Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti naît le 31 mai 1857 à Desio, dans la province de Monza et de la Brianza (Italie).

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  • Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti naît le 31 mai 1857 à Desio, dans la province de Monza et de la Brianza (Italie). Il est élu pape sous le nom de Pie XI (en latin, anglais et allemand: Pius XI, en italien Pio XI) le 6 février 1922.Son pontificat est marqué par le règlement de la Question romaine, avec la reconnaissance et l'institution de l'État de la Cité du Vatican, par les Accords du Latran, en 1929.Il fut confronté à la montée du communisme et du nazisme en Europe.Il meurt au Vatican le 10 février 1939.
  • Pius XI (łac. Pius XI, właśc. Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti; ur. 31 maja 1857 w Desio, zm. 10 lutego 1939 w Watykanie) – arcybiskup Mediolanu (1921-1922), papież w okresie od 6 lutego 1922 do 10 lutego 1939 i 1. Suweren Państwa Miasto Watykan od 7 czerwca 1929 do 10 lutego 1939.
  • Pio XI.a (latinez Pius PP.XI), jaiotzez Achille Damiano Ambrogio Ratti (Desio, Italia, 1857ko maiatzaren 31 - Erroma, 1939ko otsailaren 10a) Eliza Katolikoko Aita Santu izan zen 1922ko otsailaren 6tik bere heriotza egunera arte.
  • Pius XI (en llatí: Pius XI, en francès: Pie XI, en italià: Pio XI), de nom Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, (Desio, Regne Llombardovènet, Imperi Austríac, 31 de maig de 1857 - Palau Vaticà, 10 de febrer de 1939) fou papa de l'Església Catòlica entre 1922 i 1939.
  • Papa XI. Pius, asıl adı Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (d. 31 Mayıs 1857 Desio, Lombardi-Venetia, Avusturya İmparatorluğu, (günümüzde İtalya) - ö. 10 Şubat 1939, Roma), 6 Şubat 1922 – 10 Şubat 1939 doneminde papa idi.
  • Pius XI, geboren als Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (Desio, Monza, 31 mei 1857 – Vaticaanstad, 10 februari 1939), was een Italiaans paus van de Katholieke Kerk van 6 februari 1922 tot aan zijn dood. Zijn gehele pontificaat lag tussen de Eerste en Tweede Wereldoorlog. Tijdens deze periode, het zogenaamde interbellum, werd Pius XI geconfronteerd met de opkomst van communistische en fascistische regimes die hij tijdens zijn pontificaat veroordeelde, bijvoorbeeld in Duitsland (Mit brennender Sorge, 14 maart 1937, na een reeks van diplomatieke protestnota's), de Sovjet-Unie (Divini Redemptoris, 19 maart 1937), Italië (Non abbiamo bisogno, 29 juni 1931) en Mexico (encycliek van 18 november 1926). Een lange reeks van soms magistrale encyclieken - 31, waarvan er 30 gepubliceerd werden - heeft in vele opzichten richtinggevend gewerkt voor het katholieke denken en voelen.Hij voerde een intense concordaatspolitiek door en sloot ook de Lateraanse Verdragen af met Italië, waardoor de soevereiniteit van Vaticaanstad erkend werd met de paus als staatshoofd.Met groot doorzettingsvermogen ten slotte stimuleerde hij de vorming van een inheemse clerus in de missiegebieden, vaak tegen de zin van de Europese missie-oversten ter plaatse. Zijn nuchtere, praktische bestuurskracht en een hoog autoriteitsbewustzijn hebben de Katholieke Kerk vóór de Tweede Wereldoorlog een mondiaal georganiseerde centralisatie gegeven die nog lang na zijn pontificaat effect heeft gehad.
