Le parti national-libéral (Nationalliberale Partei) d'Allemagne était un parti politique de l'Empire allemand. Il a été fondé en 1867 et a disparu en 1918.Le parti national-libéral nait en 1866 de la scission du parti progressiste allemand. En plein conflit constitutionnel prussien, la loi sur les indemnités d'Otto von Bismarck fit voler en éclats le peu de cohésion restant.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Le parti national-libéral (Nationalliberale Partei) d'Allemagne était un parti politique de l'Empire allemand. Il a été fondé en 1867 et a disparu en 1918.Le parti national-libéral nait en 1866 de la scission du parti progressiste allemand. En plein conflit constitutionnel prussien, la loi sur les indemnités d'Otto von Bismarck fit voler en éclats le peu de cohésion restant. Sur l'appel de 15 membres du parti progressiste et de 9 membres de l'aile gauche du Zentrum en septembre 1866, la fraction nationale-libérale fut créée le 17 novembre 1866 à la chambre des représentants de Prusse. Elle rassemblait 19 membres, parmi eux Heinrich von Hennig, Karl Twesten, Eduard Lasker ou Friedrich Hammacher.
  • The National Liberal Party (German: Nationalliberale Partei) was a liberal political party of the German Empire, which flourished between 1867 and 1918.A first national liberal parliamentary group was formed on 17 November 1866 by several right-wing deputies of the German Progress Party in the Prussian Landtag around Eduard Lasker and Hans Victor von Unruh. They put aside their differences with Minister President Otto von Bismarck over domestic policy due to their support for his highly successful foreign policy, which resulted in the unification of Germany as a constitutional monarchy. The National Liberal Party was founded in 1867, it advocated the interests of the Grand Burghers (German Großbürger) and business magnates. Its first chairman was Rudolf von Bennigsen. In the 1871 election the party reached 30.1% of the votes, becoming the strongest group in the Reichstag parliament with 119 seats.The National Liberals' period of great dominance was between 1871 and 1879, when they were Bismarck's chief allies in the Reichstag, and were avid supporters of the Kulturkampf measures. The stabilization of the new state was in a large degree only feasible because of National Liberal party support and guidance of Bismarck´s domestic policies, especially in regards to national economics and the legal foundations of the second German empire. Weights and measurements were standardized, a common German market and a national bank, the Reichsbank, created and the numerous regional currencies replaced with the Reichsmark. The liberal economic policies, although temporarily unpopular in the recession of the 1870s, laid the groundworks for the economic boom the German nation experienced at the end of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.When Bismarck broke with the National Liberals in 1879 and turned to protectionist policies,the shift was so important, that it has been characterized as Bismarck´s "conservative turn". This meant an enduring shift of the Chancellor to the right, which changed the political climate of the fledging nation and soured relations between Bismarck and a number of leading German liberals. Bismarck after 1879 began to favour a more protectionist approach, which violated the free trade principles of both liberal parties, the National-Liberals and the more left-leaning liberal German Progressive Party. One year later the NLP´s left wing, the Liberal Union split off, which merged with the Progressive Party into the German Free-minded Party in 1884. The remaining partisans approached to the Conservatives, being the strongest supporters of von Tirpitz's various Fleet Acts starting in 1898, which pushed Great Britain into an arms race with Germany until World War I.The National Liberals came to be closely associated with the interests of big business. Increasingly threatened by the growing strength of the Socialists, the party gradually became more conservative, although it was generally split between a more liberal wing that sought to strengthen ties with the dissident liberals to their left, and a right wing that came to support more protectionist policies and close relations with the Conservatives and the imperial government.During World War I, most of the National Liberals, including such leaders of their left wing as Gustav Stresemann, avidly supported the expansionist goals of the imperial government, although they also called for reform at home. Following the war, the party broke up. Its left wing merged with the left-liberal Progressives to form the German Democratic Party (Deutsche Demokratische Partei). Most of the moderate and conservative elements of the party (including Stresemann) formed the more conservative liberal German People's Party (Deutsche Volkspartei). The extreme right wing of the National Liberals joined the German National People's Party.
