Phoumi Vongvichit (6 avril 1909 - 7 janvier 1994) est un homme politique laotien. Il fut une importante figure du Pathet Lao et président de la République par intérim à la mort du prince Souphanouvong.

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  • Phoumi Vongvichit (6 avril 1909 - 7 janvier 1994) est un homme politique laotien. Il fut une importante figure du Pathet Lao et président de la République par intérim à la mort du prince Souphanouvong.
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (Xhieng Khuang, 6 april 1909 - Vientiane, 7 januari 1994) was een Laotiaans communistisch staatsman. Hij was afkomstig uit een voornaam patriciërsgeslacht. Zijn vader was werkzaam bij de administratie van Laos. Phoumi Vongvichit volgde een opleiding aan een koloniale hogeschool en was daarna burgemeester van Xhieng Khuang (1939) en van Vientiane (1940-1945). Daarna was hij van 1945 tot 1946 gouverneur van de provincie Hua Phan. Na de Japanse capitulatie sloot hij zich aan bij de Lao Issara ('Vrij Laos') beweging, dat naar onafhankelijkheid streefde. In 1949 werd de Lao Issara-beweging gedwongen om uit te wijken naar Thailand. In 1950 sloot hij zich aan bij de radicale factie van prins Souphanouvong. In 1955 werd deze factie een onafhankelijke bevrijdingsbeweging onder de naam Pathet Lao. In datzelfde jaar onderhandelde hij over een mogelijke coalitieregering met de koninklijke Laotiaanse regering (Laos was sinds 1954 onafhankelijk). Hij werd hij tevens secretaris-generaal van de Laotiaanse Volkspartij, de civiele vleugel van de Pathet Lao. De onderhandelingen leidden tot de in 1956 gesloten Akkoorden van Vientiane, deze voorzagen weer in een coalitieregering tussen neutralisten en de Pathet Lao. Phoumi Vongvichit was minister van Religie en Schone Kunsten in de Eerste Coalitieregering. In 1958 werd hij voor Luang Prabang in de volksvertegenwoordiging gekozen. In datzelfde jaar viel de coalitieregering en werden de Pathet Lao-ministers, incl. Phoumi in hechtenis genomen. In mei 1960 wist hij samen met Souphanouvong uit de gevangenis te ontsnappen, waarna zij zich in de door de Pathet Lao bezette noordelijke provincies ophielden en vandaar het communistisch verzet tegen de regering leidden.Van 1962 tot 1964 was hij minister Informatie, Propaganda en Toerisme. Na het uiteenvallen van deze Tweede Coalitieregering vertrok hij opnieuw naar de door de Pathet Lao bezette gebieden.In de Derde, in 1974 gevormde Coalitieregering was hij vicepremier en minister van Buitenlandse Zaken. Na het uitroepen van de Democratische Volksrepubliek Laos in 1975 werd hij tweede vicepremier, minister van Educatie, Sport en Religieuze Zaken. Tevens werd hij lid van het politbureau van de Laotiaanse Revolutionaire Volkspartij (communistisch) en van het Laotiaans Patriottisch Front. In 1986 werd hij waarnemend president van de republiek voor de zieke Souphanouvong. Hij overleed in 1994.
