La Première Guerre judéo-romaine qui s'est déroulée entre 66 et 73, parfois appelée la Grande Révolte (hébreu : המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), fut la première des trois révoltes des juifs de la province de Judée contre l'Empire romain, telle que relatée principalement par Flavius Josèphe.Elle débuta en 66, à la suite des tensions religieuses croissantes entre Grecs et Juifs.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • La Première Guerre judéo-romaine qui s'est déroulée entre 66 et 73, parfois appelée la Grande Révolte (hébreu : המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), fut la première des trois révoltes des juifs de la province de Judée contre l'Empire romain, telle que relatée principalement par Flavius Josèphe.Elle débuta en 66, à la suite des tensions religieuses croissantes entre Grecs et Juifs. Elle s'acheva lorsque les légions romaines de Titus assiégèrent, pillèrent puis détruisirent Jérusalem et le temple d'Hérode en 70, puis les places fortes des Juifs (principalement Gamla en 67 et Massada en 73).
  • Первая Иудейская война — антиримское восстание 66—71 годов, описанное Иосифом Флавием, впервые применившим к нему название Иудейские войны.
  • La Primera Guerra Judeo-Romana, también llamada Gran Revuelta Judía (en hebreo המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), fue la primera de las tres principales rebeliones de los judíos de la provincia de Judea contra el Imperio romano (guerras judeo-romanas), y tuvo lugar entre los años 66 y 73 d.C. (la segunda fue la Guerra de Kitos (115-117) y la tercera la Rebelión de Bar Kojba (132-135). Comenzó en el año 66, a causa de las tensiones religiosas entre griegos y judíos. Terminó cuando las legiones romanas, comandadas por Tito, asediaron y destruyeron Jerusalén, saquearon e incendiaron el Templo de Jerusalén (en el año 70), demolieron las principales fortalezas judías (especialmente Masada, en el año 73), y esclavizaron o masacraron a gran parte de la población judía.
  • Perang Yahudi-Romawi Pertama (66–73 Masehi), terkadang dijuluki Revolusi Besar (bahasa Ibrani: המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), adalah salah satu dari tiga pemberontakan besar Yahudi di Provinsi Iudaea terhadap Kekaisaran Romawi.Perang ini meletus karena ketegangan agama Yunani dan Yahudi, yang selanjutnya berkembang menjadi penentangan pajak dan penyerangan terhadap penduduk Romawi. Perang berakhir setelah legiun Romawi mengepung dan menghancurkan pusat pemberontakan di Yerusalem, serta menaklukan benteng-benteng Yahudi lainnya.
  • The First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE), sometimes called The Great Revolt (Hebrew: המרד הגדול‎, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol, Latin: Primum populi Romani bellum in Iudaeos), was the first of three major rebellions by the Jews of Judea Province (Iudaea) against the Roman Empire. The second was the Kitos War in 115–117, and the third was Bar Kokhba's revolt of 132–135.The Great Revolt began in the year 66 CE, originating in the Greek and Jewish religious tensions. The crisis escalated due to anti-taxation protests and attacks upon Roman citizens. The Romans responded by plundering the Second Jewish Temple and executing up to 6,000 Jews in Jerusalem, prompting a full-scale rebellion. The Roman military garrison of Judaea was quickly overrun by rebels, while the pro-Roman king Agrippa II, together with Roman officials, fled Jerusalem. As it became clear the rebellion was getting out of control, Cestius Gallus, the legate of Syria, brought in the Syrian army, based on XII Fulminata and reinforced by auxiliary troops, to restore order and quell the revolt. Despite initial advances and conquest of Jaffa, the Syrian Legion was ambushed and defeated by Jewish rebels at the Battle of Beth Horon with 6,000 Romans massacred and the Legion's aquila lost - a result that shocked the Roman leadership.Later, in Jerusalem, an attempt by Menahem ben Yehuda, leader of the Sicarii, to take control of the city failed. He was executed and the remaining Sicarii were ejected from the city. A charismatic, but radical peasant leader Simon bar Giora was also expelled by the new Judean government, and Ananus ben Ananus began reinforcing the city. Yosef ben Matityahu was appointed the rebel commander in the Galilee and Elazar ben Hananiya as the