  • De Nationaal-Liberale Partij (Duits: Nationalliberale Partei), was een conservatief-liberale partij ten tijde van het Duitse Keizerrijk.
  • Die Nationalliberale Partei war eine politische Partei im Deutschen Reich. Sie wurde 1866/67 gegründet und bestand bis 1918.
  • O Partido Nacional Liberal foi um Partido Político da Alemanha entre os anos 1867 e 1918.
  • 国民自由党(こくみんじゆうとう、Nationalliberale Partei、略称NLP)は、ドイツ帝国における政党である。1867年に設立され、1918年に解党された。1866年普墺戦争でのビスマルクの対応をめぐってドイツ進歩党が分裂。1866年9月ビスマルクの外交政策を支持する進歩党員15人とカトリック左派9人の呼びかけで、1866年11月17日に国民自由主義者の最初の議員団がプロイセン議会で形成された。この中には、ハインリヒ・フォン・ヘンニヒ、カール・ツヴェステン、エドゥアルト・ラスカー、フリードリヒ・ハムマハーらがいた。
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prop-fr:année
  • 1969 (xsd:integer)
  • 1992 (xsd:integer)
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  • 2012-02-09 (xsd:date)
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  • 3 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:lang
  • de
prop-fr:lienAuteur
  • Thomas Nipperdey
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  • Hanovre
  • Munich
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  • Nipperdey
  • Eisfeld
prop-fr:prénom
  • Thomas
  • Gerhard
prop-fr:titre
  • Deutsche Geschichte
  • Die Entstehung der liberalen Parteien in Deutschland 1858-1870. Studie zu den Organisationen und Programmen der Liberalen und Demokraten
  • Le parti national-libéral 1867-1918 sur le site du Deutschen Historischen Museums
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  • 1866 (xsd:integer)
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  • 2 (xsd:integer)
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  • http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/kaiserreich/innenpolitik/nlp/index.html
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  • C. H. Beck
  • Verlag für Literatur und Zeitgeschehen
dcterms:subject
rdfs:comment
  • Le parti national-libéral (Nationalliberale Partei) d'Allemagne était un parti politique de l'Empire allemand. Il a été fondé en 1867 et a disparu en 1918.Le parti national-libéral nait en 1866 de la scission du parti progressiste allemand. En plein conflit constitutionnel prussien, la loi sur les indemnités d'Otto von Bismarck fit voler en éclats le peu de cohésion restant.
  • De Nationaal-Liberale Partij (Duits: Nationalliberale Partei), was een conservatief-liberale partij ten tijde van het Duitse Keizerrijk.
  • Die Nationalliberale Partei war eine politische Partei im Deutschen Reich. Sie wurde 1866/67 gegründet und bestand bis 1918.
  • O Partido Nacional Liberal foi um Partido Político da Alemanha entre os anos 1867 e 1918.
  • 国民自由党(こくみんじゆうとう、Nationalliberale Partei、略称NLP)は、ドイツ帝国における政党である。1867年に設立され、1918年に解党された。1866年普墺戦争でのビスマルクの対応をめぐってドイツ進歩党が分裂。1866年9月ビスマルクの外交政策を支持する進歩党員15人とカトリック左派9人の呼びかけで、1866年11月17日に国民自由主義者の最初の議員団がプロイセン議会で形成された。この中には、ハインリヒ・フォン・ヘンニヒ、カール・ツヴェステン、エドゥアルト・ラスカー、フリードリヒ・ハムマハーらがいた。
  • The National Liberal Party (German: Nationalliberale Partei) was a liberal political party of the German Empire, which flourished between 1867 and 1918.A first national liberal parliamentary group was formed on 17 November 1866 by several right-wing deputies of the German Progress Party in the Prussian Landtag around Eduard Lasker and Hans Victor von Unruh.
rdfs:label
  • Parti national-libéral (Allemagne)
  • Nationaal-Liberale Partij (Duitsland)
  • National Liberal Party (Germany)
  • Nationalliberale Partei
  • Partido Nacional Liberal (Alemanha)
  • 国民自由党 (ドイツ)
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