L'expression « Santé-environnement » est apparue à la fin du XXe siècle.

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  • L'expression « Santé-environnement » est apparue à la fin du XXe siècle. Elle désigne le champ commun aux hypothèses, connaissances et théories prospectives portant sur les relations possibles entre : d'une part des variables environnementales (facteurs biogéographiques, pollutions et nuisances environnementales..) mais aussi facteurs concernant la qualité de l'alimentation, de l'environnement intérieur (air, bruit, champ électromagnétique, radioactivité...) et de travail (exposition à des toxiques, une fatigue anormale ou à des facteurs spécifiques de stress) ; et d'autre part la santé ; ainsi que la surveillance de celles-ci. Ce domaine est en pleine évolution, grâce notamment aux progrès de la modélisation, des outils informatiques et de l'Internet (bases de données de plus en plus riches et interconnectées) et à l’information statistique (indicateur) mieux collectée et moins difficilement disponible (cf. problèmes induits par les droits sur les données et/ou la confidentialité des données privées) qui ont montré l'importance d'une approche plus globale, heuristique et intégrant mieux les aspects sociopsychologiques, et écoépidémiologiques. Ces progrès permettent de confronter statistiquement la description de l'évolution de l'état sanitaire d’une population à différents indicateurs environnementaux et/ou sociodémographiques. Des études récentes, croisant les données écologiques et sanitaires à échelle planétaire, sur la base de statistiques accumulées depuis 1940 montrent que les maladies émergentes sont en hausse depuis un siècle (quasi-quadruplement en 50 ans).Des virus très pathogènes et à potentiel élevé de pandémie VIH / sida, syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère (SRAS), virus de la fièvre du Nil occidental, virus Ebola, H5N1, etc. semblent récemment apparus chez l'homme, à partir de l'animal [réf. souhaitée]span /.
  • Çevre sağlığı, bir canlının yaşamını sürdürmek için içinde bulunduğu ortamda ihtiyaçlar piramidi içerisinde etkileşime girdiği her türlü faktörün istenmeyen etkilerinin engellenmesi amaçlı fikir ve faaliyetlerdir. Sağlık, bir canlının ruhen, bedenen ve sosyal olarak tam bir iyilik hali olarak tanımlanmıştır. Çevre sağlığı tabirinde ise, özne çevre yerine varlığa yüklenerek onun, çevresel etkenlere karşı korunması hali ve çevresel etkenlerin ona entegre edilmesi tanımlanmaktadır. Demek ki çevre sağlığı; Varlığın, olumsuz olarak tarif edilen her türlü çevresel etkene karşı korunması ve onunla çevresel etkenleri belirlenen kriterlere uyumlu olarak bir arada tutma hizmetidir.
  • Salud ambiental, según la Organización Mundial de la Salud, es "aquella disciplina que comprende aquellos aspectos de la salud humana, incluida la calidad de vida y el bienestar social, que son determinados por factores ambientales físicos; químicos, biológicos, sociales y psico-sociales. También se refiere a la teoría y práctica de evaluar, corregir, controlar y prevenir aquellos factores en el medio ambiente que pueden potencialmente afectar adversamente la salud de presentes y futuras generaciones".La conciencia de que un medio ambiente, un medio laboral y doméstico deteriorado produce enfermedades supone un nuevo escenario para acometer su estudio y mejoramiento. Antes la salud ambiental se vinculaba a condiciones puntuales como los efectos de la contaminación nuclear o ciertas profesiones peligrosas, y se creía que la ciencia resolvería cualquier problema. Ahora, el agujero de ozono, la gestión de residuos, la calidad del agua, y los riesgos ambientales que el ser humano todavía no sabe manejar, sumados a la pobreza y la marginación, brindan un panorama más complejo que afecta la salud pública. El medio ambiente y la consecuencia directa en la regulación de los genes como está guiado por la interacción de herencia y ambiente. Esto explica que personas genéticamente idénticas, como los gemelos, acaben siendo distintas con el paso del tiempo.
  • Saúde ambiental é a parte da saúde pública que engloba os problemas resultantes dos efeitos que o ambiente exerce sobre o bem-estar físico e mental do ser humano, como parte integrante de uma comunidade.O técnico de saúde ambiental actua no controlo sanitário do meio ambiente, cabendo-lhe detectar, identificar, analisar, prevenir e corrigir riscos ambientais para a saúde, actuais ou potenciais, que possam ser originados: Por fenómenos naturais ou por actividades humanas; Pela evolução dos aglomerados populacionais; Pelo funcionamento de serviços, estabelecimentos e locais de utilização pública; Por quaisquer outras causas.