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (April 6, 1909–7 January 1994) was a leading figure of the Pathet Lao and an elder statesman of the Lao People's Democratic Republic.He was born April 6, 1909 in Xieng Khouang, the son of a civil servant. He was educated in the Lao capital Vientiane, after which he joined the colonial civil service. After postings in Vientiane, Luang Prabang and Xieng Khouang, he was promoted to district chief ("chao muang") and served in Xieng Khouang (1939) and Vientiane (1940 - 1945). In January 1945 he was appointed governor ("chao khoueng") of Houaphan where he remained until the Japanese surrender in August 1945. The following month, Phoumi cooperated with Free French forces when they briefly seized the town of Sam Neua, but subsequently he joined the anti-colonialist Lao Issara movement and worked closely with the Viet Minh to oppose the return of French authority in Indochina.In 1946, after the French reasserted their authority in Laos, Phoumi made his way to northern Thailand where for the next three years he was active in the Lao Issara. At the end of 1949, having refused to accept the offer of amnesty upon dissolution of the Lao Issara government-in-exile in Thailand, Phoumi was one of the handful of Lao who joined Souphanouvong in northern Vietnam. There he attended the founding congress of the Neo Lao Issara (the Free Laos Front). Phoumi was nominated both Secretary-General of the Front, and Minister of the Interior and Deputy Prime Minister in the Pathet Lao Resistance government that the Front established in opposition to the Royal Lao government in Vientiane. The Resistance government gained no international recognition, but Phoumi nominally retained both positions until the Geneva Agreements of 1954 brought the First Indochina War to an end.In 1954 and 1955, Phoumi led Pathet Lao delegations in negotiations with the Royal Lao government over reintegration of the provinces of Phong Saly and Houaphan. In March 1955, Phoumi was one of the founding members of the Lao People's Party and was elected to its Political Bureau. The following January he was elected to the Central Committee of the Lao Patriotic Front (Neo Lao Hak Xat). In 1956, Phoumi continued to be involved in negotiations over integration which eventuated in the signing of a series of agreements, known as the Vientiane Agreements, the following year. These opened the way for formation of the First Coalition government in which Phoumi served as Minister of Religion and Fine Arts. (The other Pathet Lao minister was Souphanouvong at the Ministry of Economy and Plan.) From this time, Phoumi took a lively interest in the Buddhist Sangha, recognizing its potential as a propaganda organ for opposition to the Americanization of Lao society, but also as a vehicle for the propagation of Lao cultural values.In the supplementary elections of May 1958, Phoumi was elected to the National Assembly to serve as a deputy for Luang Prabang. In the political crisis that followed the electoral success of the left, Phoumi lost his ministry. In July 1959 he was arrested along with other Pathet Lao deputies, and imprisoned without ever being brought to trial. In a famous May 1960 episode he escaped with Souphanouvong and other leading Pathet Lao prisoners and their guards, and made the long march to the Pathet Lao zone in Xieng Khouang.After the Battle of Vientiane in December 1960 and the subsequent retreat of Neutralist forces to the Plain of Jars, Phoumi was instrumental in arranging for Pathet Lao-Neutralist collaboration. He led the Pathet Lao delegation to the Geneva Conference on the neutrality of Laos in 1962, and served as Minister of Information, Propaganda and Tourism in the Second Coalition government. In 1964, after a series of political assassinations, Phoumi left Vientiane with other Pathet Lao ministers.By this time Laos had been dragged into the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War) between the United States and North Vietnam. For the next ten years, Phoumi alternated between living in the limestone caverns of Viengxay and leading various Pathet Lao delegations to international communist gatherings. He retained his positions in both the Politburo and the Lao Patriotic Front, and took a leading role in negotiations leading to formation of the Third Coalition government in 1974, in which he served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.After formation of the Lao People's Democratic Republic in December 1975, Phoumi was named Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education, Sport and Religious Affairs. In the reorganization that followed the Third Congress of the LPRP in 1982, Phoumi became a member of the Inner Cabinet with overall responsibility for education, information and culture. In 1986, when Souphanouvong was forced to step down from the Presidency for reasons of health, Phoumi was named Acting President of the LPDR and Chairman of the Lao Front for National Construction. He retired from the Acting Presidency and the Politburo at the Fifth Party Congress in March 1991.Since 1991, he and Prince Souphanouvong, Sisomphon Lovansay is Advisors of Party's Central Committee [1].
