Siger de Brabant, philosophe médiéval (né dans le Brabant vers 1240 - mort à Orvieto avant le 10 novembre 1284).

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  • Siger de Brabant, philosophe médiéval (né dans le Brabant vers 1240 - mort à Orvieto avant le 10 novembre 1284).
  • Zeger of Siger van Brabant (Latijn: Sigerus of Sigerius de Brabantia) (Brabant rond 1235/40 - Orvieto, na 1278, maar voor 10 november 1284) was een dertiende-eeuwse filosofieleraar aan de Parijse faculteit der vrije kunsten. Hij vertegenwoordigde een radicaal aristotelisme, dat nauw aansloot op de Aristoteles-commentaren van de twaalfde-eeuwse Andalusische, islamitische wijsgeer Averroes. Om die reden werd de stroming, waar Zeger de belangrijkste vertegenwoordiger van was, vanaf de negentiende eeuw in navolging van het door Thomas van Aquino in het leven geroepen begrip averroista („averroïst“) ook als averroïsme aangeduid.
  • Siger z Brabantu (asi 1235–1240, Brabantské vévodství – asi 1280–1284, Orvieto) byl středověký filosof působící v Paříži na artistické fakultě, čelný tehdejší stoupenec aristotelismu v Averroově interpretaci. Zastával názor, že existuje jediný nesmrtelný nadindividuální rozum, který se projevuje ve všech lidech, zatímco duše je smrtelná, že svět je věčný a nikoli stvořený a že nadpřirozené zázraky jsou nemožné. Přes tyto nauky odporující křesťanské ortodoxii, za něž byl kritizován soudobými církevními autoritami, Dante Sigera ve své Božské komedii umístil do ráje (Ráj 10,133–138). Z dochovaných pramenů se zdá, že Siger zemřel násilnou smrtí rukou svého zešílevšího sekretáře.
  • Siger de Brabant (c.1240 - Orvieto, c.1284) fou un filòsof medieval, principal figura de l'averroisme llatí. Nasqué en un lloc desconegut de Brabant, un ducat que es trobava als actuals Bèlgica i Països Baixos. Fou professor de la Facultat d'Arts, a la Universitat de París, i fou un dels principals intel·lectuals censurats per les condemnes del 1277, quan l'Església cristiana rebutjà per herètiques 219 tesis aristotèliques.Poc temps després de la mort de Tomàs d'Aquino, el 1276, Siger de Brabant fou citat a declarar davant de la Inquisició a França. Després de ser declarat heretge, sembla que Siger va marxar de París, i es va refugiar a Orvieto, Itàlia. La hipòtesi més probable de la seva mort, pocs anys més tard, és que fos assassinat amb una ploma pel seu secretari en un atac de bogeria; els seus detractors afirmaren que mereixia aquesta mort, en haver causat tant de mal escrivint.
  • Siger de Brabant (castellanizado Sigerio de Brabante) fue un filósofo de la escolástica nacido en la región de Brabante hacia 1240 y fallecido en Orvieto antes de 1285.
  • Сигер Брабантский (Sigerius de Brabantia или Siger de Brabantt) (около 1240—1284, Орвието) — французский философ, магистр, затем профессор факультета искусств Парижского университета, основатель артистического факультета Парижского университета, основатель западноевропейского (т. н. «латинского») аверроизма. Автор трактатов и комментариев к «Физике», «Метафизике» и другим сочинениям Аристотеля.Сигер считал, что истина рационального знания может прийти в противоречие с истиной религиозного откровения. Он признавал существование Бога как первопричины, отрицал творение из ничего, считал, что мир «совечен» Богу. Сигер пришёл к выводу о вечности и несотворимости мира, полагая, что Бог есть перводвигатель, но не создатель сущего, отрицал бессмертие индивидуальной души человека, отстаивал приоритет разума. Центральным в доктрине Сигера Брабансткого было учение о едином, универсальном разуме — общем всему человечеству.Он был прозван современниками «Великим». Взгляды Сигера Брабантского были осуждены Альбертом фон Больштедтом, Фомой Аквинским (см. ниже: «О единстве разума против аверроистов») и др. Сигер неоднократно (1270 и 1277 гг.) вызывался в Рим к папскому двору, был предан суду инквизиции, во время следствия убит личным секретарём. Философские воззрения Сигера Брабантского отражали оппозицию бюргерства феодальному миру.
