости от желания хозяина. Иногда сопровождается приступами эпилепсии. Другое название синдрома — «болезнь доктора Стрейнджлава» — дано не по имени первооткрывателя, а в честь доктора Стрейнджлава, одного из героев из фильма Стэнли Кубрика «Доктор Стрейнджлав, или Как я перестал бояться и полюбил бомбу» (1964), рука которого иногда сама по себе то вскидывалась в нацистском приветствии, то начинала душить своего обладателя.Впервые[когда?] синдром изучал немецкий невролог Курт Гольдштейн, наблюдавший пациентку (имя которой не сохранилось), которую во время сна начала душить собственная левая рука. Гольдштейн не нашёл каких-либо психических отклонений у пациентки. Поскольку приступы перестали проявляться, Гольдштейн прекратил наблюдение пациентки. Однако после её смерти он произвёл вскрытие и обнаружил в мозге повреждение, разрушившее передачу сигналов между полушариями, что и привело к развитию синдрома.Дальнейшее изучение синдрома производилось гораздо позже, в 1950-х годах, когда медики стали пробовать применять рассечение соединений полушарий для лечения эпилепсии. Эта практика была прекращена из-за возникновения синдрома чужой руки, несмотря на успех в борьбе с эпилепсией.
  • Zespół obcej ręki (syndrom anarchicznej ręki lub syndrom dr. Strangelove'a) – zaburzenie polegające na przekonaniu pacjenta, że jedna z jego rąk nie należy do niego.
  • Alien hand syndrome, (AHS) is a rare neurological disorder that causes hand movement without the person being aware of what is happening or having control over the action. The afflicted person may sometimes reach for objects and manipulate them without wanting to do so, even to the point of having to use the healthy hand to restrain the alien hand.Alien hand syndrome is best documented in cases where a person has had the two hemispheres of their brain surgically separated, a procedure sometimes used to relieve the symptoms of extreme cases of epilepsy. It also occurs in some cases after brain surgery, stroke, infection, tumor, aneurysm and specific degenerative brain conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease. Other areas of the brain that are associated with alien hand syndrome are the frontal, occipital and parietal lobes.The first known case described in the medical literature appeared in a detailed case report published in German in 1908 by the preeminent German neuro-psychiatrist, Kurt Goldstein. In this paper, Goldstein described a right-handed woman who had suffered a stroke affecting her left side from which she had partially recovered by the time she was seen. However, her left arm seemed as though it belonged to another person and performed actions that appeared to occur independent of her will.The patient complained of a feeling of "strangeness" in relationship to the goal-directed movements of the left hand and insisted that "someone else" was moving the left hand, and that she was not moving it herself. Goldstein reported that, as a result of this report, "she was regarded at first as a paranoiac." When the left hand grasped an object, she could not voluntarily release it. The somatic sensibility of the left side was reported to be impaired, especially with aspects of sensation having to do with the orienting of the limb. Some spontaneous movements were noted to occur involving the left hand, such as wiping the face or rubbing the eyes; but these were relatively infrequent. Only with significant effort was she able to perform simple movements with the left arm in response to spoken command, but these movements were performed slowly and often incompletely even if these same movements had been involuntarily performed with relative ease before while in the abnormal 'alien' control mode.Based on these remarkable observations, Goldstein developed a "doctrine of motor apraxia" in which he discussed the process involved in the generation of voluntary action and interpreted these findings in the context of a proposed central structure organized around the perception and internal representation of the space-time continuum encompassing memory, will, and other higher cognitive processes. Goldstein maintained that a unified conceptual organization and general gestalt of space-time in which all aspects of relevant sensory perception of both the physical body (i.e. via interoception) and external space (i.e. via exteroception) were integrated was necessary both for object perception as well as for successful goal-directed dynamic bodily action in relationship to extrapersonal space and the objects located therein. In his classic papers reviewing the wide variety of disconnection syndromes associated with focal brain pathology, Norman Geschwind commented that Kurt Goldstein "was perhaps the first to stress the non-unity of the personality in patients with callosal section, and its possible psychiatric effects."Anarchic hand syndrome and alien hand syndrome are two similar but separate disorders. In both there are unintended but purposeful and autonomous movements of the upper limb and intermanual conflict. Anarchic hand is usually diagnosed as opposed to alien hand syndrome because it tends to be more associated with motor impairments as the patients acknowledge the hand as theirs but are frustrated by its unintended actions. In alien hand syndrome the individual tends to display more sensory deficits as they dissociate themselves from the hand and its actions, frequently remarking on the hand's behaviour as if it does not belong to them.
