L’Inde est le foyer de quatre religions : l'hindouisme, le bouddhisme, le jaïnisme et le sikhisme. Dans l'histoire du pays, la religion a souvent joué un rôle important et la diversité et la tolérance religieuses sont des traits significatifs de la culture indienne, aujourd'hui reconnus par la loi.

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  • L’Inde est le foyer de quatre religions : l'hindouisme, le bouddhisme, le jaïnisme et le sikhisme. Dans l'histoire du pays, la religion a souvent joué un rôle important et la diversité et la tolérance religieuses sont des traits significatifs de la culture indienne, aujourd'hui reconnus par la loi. L'immense majorité des Indiens se reconnaissent dans une religion et celle-ci joue souvent un rôle primordial dans leur vie.Selon le recensement de 2001, l'hindouisme est de loin la religion la plus pratiquée : elle regroupe plus de 827 millions de fidèles, soit 80,5 % de la population. L'Inde compte 138 millions de musulmans, soit 13,4 % de la population. Les chrétiens, dont certains font partie des plus anciennes communautés chrétiennes du monde (chrétiens de saint Thomas), sont 24 millions (2,3 % de la population). Les Sikhs, qui habitent en majorité au Penjab, sont 19 millions (1,9 % de la population). Les bouddhistes sont 7,9 millions (0,8 % de la population) et les jaïns 4,2 millions (0,4 %). Le zoroastrisme et le judaïsme ont également une longue histoire en Inde et comptent toujours plusieurs milliers de fidèles. Le pays accueille également la plus grande communauté bahá'ie au monde.La diaspora indienne en Occident a popularisé certains aspects de la spiritualité hindoue, comme le yoga, la médecine ayurvédique, la divination, le végétarianisme, le karma et la réincarnation. La Constitution fait de l'Inde une république laïque, interdit la discrimination fondée sur la religion et consacre la liberté de conscience. Mais le droit civil indien reconnait l'application du droit hindou ou de la charia pour les citoyens hindous ou musulmans respectivement et, de manière générale, la religion joue un rôle important dans la vie sociale. Les Indiens sont généralement tolérants vis-à-vis de la foi d'autrui. Cependant, les mariages inter-religieux restent rares et les tensions communautaires nées avant l'Indépendance ne sont pas entièrement retombées : elles continuent périodiquement d'agiter le pays, pouvant conduire à des émeutes et des morts, notamment entre hindous et musulmans.
  • Religion in India is characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. India is the birthplace of four of the world's major religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. Throughout India's history, religion has been an important part of the country's culture. Religious diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by the law and custom.According to the 2001 census, 80.3% of the population of India practice Hinduism. Islam (13.0%), Christianity (2.4%), Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (1.5%) and Jainism (0.4%) are the other major religions followed by the people of India. There are also numerous minor tribal traditions, though these have been affected by major religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity.The amount of diversity in the religious belief systems of India today, is a result of both the existence of many native religions and also, the assimilation and social integration of religions brought to the region by travellers, immigrants, traders, and even invaders and conquerors such as the Mughals.Zoroastrianism and Judaism also have an ancient history in India, and each has several thousands of Indian adherents. India has the largest population of people adhering to Zoroastrianism (i.e. Parsis and Iranis) and Bahá'í Faith in the world, even though these religions are not native to India. Many other world religions also have a relationship with Indian spirituality, such as the Baha'i faith which recognises Buddha and Krishna as manifestations of the God Almighty.The Indian diaspora in the West has popularised many aspects of Hindu philosophy such as yoga, meditation, Ayurvedic medicine, divination, karma, and reincarnation. The influence of Indian religions has been significant all over the world. Several organisations, such as the Hare Krishna movement, the Brahma Kumaris, the Ananda Marga, and others have spread Indian spiritual beliefs and practices.The Muslim population of India is the third largest in the world. India also has the third largest Shia population in the world. The shrines of some of the most famous saints of Sufism, like Moinuddin Chishti and Nizamuddin Auliya, are found in India, and attract visitors from all over the world. India is also home to some of the most famous monuments of Islamic architecture, such as the Taj Mahal and the Qutb Minar. Civil matters related to the community are dealt with by the Muslim Personal Law, and constitutional amendments in 1985 established its primacy in family matters.The Constitution of India declares the nation to be a secular republic that must uphold the right of citizens to freely worship and propagate any or no religion or faith. The Constitution of India also declares the right to freedom of religion to be a fundamental right.
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  • L’Inde est le foyer de quatre religions : l'hindouisme, le bouddhisme, le jaïnisme et le sikhisme. Dans l'histoire du pays, la religion a souvent joué un rôle important et la diversité et la tolérance religieuses sont des traits significatifs de la culture indienne, aujourd'hui reconnus par la loi.
  • Religion in India is characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. India is the birthplace of four of the world's major religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. Throughout India's history, religion has been an important part of the country's culture. Religious diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by the law and custom.According to the 2001 census, 80.3% of the population of India practice Hinduism.
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  • Religions en Inde
  • Religion in India
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