Une station de métro est un point d'arrêt sur un réseau métropolitain. Elle peut être souterraine ou aérienne, parfois située au niveau de la chaussée. C'est l'équivalent d'une gare ferroviaire.

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  • Une station de métro est un point d'arrêt sur un réseau métropolitain. Elle peut être souterraine ou aérienne, parfois située au niveau de la chaussée. C'est l'équivalent d'une gare ferroviaire.
  • Als U-Bahnhof (alternativ auch U-Bahn-Station, abgekürzt U-Bf. oder U-Bhf.) werden Stationen verschiedener Schnellbahnsysteme (U-Bahn, Stadtbahn u. Ä.) bezeichnet. Sie können sich sowohl in Tieflage, ebenerdig oder in Hochlage befinden. Die Bezeichnung richtet sich in erster Linie an der baulichen Beschaffenheit des Bauwerkes und nicht an betrieblichen Aspekten, beispielsweise dem Betrieb eines U-Bahnsystems, aus. So gilt als wichtige Voraussetzung für die entsprechende Bezeichnung der von Einflüssen anderer Verkehrsteilnehmer unabhängige Fahrweg. Dies wird durch das Anlegen von Querungsbauwerken über oder unter den Gleisen sichergestellt. Hinzu kommt heute an vielen Orten die technische Ausstattung, die, bedingt durch den unabhängigen Fahrweg, in vielen Fällen bereits eine vollautomatisierte Abfertigung der Züge ermöglicht.In örtlichen Nahverkehrsnetzen übernehmen U-Bahnhöfe häufig eine Knotenpunktfunktion. Dabei dienen sie als wichtiger lokaler Umsteigepunkt zur Bündelung bzw. Verteilung der Verkehrsströme. Dabei kann es sich einerseits um Umstiege zwischen zwei Schnellverkehrslinien als auch um den Umstieg in niedriger eingestufte Verkehrsträger wie Straßenbahn oder Bus handeln.
  • Stanice metra je stanice městské hromadné dopravy, na které staví vlaky metra. Často se nachází v podzemí. Tam, kde se linky metra křižují, jsou stanice metra často několikaúrovňové.Na povrchu je stanice metra obvykle označena logem společnosti, která metro provozuje. Logo označuje vstupy do stanice. Každá stanice má několik samostatných vstupů, které usnadňují přístup do stanice a umožňují pohyb cestujících bez toho, aby museli na povrchu přecházet ulice. Vstupy do metra se proto často nacházejí v podchodech. U vchodů bývá přehledná mapa nebo schéma, které usnadňuje orientaci cestujících ve stanici i orientaci v přepravní síti metra.V některých případech jsou stanice spojeny s důležitými budovami a umožňují tak přímý přístup do vstupních prostor budovy (viz podzemní město).Stanice metra v některých městech, např. Montreal, Stockholm a Moskva, jsou proslulé svou vyspělou architekturou a bohatou výzdobou. Stanice metra, mnohem častěji než železniční stanice nebo autobusové stanice, mají svoje osobité architektonické a umělecké ztvárnění, to pomáhá identifikovat každou stanici.
  • Een metrostation is een station waar metrotreinen stoppen om passagiers te laten in- of uitstappen. Een metrolijn bevindt zich vaak onder de grond, vooral in het stadscentrum, en het station dus ook.Bovengronds is alleen een klein gebouwtje zichtbaar of een aantal trappen in het trottoir.Is het station bij een druk kruispunt, dan is er vaak op elke hoek een trap naar beneden. Het station kan dan ook als oversteektunnel dienen.Vooral buiten het centrum rijdt een metro veelal boven de grond op een viaduct of dijklichaam.Hierbij is het metrostation dus boven de grond.Er zijn echter steden zoals Montreal waar alle stations ondergronds zijn. In Nederland zijn er twee metrosystemen waarvan de Amsterdamse ringlijn 50 geheel bovengronds rijdt. De Amsterdamse metro heeft in totaal 51 stations (inclusief sneltramhaltes), de Rotterdamse metro heeft 62 stations. In België heeft Brussel een metro. De Brusselse metro heeft 68 stations.
  • Метростанцията, или само станция, е спирка на метро, на която слизат или се качват пътници. В потребителския смисъл хората възприемат за станция само видимата част – перонния участък и коловозите. Но в действителност в станционния комплекс влизат и много други сервизни помещения, подстанции, както и близката част от тунелите, където са разположени съоръженията за смяна на посоката.
