Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis est un médecin, physiologiste et philosophe français, né au manoir de Salagnac, à Cosnac (Limousin) le 5 juin 1757 et mort à Seraincourt le 5 mai 1808 (hameau de Rueil). Cité généralement sous le nom de Cabanis, on le voit parfois nommé avec l'un de ses prénoms mais, curieusement, pas toujours le même.

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  • Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis est un médecin, physiologiste et philosophe français, né au manoir de Salagnac, à Cosnac (Limousin) le 5 juin 1757 et mort à Seraincourt le 5 mai 1808 (hameau de Rueil). Cité généralement sous le nom de Cabanis, on le voit parfois nommé avec l'un de ses prénoms mais, curieusement, pas toujours le même.
  • Пиер Жан Жорж Кабанис (на френски: Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis) (5 юни 1787 - 5 май 1808) е френски философ, лекар, предшественик на вулгарния материализъм.
  • Pierre Jean George Cabanis (French: [kabanis]; 5 June 1757 – 5 May 1808) was a French physiologist and materialist philosopher.Cabanis was born at Cosnac (Corrèze), the son of Jean Baptiste Cabanis (1723–1786), a lawyer and agronomist. At the age of ten, he attended the college of Brives, where he showed great aptitude for study, but his independence of spirit was so great that he was almost constantly in a state of rebellion against his teachers and was finally expelled. He was then taken to Paris by his father and left to carry on his studies at his own discretion for two years. From 1773 to 1775 he travelled in Poland and Germany, and on his return to Paris he devoted himself mainly to poetry. About this time he sent to the Académie française a translation of the passage from Homer proposed for their prize, and, though he did not win, he received so much encouragement from his friends that he contemplated translating the whole of the Iliad.At his father's wish, he gave up writing and decided to engage in a more settled profession, selecting medicine. In 1789 his Observations sur les hôpitaux (Observations on hospitals, 1790) procured him an appointment as administrator of hospitals in Paris, and in 1795 he became professor of hygiene at the medical school of Paris, a post which he exchanged for the chair of legal medicine and the history of medicine in 1799.Partly because of his poor health, he tended not to practise as a physician, his interests lying in the deeper problems of medical and physiological science. During the last two years of Honoré Mirabeau's life, Cabanis was intimately connected with him, and wrote the four papers on public education which were found among the Mirabeau's papers at his death, and were edited by the real author soon afterwards in 1791. During the illness which terminated his life Mirabeau trusted entirely to Cabanis' professional skills. Of the death of Mirabeau, Cabanis drew up a detailed narrative, intended as a justification of his treatment of the case. He was enthusiastic about the French Revolution and became a member of the Council of Five Hundred and then of the conservative senate, and the dissolution of the Directory was the result of a motion which he made to that effect. His political career was brief. Hostile to the policy of Napoleon Bonaparte, he rejected every offer of a place under his government. He died at Meulan.His body is buried in the Pantheon and his heart in Auteuil Cemetery in Paris.A complete edition of Cabanis's works was begun in 1825, and five volumes were published. His principal work, Rapports du physique et du moral de l'homme (On the relations between the physical and moral aspects of man, 1802), consists in part of memoirs, read in 1796 and 1797 to the Institute, and is a sketch of physiological psychology. Psychology is with Cabanis directly linked on to biology, for sensibility, the fundamental fact, is the highest grade of life and the lowest of intelligence. All the intellectual processes are evolved from sensibility, and sensibility itself is a property of the nervous system. The soul is not an entity, but a faculty; thought is the function of the brain. Just as the stomach and intestines receive food and digest it, so the brain receives impressions, digests them, and has as its organic secretion, thought.Alongside this materialism, Cabanis held another principle. He belonged in biology to the vitalistic school of GE Stahl, and in the posthumous work, Lettre sur les causes premières (1824), the consequences of this opinion became clear. Life is something added to the organism: over and above the universally diffused sensibility there is some living and productive power to which we give the name of Nature. It is impossible to avoid ascribing both intelligence and will to this power. This living power constitutes the ego, which is truly immaterial and immortal. Cabanis did not think that these results were out of harmony with his earlier theory.He was a member of the masonic lodge Les Neuf Sœurs.
  • Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis (Cosnac, 5 giugno 1757 – Seraincourt, 5 maggio 1808) è stato un medico, fisiologo e filosofo francese.Citato generalmente sotto il nome di Cabanis, lo si vede spesso nominato con uno dei suoi nomi ma, curiosamente, non sempre lo stesso.Le opere essenziali di Cabanis possono essere classificate in tre categorie: una a proposito della storia della medicina, un'altra sull'organizzazione dell'insegnamento medico e degli ospedali, ed infine l'ultima che è la più importante, sulla filosofia della medicina e particolarmente sui rapporti tra il corpo e la mente, della fisiologia con la psicologia.
  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis (* 5. Juni 1757 in Cosnac im Département Corrèze; † 5. Mai 1808 bei Meulan) war ein französischer Mediziner, Physiologe und Philosoph.