  • 교황 비오 11세(라틴어: Pius PP. XI, 이탈리아어: Papa Pio XI)는 제259대 교황(재위: 1922년 2월 6일 ~ 1939년 2월 10일)이다. 본명은 아킬레 암브로조 다미아노 라티(이탈리아어: Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti)이다. 위엄 있고 집중적이며 학구적인 동시에 활동적인 교황으로서 선교, 외교, 내부 쇄신, 적응 등에서 혁혁한 공로를 세운 교황으로 평가되고 있다. 비오 11세는 특히 가톨릭 액션 운동을 통해 평신도들이 교회 활동에 대한 참여를 조성하는데 큰 공로를 하였다.그의 치세기간 중에 1870년 이래 문제였던 로마 문제가 1929년 라테란 조약을 체결함으로써 극적으로 타결되었다. 이러한 조약 체결로써 교황은 오랜 감금 생활에서 해방되어 바티칸 시국에서나마 완전한 주권을 회복하게 되었다. 멕시코, 스페인, 소비에트 연방에서는 성직자들을 압송해 처형하고 성당을 공격하는 등 교회에 대한 대대적인 박해가 이루어졌다. 멕시코와 스페인의 기독교 박해는 가톨릭교회가 주요 대상이었으며, 소비에트 연방에서는 모든 기독교 종파에 대해 적대감을 드러내었지만, 특히 바티칸과 일치를 이룬 동방 가톨릭교회에 대해서는 유달리 극심하였다. 비오 11세는 당대에 흥기하던 공산주의와 국가사회주의에 대해 인간의 존엄성과 기본적인 인권을 손상시키고 있다면서 통렬하게 비판하였지만, 이에 대해 당시 서구 민주사회는 어떠한 반응이나 지지도 보내지 않았다. 비오 11세는 이를 ‘침묵의 공조’라고 이름 붙이고 개탄하였다.1925년 비오 11세는 반성직주의에 대항하기 위해 10월 마지막 주일을 그리스도 왕 대축일로 지내도록 제정하였다. 이는 구세사의 특수 사건을 기념하는 날이 아니고, 예수 그리스도가 왕임을 경축하고 그의 통치권이 개인과 가정과 사회 및 전 우주에 두루 미치고 있음을 강조하는 뜻을 내포하고 있다.
  • Пий XI (лат. Pius XI, до интронизации — Аброджио Дамиано Акилле Ратти, итал. Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti; 31 мая 1857, Дезио — 10 февраля 1939, Рим) — папа римский с 6 февраля 1922 по 10 февраля 1939.
  • Pío XI, de nombre secular Achille Damiano Ambrogio Ratti (Desio, Reino de Lombardía-Venecia, actual Italia, 31 de mayo de 1857 - Ciudad del Vaticano, 10 de febrero de 1939), fue el 259.º papa de la Iglesia católica, entre 1922 y 1939, con lo que su papado abarca casi todo el período de entreguerras.
  • Pope Pius XI, born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (Italian pronunciation: [amˈbrɔdʒo daˈmjano aˈkille ˈratti]; 31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was Pope from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939. He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February 1929. He took as his papal motto, "Pax Christi in Regno Christi," translated "The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ."Pope Pius XI issued numerous encyclicals, including Quadragesimo Anno on the 40th anniversary of Pope Leo XIII's groundbreaking social encyclical Rerum Novarum, highlighting capitalistic greed of international finance, and social justice issues, and Quas Primas, establishing the feast of Christ the King. The encyclical Studiorum ducem, promulgated 29 June 1923, was written on the occasion of the 6th centenary of the canonization of Thomas Aquinas, whose thought is acclaimed as central to Catholic philosophy and theology. The encyclical also singles out the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum as the preeminent institution for the teaching of Aquinas: "ante omnia Pontificium Collegium Angelicum, ubi Thomam tamquam domi suae habitare dixeris" (before all others the Pontifical Angelicum College, where Thomas can be said to dwell).Achille Ratti was an accomplished scholar, librarian and priest. He celebrated his 60th birthday as a priest on 31 May 1917. Less than five years later, on 6 February 1922, he was elected pope, succeeding Pope Benedict XV, who was only thirty months older and thus from the same generation as Ratti. In those five years, he had short stints as papal nuncio in Poland, in Kamionek, until being forced by the government to leave, and as Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti and Archbishop of Milan, where he served only a few months before being elected pope.To establish or maintain the position of the Catholic Church, he fostered and concluded a record number of concordats, including the Reichskonkordat with Germany. During his pontificate, the longstanding hostility with the Italian government over the status of the papacy and the Church in Italy was successfully resolved in the Lateran