  • Siger of Brabant (Sigerus, Sighier, Sigieri or Sygerius de Brabantia; c. 1240 – 1280s) was a 13th-century philosopher from the southern Low Countries who was an important proponent of Averroism. He was considered a radical by the conservative members of the Roman Catholic Church, but it is suggested that he played as important a role as his contemporary Thomas Aquinas in the shaping of Western attitudes towards faith and reason.[citation needed]Little is known about many of the details of his life. In 1266, he was attached to the Faculty of Arts in the University of Paris at the time when a riot erupted between the French and Picard "nations" of students—a series of loosely organized fraternities. The papal legate threatened Siger with execution as the ringleader of the Picard attack on the French, but no further action was taken. During the succeeding 10 years, he wrote the six works which are ascribed to him and were published under his name by Pierre Mandonnet in 1899. The titles of these treatises are:De anima intellectiva (1270)Quaestiones logicalesQuaestiones naturalesDe aeternitate mundiQuaestio utrum haec sit vera: Homo est animal nullo homine existenteImpossibiliaIn 1271, he was once more involved in a party struggle. The minority among the "nations" chose him as rector in opposition to the elected candidate, Aubri de Rheims. For three years the strife continued, and was probably based on the opposition between the Averroists, Siger and Pierre Dubois, and the more orthodox schoolmen. The matter was settled by the Papal Legate, Simon de Brion, afterwards Pope Martin IV. Siger retired from Paris to Liège.Averroism was controversial because it taught Aristotle in its original form with no reconciliation with Christian belief. Siger was accused of teaching "double truth"—that is, saying one thing could be true through reason, and that the opposite could be true through faith. Because Siger was a scholastic, he probably did not teach double truths but tried to find reconciliations between faith and reason.In 1277, a general condemnation of Aristotelianism included a special clause directed against Boetius of Dacia and Siger of Brabant. Again Siger and Bernier de Nivelles were summoned to appear on a charge of heresy, especially in connection with the Impossibilia, where the existence of God is discussed. It appears, however, that Siger and Boetius fled to Italy and, according to John Peckham, archbishop of Canterbury, perished miserably.The manner of Siger's death, which occurred at Orvieto, is not known. A Brabantine chronicle says that he was stabbed by an insane secretary (a clerico suo quasi dementi). The secretary is said to have used a pen as the murder weapon and his critics claimed since he had done so much damage with his pen, he deserved what was coming. Dante, in the Paradiso (x.134-6), says that he found "death slow in coming," and some have concluded that this indicates death by suicide. A 13th-century sonnet by one Durante (xcii.9-14) says that he was executed at Orvieto: "a ghiado it fe' morire a gran dolore, Nella corte di Roma ad Orbivieto." The date of this may have been 1283-1284 when Pope Martin IV was in residence at Orvieto. His fellow radicals were lying low in the face of the Condemnations of 1277 and there was no investigation into his murder.In politics he held that good laws were better than good rulers, and criticised papal infallibility in temporal affairs. The importance of Siger in philosophy lies in his acceptance of Averroism in its entirety, which drew upon him the opposition of Albertus Magnus and Aquinas.In December 1270, Averroism was condemned by ecclesiastical authority, and during his whole life Siger was exposed to persecution both from the Church and from purely philosophic opponents. In view of this, it is curious that Dante should place him in Paradise at the side of Aquinas and Isidore of Seville. Probably Dante knew of him only from the chronicler than as a persecuted philosopher.
  • 시제루스(1240 – 1280s, Siger of Brabant)는 파리의 아베로에스주의자들을 이끈 가장 대표적 중세의 철학자로 이중진리론을 주장하였다.
  • Siger von Brabant (lat. Sigerus oder Sigerius de Brabantia, * um 1235/1240 in Brabant; † vor dem 10. November 1284 in Orvieto) war Philosophielehrer an der Pariser Artistenfakultät und Vertreter eines radikalen Aristotelismus, der sich eng an den Aristoteleskommentaren von Averroes orientierte und deshalb später, in Anknüpfung an den von Thomas von Aquin geprägten Begriff averroista („Averroist“), als Averroismus bezeichnet wurde.
