Le radif est un corpus musical considéré par les Iraniens comme un héritage dont le but est de préserver et transmettre les éléments significatifs de leur culture musicale ; il se compose de centaines de motifs mélodiques appelés gusheh classés dans des groupes appelés dastgah ou avaz. Les avaz sont des sous-groupes dérivés des dastgah.Il existe des radif-s pour divers instruments, de divers maîtres. Il s'agit donc d'une suite de motifs mélodiques permettant l'approche d'un mode.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Le radif est un corpus musical considéré par les Iraniens comme un héritage dont le but est de préserver et transmettre les éléments significatifs de leur culture musicale ; il se compose de centaines de motifs mélodiques appelés gusheh classés dans des groupes appelés dastgah ou avaz. Les avaz sont des sous-groupes dérivés des dastgah.Il existe des radif-s pour divers instruments, de divers maîtres. Il s'agit donc d'une suite de motifs mélodiques permettant l'approche d'un mode. Il faut les connaître par cœur pour pouvoir improviser à partir d'eux. « Le Radif de la musique iranienne » a été inscrit en 2009 par l'UNESCO sur la liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’humanité.Chaque dastgah ou avaz peut être considéré comme un mode musical. Le radif le plus connu est celui de Mirza Abdollah grand maître du setâr qui est constitué comme suit :Dastgah-e MahourDastgah-e ShurDastgah-e HomayounDastgah-e NavaDastgah-e RastpanjgahDastgah-e TchahargahDastgah-e SegahAvaz-e Bayat-e IspahanAvaz-e Bayat-e TorkAvaz-e Abu AtaAvaz-e AfshariAvaz-e Dashti
  • Radif (Persian: ردیف, meaning order in Persian) is a collection of many old melodic figures preserved through many generations by oral tradition. It organizes the melodies in a number of different tonal spaces called Dastgah. The traditional music of Iran is based on the radif, which is a collection of old melodies that have been handed down by the masters to the students through the generations. Over time, each master's own interpretation has shaped and added new melodies to this collection, which may bear the master's name.The preservation of these melodies greatly depended on each successive generation's memory and mastery, since the interpretive origin of this music was expressed only through the oral tradition.To truly learn and absorb the essence of the radif, many years of repetition and practice are required. A master of the Radif must internalize the Radif so completely to be able to perform any part of it at any given time.The Radif contains several different dastgahs which are distinguished from each other by their relationship of note intervals and the form of the movement of the melodies within them. A dastgah portrays a specific sonic space. A dastgah may contain approximately from 10 to 30 goushehs (melodies). The principal goushehs of the dastgah specify the different scales within that dastgah. The note, upon which the gousheh is based and often is the center of the gousheh, is called the shahed. The shahed moves when we modulate between principal goushehs, and this movement creates a new sonic space. Rhythm in these melodies takes three different forms: symmetric, asymmetric (lang), and free form. The rhythm is greatly influenced by the rhythm and meter of the Persian poetry. The instrumental and vocal radif are different from the rhythmical point of view; however, their melodic structures are the same.The Radifs for Tar are one of the most famous Radifs associated, with many old melodies collected that include 20-40 goushes in each Dastgahs. The Radif of Mirza Hossien Gholi is the oldest radif which is still in use for many students who wish to carry on learning Persian music. It is very famous as it consisted many melodies collected from Mirza Hossien Gholi's time and before. Many of the melodies where changed by Mirza Gholi and some kept same to the composer's desire, but the evidence is small to suggest melodies were changed or not, but due to Radif being passed down through oral tradition(not in notation) we cannot state whether melodies were changed as we cannot compare Notations or audios, but due to the mutations in music through oral transfer it is obvious.One of the most notable Tar players and repertoire of Mirza Hossien Gholi's Radif was Ostad Ali Akbar Shahnazi, who was the son of Mirza Hossien Gholi and was the first Tar player to record the Long Radif memorized by heart. His work is still used by many Masters and are now some directions which are followed by many Tar players. Of course Beginners-Intermediate students will not be able to follow his works on audio due to the Level which it was performed at, so not much will be understoud, but a Tar Master can expect to use it and re-focus on what was forgotten in his teachings at lesson with students. This can minimize mutations and keep the radif in line.The Radif was first published in notation by Dariush Pirniakan in the past 4 Decades and upgraded a few times due to errors. Though the radif is not popular with many young students it still is the consistute and basic of Persian music. It can be related to Classical music of western music that is not much popular, but forms the basic of Western Music.
