Le Vietnam est officiellement une république socialiste. Un seul Parti est autorisé, le Parti communiste vietnamien qui contrôle toutes les institutions politiques du pays.

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  • Le Vietnam est officiellement une république socialiste. Un seul Parti est autorisé, le Parti communiste vietnamien qui contrôle toutes les institutions politiques du pays. L'article 4 de la constitution de 2001 stipule : « Le Parti communiste du Vietnam, détachement d'avant-garde de la classe ouvrière, représentant fidèle des intérêts de la classe ouvrière, du peuple travailleur et de toute la nation, adepte du marxisme-léninisme et de la pensée de Ho Chi Minh, est la force dirigeante de l'État et de la société ». Le préambule de la constitution entend institutionnaliser « la relation entre le Parti communiste qui dirige, le peuple qui maîtrise et l'État qui administre »L'organe suprême de l'État est l'Assemblée nationale vietnamienne renouvelée tous les cinq ans. Celle-ci est élue au suffrage indirect par tous les vietnamiens âgés de plus de 18 ans. Par ailleurs, l'Assemblée Populaire élit le Président de l’État vietnamien au rôle symbolique et le Premier Ministre et son Gouvernement. Ils sont les deuxième et troisième personnage de l'État. En effet, au Vietnam, le premier personnage de l'État est le Secrétaire Général du Parti communiste vietnamien. L'exécutif vietnamien est composé de : Nguyễn Minh Triết, Président depuis le 24 juin 2006. Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, Premier Ministre depuis le 24 juin 2006. Nguyễn Phú Trọng est le secrétaire général du Parti depuis le 19 janvier 2011.
  • The politics of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam are defined by a single-party socialist republic framework, where the President of Vietnam is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Vietnam is the head of government, in a one-party system led by the Communist Party of Vietnam. Executive power is exercised by the government and the President of Vietnam. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Quoc hoi). The Judiciary is independent of the executive. The parliament adopted the current Constitution of Vietnam; its fourth, on 15 April 1992, and it has been amended once since then.The President of the Socialist Republic (Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà xã hội chủ nghĩa) is elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term and acts as the commander-in-chief of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces and Chairman of the Council for Defence and Security. The government (Chính phủ), the main executive state power of Vietnam, is headed by the Prime Minister, who has several Deputy Prime Ministers and several ministers in charge of particular activities. The executive branch is responsible for the implementation of political, economic, cultural, social, national defence, security and external activities of the state. The National Assembly is a unicameral legislative body. The National Assembly has 500 members, elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The legislature is, according to the constitution, the highest organ of the state. Its powers includes the enactment and amendment of the constitution and laws; the adoption of the government budget; supervising the Government of Vietnam and other holders of public powers responsible to the National Assembly; and appointing members of the judiciary. The Vietnamese constitution and legislation provide for regular elections for the office of the President of the Socialist Republic, the National Assembly and the People's Councils.Vietnam has, officially at least, an independent judicial system governed by the Constitution of Vietnam and national legislation enacted by National Assembly. The Supreme People's Court (Tòa án Nhân dân Tối cao) is the highest court of appeal in Vietnam. There are other specialised courts in Vietnam, including the Central Military Court, the Criminal Court, the Civil Court and the Appeal Court. The Supreme People's Procuracy observes the implementation of state organs and makes sure that Vietnamese citizens follow the law.
  • Виетнам като форма на държавно управление е със еднопартийна система.
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  • Le Vietnam est officiellement une république socialiste. Un seul Parti est autorisé, le Parti communiste vietnamien qui contrôle toutes les institutions politiques du pays.
  • Виетнам като форма на държавно управление е със еднопартийна система.
  • The politics of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam are defined by a single-party socialist republic framework, where the President of Vietnam is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Vietnam is the head of government, in a one-party system led by the Communist Party of Vietnam. Executive power is exercised by the government and the President of Vietnam. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Quoc hoi). The Judiciary is independent of the executive.
rdfs:label
  • Politique au Viêt Nam
  • Politics of Vietnam
  • Държавно устройство на Виетнам
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