commander in Edom.The experienced and unassuming general Vespasian was given the task of crushing the rebellion in Judaea province. His son Titus was appointed as second-in-command. Given four legions and assisted by forces of King Agrippa II, Vespasian invaded Galilee in 67. Avoiding a direct attack on the reinforced city of Jerusalem, which was defended by the main rebel force, the Romans launched a persistent campaign of terror to eradicate rebel strongholds and punish the population. Within several months Vespasian and Titus took over the major Jewish strongholds of Galilee and finally overran Jodapatha, which was under the command of Yosef ben Matitiyahu, after a 47 day siege. Driven from Galilee, Zealot rebels and thousands of refugees arrived in Judea, creating political turmoil in Jerusalem. Confrontation between the mainly Sadducee Jerusalemites and the mainly Zealot factions of the Northern Revolt under the command of John of Giscala and Eleazar ben Simon, erupted into bloody violence. With Edomites entering the city and fighting by the side of the Zealots, Ananus ben Ananus was killed and his faction suffered severe casualties. Bar-Giora, commanding 15,000 troops, was then invited into Jerusalem by the Sadducee leaders to stand against the Zealots, and quickly took control over much of the city. Bitter infighting between factions of Bar-Giora, John and Eleazar followed through the year 69.After a lull in the military operations, owing to civil war and political turmoil in Rome, Vespasian was called to Rome and appointed as Emperor in 69. With Vespasian's departure, Titus moved to besiege the center of rebel resistance in Jerusalem in early 70. The first two walls of Jerusalem were breached within three weeks, but a stubborn rebel standoff prevented the Roman Army from breaking the third and thickest wall. Following a brutal seven-month siege, during which Zealot infighting resulted in burning of the entire food supplies of the city, the Romans finally succeeded in breaching the defenses of the weakened Jewish forces in the summer of 70. Following the fall of Jerusalem, Titus left for Rome, leaving Legion X Fretensis to defeat the remaining Jewish strongholds, finalizing the Roman campaign in Masada in 73–74.
  • Юдейски войни е терминологично понятие обозначаващо борбата на евреите срещу персийско, гръцко и римско господство и власт.Първата юдейско-римска война избухва по повод извършената кражба на 17 таланта злато от един римски войник от Втория храм. Сумата е нищожна в сравнение със съхраняваните богатства в храма, но еврейската тълпа подигравателно организира събирането на средства за римския прокуратор на Юдея Гесий Флор. Прокураторът изпраща войска, а сикариите избиват римските гарнизони на Масада и Йерусалим, което е сигнал за началото на първото еврейско въстание срещу римската власт в Юдея.
  • A Primeira Guerra Judaico-Romana (66 d.C.-73 d.C.), às vezes chamada de Grande Revolta Judaica (em hebraico המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol; em latim: Primum Iudæorum Romani Bellum), foi a primeira de três grandes rebeliões da população da província da Judeia contra a dominação romana. A segunda revolta foi a guerra de Kitos, em 115-117 d.C., e a terceira foi a revolta de Bar Kokhba, em 132-135 d.C..A Grande Revolta foi motivada a princípio pelas tensões religiosas, evoluindo para protestos contra o pagamento de tributos e ataques a cidadãos romanos. Terminou quando as legiões romanas sob o comando de Tito sitiaram e destruíram o centro da resistência rebelde em Jerusalém e derrotaram as restantes forças judaicas.
  • Der große Jüdische Krieg gegen die Römer begann im Jahr 66 n. Chr. in Judäa, ausgelöst durch staatliche und religiöse Unterdrückung, und endete im Jahr 70 mit der Eroberung Jerusalems und der Zerstörung des Jerusalemer Tempels. Endgültig konnte der Krieg erst im Jahr 74 mit dem Fall von Masada beendet werden. Es war der erste der drei großen jüdischen Aufstände gegen die Römer im ersten und zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. – der zweite war der Diasporaaufstand um 116, der dritte der Bar-Kochba-Aufstand von 132 bis 135 –, die schließlich zur Zerstörung der letzten Reste eines größeren geschlossenen jüdischen Siedlungsgebiets in der römischen Provinz Judäa führten und die Diaspora-Situation des Judentums bis ins 21. Jahrhundert begründeten.