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (Xieng Khouang, 6 aprile 1909 – 1994) è stato un politico, patriota e rivoluzionario laotiano figura di primo piano del Pathet Lao e presidente del Laos dal 1986 al 1991.Durante la seconda guerra mondiale cooperò con le forze di France Libre ma ben presto si schierò con il movimento anticolonialista Lao Issara collaborando in stretta connessione con i Viet Minh per opporsi alla restaurazione dell’autorità francese in Indocina.Nel 1946 Phoumi entrò in clandestinità rifugiandosi nel Nord della Thailandia; tre anni dopo si unì alle forze del principe Souphanouvong, fondatore del partito comunista Pathet Lao, che aveva base nel Vietnam del Nord. Al congresso fondatore del Neo Lao Issara (Fronte del Laos libero) venne nominato segretario generale dello stesso, ministro degli Interni e vice-primo ministro del governo di resistenza del Pathet Lao che si opponeva al governo legittimo.Nel 1954 e nel 1955 Phoumi guidò le delegazioni del Pathat Lao nei negoziati con il governo reale del Laos e nel marzo 1955 fu tra i fondatori del Partito popolare del Laos. Nel gennaio seguente entrò nel Comitato centrale del Fronte patriottico del Laos (Neo Lao Hak Xat).Dopo gli accordi di Vientiane del 1957 si formò un primo governo di coalizione nel quale Phoumi ricoprì l’incarico di ministro della religione e della cultura.Alle elezioni del 1958 venne eletto all’Assemblea nazionale. L’anno seguente venne arrestato assieme ad altri deputati del Pathat Lao ma riuscirà a fuggire assieme al principe Souphanouvong e ad altri esponenti del partito rifugiandosi nella zona di Xieng Khouang.Dopo la battaglia di Vientiane del dicembre 1960 e la susseguente ritirata delle forze neutraliste Phoumi riuscirà a ricomporre le diatribe tra le due fazioni e guiderà la delegazione laotiana alla Conferenza di Ginevra per la neutralità del Laos nel 1962. Due anni dopo, tuttavia, in seguito ad una serie di omicidi politici fuggirà da Vientiane.Durante la guerra del Vietnam Phoumi rimane un esponente centrale del Pathet Lao pur vivendo in clandestinità. Dopo la formazione di un terzo governo di coalizione nel 1974 ricopre la carica di vice-premier e di ministro degli esteri. In seguito alla proclamazione della Repubblica democratica popolare del Laos nel dicembre 1975 Phoumi entrerà a far parte del governo come ministro dell’Educazione e secondo vice-premier. Nel 1986 il principe Souphanouvong è costretto a lasciare la carica di presidente del Paese a causa di motivi di salute e viene sostituito da Phoumi.Nel marzo 1991 si ritira dalla presidenza e dal Politburo.
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (* 6. April 1909 in der Provinz Xieng Khouang, Laos; † 7. Januar 1994) war ein laotischer Politiker der Laotischen Revolutionären Volkspartei (LRVP).
  • プーミ・ウォンウィチット(Phoumi Vongvichit, 1909年4月6日 - 1994年1月7日)は、ラオスの政治家。ラオス内戦期における左派勢力パテート・ラーオの政治指導者であり、戦後はラオス人民民主共和国主席代行を務めた。
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (ur. 6 kwietnia 1909 w Xieng Khouang, zm. 7 stycznia 1994), polityk laotański, p.o. prezydenta Laosu od października 1986 do sierpnia 1991.Ukończył wyższe studia historyczne. Brał udział w walkach niepodległościowych z kolonizatorami francuskimi, potem z siłami amerykańskimi; działał w Ludowej Partii Laosu i wchodził w skład jej kierownictwa. W powołanym w 1957 pierwszym rządzie jedności narodowej objął tekę ministra oświaty; był więziony po obaleniu tego rządu (1959). W kolejnym rządzie jedności został ministrem informacji (1962). Po interwencji wojskowej USA, wspierającej laotańskie siły prawicowe, był jednym z przywódców walk z Amerykanami; w 1970 został wybrany na przewodniczącego Patriotycznego Frontu Laosu.Po proklamowaniu Laotańskiej Republiki Ludowo-Demokratycznej w 1974 ponownie wszedł w skład rządu, tym razem jako minister spraw zagranicznych i szkolnictwa. W 1979 został wicepremierem. Był członkiem Biura Politycznego Komitetu Centralnego Laotańskiej Partii Ludowo-Rewolucyjnej. 29 października 1986, po złożonej rezygnacji przez prezydenta księcia Souphanouvonga (ze względu na zły stan zdrowia), Vongvichit został powołany na mocy dekretu najwyższych władz na p.o. prezydenta. Pełnił funkcję tymczasowej głowy państwa do sierpnia 1991 (zastępując Souphanouvonga, który pozostał formalnie prezydentem); odszedł w 1991 także z Biura Politycznego.Źródła: Encyklopedia. Świat w przekroju 1988, Warszawa 1989 (tu podany rok urodzenia 1922)
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  • Phoumi Vongvichit (6 avril 1909 - 7 janvier 1994) est un homme politique laotien. Il fut une importante figure du Pathet Lao et président de la République par intérim à la mort du prince Souphanouvong.