Treaty of 1929. He was unable to stop the persecution of the Church and the killing of clergy in Mexico, Spain and the Soviet Union. While in Mexico and Spain, the persecution was directed chiefly against the Catholic Church, hostility in the Soviet Union was directed against all Christians but especially against the Eastern Catholic Churches united with the Vatican. He vehemently protested against both Communism and Nazism as demeaning to human dignity and a violation of basic human rights, but heard so little support from the democracies of the West that he accused them of a "conspiracy of silence". Against totalitarian demands, he fostered the freedom of families to determine on their own the direction of education of their children.In one of his most important encyclicals on the social order of modern society, Quadragesimo Anno, he stated that social and economic issues are vital to the Church not from a technical point of view but in terms of moral and ethical issues involved. Ethical considerations include the nature of private property in terms of its functions for society and the development of the individual. He defined fair wages and branded the exploitation both materially and spiritually by international capitalism. He canonized important saints, including Thomas More, Petrus Canisius, Konrad von Parzham, Andrew Bobola and Don Bosco. He beatified and canonized Thérèse de Lisieux, for whom he held special reverence, and gave equivalent canonization to Albertus Magnus, naming him a Doctor of the Church due to the spiritual power of his writings.Pius XI created the feast Christ the King in response to anti-clericalism. Pius XI took strong interests in fostering the participation of lay people throughout the Catholic Church, especially in the Catholic Action movement. The end of his pontificate was dominated by defending the Catholic Church from intrusions into Catholic life and education.He died on 10 February 1939 in the Apostolic Palace and was buried in the grottos of Saint Peter's Basilica.
  • Пий XI (на латински: Pius PP. XI; на италиански: Pio XI) (31 май 1857 - 10 февруари 1939) е римски папа от 6 февруари 1922 г. и суверен на Ватикана от създаването на държавата (11 февруари 1929 г.) до смъртта си на 10 февруари 1939 г.
  • Papa Pio XI, nascido Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (em latim: Pius PP. XI; Desio, 31 de maio de 1857 — Vaticano, 10 de fevereiro de 1939), foi o 259º bispo de Roma e Papa da Igreja católica de 1922 até sua morte. Desde 1929, foi o primeiro soberano do Estado da Cidade do Vaticano.
  • ピウス11世(Pius PP. XI、1857年5月31日-1939年2月10日)はローマ教皇(在位:1922年2月6日-1939年2月10日)、カトリック教会の司祭。本名 アキッレ・ラッティ(Achille Ratti)。二つの世界大戦のはざまの時期にあって、世界平和の実現に奔走し、19世紀以来とだえていた諸国と教会の関係正常化をはかった。ピオ11世とも表記される。
  • Pius XI. (* 31. Mai 1857 in Desio (Lombardei); † 10. Februar 1939 in Rom) – bürgerlicher Name Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti war Papst von 1922 bis 1939. Pius XI. widmete sich nach Leo XIII. der Soziallehre und prägte diesen Begriff. In der Enzyklika Quadragesimo anno widmete er sich der Notwendigkeit des „gerechten Lohns“.
  • XI. Pius pápa (Achille Ratti; Milánó, 1857. május 31. – Róma, 1939. február 10.) a római katolikus egyház 259. pápája 1922-től haláláig.A 43 bíborosból álló konklávén, amely Rómában 1922. február 2-án gyűlt össze 14 szavazás után megválasztották Achille Ratti bíborost.
  • Papa Pio XI (in latino: Pius PP. XI, nato Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti; Desio, 31 maggio 1857 – Città del Vaticano, 10 febbraio 1939) è stato il 259º vescovo di Roma e Papa della Chiesa cattolica dal 1922 alla sua morte. Dal 1929 fu il 1º sovrano del nuovo Stato della Città del Vaticano.