  • Wojna żydowska (66-73 n.e.) rozpoczęła się od wybuchu żydowskiego powstania przeciwko panowaniu rzymskiemu w Judei. Powstańcze walki przemieniły się w regularną wojnę, która zakończyła się klęską Żydów i doprowadziła do zniszczenia całego kraju.
  • Jako první židovská válka se označuje židovské celonárodní povstání proti Římu, které vypuklo v Jeruzalémě v roce 66. Povstání potlačily až římské legie pod vedením nejprve Vespasiana, od roku 69, kdy se Vespasianus stal císařem, pak jeho syna Tita. Válka skončila dobytím Jeruzaléma na podzim roku 70, při němž byl zničen Druhý chrám. Válka prakticky skončila dobytím hlavního židovského města, ale měla i dohru spočívající v dobývání posledních pevností, z nichž první byla Machairús na východním břehu Mrtvého moře, a poslední Masada na západním břehu. Ta padla v roce 73 (podle jiných až v roce 74).Podrobnou zprávu o této válce zanechal její očitý svědek, účastník a zpočátku jeden z velitelů židovských sil, Flavius Iosephus ve své knize Válka židovská.
  • 제1차 유대-로마전쟁(第1次 - 戰爭, 영어: First Jewish–Roman War) 또는 유대독립전쟁(-獨立戰爭, 66년 ~ 73년)은 때때로 위대한 반란(偉大-反亂, 히브리어: מרד הגדול, 영어: The Great Revolt)으로 불리는데, 로마 제국에 대항한 유대 지방의 유대인들의 세 번에 걸친 중요한 항쟁 중에 첫 번째 전쟁을 말한다. 이 전쟁은 66년에 발발했는데. 그리스계 로마인과 유대인 사이의 종교적 분쟁에서 시작되었다. 이 전쟁은 기원후 70년 티투스가 이끄는 로마군이 예루살렘을 함락시키고, 예루살렘 성전을 불태우고 유대인 저항군을 진압함으로써 끝이 났다. 이 유대인 반란의 패배의 결과로 유대인은 자신의 국가를 잃어버리고 흩어져 로마 제국의 전역으로 퍼져나가게 되는 디아스포라가 본격적으로 시작되었다.
  • La Primera Guerra Judeoromana o la Gran Revolta Jueva (en hebreu המרד הגדול, ha-Méred ha-Gadol), fou la primera de las tres principals rebel·lions dels jueus de la província de Judea contra l'Imperi Romà, i tingué lloc entre els anys 66 i 73 d.C. (la segona fou la Guerra de Kitus (115-117), i la tercera la revolta de Bar Kokhebà (132-135). Començà l'any 66, a causa de las tensions religioses entre grecs i jueus. Acabà quan les legions romanes, comandades per Tit, assetjaran i destruïren Jerusalem, saquejaren i incendiaren el Temple de Jerusalem (l'any 70), van destruir les principals fortaleses jueves (especialment Massada, en l'any 73), i esclavitzaren o massacraren a gran part de la població jueva.
  • Birinci Yahudi-Roma savaşları (66–73), (Büyük İsyan diye de bilinir, İbranice:המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), Yahudiye eyaletindeki Yahudilerin Roma İmparatorluğu'na karşı gerçekleştirdiği üç isyandan birincisidir (ikincisi 115-117 yılları arasındaki Kitos Savaşı, üçüncüsü ise 132-135 yılları arasındaki Bar Kohba İsyanıdır). İsyan 66 yılında Yunanlılar ve Yahudiler arasındaki dinî gerilim yüzünden çıktı. Titus komutasındaki lejyonların Kudüs'ü kuşatıp, yerle bir etmeleri, Herod Tapınağı'nın (70 yılında) ve Yahudi kalelerinin (67'de Gamla ve 73'te Masada) yağmalayıp ateşe vermeleri ve Yahudilerin büyük bölümünü köle yapıp, kılıçtan geçirmeleriyle sona erdi.Yahudi isyanlarının Roma İmparatorluğu tarafından bastırılması, Yahudilerin çoğunun dağıtılıp köle olarak satılması nedeniyle Yahudi diasporasının dağıldığı coğrafya ve diasporadakilerin sayısı üzerinde etkili olmuştur.