  • Numa rede de metropolitano, uma estação é uma paragem que permite que os passageiros embarquem ou desembarquem das carruagens. Podem ser subterrâneas, elevadas ou à superfície; quando há cruzamentos de linhas as estações podem ter diversos níveis para que o tráfego de passageiros se faça da melhor forma possível.À entrada da estação o logótipo da empresa que opera o metropolitano indica que ali se encontra uma estação. Normalmente existem várias entradas para a mesma estação facilitando o acesso às mesmas; por exemplo, se uma estação estiver por baixo de um avenida, existe uma entrada de cada lado para evitar que um passageiro tenha que atravessar a via. Por vezes as estações ligam directamente a edifícios ou a estações de comboio (trem) por exemplo.Algumas redes de metro são mundialmente famosas pela arquitectura das estações. Exemplo disso são o metropolitano de Moscovo, o metropolitano de Paris, o metropolitano de Estocolmo entre outros. As estações de metropolitano, ao contrário de muitas estações de comboio ou autocarro (ônibus), são muitos desenvolvidas no que diz respeito à arquitectura e às artes decorativas; o estilo pode variar muito de estação para estação. As esculturas, as pinturas murais e a iluminação conjugadas fazem de algumas estações autênticas obras de arte. As estações do metro de Moscovo foram construídas segundo ideais socialista, que pretendiam levar a arte ao povo em vez de a limitar aos mais abastados; nessa medida, as estações moscovitas são muitos ornamentadas: paredes de mármore, pavimentos de granito, grandes candelabros e muita luz; todas estas características fizeram desta estações verdadeiros "palácios subterrâneos". O metro de Lisboa também é conhecido pela sua decoração; o azulejo é o principal elemento decorativo das estações, fazendo de cada estação uma obra diferente. A estação do Alto dos Moinhos, por exemplo, tem azulejos alusivos a Fernando Pessoa do artista português Júlio Pomar.
  • 地下鉄駅(ちかてつえき)とは、地下鉄に設けられた駅。
  • Станция метрополитена — остановочный пункт, предназначенный для посадки/высадки пассажиров метро.
  • A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as "metro", "underground" and "subway". Such a station can be elevated, underground, or about ground level depending on the level of the train tracks. At crossings of metro lines, they are multi-level. There are entrances/exits at ground/street level, often with stairs or sometimes ramps or escalators leading to any elevated or lowered track level area. At street level the logo of the metro company marks the entrance of the station, along with the schematics of the services at the station. Some metro operators also post the station name at the station entrance. Often there are several entrances for one station, saving one from having to cross the street. In such a case, tunnels or overhead stations can often also be used just to cross the street. In some cases metro stations are connected to important buildings by a direct enclosed hallway (see underground city).Some metro systems, such as those of Naples, Stockholm, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tashkent, Kiev, Montreal, Kaohsiung and Prague are famous for the beautiful architecture and public art. The Paris Métro is famous for its art nouveau station entrances; while the Athens Metro is known for its display of archeological relics found during construction.Metro stations, more so than railway and bus stations, often have a characteristic artistic design that can identify each stop. Some have sculptures or frescoes. For example, London's Baker Street station is adorned with tiles depicting Sherlock Holmes. The tunnel for Paris' Concorde station is decorated with tiles spelling the Déclaration des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen. Every metro station in Valencia, Spain has a different sculpture on the ticket-hall level. Alameda station is decorated with fragments of white tile, like the dominant style of the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències. On the Tyne and Wear Metro, the station at Newcastle United's home ground St James' Park is decorated in the clubs famous black and white stripes. Each station of the Red Line and Purple Line subway in Los Angeles was built with different artwork and decorating schemes, such as murals, tile artwork and sculptural benches. Every station of the Mexico City Metro is prominently identified by a unique icon in addition to its name, because most of its users were illiterate at the time the system was designed. However, it is not always the case that metro operators strive to make all stations artistically unique. Sir Norman Foster's new system in Bilbao, Spain uses the same modern architecture at every station to make navigation easier for the passenger, though some may argue that this is at the expense of character.In some stations, especially where trains are fully automated, the entire platform is screened from the track by a wall, typically of glass, with automatic platform-edge doors (PEDs). These open, like elevator doors, only when a train is stopped, and thus eliminate the hazard that a passenger will accidentally fall (or deliberately jump) onto the tracks and be run over or electrocuted.Control over ventilation of the platform is also improved, allowing it to be heated or cooled without having to do the same for the tunnels. The doors add cost and complexity to the system, and trains may have to approach the station more slowly so they can stop in accurate alignment with them.The largest and most complex metro station in the world is the Paris Métro-RER station Châtelet-Les Halles in France.The metro station with the highest elevation above-ground in the world is New York City's Smith–Ninth Streets station of the New York City Subway in the United States.