  • Pius XI. (před zvolením Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti; 31. května 1857 Desio – 10. února 1939 Vatikán) byl papežem katolické církve (od roku 1922) a suverénem státu Vatikán. Některými historiky je považován za největšího papeže 20. století.Před nástupem svého pontifikátu působil jako prefekt Vatikánské knihovny (1914-1919), apoštolský nuncius v Polsku (1919-1921) a arcibiskup milánský (1921-1922).Jako papež si zvolil motto pax Christi in regno Christi (pokoj Kristův v království Kristově). Vydal na 31 encyklik, vytvořil rámec pro zformování Katolické akce a v roce 1925 ustanovil slavnost Ježíše Krista Krále. V roce 1931 založil Radio Vatikán a v roce 1936 (znovu)založil Papežskou akademii věd.Za jeho pontifikátu Svatý stolec uzavřel řadu konkordátů a mezinárodních smluv s (převážně nově vzniklými) státy, včetně Lateránských smluv, v nichž Itálie uznala existenci a svrchovanost Vatikánu, a kontroverzního Říšského konkordátu.Na konci svého pontifikátu, poznamenaném těžkou nemocí, se neúspěšně snažil čelit nástupu komunismu a nacismu, kteréžto odsoudil ve svých encyklikách, a odvrátit blížící se světovou válku.
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  • Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti naît le 31 mai 1857 à Desio, dans la province de Monza et de la Brianza (Italie).
  • Pius XI (łac. Pius XI, właśc. Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti; ur. 31 maja 1857 w Desio, zm. 10 lutego 1939 w Watykanie) – arcybiskup Mediolanu (1921-1922), papież w okresie od 6 lutego 1922 do 10 lutego 1939 i 1. Suweren Państwa Miasto Watykan od 7 czerwca 1929 do 10 lutego 1939.
  • Pio XI.a (latinez Pius PP.XI), jaiotzez Achille Damiano Ambrogio Ratti (Desio, Italia, 1857ko maiatzaren 31 - Erroma, 1939ko otsailaren 10a) Eliza Katolikoko Aita Santu izan zen 1922ko otsailaren 6tik bere heriotza egunera arte.
  • Pius XI (en llatí: Pius XI, en francès: Pie XI, en italià: Pio XI), de nom Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, (Desio, Regne Llombardovènet, Imperi Austríac, 31 de maig de 1857 - Palau Vaticà, 10 de febrer de 1939) fou papa de l'Església Catòlica entre 1922 i 1939.
  • Papa XI. Pius, asıl adı Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (d. 31 Mayıs 1857 Desio, Lombardi-Venetia, Avusturya İmparatorluğu, (günümüzde İtalya) - ö. 10 Şubat 1939, Roma), 6 Şubat 1922 – 10 Şubat 1939 doneminde papa idi.
  • Пий XI (лат. Pius XI, до интронизации — Аброджио Дамиано Акилле Ратти, итал. Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti; 31 мая 1857, Дезио — 10 февраля 1939, Рим) — папа римский с 6 февраля 1922 по 10 февраля 1939.
  • Pío XI, de nombre secular Achille Damiano Ambrogio Ratti (Desio, Reino de Lombardía-Venecia, actual Italia, 31 de mayo de 1857 - Ciudad del Vaticano, 10 de febrero de 1939), fue el 259.º papa de la Iglesia católica, entre 1922 y 1939, con lo que su papado abarca casi todo el período de entreguerras.
  • Пий XI (на латински: Pius PP. XI; на италиански: Pio XI) (31 май 1857 - 10 февруари 1939) е римски папа от 6 февруари 1922 г. и суверен на Ватикана от създаването на държавата (11 февруари 1929 г.) до смъртта си на 10 февруари 1939 г.
  • Papa Pio XI, nascido Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (em latim: Pius PP. XI; Desio, 31 de maio de 1857 — Vaticano, 10 de fevereiro de 1939), foi o 259º bispo de Roma e Papa da Igreja católica de 1922 até sua morte. Desde 1929, foi o primeiro soberano do Estado da Cidade do Vaticano.
