Selon la définition de l'INSEE, la pauvreté en France concerne toutes les personnes dont le revenu est inférieur à une fraction donnée (50 ou 60 %) du revenu français médian, soit 987 euros en 2012 .Selon l'Insee, la France compte de 8,5 à 8,6 millions de pauvres, soit environ 14 % de la population de 2010 à 2012 et 20 % des enfants. Le taux de pauvreté s'élève à 13,9 % de la population en 2012 (contre 14,3 % en 2011).

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  • Selon la définition de l'INSEE, la pauvreté en France concerne toutes les personnes dont le revenu est inférieur à une fraction donnée (50 ou 60 %) du revenu français médian, soit 987 euros en 2012 .Selon l'Insee, la France compte de 8,5 à 8,6 millions de pauvres, soit environ 14 % de la population de 2010 à 2012 et 20 % des enfants. Le taux de pauvreté s'élève à 13,9 % de la population en 2012 (contre 14,3 % en 2011). Le niveau de vie des personnes vivant en dessous du seuil de pauvreté a diminué, près de la moitié d'entre elles vivant en 2012 avec moins de 784 euros par mois.Selon l'Insee, « si la pauvreté monétaire, stable, touche un peu plus d’un ménage sur dix, c’est près d’un tiers d’entre eux qui expriment un net sentiment de difficulté d’existence ».Durant la période 2000-2009, le taux de pauvreté de l'ensemble des ménages a enregistré une légère hausse : + 0,3 %, tendance qui se poursuit par la suite, passant de 7 382 000 pauvres en 2004 à 8 173 000 en 2009, et à 8 600 000 en 2010.On observe sur cette période une suite de baisses et de hausses légères qui s'expriment en mesure absolue (par rapport à un niveau de dépenses constant) et en mesure relative (par rapport au reste de la population). (de 27,3 % à 3,8 %). Les nombreuses aides sociales progressivement créées (RMI en 1988, Aides au logement, …) soulagent la pauvreté chez les actifs.Selon une étude de l'Insee, en France en 2006, 7,1 % de la population vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté relatif de 50 % et 13,2 % sous le seuil de pauvreté de 60 %. Cela était monté à 13,4 % de la population en 2007, alors que la moitié des Français disposaient de moins de 1 500 euros par mois. En 2008, 25 % des salariés gagnent moins de 750 euros par mois, et en 2010 il y a 3 291 000 enfants pauvres en France. En 2011, la pauvreté continue sa progression avec un creusement des inégalités sociales.
  • Poverty in France has risen by 60% over thirty years. Although it affected 15% of the population in 1970, in 2001 only 6.1% (or 3.7 million people) were below the poverty line (which, according to INSEE's criteria, is half of the median income).In the mid-Sixties, Jules Klanfer estimated that about 20% of the French population lived in poverty. Lionel Stoleru, in “The fight against poverty in the rich countries,” estimated that 20% of the population lived in poverty in the early Seventies, while Rene Lenior in “The Outsiders” put the figure at 15.% An OECD study from the early Seventies estimated that 16% of the French population lived in poverty, compared with 13% in the United States, 11% in Canada, 7.5% in the United Kingdom, and 3% in Germany. Other national estimates at the time were 13% (the United States), 11% (Canada), 8% (Australia), 5% (Norway), and 3.5% (Sweden).In 1975, a basic tax-free cash allowance starting at £665 for children under the age of ten provided a considerable amount of support for families living on low incomes, and its combination with direct taxation meant greater support to poor families than in any other country in the EEC. A two-parent family with four dependent children on 66% of average earnings gained an amount after tax and allowances equal to 49.4% of its income compared with 8.2% in the United Kingdom. Nevertheless, that same year, INSEE found that at any wage level disposable income per head was still much lower in large families than those with no or very few children, while the cost of bringing up a family weighed particularly heavily on households headed by a low-paid worker. According to one estimate from the early Seventies, using 1500 francs net per month for those in full-time employment 44% of women and 24.5% of men were low paid. The percentage of workers who were low paid was particularly high in personal services such as hairdressing (74%), hotel and catering (60%) and textiles (51%).In comparison with average French workers, foreign workers tended to be employed in the hardest and lowest-paid jobs and live in poor conditions. A 1972 study found that foreign workers earned 17% less than their French counterparts, although this national average concealed the extent of inequality due to the fact that foreign workers were more likely to be men in their prime working years in the industrial areas, which generally had higher rates of pay than elsewhere.In 1974, the National Assembly’s Commission on Cultural, Family and Social Affairs estimated that 5% of the population should be considered as “living in a state of destitution or on the borderline of destitution.” Studies by Serge Milano, Lionel Stoleru, and Rene Lenoir estimated that between 10% and 14% of the population lived in poverty from 1970 to 1980. A report by the EEC estimated that 14.8% of households in France lived in poverty in 1975, defined as living below the threshold of 50% mean annual income. In 1987, it was estimated that 2 million people in France lived in extreme poverty.Previously, the poor were for the most part retirees. The trend reversed itself in the 1980s with an increase in unemployment among young people; while poverty among the elderly dropped 85% (from 27.3% to 3.8%), among those still in the workforce it increased by 38% over the same 30 years (from 3.9% to 5.4%). Various social welfare programs have had an important impact in low-income households, and in 2002, they may in some cases have represented more than 50% of the household's income.In 2008, the OECD claimed that France was only one of five countries in the OECD where income inequality and poverty had declined over the past 20 years.
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  • Selon la définition de l'INSEE, la pauvreté en France concerne toutes les personnes dont le revenu est inférieur à une fraction donnée (50 ou 60 %) du revenu français médian, soit 987 euros en 2012 .Selon l'Insee, la France compte de 8,5 à 8,6 millions de pauvres, soit environ 14 % de la population de 2010 à 2012 et 20 % des enfants. Le taux de pauvreté s'élève à 13,9 % de la population en 2012 (contre 14,3 % en 2011).
  • Poverty in France has risen by 60% over thirty years. Although it affected 15% of the population in 1970, in 2001 only 6.1% (or 3.7 million people) were below the poverty line (which, according to INSEE's criteria, is half of the median income).In the mid-Sixties, Jules Klanfer estimated that about 20% of the French population lived in poverty.
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  • Pauvreté en France
  • Poverty in France
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