  • La prima guerra giudaica fu combattuta tra l'Impero romano ed Ebrei ribelli; durò dal 66 al 70 (anche se continuò con strascichi fino al 73) ed ebbe come conseguenza la distruzione del tempio di Gerusalemme.
  • ユダヤ戦争(ヘブライ語: המרד הגדול‎、アルファベット表記:ha-Mered Ha-Gadol)は帝政ローマ期の66年から74年まで、ローマ帝国とローマのユダヤ属州に住むユダヤ人との間で行われた戦争である。
  • De Joodse Oorlog woedde in Judea en Galilea van 66 tot 70 na Chr. Joodse rebellen, aangevoerd door de Zeloten, kwamen in opstand tegen de Romeinen. Met de val van Jeruzalem en de verwoesting van de tempel (29-30 augustus 70) kwam er een einde aan de oorlog, hoewel pas met de verovering van Masada (73) een einde kwam aan het laatste Joodse verzet.
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  • La Première Guerre judéo-romaine qui s'est déroulée entre 66 et 73, parfois appelée la Grande Révolte (hébreu : המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), fut la première des trois révoltes des juifs de la province de Judée contre l'Empire romain, telle que relatée principalement par Flavius Josèphe.Elle débuta en 66, à la suite des tensions religieuses croissantes entre Grecs et Juifs.
  • Первая Иудейская война — антиримское восстание 66—71 годов, описанное Иосифом Флавием, впервые применившим к нему название Иудейские войны.
  • Wojna żydowska (66-73 n.e.) rozpoczęła się od wybuchu żydowskiego powstania przeciwko panowaniu rzymskiemu w Judei. Powstańcze walki przemieniły się w regularną wojnę, która zakończyła się klęską Żydów i doprowadziła do zniszczenia całego kraju.
  • 제1차 유대-로마전쟁(第1次 - 戰爭, 영어: First Jewish–Roman War) 또는 유대독립전쟁(-獨立戰爭, 66년 ~ 73년)은 때때로 위대한 반란(偉大-反亂, 히브리어: מרד הגדול, 영어: The Great Revolt)으로 불리는데, 로마 제국에 대항한 유대 지방의 유대인들의 세 번에 걸친 중요한 항쟁 중에 첫 번째 전쟁을 말한다. 이 전쟁은 66년에 발발했는데. 그리스계 로마인과 유대인 사이의 종교적 분쟁에서 시작되었다. 이 전쟁은 기원후 70년 티투스가 이끄는 로마군이 예루살렘을 함락시키고, 예루살렘 성전을 불태우고 유대인 저항군을 진압함으로써 끝이 났다. 이 유대인 반란의 패배의 결과로 유대인은 자신의 국가를 잃어버리고 흩어져 로마 제국의 전역으로 퍼져나가게 되는 디아스포라가 본격적으로 시작되었다.
  • La prima guerra giudaica fu combattuta tra l'Impero romano ed Ebrei ribelli; durò dal 66 al 70 (anche se continuò con strascichi fino al 73) ed ebbe come conseguenza la distruzione del tempio di Gerusalemme.
  • ユダヤ戦争(ヘブライ語: המרד הגדול‎、アルファベット表記:ha-Mered Ha-Gadol)は帝政ローマ期の66年から74年まで、ローマ帝国とローマのユダヤ属州に住むユダヤ人との間で行われた戦争である。
  • De Joodse Oorlog woedde in Judea en Galilea van 66 tot 70 na Chr. Joodse rebellen, aangevoerd door de Zeloten, kwamen in opstand tegen de Romeinen. Met de val van Jeruzalem en de verwoesting van de tempel (29-30 augustus 70) kwam er een einde aan de oorlog, hoewel pas met de verovering van Masada (73) een einde kwam aan het laatste Joodse verzet.
  • La Primera Guerra Judeo-Romana, también llamada Gran Revuelta Judía (en hebreo המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), fue la primera de las tres principales rebeliones de los judíos de la provincia de Judea contra el Imperio romano (guerras judeo-romanas), y tuvo lugar entre los años 66 y 73 d.C. (la segunda fue la Guerra de Kitos (115-117) y la tercera la Rebelión de Bar Kojba (132-135). Comenzó en el año 66, a causa de las tensiones religiosas entre griegos y judíos.