  • Pierre Cabanis (ur. 5 czerwca 1757 w Cosnac, zm. 5 maja 1808 koło Meulan) – lekarz nadworny Ludwika XVI (prawdopodobnie świadek ścięcia króla, a później jego żony Marii Antoniny). Należał do filozofów francuskiego oświecenia; empirystów, którzy przyczynili się do rozwoju psychologii. Przedmiotem jego refleksji były zaburzenia umysłu – w ten sposób wyjaśniał zjawisko przestępczości. Cabanis uznał mózg ludzki za najwyższy mechanizm nerwowy. Uczynił to, zastanawiając się podczas licznych w okresie rewolucji francuskiej egzekucji, czy ofiary gilotyny cierpią po odcięciu głowy. W myśl empirystycznej teorii poznania poprzez doświadczenie, zaproponował analizowanie rozwoju dzieci od stadium embriona aż do późnej starości, w kategoriach kryzysów – była to riposta na teorię Johna Locke'a mówiącą o rozwoju dzieci w kontekście narastania ich doświadczenia.Najważniejsze postulaty Cabanisa: mózg to najwyższy mechanizm nerwowy mózg i system nerwowy rządzi produkowaniem myśli, instynktami doznanie wrażeń jest funkcją całego organizmu zaburzenia umysłu – przestępczość to wynik pomieszania się umysłu rozwój człowieka – od stadium embriona do późnej starości w kategoriach kryzysów
  • Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis (5 de junio de 1757 - 5 de mayo de 1808) fue un médico y filósofo francés nacido en Cosnac (Corrèze) y fallecido en Seraincourt. Fue miembro de la Academia Francesa a la que fue electo en 1803 para el asiento número 40.
  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis (Cosnac, 5 de junho de 1757 — Meulan, 5 de maio de 1808) foi um fisiologista e filósofo francês.Foi sepultado no Panteão de Paris.
  • Пьер Жан Жорж Кабанис (фр. Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis; 5 июня 1757, Конак, Коррез, — 5 мая 1808, Рюэй) — французский философ-материалист и врач.
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  • Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis est un médecin, physiologiste et philosophe français, né au manoir de Salagnac, à Cosnac (Limousin) le 5 juin 1757 et mort à Seraincourt le 5 mai 1808 (hameau de Rueil). Cité généralement sous le nom de Cabanis, on le voit parfois nommé avec l'un de ses prénoms mais, curieusement, pas toujours le même.
  • Пиер Жан Жорж Кабанис (на френски: Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis) (5 юни 1787 - 5 май 1808) е френски философ, лекар, предшественик на вулгарния материализъм.
  • Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis (Cosnac, 5 giugno 1757 – Seraincourt, 5 maggio 1808) è stato un medico, fisiologo e filosofo francese.Citato generalmente sotto il nome di Cabanis, lo si vede spesso nominato con uno dei suoi nomi ma, curiosamente, non sempre lo stesso.Le opere essenziali di Cabanis possono essere classificate in tre categorie: una a proposito della storia della medicina, un'altra sull'organizzazione dell'insegnamento medico e degli ospedali, ed infine l'ultima che è la più importante, sulla filosofia della medicina e particolarmente sui rapporti tra il corpo e la mente, della fisiologia con la psicologia.
  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis (* 5. Juni 1757 in Cosnac im Département Corrèze; † 5. Mai 1808 bei Meulan) war ein französischer Mediziner, Physiologe und Philosoph.
  • Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis (5 de junio de 1757 - 5 de mayo de 1808) fue un médico y filósofo francés nacido en Cosnac (Corrèze) y fallecido en Seraincourt. Fue miembro de la Academia Francesa a la que fue electo en 1803 para el asiento número 40.
  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis (Cosnac, 5 de junho de 1757 — Meulan, 5 de maio de 1808) foi um fisiologista e filósofo francês.Foi sepultado no Panteão de Paris.
  • Пьер Жан Жорж Кабанис (фр. Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis; 5 июня 1757, Конак, Коррез, — 5 мая 1808, Рюэй) — французский философ-материалист и врач.
  • Pierre Jean George Cabanis (French: [kabanis]; 5 June 1757 – 5 May 1808) was a French physiologist and materialist philosopher.Cabanis was born at Cosnac (Corrèze), the son of Jean Baptiste Cabanis (1723–1786), a lawyer and agronomist. At the age of ten, he attended the college of Brives, where he showed great aptitude for study, but his independence of spirit was so great that he was almost constantly in a state of rebellion against his teachers and was finally expelled.
  • Pierre Cabanis (ur. 5 czerwca 1757 w Cosnac, zm. 5 maja 1808 koło Meulan) – lekarz nadworny Ludwika XVI (prawdopodobnie świadek ścięcia króla, a później jego żony Marii Antoniny). Należał do filozofów francuskiego oświecenia; empirystów, którzy przyczynili się do rozwoju psychologii. Przedmiotem jego refleksji były zaburzenia umysłu – w ten sposób wyjaśniał zjawisko przestępczości. Cabanis uznał mózg ludzki za najwyższy mechanizm nerwowy.
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  • Pierre Cabanis
  • Pierre Jean George Cabanis
  • Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis
  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis
  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis
  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis
  • Кабанис, Пьер Жан Жорж
  • Пиер Жан Жорж Кабанис
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