Robert Fox Bacher (31 août 1905 – 18 novembre 2004) est un physicien américain et un des leaders du projet Manhattan.Portail de la physique Portail de la physique Portail des États-Unis Portail des États-Unis

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Robert Fox Bacher (31 août 1905 – 18 novembre 2004) est un physicien américain et un des leaders du projet Manhattan.Portail de la physique Portail de la physique Portail des États-Unis Portail des États-Unis
  • Robert Fox Bacher (Loudonville, Ohio, 31 d'agost de 1905 - Montecito, Califòrnia, 18 de novembre de 2004) va ser un físic nuclear estatunidenc conegut per ser un dels líders del projecte Manhattan.
  • Robert Fox Bacher (* 31. August 1905 in Loudonville, Ohio; † 18. November 2004 in Montecito) war ein US-amerikanischer Kernphysiker.Bacher war ein experimenteller Kernphysiker, promovierte 1930 an der Universität Michigan und wurde nach Post-Doc Zeit am Massachusetts Institute of Technology, der University of Michigan und der Columbia University 1935 Instructor und später Professor für Physik an der Cornell University, wo er 1946/47 das "Laboratory of nuclear studies" leitete und mit Hans Bethe zusammenarbeitete. Während des Zweiten Weltkrieges arbeitete er im Manhattan-Projekt zur Entwicklung der ersten Atombombe als Leiter der Abteilung für experimentelle Physik (1943/44), und nach Fertigstellung der Bombe 1944/45 als Leiter der "bomb physics division".Nicht zuletzt deswegen erhielt er 1946 die Verdienstmedaille des US-Präsidenten. Auch nach Los Alamos war er an der Waffenentwicklung und als Regierungsberater (z. B. bei den Verhandlungen zum Teststopp-Abkommen 1958) tätig. 1946 bis 1949 war er in der Atomic Energy Commission der USA und 1957 bis 1962 im Naval Research Advisory Committee der US-Marine. 1957 bis 1959 war er im President´s Advisory Committee (PSAC).1949 ging er ans California Institute of Technology (Caltech), wo er wichtige administratorische Funktionen erfüllte. Er war 1949 bis 1962 Leiter der Fakultät für Physik, Mathematik und Astronomie und machte sie, indem er mit dafür verantwortlich war Richard Feynman und Murray Gell-Mann ans Caltech zu holen, zu einem landesweiten Anziehungspunkt begabter Studenten. Er prägte dort das "High energy physics" Programm und gab die Initiative für den Ausbau der Radioastronomie am Caltech. In den 1960er Jahren war er Provost (1962 bis 1970) und Vize-Präsident des Caltech. 1976 emeritierte er.Bacher war seit 1994 verwitwet. Er hinterlässt den Sohn Andrew und die Tochter Martha Bacher Eaton.1964 war er Präsident der American Physical Society. Seit 1947 war er Mitglied der National Academy of Sciences. 1950 bis 1960 war er im Rat (Board of Trustees) der Rand Corporation und 1959 bis 1976 in dem der Carnegie Corporation.
  • Robert Fox Bacher (Loudonville, 31 de agosto de 1905 — Montecito, 18 de novembro de 2004) foi um físico estadunidense.
  • Robert Fox Bacher (August 31, 1905 – November 18, 2004) was an American nuclear physicist and one of the leaders of the Manhattan Project. Born in Loudonville, Ohio, Bacher obtained his undergraduate degree and doctorate from the University of Michigan, writing his 1930 doctoral thesis under the supervision of Samuel Goudsmit on the Zeeman effect of the hyperfine structure of atomic levels. After graduate work at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he accepted a job at Columbia University. In 1935 he accepted an offer from Hans Bethe to work with him at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, a university town similar to Ann Arbor, where Bacher and his wife Jean had been raised. At Cornell, Bacher worked with Bethe on his book Nuclear Physics. A: Stationary States of Nuclei (1936), the first of three books that would become known as the "Bethe Bible".In December 1940, Bacher joined the Radiation Laboratory at MIT, although he did not immediately cease his research at Cornell into the neutron cross section of cadmium. The Radiation Laboratory was organized into two sections, one for incoming radar signals, and one for outgoing radar signals. Bacher was appointed to handle the incoming signals section. Here he gained valuable experience in administration, coordinating not just the efforts of his scientists, but also those of General Electric and RCA. In 1942, Bacher was approached by Robert Oppenheimer to join the Manhattan Project at its new laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico. It was at Bacher's insistence that Los Alamos became a civilian rather than a military laboratory. At Los Alamos, Bacher headed the project's P (Physics) Division, and later its G (Gadget) Division. Bacher worked closely with Oppenheimer, and the two men discussed the project's progress on a daily basis.After the war, Bacher became director of the Laboratory of Nuclear Studies at Cornell. He also served on the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, the civilian agency that replaced the wartime Manhattan Project, and in 1947 he became one of its inaugural commissioners. He left in 1949 to become head Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy at Caltech. He was appointed a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) in 1958. In 1962, he became Caltech's vice president and provost. He stepped down from the post of provost in 1970, and became a professor emeritus in 1976. He died in 2004 at the age of 99.
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 7180362 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageLength
  • 698 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 10 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 107338080 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dcterms:subject
rdfs:comment
  • Robert Fox Bacher (31 août 1905 – 18 novembre 2004) est un physicien américain et un des leaders du projet Manhattan.Portail de la physique Portail de la physique Portail des États-Unis Portail des États-Unis
  • Robert Fox Bacher (Loudonville, Ohio, 31 d'agost de 1905 - Montecito, Califòrnia, 18 de novembre de 2004) va ser un físic nuclear estatunidenc conegut per ser un dels líders del projecte Manhattan.
  • Robert Fox Bacher (Loudonville, 31 de agosto de 1905 — Montecito, 18 de novembro de 2004) foi um físico estadunidense.
  • Robert Fox Bacher (* 31. August 1905 in Loudonville, Ohio; † 18.
  • Robert Fox Bacher (August 31, 1905 – November 18, 2004) was an American nuclear physicist and one of the leaders of the Manhattan Project. Born in Loudonville, Ohio, Bacher obtained his undergraduate degree and doctorate from the University of Michigan, writing his 1930 doctoral thesis under the supervision of Samuel Goudsmit on the Zeeman effect of the hyperfine structure of atomic levels.
rdfs:label
  • Robert Bacher
  • Robert Bacher
  • Robert Bacher
  • Robert Bacher
  • Robert Bacher
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink of
is foaf:primaryTopic of