  • Sigieri da Brabante (Brabante, prima metà del XIII secolo – Orvieto, 1282) è stato un filosofo fiammingo.Averroista, fu interprete del filone della teologia scientifica in chiave "oppositiva" rispetto alla lettura "conciliativa" proposta da Tommaso d'Aquino.
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  • Siger de Brabant, philosophe médiéval (né dans le Brabant vers 1240 - mort à Orvieto avant le 10 novembre 1284).
  • Siger de Brabant (castellanizado Sigerio de Brabante) fue un filósofo de la escolástica nacido en la región de Brabante hacia 1240 y fallecido en Orvieto antes de 1285.
  • 시제루스(1240 – 1280s, Siger of Brabant)는 파리의 아베로에스주의자들을 이끈 가장 대표적 중세의 철학자로 이중진리론을 주장하였다.
  • Siger von Brabant (lat. Sigerus oder Sigerius de Brabantia, * um 1235/1240 in Brabant; † vor dem 10. November 1284 in Orvieto) war Philosophielehrer an der Pariser Artistenfakultät und Vertreter eines radikalen Aristotelismus, der sich eng an den Aristoteleskommentaren von Averroes orientierte und deshalb später, in Anknüpfung an den von Thomas von Aquin geprägten Begriff averroista („Averroist“), als Averroismus bezeichnet wurde.
  • Sigieri da Brabante (Brabante, prima metà del XIII secolo – Orvieto, 1282) è stato un filosofo fiammingo.Averroista, fu interprete del filone della teologia scientifica in chiave "oppositiva" rispetto alla lettura "conciliativa" proposta da Tommaso d'Aquino.
  • Siger of Brabant (Sigerus, Sighier, Sigieri or Sygerius de Brabantia; c. 1240 – 1280s) was a 13th-century philosopher from the southern Low Countries who was an important proponent of Averroism.
  • Siger z Brabancji, Sigerus, Sighier, Sigieri Sygerius (ok. 1240-1280) – XIII-wieczny filozof urodzony w okolicach dzisiejszej Belgii. Był jednym z głównych propagatorów awerroizmu. Był uznawany za "radykalnego" przez konserwatystów Kościoła, jednak uważa się, że odgrywał równie istotną rolę jak współczesny mu Tomasz z Akwinu w kształtowaniu poglądów zachodniej Europy na kwestie wiary i rozumu. Istnieje wiele rozbieżności co do faktów dotyczących jego życia.W 1266 r.
  • Сигер Брабантский (Sigerius de Brabantia или Siger de Brabantt) (около 1240—1284, Орвието) — французский философ, магистр, затем профессор факультета искусств Парижского университета, основатель артистического факультета Парижского университета, основатель западноевропейского (т. н. «латинского») аверроизма.
  • Siger de Brabant (c.1240 - Orvieto, c.1284) fou un filòsof medieval, principal figura de l'averroisme llatí. Nasqué en un lloc desconegut de Brabant, un ducat que es trobava als actuals Bèlgica i Països Baixos.
  • Siger z Brabantu (asi 1235–1240, Brabantské vévodství – asi 1280–1284, Orvieto) byl středověký filosof působící v Paříži na artistické fakultě, čelný tehdejší stoupenec aristotelismu v Averroově interpretaci. Zastával názor, že existuje jediný nesmrtelný nadindividuální rozum, který se projevuje ve všech lidech, zatímco duše je smrtelná, že svět je věčný a nikoli stvořený a že nadpřirozené zázraky jsou nemožné.
  • Zeger of Siger van Brabant (Latijn: Sigerus of Sigerius de Brabantia) (Brabant rond 1235/40 - Orvieto, na 1278, maar voor 10 november 1284) was een dertiende-eeuwse filosofieleraar aan de Parijse faculteit der vrije kunsten. Hij vertegenwoordigde een radicaal aristotelisme, dat nauw aansloot op de Aristoteles-commentaren van de twaalfde-eeuwse Andalusische, islamitische wijsgeer Averroes.
rdfs:label
  • Siger de Brabant
  • Siger de Brabant
  • Siger de Brabant
  • Siger of Brabant
  • Siger von Brabant
  • Siger z Brabancji
  • Siger z Brabantu
  • Sigieri da Brabante
  • Zeger van Brabant
  • Сигер Брабантский
  • 시제루스
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