  • ピウス11世(Pius PP. XI、1857年5月31日-1939年2月10日)はローマ教皇(在位:1922年2月6日-1939年2月10日)、カトリック教会の司祭。本名 アキッレ・ラッティ(Achille Ratti)。二つの世界大戦のはざまの時期にあって、世界平和の実現に奔走し、19世紀以来とだえていた諸国と教会の関係正常化をはかった。ピオ11世とも表記される。
  • Pius XI. (* 31. Mai 1857 in Desio (Lombardei); † 10. Februar 1939 in Rom) – bürgerlicher Name Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti war Papst von 1922 bis 1939. Pius XI. widmete sich nach Leo XIII. der Soziallehre und prägte diesen Begriff. In der Enzyklika Quadragesimo anno widmete er sich der Notwendigkeit des „gerechten Lohns“.
  • XI. Pius pápa (Achille Ratti; Milánó, 1857. május 31. – Róma, 1939. február 10.) a római katolikus egyház 259. pápája 1922-től haláláig.A 43 bíborosból álló konklávén, amely Rómában 1922. február 2-án gyűlt össze 14 szavazás után megválasztották Achille Ratti bíborost.
  • Papa Pio XI (in latino: Pius PP. XI, nato Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti; Desio, 31 maggio 1857 – Città del Vaticano, 10 febbraio 1939) è stato il 259º vescovo di Roma e Papa della Chiesa cattolica dal 1922 alla sua morte. Dal 1929 fu il 1º sovrano del nuovo Stato della Città del Vaticano.
  • Pius XI, geboren als Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (Desio, Monza, 31 mei 1857 – Vaticaanstad, 10 februari 1939), was een Italiaans paus van de Katholieke Kerk van 6 februari 1922 tot aan zijn dood. Zijn gehele pontificaat lag tussen de Eerste en Tweede Wereldoorlog.
  • Pope Pius XI, born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (Italian pronunciation: [amˈbrɔdʒo daˈmjano aˈkille ˈratti]; 31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was Pope from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939. He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February 1929.
  • Pius XI. (před zvolením Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti; 31. května 1857 Desio – 10. února 1939 Vatikán) byl papežem katolické církve (od roku 1922) a suverénem státu Vatikán. Některými historiky je považován za největšího papeže 20. století.Před nástupem svého pontifikátu působil jako prefekt Vatikánské knihovny (1914-1919), apoštolský nuncius v Polsku (1919-1921) a arcibiskup milánský (1921-1922).Jako papež si zvolil motto pax Christi in regno Christi (pokoj Kristův v království Kristově).
  • 교황 비오 11세(라틴어: Pius PP. XI, 이탈리아어: Papa Pio XI)는 제259대 교황(재위: 1922년 2월 6일 ~ 1939년 2월 10일)이다. 본명은 아킬레 암브로조 다미아노 라티(이탈리아어: Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti)이다. 위엄 있고 집중적이며 학구적인 동시에 활동적인 교황으로서 선교, 외교, 내부 쇄신, 적응 등에서 혁혁한 공로를 세운 교황으로 평가되고 있다. 비오 11세는 특히 가톨릭 액션 운동을 통해 평신도들이 교회 활동에 대한 참여를 조성하는데 큰 공로를 하였다.그의 치세기간 중에 1870년 이래 문제였던 로마 문제가 1929년 라테란 조약을 체결함으로써 극적으로 타결되었다. 이러한 조약 체결로써 교황은 오랜 감금 생활에서 해방되어 바티칸 시국에서나마 완전한 주권을 회복하게 되었다. 멕시코, 스페인, 소비에트 연방에서는 성직자들을 압송해 처형하고 성당을 공격하는 등 교회에 대한 대대적인 박해가 이루어졌다.
rdfs:label
  • Pie XI
  • Papa Pio XI
  • Papa Pio XI
  • Paus Pius XI
  • Paus Pius XI
  • Pio XI.a
  • Pius XI
  • Pius XI
  • Pius XI.
  • Pius XI.
  • Pope Pius XI
  • Pío XI
  • XI. Pius
  • XI. Piusz pápa
  • Пий XI
  • Пий XI
  • ピウス11世 (ローマ教皇)
  • 교황 비오 11세
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