Le siège de Mantoue (1796-1797) eut lieu du 30 mai au 1er août 1796 puis du 27 août 1796 au 2 février 1797.

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  • Le siège de Mantoue (1796-1797) eut lieu du 30 mai au 1er août 1796 puis du 27 août 1796 au 2 février 1797.
  • Il primo assedio di Mantova ebbe luogo durante la campagna d'Italia del 1796-1797 iniziata da Napoleone Bonaparte, il quale, dopo aver sconfitto Vittorio Amedeo III e le forze austriache di Jean-Pierre de Beaulieu a Lodi, si spinse verso est cingendo d'assedio la città dell'attuale Lombardia. L'assedio, impostato dai francesi dopo la battaglia di Lodi, si articolò in tre fasi: una prima volta i francesi levarono l'assedio per fronteggiare la controffensiva dei generali austriaci Würmser e Quosdanovich che, benché sconfitti, riuscirono a rinforzare la guarnigione ritornata nel frattempo sotto assedio; il secondo assedio ebbe termine il 12 settembre 1796 quando Würmser, tallonato dai francesi, forzò con successo il blocco nemico entrando con i suoi uomini in città ma rimanendovi a sua volta bloccato.Altri tentativi austriaci di liberare la città vennero frustrati dai francesi in seguito alla battaglia del Ponte di Arcole e di Rivoli, determinando la caduta della città, conclusasi con l'onore delle armi concesso a Würmser, il 2 febbraio 1797.
  • During the Siege of Mantua, which lasted from 4 July 1796 to 2 February 1797 with a short break, French forces under the overall command of Napoleon Bonaparte besieged and blockaded a large Austrian garrison for many months until it surrendered. This disaster, together with the heavy losses incurred during four unsuccessful relief attempts, led indirectly to the Austrians suing for peace in 1797. The siege occurred during the War of the First Coalition, which is part of the French Revolutionary Wars. Mantua, a city in the Lombardy region of Italy, lies on the Mincio River.After driving the Austrian army out of northwest and north-central Italy, the French invested the fortress of Mantua starting in early June 1796. In late July, a new Austrian commander, Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser led an army to the relief of Josef Franz Canto d'Irles' garrison from the north. Mantua was reached and the French were forced to abandon the siege. However, the Austrians were subsequently beaten in the battles of Lonato and Castiglione. Forced to retreat, Wurmser resupplied and reinforced the fortress with food and able-bodied troops. After withdrawing north up the Adige River, Wurmser planned to move his main army through the mountains to Bassano via the Brenta valley. From there he would mount the second relief of Mantua from the northeast. In an exceedingly bold maneuver, Bonaparte smashed Paul Davidovich's covering force and followed Wurmser down the Brenta valley. Overcoming the Austrian army at Bassano in early September, Bonaparte tried to destroy Wurmser but failed. Instead he chased the bulk of the Austrian army into Mantua. The garrison now counted 30,000 men, but cut off from outside help, disease and starvation began mowing down Wurmser's troops. A new commander József Alvinczi led the third relief of Mantua in November. While Alvinczi marched from the northeast, Davidovich's column moved down from the north. Alvinczi defeated Bonaparte twice and moved to the gates of Verona while Davidovich drubbed his French opponent in the Adige valley. At his last gasp, Bonaparte crossed the Adige behind Alvinczi's left flank at Arcole. The fighting raged for three days but the French finally prevailed, forcing the Austrians to pull back. Free of Alvinczi, Bonaparte attacked Davidovich and forced his corps to retreat also. For the fourth relief of Mantua, Alvinczi advanced his main army from the north while sending two smaller columns to threaten the French from the northeast. The French crushed the Austrian main army at Rivoli. Leaving two divisions to finish off Alvinczi, Bonaparte rapidly moved south and arrived near Mantua in time to destroy one of the other Austrian columns. With no hope of further help, Wurmser surrendered Mantua in early February.
