Le pluralisme juridique est une notion qui désigne soit l'existence de plusieurs systèmes juridiques pour un même territoire, soit une approche du droit international qui insiste sur la pluralité des ordres juridiques (nationaux, régionaux et international).

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Le pluralisme juridique est une notion qui désigne soit l'existence de plusieurs systèmes juridiques pour un même territoire, soit une approche du droit international qui insiste sur la pluralité des ordres juridiques (nationaux, régionaux et international).
  • Legal pluralism is the existence of multiple legal systems within one geographic area. Plural legal systems are particularly prevalent in former colonies, where the law of a former colonial authority may exist alongside more traditional legal systems. When these systems developed, the idea was that certain issues (e.g., commercial transactions) would be covered by colonial law, while other issues (e.g., family and marriage) would be covered by traditional law. Over time, these distinctions tended to break down and individuals would choose to bring their legal claims under the system that they thought would offer them the best advantage.Legal pluralism also occurs when different laws govern different groups within a country. For example, in India and Tanzania, there are special Islamic courts that address concerns in Muslim communities by following Islamic law principles. Secular courts deal with the issues of other communities.Modern Western legal systems can also be pluralistic so it is misleading to discuss legal pluralism only in relation to non-Western legal systems. Legal pluralism may even be found in settings that might initially appear legally homogenous. For example, there are dual ideologies of law within courthouses in the USA, with the formal ideology of law as it is written existing alongside the informal ideology of law as it is used. The discussion on the internal and external plurality of legal systems is called sociology of law.Sources of Islamic law include the Koran, Sunnah, and Ijma, whereas most modern Western nation-states take the basis of their legal system from the Christian superpowers of old (i.e. Britain, France, etc.). This is also why moral laws found in the Bible have actually been made full-fledged laws, with the initial grundnorm set far back in legal history, hence fulfilling the priority of both the positivists and the naturalists.Legal pluralism also exists to an extent in societies where the legal systems of the indigenous population have been given some recognition. In Australia, for example, the Mabo decision gave recognition to native title and thus elements of traditional Aboriginal law. Elements of traditional Aboriginal criminal law have also been recognised, especially in sentencing.[citation needed] This has, in effect, set up two parallel sentencing systems. Another example is the Philippines where the customary ways of indigenous peoples in the Cordilleras are recognized by the Philippine government; and, in Kalinga, Bodong is the means used by the people to settle disputes: it had been very effective for them, and is still widely practiced.There is some concern that traditional legal systems and Muslim legal systems fail to promote women's rights. As a consequence, members of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) have called for a unification of legal systems within countries.See the entry on sociology of law for other definitions of, and approaches to, legal pluralism.
  • С юридически плурализъм или правен плурализъм се означава съвместното съществуване на две или повече системи на правото (или правни традиции) на една територия или в рамките на една социална област на обществените отношения. След разрушаването на пунически Картаген, по силата на lex Rubria, се приема възстановяването на града като Римски Картаген. Същевременно победените и обърнати в роби от римляните - пуни, и другите покорени семитски народи в Леванта, продължават предходните си правни традиции и обичаи, зафиксирайки ги под формата на т.нар. устен закон. По този начин де факто съществува юридически плурализъм. През средновековието обособените еврейски общини се ползвали с юридическа автономия в рамките на общностите.В съвременната и колониалната епоха след великите географски открития, типични случаи на юридически плурализъм се намират в страни, където съществуват традиционно силни религиозни системи (като Шериата например), който измества или е изместен от правото на колониалната сила завладяла страната. Този процес е особено характерен за 19 век с началото на голямата игра. Юридическият плурализъм не е препоръчителен и насърчителен понеже води фактически до двувластие с честа колизия в правото.
  • Als Rechtspluralismus bezeichnet man das Nebeneinander zweier oder mehrerer Rechtssysteme oder Rechtstraditionen innerhalb eines sozialen Felds. Typische Fälle von Rechtspluralismus finden sich insbesondere in Staaten in denen religiöse Normsysteme, wie die Schari'a, eine starke Rolle spielen und in (ehemaligen) Kolonien, in denen das durch die Kolonialmacht eingeführte Recht traditionelle Normsysteme nie richtig verdrängt hat. In neuerer Zeit wird auch im Zusammenhang mit globalen Normsystemen wie der Lex mercatoria von einer Art Rechtspluralismus ausgegangen.Unterschieden wird ein starker Rechtspluralismus, bei dem die nebeneinander existierenden Rechtssysteme keine staatliche Anerkennung genießen müssen, sondern rein soziale Phänomene sein können. Daneben bezeichnet der schwache Rechtspluralismus die Koexistenz staatlich anerkannter - oder universalistischen Normen entsprechender - Rechtssysteme.Die Theorie des Rechtspluralismus wird auf den Rechtssoziologen Eugen Ehrlich zurückgeführt, der sich mit dem "lebenden Recht" der Bukowina, einer Art ländlichem Gewohnheitsrecht innerhalb Österreich-Ungarns beschäftigt hat. Weiterentwickelt wurde sie vom Rechtsethnologen Leopold Pospisil.
  • 일국수법은 한 나라에 여러개의 법체계가 존재하는 것을 가리킨다. 연방제국가나 식민지, 다민족이나 다종교국가에서 볼 수 있다. 법선택이 필요해지는 경우도 있다.
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  • Le pluralisme juridique est une notion qui désigne soit l'existence de plusieurs systèmes juridiques pour un même territoire, soit une approche du droit international qui insiste sur la pluralité des ordres juridiques (nationaux, régionaux et international).
  • 일국수법은 한 나라에 여러개의 법체계가 존재하는 것을 가리킨다. 연방제국가나 식민지, 다민족이나 다종교국가에서 볼 수 있다. 법선택이 필요해지는 경우도 있다.
  • Legal pluralism is the existence of multiple legal systems within one geographic area. Plural legal systems are particularly prevalent in former colonies, where the law of a former colonial authority may exist alongside more traditional legal systems. When these systems developed, the idea was that certain issues (e.g., commercial transactions) would be covered by colonial law, while other issues (e.g., family and marriage) would be covered by traditional law.
  • Als Rechtspluralismus bezeichnet man das Nebeneinander zweier oder mehrerer Rechtssysteme oder Rechtstraditionen innerhalb eines sozialen Felds. Typische Fälle von Rechtspluralismus finden sich insbesondere in Staaten in denen religiöse Normsysteme, wie die Schari'a, eine starke Rolle spielen und in (ehemaligen) Kolonien, in denen das durch die Kolonialmacht eingeführte Recht traditionelle Normsysteme nie richtig verdrängt hat.
  • С юридически плурализъм или правен плурализъм се означава съвместното съществуване на две или повече системи на правото (или правни традиции) на една територия или в рамките на една социална област на обществените отношения. След разрушаването на пунически Картаген, по силата на lex Rubria, се приема възстановяването на града като Римски Картаген.
rdfs:label
  • Pluralisme juridique
  • Legal pluralism
  • Rechtspluralismus
  • Юридически плурализъм
  • 일국수법
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