  • Umweltgesundheit ist ein Begriff, der sich ursprünglich aus dem englischen Environmental Health ableitet und den Bereich des Gesundheitswesens bezeichnet, der sich mit potentiell gesundheitsschädigenden Umwelteinflüssen beschäftigt. Synonym ist der Begriff Umwelthygiene gebräuchlich.Die Umweltgesundheit spricht all die physikalischen, chemischen und biologischen Umweltfaktoren an, die von außen über die Luft, das Wasser, die Nahrungsmitteln und die Strahlungen auf den Menschen einwirken können.
  • Environmental health is the branch of public health that is concerned with all aspects of the natural and built environment that may affect human health. Other terms referring to or concerning environmental health are environmental public health, and public health protection / environmental health protection. Environmental health should not be confused with environmental protection; environmental health is concerned with protecting both the natural and built environments for the benefit of human health, whereas environmental protection is concerned with protecting the natural environment mainly for the benefit of ecosystems."Environmental health addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours. It encompasses the assessment and control of those environmental factors that can potentially affect health. It is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments. This definition excludes behaviour not related to environment, as well as behaviour related to the social and cultural environment, as well as genetics.":Environmental health is defined by the World Health Organization as:Those aspects of the human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing and controlling factors in the environment that can potentially affect health.Environmental health as used by the WHO Regional Office for Europe, includes both the direct pathological effects of chemicals, radiation and some biological agents, and the effects (often indirect) on health and well being of the broad physical, psychological, social and cultural environment, which includes housing, urban development, land use and transport.Environmental health services are defined by the World Health Organization as:those services which implement environmental health policies through monitoring and control activities. They also carry out that role by promoting the improvement of environmental parameters and by encouraging the use of environmentally friendly and healthy technologies and behaviors. They also have a leading role in developing and suggesting new policy areas.Environmental medicine may be seen as the medical branch of the broader field of environmental health. Terminology is not fully established, and in many European countries they are used interchangeably.
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  • L'expression « Santé-environnement » est apparue à la fin du XXe siècle.
  • Saúde ambiental é a parte da saúde pública que engloba os problemas resultantes dos efeitos que o ambiente exerce sobre o bem-estar físico e mental do ser humano, como parte integrante de uma comunidade.O técnico de saúde ambiental actua no controlo sanitário do meio ambiente, cabendo-lhe detectar, identificar, analisar, prevenir e corrigir riscos ambientais para a saúde, actuais ou potenciais, que possam ser originados: Por fenómenos naturais ou por actividades humanas; Pela evolução dos aglomerados populacionais; Pelo funcionamento de serviços, estabelecimentos e locais de utilização pública; Por quaisquer outras causas.
  • Umweltgesundheit ist ein Begriff, der sich ursprünglich aus dem englischen Environmental Health ableitet und den Bereich des Gesundheitswesens bezeichnet, der sich mit potentiell gesundheitsschädigenden Umwelteinflüssen beschäftigt. Synonym ist der Begriff Umwelthygiene gebräuchlich.Die Umweltgesundheit spricht all die physikalischen, chemischen und biologischen Umweltfaktoren an, die von außen über die Luft, das Wasser, die Nahrungsmitteln und die Strahlungen auf den Menschen einwirken können.
  • Çevre sağlığı, bir canlının yaşamını sürdürmek için içinde bulunduğu ortamda ihtiyaçlar piramidi içerisinde etkileşime girdiği her türlü faktörün istenmeyen etkilerinin engellenmesi amaçlı fikir ve faaliyetlerdir. Sağlık, bir canlının ruhen, bedenen ve sosyal olarak tam bir iyilik hali olarak tanımlanmıştır. Çevre sağlığı tabirinde ise, özne çevre yerine varlığa yüklenerek onun, çevresel etkenlere karşı korunması hali ve çevresel etkenlerin ona entegre edilmesi tanımlanmaktadır.
  • Environmental health is the branch of public health that is concerned with all aspects of the natural and built environment that may affect human health. Other terms referring to or concerning environmental health are environmental public health, and public health protection / environmental health protection.
  • Salud ambiental, según la Organización Mundial de la Salud, es "aquella disciplina que comprende aquellos aspectos de la salud humana, incluida la calidad de vida y el bienestar social, que son determinados por factores ambientales físicos; químicos, biológicos, sociales y psico-sociales.
rdfs:label
  • Santé-environnement
  • Environmental health
  • Salud ambiental
  • Saúde ambiental
  • Umweltgesundheit
  • Çevre sağlığı
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