  • Die Belagerung von Mantua war Teil des Italienfeldzuges von Napoleon Bonaparte, der vor allem gegen Österreich gerichtet war. Mantua nahm eine strategische Schlüsselstellung ein, weil es den Zugang nach Tirol beherrschte, und war schließlich die letzte österreichische Bastion in Norditalien. Die Belagerung begann Anfang Juni 1796. Wegen des Herannahen eines österreichischen Entsatzheeres musste Napoleon die Belagerung am 31. Juli aufheben. In verschiedenen Gefechten und Schlachten blieb Napoleon siegreich, sodass er seit Ende August die Stadt erneut blockieren ließ. Weitere Entsatzversuche der Österreicher schlugen fehl, und der inzwischen in der Stadt kommandierende Feldmarschall Dagobert Wurmser kapitulierte am 2. Februar 1797. Die Belagerung kostete nicht nur durch direkte Kriegshandlungen, sondern vor allem durch Seuchen auf beiden Seiten zahlreiche Opfer.
  • Oblężenie Mantui - wydarzenie z czasów wojen napoleońskich. Miało miejsce podczas wojny Francji z państwami I koalicji antyfrancuskiej, było jednym z głównych etapów kampanii włoskiej. Oblężenie trwało od 4 czerwca 1796 do 2 lutego 1797, z krótką przerwą (od 1 do 27 sierpnia 1796). Zakończyło się zdobyciem miasta przez francuską armię dowodzoną przez Napoleona Bonaparte.
dbpedia-owl:depictionDescription
  • Reddition de Mantoue, le 2 février 1797: le général Wurmser se rend au général Sérurier,Hippolyte Lecomte,salon de 1812,Musée de l'Histoire de France (Versailles).
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  • Victoire française
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  • 1796-07-04 (xsd:date)
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  • • Napoléon Bonaparte
  • • Jean Sérurier
  • • Charles Jennings de Kilmaine
  • • Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser
  • • Josef Franz Canto d'Irles
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  • Siège de Mantoue
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  • Italie/Lombardie
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  • Victoire française
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  • Le siège de Mantoue (1796-1797) eut lieu du 30 mai au 1er août 1796 puis du 27 août 1796 au 2 février 1797.
  • Oblężenie Mantui - wydarzenie z czasów wojen napoleońskich. Miało miejsce podczas wojny Francji z państwami I koalicji antyfrancuskiej, było jednym z głównych etapów kampanii włoskiej. Oblężenie trwało od 4 czerwca 1796 do 2 lutego 1797, z krótką przerwą (od 1 do 27 sierpnia 1796). Zakończyło się zdobyciem miasta przez francuską armię dowodzoną przez Napoleona Bonaparte.
  • During the Siege of Mantua, which lasted from 4 July 1796 to 2 February 1797 with a short break, French forces under the overall command of Napoleon Bonaparte besieged and blockaded a large Austrian garrison for many months until it surrendered. This disaster, together with the heavy losses incurred during four unsuccessful relief attempts, led indirectly to the Austrians suing for peace in 1797.
  • Die Belagerung von Mantua war Teil des Italienfeldzuges von Napoleon Bonaparte, der vor allem gegen Österreich gerichtet war. Mantua nahm eine strategische Schlüsselstellung ein, weil es den Zugang nach Tirol beherrschte, und war schließlich die letzte österreichische Bastion in Norditalien. Die Belagerung begann Anfang Juni 1796. Wegen des Herannahen eines österreichischen Entsatzheeres musste Napoleon die Belagerung am 31. Juli aufheben.
  • Il primo assedio di Mantova ebbe luogo durante la campagna d'Italia del 1796-1797 iniziata da Napoleone Bonaparte, il quale, dopo aver sconfitto Vittorio Amedeo III e le forze austriache di Jean-Pierre de Beaulieu a Lodi, si spinse verso est cingendo d'assedio la città dell'attuale Lombardia.
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  • Siège de Mantoue (1796-1797)
  • Assedio di Mantova (1796)
  • Belagerung von Mantua (1796–1797)
  • Oblężenie Mantui (1796-1797)
  • Siege of Mantua (1796–97)
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