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  • Commissurotomie cérébrale
  • Comportement d'utilisation
  • Sentiment de maîtrise
  • Syndrome de dépendance à l'environnement
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  • Commissurotomie cérébrale
  • comportement d'utilisation
  • sentiment de maîtrise
  • sentiment émergent de maîtrise
  • syndrome de dépendance à l'environnement
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  • Environmental dependency syndrome
  • Sense of agency
  • Split-brain
  • Utilization behavior
  • efference copy
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rdfs:comment
  • Le syndrome de la main étrangère, en anglais : Alien Hand Syndrome (AHS), est une affection neurologique rare, parfois également appelée « syndrome de la main anarchique », « syndrome du Dr Strangelove » (traduit et adapté en français : « syndrome du docteur Folamour ») ou « syndrome de la main capricieuse », provoquant chez les personnes qui en sont atteintes des mouvements incontrôlables de la main qui semble dirigée par une volonté externe.↑ (en) « The Mind's Strange Syndromes », BBC News,‎ 8 septembre 2000« Even today, "anarchic hand" has earned the popular sobriquet Dr Strangelove syndrome - named after the eponymous scientist with the unruly limb in Stanley Kubrick's 1964 film.
  • Az idegenkéz-szindróma (alien hand; szellemkéz; dr. Strangelove-szindróma) egy neurológiai rendellenesség, amely során a páciens úgy érzi, hogy a keze (bár ritkábban előfordul a lábbal is) felett elvesztette az uralmat. Mintha az a végtag nem hozzá tartozna, nem a sajátja lenne.
  • 외계인 손 증후군(alien hand syndrome, anarchic hand, AHS)은 자신의 손이 자신의 뜻대로가 아닌, 마음대로 움직이는 신경 질환이다.뇌 수술, 중중, 감염, 종양, 대동맥질환, 또 알츠하이머병과 크로이츠펠트-야코프병과 같은 특정 퇴행성 두뇌 질환 이후에 일부 발병할 수도 있다. 외계인 손 증후군과 연계되는 두뇌의 다른 부분으로는 전두엽, 후두엽, 두정엽이 있다.
  • A síndrome da mão alheia, ou síndrome da mão alienígena, é uma desordem neurológica incomum na forma de apraxia, na qual os membros do paciente parecem adquirir vida própria. O membro — a mão, por exemplo — passa a realizar tarefas complexas e involuntárias, como abrir botões da camisa ou retirar as roupas do corpo. Na maioria das vezes a pessoa não percebe que o membro está executando movimentos.== Referências ==
  • Zespół obcej ręki (syndrom anarchicznej ręki lub syndrom dr. Strangelove'a) – zaburzenie polegające na przekonaniu pacjenta, że jedna z jego rąk nie należy do niego.
  • Синдром чужой руки — сложное психоневрологическое расстройство, форма апраксии, при которой одна или обе руки действуют сами по себе, вне зависимости от желания хозяина. Иногда сопровождается приступами эпилепсии.
  • El síndrome de la mano extraña o síndrome de la mano ajena (o síndrome del Dr. Strangelove) es una enfermedad mental en la cual una de las manos de quien lo padece parece adquirir vida propia. El síndrome es más común en casos de personas las cuales han tenido una cirugía de separación de hemisferios cerebrales (comisurotomía), un procedimiento usado en ocasiones para relajar los síntomas de casos extremos de epilepsia.
  • Alien hand syndrome, (AHS) is a rare neurological disorder that causes hand movement without the person being aware of what is happening or having control over the action.
  • Das Alien-Hand-Syndrom (AHS) ist eine bisher sehr selten beschriebene neurologische Störung, bei der bei betroffenen Menschen eine der beiden Hände nicht mehr der willentlichen Steuerung unterliegt. Es ist am besten dokumentiert bei Menschen, bei denen im Gehirn das Corpus callosum (Balken) durchtrennt ist (Split-Brain-Patient). Die Störung kann aber auch nach Schlaganfällen oder Infektionen auftreten. Erstmals beschrieben wurde sie 1908 vom deutschen Neurologen Kurt Goldstein.
  • Het alien-handsyndroom (AHS) is een neurologische aandoening, waarbij een ledemaat (meestal de hand) van een persoon gedragingen vertoont, zonder de intentie van de persoon.
  • La sindrome della mano aliena (AHS), anche nota come sindrome della mano anarchica (o più raramente sindrome del Dr. Stranamore) è un raro disturbo neurologico in base alla quale, una mano (in genere la sinistra) sembra avere vita propria e in contrasto rispetto a ciò che dovrebbe fare.
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  • Syndrome de la main étrangère
  • Alien hand syndrome
  • Alien-Hand-Syndrom
  • Alien-handsyndroom
  • Idegenkéz-szindróma
  • Sindrome della mano aliena
  • Síndrome da mão alheia
  • Síndrome de la mano extraña
  • Zespół obcej ręki
  • Синдром чужой руки
  • 외계인 손 증후군
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