Les réfugiés afghans forment en 2009 le deuxième groupe national le plus important de réfugiés après les Palestiniens .

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  • Les réfugiés afghans forment en 2009 le deuxième groupe national le plus important de réfugiés après les Palestiniens . Le nombre de réfugiés afghans immigrant dans les pays industrialisés a baissé de 80 % entre 2001 et 2004, passant de 54 000 en 2001, année de la chute du régime des talibans due à l'intervention militaire américaine, puis à celle de la Force internationale d'assistance et de sécurité, à moins de 9 000 en 2004 .
  • Afghan diaspora or Afghan immigrants are citizens of Afghanistan who have emigrated to other countries, or people of Afghan origin who are born outside Afghanistan. Traditionally the borders in between Afghanistan and its neighboring states have been fluid and vague. Like many nations created by European empires the borders often do not follow ethnic divisions and many ethnic groups and tribes native to Afghanistan are found on both sides of present day international borders. This meant that historically there was much movement across present day barriers.However ever since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan refugees have fled into the surrounding states. After the Soviets left, civil war, Taliban conquest and most recently the Western-led invasion have meant constant warfare in Afghanistan. Millions have fled the violence, then in times of relative peace returned only to flee again when renewed fighting broke out. About six million Afghan refugees have fled to neighboring Pakistan (mainly NWFP) and Iran, making Afghanistan the largest refugee-producing country in the world, a title it has held for 32 years. 95% of Afghan refugees are located in either Iran or Pakistan. Some NATO countries that were part of the NATO forces took in refugees or Afghans that worked with their respective forces. Ethnic minorities, like Afghan Sikhs and Hindus, often fled to India.In 2013, more than 2.8 million Afghan refugees were living in Iran with only 0.8 million of them being registered as legal migrants and rest living as illegal refugees in Iran. Similarly 1.5 million officially registered Afghan refugees were reported to be living in Pakistan in addition to approximately one million more illegal refugees.As shown in the table below, the refugees (both legal and illegal) fled Afghanistan in four main waves:Soviet war in Afghanistan (1978-89) Civil War (1992–96) Taliban Rule (1996–2001) War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
  • アフガン難民(あふがんなんみん)またはアフガニスタン難民とは、1978年から2014年現在まで断続的に発生している紛争により、アフガニスタン国内から国外に逃げた人々のことである。1990年代までに、アフガン難民のうちおよそ330万人がパキスタンに、300万人がイランに定住した。彼らの一部はロシア、ヨーロッパ、北アメリカ、オーストラリア、インド、中央アジアなど世界の各地へ離散した。アフガニスタン国内に留まる国内避難民も「アフガン難民」と呼んで間違いではないが、一般には国外に逃れた人達を指すことが多い。
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  • Les réfugiés afghans forment en 2009 le deuxième groupe national le plus important de réfugiés après les Palestiniens .
  • アフガン難民(あふがんなんみん)またはアフガニスタン難民とは、1978年から2014年現在まで断続的に発生している紛争により、アフガニスタン国内から国外に逃げた人々のことである。1990年代までに、アフガン難民のうちおよそ330万人がパキスタンに、300万人がイランに定住した。彼らの一部はロシア、ヨーロッパ、北アメリカ、オーストラリア、インド、中央アジアなど世界の各地へ離散した。アフガニスタン国内に留まる国内避難民も「アフガン難民」と呼んで間違いではないが、一般には国外に逃れた人達を指すことが多い。
  • Afghan diaspora or Afghan immigrants are citizens of Afghanistan who have emigrated to other countries, or people of Afghan origin who are born outside Afghanistan. Traditionally the borders in between Afghanistan and its neighboring states have been fluid and vague. Like many nations created by European empires the borders often do not follow ethnic divisions and many ethnic groups and tribes native to Afghanistan are found on both sides of present day international borders.
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  • Réfugiés afghans
  • Afghan diaspora
  • アフガン難民
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