  • ラディーフ (radif,ペルシア語: ردیف, ペルシア語で「列、並び続く」の意)は代々口伝により保存されてきた伝統的な旋律形をまとめたものである。異なる調性(ダストガーと呼ばれる)の数々の旋律を体系的にまとめている。イランの伝統音楽はこのラディーフと呼ばれる体系を基本にしており、含まれる伝統的な旋律は代々師弟関係の中で受け継がれてきたものである。歴史の中で、優れた音楽家がそれぞれの解釈により旋律に磨きをかけ、そして新しい旋律を付け加えて発展させて来た。そして彼ら自身の名を冠したラディーフを遺している。ユネスコ無形文化遺産に登録されている。
  • Radīf (persisch ‏ردیف‎) bezeichnet innerhalb der klassischen persischen Musik eine Sammlung traditioneller melodischer Figuren, die sich über mehrere Generationen durch mündliche Weitergabe von Meistern (Ostāds) an ihre Schüler erhalten haben. Die Melodien sind innerhalb mehrerer Tonsysteme, genannt Dastgāhs, angeordnet. Mit der Zeit entwickelt jeder Ostād eigene Interpretationen, die nach ihm benannt werden und den traditionellen Melodienbestand erweitern.Das Erlernen der Radīfs erfordert viel Übung und Praxis. Nur so kann deren Essenz vom Interpreten erfasst und verinnerlicht werden, so dass er Teile davon jederzeit wiedergeben kann. Der Rhythmus dieser Radīfs ist stark von Versmaß und Metrum der persischen Literatur beeinflusst. 1965 wurde an der Universität Teheran der erste Studiengang für klassische iranische Musik eingerichtet und als Dozent für Radīf Nur-Ali Borumand (1905–1977) ernannt.Die Ursprünge der Radifs liegen vermutlich in sassanidischer Zeit, als der Hofmusiker Bārbad für Chosrau II. (reg. 590–628) komponierte. Bārbad soll die grundlegende Einteilung der Dastgahs entwickelt haben. 2009 wurde das Radīf in die Repräsentative Liste des immateriellen Kulturerbes der UNESCO aufgenommen.
  • Si definisce Radif (Persiano: ردیف, che significa ordine) una serie di antiche figure melodiche trasmesse attraverso svariate generazioni per mezzo della tradizione orale. Su questo insieme di melodie si basa la musica tradizionale iraniana, che viene tramandata da maestro a studente (dalla cui bravura e memoria dipende la preservazione della musica) e integrata dalle personali interpretazioni dei maestri più importanti.Il Radif è altresì una regola della poesia urdu usata nei componimenti detti Ghazal. Prevede che il secondo verso di ogni distico debba terminare con la medesima parola. Questa stessa parola rappresenta il Radif del Ghazal.
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  • Le radif est un corpus musical considéré par les Iraniens comme un héritage dont le but est de préserver et transmettre les éléments significatifs de leur culture musicale ; il se compose de centaines de motifs mélodiques appelés gusheh classés dans des groupes appelés dastgah ou avaz. Les avaz sont des sous-groupes dérivés des dastgah.Il existe des radif-s pour divers instruments, de divers maîtres. Il s'agit donc d'une suite de motifs mélodiques permettant l'approche d'un mode.
  • ラディーフ (radif,ペルシア語: ردیف, ペルシア語で「列、並び続く」の意)は代々口伝により保存されてきた伝統的な旋律形をまとめたものである。異なる調性(ダストガーと呼ばれる)の数々の旋律を体系的にまとめている。イランの伝統音楽はこのラディーフと呼ばれる体系を基本にしており、含まれる伝統的な旋律は代々師弟関係の中で受け継がれてきたものである。歴史の中で、優れた音楽家がそれぞれの解釈により旋律に磨きをかけ、そして新しい旋律を付け加えて発展させて来た。そして彼ら自身の名を冠したラディーフを遺している。ユネスコ無形文化遺産に登録されている。
  • Radīf (persisch ‏ردیف‎) bezeichnet innerhalb der klassischen persischen Musik eine Sammlung traditioneller melodischer Figuren, die sich über mehrere Generationen durch mündliche Weitergabe von Meistern (Ostāds) an ihre Schüler erhalten haben. Die Melodien sind innerhalb mehrerer Tonsysteme, genannt Dastgāhs, angeordnet.
  • Si definisce Radif (Persiano: ردیف, che significa ordine) una serie di antiche figure melodiche trasmesse attraverso svariate generazioni per mezzo della tradizione orale.
  • Radif (Persian: ردیف, meaning order in Persian) is a collection of many old melodic figures preserved through many generations by oral tradition. It organizes the melodies in a number of different tonal spaces called Dastgah. The traditional music of Iran is based on the radif, which is a collection of old melodies that have been handed down by the masters to the students through the generations.
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  • Radif
  • Radif
  • Radif
  • Radif (music)
  • ラディーフ
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