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (* 6. April 1909 in der Provinz Xieng Khouang, Laos; † 7. Januar 1994) war ein laotischer Politiker der Laotischen Revolutionären Volkspartei (LRVP).
  • プーミ・ウォンウィチット(Phoumi Vongvichit, 1909年4月6日 - 1994年1月7日)は、ラオスの政治家。ラオス内戦期における左派勢力パテート・ラーオの政治指導者であり、戦後はラオス人民民主共和国主席代行を務めた。
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (Xhieng Khuang, 6 april 1909 - Vientiane, 7 januari 1994) was een Laotiaans communistisch staatsman. Hij was afkomstig uit een voornaam patriciërsgeslacht. Zijn vader was werkzaam bij de administratie van Laos. Phoumi Vongvichit volgde een opleiding aan een koloniale hogeschool en was daarna burgemeester van Xhieng Khuang (1939) en van Vientiane (1940-1945). Daarna was hij van 1945 tot 1946 gouverneur van de provincie Hua Phan.
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (ur. 6 kwietnia 1909 w Xieng Khouang, zm. 7 stycznia 1994), polityk laotański, p.o. prezydenta Laosu od października 1986 do sierpnia 1991.Ukończył wyższe studia historyczne. Brał udział w walkach niepodległościowych z kolonizatorami francuskimi, potem z siłami amerykańskimi; działał w Ludowej Partii Laosu i wchodził w skład jej kierownictwa. W powołanym w 1957 pierwszym rządzie jedności narodowej objął tekę ministra oświaty; był więziony po obaleniu tego rządu (1959).
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (April 6, 1909–7 January 1994) was a leading figure of the Pathet Lao and an elder statesman of the Lao People's Democratic Republic.He was born April 6, 1909 in Xieng Khouang, the son of a civil servant. He was educated in the Lao capital Vientiane, after which he joined the colonial civil service. After postings in Vientiane, Luang Prabang and Xieng Khouang, he was promoted to district chief ("chao muang") and served in Xieng Khouang (1939) and Vientiane (1940 - 1945).
  • Phoumi Vongvichit (Xieng Khouang, 6 aprile 1909 – 1994) è stato un politico, patriota e rivoluzionario laotiano figura di primo piano del Pathet Lao e presidente del Laos dal 1986 al 1991.Durante la seconda guerra mondiale cooperò con le forze di France Libre ma ben presto si schierò con il movimento anticolonialista Lao Issara collaborando in stretta connessione con i Viet Minh per opporsi alla restaurazione dell’autorità francese in Indocina.Nel 1946 Phoumi entrò in clandestinità rifugiandosi nel Nord della Thailandia; tre anni dopo si unì alle forze del principe Souphanouvong, fondatore del partito comunista Pathet Lao, che aveva base nel Vietnam del Nord.
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  • プーミ・ウォンウィチット
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