  • Юдейски войни е терминологично понятие обозначаващо борбата на евреите срещу персийско, гръцко и римско господство и власт.Първата юдейско-римска война избухва по повод извършената кражба на 17 таланта злато от един римски войник от Втория храм. Сумата е нищожна в сравнение със съхраняваните богатства в храма, но еврейската тълпа подигравателно организира събирането на средства за римския прокуратор на Юдея Гесий Флор.
  • Perang Yahudi-Romawi Pertama (66–73 Masehi), terkadang dijuluki Revolusi Besar (bahasa Ibrani: המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), adalah salah satu dari tiga pemberontakan besar Yahudi di Provinsi Iudaea terhadap Kekaisaran Romawi.Perang ini meletus karena ketegangan agama Yunani dan Yahudi, yang selanjutnya berkembang menjadi penentangan pajak dan penyerangan terhadap penduduk Romawi.
  • The First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE), sometimes called The Great Revolt (Hebrew: המרד הגדול‎, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol, Latin: Primum populi Romani bellum in Iudaeos), was the first of three major rebellions by the Jews of Judea Province (Iudaea) against the Roman Empire. The second was the Kitos War in 115–117, and the third was Bar Kokhba's revolt of 132–135.The Great Revolt began in the year 66 CE, originating in the Greek and Jewish religious tensions.
  • Jako první židovská válka se označuje židovské celonárodní povstání proti Římu, které vypuklo v Jeruzalémě v roce 66. Povstání potlačily až římské legie pod vedením nejprve Vespasiana, od roku 69, kdy se Vespasianus stal císařem, pak jeho syna Tita. Válka skončila dobytím Jeruzaléma na podzim roku 70, při němž byl zničen Druhý chrám.
  • La Primera Guerra Judeoromana o la Gran Revolta Jueva (en hebreu המרד הגדול, ha-Méred ha-Gadol), fou la primera de las tres principals rebel·lions dels jueus de la província de Judea contra l'Imperi Romà, i tingué lloc entre els anys 66 i 73 d.C. (la segona fou la Guerra de Kitus (115-117), i la tercera la revolta de Bar Kokhebà (132-135). Començà l'any 66, a causa de las tensions religioses entre grecs i jueus.
  • A Primeira Guerra Judaico-Romana (66 d.C.-73 d.C.), às vezes chamada de Grande Revolta Judaica (em hebraico המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol; em latim: Primum Iudæorum Romani Bellum), foi a primeira de três grandes rebeliões da população da província da Judeia contra a dominação romana.
  • Der große Jüdische Krieg gegen die Römer begann im Jahr 66 n. Chr. in Judäa, ausgelöst durch staatliche und religiöse Unterdrückung, und endete im Jahr 70 mit der Eroberung Jerusalems und der Zerstörung des Jerusalemer Tempels. Endgültig konnte der Krieg erst im Jahr 74 mit dem Fall von Masada beendet werden. Es war der erste der drei großen jüdischen Aufstände gegen die Römer im ersten und zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr.
  • Birinci Yahudi-Roma savaşları (66–73), (Büyük İsyan diye de bilinir, İbranice:המרד הגדול, ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), Yahudiye eyaletindeki Yahudilerin Roma İmparatorluğu'na karşı gerçekleştirdiği üç isyandan birincisidir (ikincisi 115-117 yılları arasındaki Kitos Savaşı, üçüncüsü ise 132-135 yılları arasındaki Bar Kohba İsyanıdır). İsyan 66 yılında Yunanlılar ve Yahudiler arasındaki dinî gerilim yüzünden çıktı.
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  • Birinci Yahudi-Roma savaşı
  • First Jewish–Roman War
  • Joodse Oorlog
  • Jüdischer Krieg
  • Perang Yahudi-Romawi Pertama
  • Prima guerra giudaica
  • Primeira guerra judaico-romana
  • Primera Guerra Judeo-Romana
  • Primera Guerra Judeoromana
  • První židovská válka
  • Wojna żydowska (66-73)
  • Первая Иудейская война
  • Първа юдейско-римска война
  • ユダヤ戦争
  • 제1차 유대-로마 전쟁
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