  • 전철역(電鐵驛)은 전기 철도의 정거장을 의미한다. 대체로 고가나 지상 혹은 지하에 있으며, 주로 전기를 동력원으로 사용하는 도시 철도나 광역 철도 상에 존재한다. 한편 역이 지하에 있을 경우 지하철역(地下鐵驛)으로도 불리며, 환승역의 경우 여러 노선이 한 전철역을 교차하기도 한다. 전철역 입구에는 '전철'을 표현하는 픽토그램이나 운영사의 로고가 부착되어 있는 표지판 등이 있다. 한 역으로 들어갈 수 있는 입구를 여러 개 만들어두는데, 이것은 이용객이 전철을 이용하기 위해 길을 건너는 불편을 줄여주기 위한 것이다. 이러한 특성 때문에, 보행자가 단순히 길을 건너는 용도로 잠시 전철역을 거치기도 한다. 어떤 역은 백화점이나 영화관 같은 대형 건물의 지하와 연결되기도 한다.가끔 특징적이고 예술적인 디자인으로 각각의 정류장을 알아볼 수 있도록 한 곳도 있다. 대표적으로 몬트리올, 스톡홀름, 모스크바에 있는 지하철들은, 화려한 건축물과 공공 예술로 역을 장식해 둔것으로 유명하다. 어떤 역들은 조형물과 프레스코 벽화로 장식해두기도 한다. 예를 들어, 런던 지하철의 베이커 스트리트 역은 셜록 홈즈를 그린 타일로 꾸며놓았으며, 하지만 모든 역들이 항상 그렇게 해 둔 것은 아니다.어떤 역들은, 플랫폼 주변에 유리와 같은 재질로 '벽'을 만들어두어, 전동차가 완전히 멈출 때까지 열리지 않다가 완전히 정차하면 엘리베이터의 문처럼 열리게 된다. 이러한 유리문을 스크린도어라고 하는데, 설치하는 데 비용과 시간이 많이 들며, 전동차가 역에 도착할 때 전보다 천천히 와야 한다는 단점이 있지만 이용객이 미끄러져 선로에 떨어지거나 아니면 고의적으로 뛰어내려 감전사하거나 전동차에 치이는 것과 같은 사고를 예방해준다. 전철역에는 환기구를 갖추고 있는데, 이 환기구들은 터널의 환기구의 단점을 최소화하면서 냉난방 역할까지 도맡는다.
  • Stacja metra – wyznaczony obszar na linii metra na którym zatrzymują się pociągi.Stacje metra najczęściej budowane są na obszarach wysoko zurbanizowanych, ma to na celu obsłużenie jak największej liczby pasażerów. Przystanki położone pod ziemią muszą być wyposażone w niezbędny system wentylacyjny oraz posiadać dodatkowe wyjścia ewakuacyjne. Wiele stacji metra pełni rolę schronów przeciwlotniczych w czasie wojny.Wejścia na stacje oznaczane są w Polsce literą M.
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  • Une station de métro est un point d'arrêt sur un réseau métropolitain. Elle peut être souterraine ou aérienne, parfois située au niveau de la chaussée. C'est l'équivalent d'une gare ferroviaire.
  • Метростанцията, или само станция, е спирка на метро, на която слизат или се качват пътници. В потребителския смисъл хората възприемат за станция само видимата част – перонния участък и коловозите. Но в действителност в станционния комплекс влизат и много други сервизни помещения, подстанции, както и близката част от тунелите, където са разположени съоръженията за смяна на посоката.
  • 地下鉄駅(ちかてつえき)とは、地下鉄に設けられた駅。
  • Станция метрополитена — остановочный пункт, предназначенный для посадки/высадки пассажиров метро.
  • Stacja metra – wyznaczony obszar na linii metra na którym zatrzymują się pociągi.Stacje metra najczęściej budowane są na obszarach wysoko zurbanizowanych, ma to na celu obsłużenie jak największej liczby pasażerów. Przystanki położone pod ziemią muszą być wyposażone w niezbędny system wentylacyjny oraz posiadać dodatkowe wyjścia ewakuacyjne. Wiele stacji metra pełni rolę schronów przeciwlotniczych w czasie wojny.Wejścia na stacje oznaczane są w Polsce literą M.
  • 전철역(電鐵驛)은 전기 철도의 정거장을 의미한다. 대체로 고가나 지상 혹은 지하에 있으며, 주로 전기를 동력원으로 사용하는 도시 철도나 광역 철도 상에 존재한다. 한편 역이 지하에 있을 경우 지하철역(地下鐵驛)으로도 불리며, 환승역의 경우 여러 노선이 한 전철역을 교차하기도 한다. 전철역 입구에는 '전철'을 표현하는 픽토그램이나 운영사의 로고가 부착되어 있는 표지판 등이 있다. 한 역으로 들어갈 수 있는 입구를 여러 개 만들어두는데, 이것은 이용객이 전철을 이용하기 위해 길을 건너는 불편을 줄여주기 위한 것이다. 이러한 특성 때문에, 보행자가 단순히 길을 건너는 용도로 잠시 전철역을 거치기도 한다. 어떤 역은 백화점이나 영화관 같은 대형 건물의 지하와 연결되기도 한다.가끔 특징적이고 예술적인 디자인으로 각각의 정류장을 알아볼 수 있도록 한 곳도 있다. 대표적으로 몬트리올, 스톡홀름, 모스크바에 있는 지하철들은, 화려한 건축물과 공공 예술로 역을 장식해 둔것으로 유명하다.
  • Een metrostation is een station waar metrotreinen stoppen om passagiers te laten in- of uitstappen. Een metrolijn bevindt zich vaak onder de grond, vooral in het stadscentrum, en het station dus ook.Bovengronds is alleen een klein gebouwtje zichtbaar of een aantal trappen in het trottoir.Is het station bij een druk kruispunt, dan is er vaak op elke hoek een trap naar beneden.
  • Als U-Bahnhof (alternativ auch U-Bahn-Station, abgekürzt U-Bf. oder U-Bhf.) werden Stationen verschiedener Schnellbahnsysteme (U-Bahn, Stadtbahn u. Ä.) bezeichnet. Sie können sich sowohl in Tieflage, ebenerdig oder in Hochlage befinden. Die Bezeichnung richtet sich in erster Linie an der baulichen Beschaffenheit des Bauwerkes und nicht an betrieblichen Aspekten, beispielsweise dem Betrieb eines U-Bahnsystems, aus.
  • A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as "metro", "underground" and "subway". Such a station can be elevated, underground, or about ground level depending on the level of the train tracks. At crossings of metro lines, they are multi-level. There are entrances/exits at ground/street level, often with stairs or sometimes ramps or escalators leading to any elevated or lowered track level area.
  • Numa rede de metropolitano, uma estação é uma paragem que permite que os passageiros embarquem ou desembarquem das carruagens. Podem ser subterrâneas, elevadas ou à superfície; quando há cruzamentos de linhas as estações podem ter diversos níveis para que o tráfego de passageiros se faça da melhor forma possível.À entrada da estação o logótipo da empresa que opera o metropolitano indica que ali se encontra uma estação.
  • Stanice metra je stanice městské hromadné dopravy, na které staví vlaky metra. Často se nachází v podzemí. Tam, kde se linky metra křižují, jsou stanice metra často několikaúrovňové.Na povrchu je stanice metra obvykle označena logem společnosti, která metro provozuje. Logo označuje vstupy do stanice. Každá stanice má několik samostatných vstupů, které usnadňují přístup do stanice a umožňují pohyb cestujících bez toho, aby museli na povrchu přecházet ulice.
rdfs:label
  • Station de métro
  • Estação de metropolitano
  • Metro station
  • Metrostation
  • Stacja metra
  • Stanice metra
  • U-Bahnhof
  • Метростанция
  • Станция метрополитена
  • 地下鉄駅
  • 전철역
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