Otto Wels (15 septembre 1873, Berlin - 16 septembre 1939, Paris) est un homme politique allemand. Député du SPD de 1912 à 1933, il en est le président de 1919 à 1939. Il est le seul orateur à s'opposer, malgré les menaces, à l'adoption de la loi des pleins pouvoirs voulue par les nazis, lors de la séance du Reichstag du 23 mars 1933.Il est déclaré apatride trois mois après la dissolution du SPD par les nazis en juin 1933.

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  • Otto Wels (15 septembre 1873, Berlin - 16 septembre 1939, Paris) est un homme politique allemand. Député du SPD de 1912 à 1933, il en est le président de 1919 à 1939. Il est le seul orateur à s'opposer, malgré les menaces, à l'adoption de la loi des pleins pouvoirs voulue par les nazis, lors de la séance du Reichstag du 23 mars 1933.Il est déclaré apatride trois mois après la dissolution du SPD par les nazis en juin 1933. Il s'exile dans le territoire du Bassin de la Sarre, qui est alors géré par la Société des Nations. Il tente ensuite de reconstruire un SPD en exil, d'abord à Prague puis à Paris, où il décéde en 1939.Portail de la politique Portail de la politique Portail de l’Allemagne Portail de l’Allemagne
  • Otto Wels (d. 15 Eylül 1873, Berlin – ö. 16 Eylül 1939, Paris, Üçüncü Fransa Cumhuriyeti), 1919-1939 yılları arasında Almanya Sosyal Demokrat Partisi (SPD) başkanlığını yapmış Alman politikacı. 1873'te Berlin'de doğdu. 1891'de SPD'ye katıldı. 1912'de Reichstag'a (Alman Milli Meclisi) girdi ve milletvekilliği yapmaya başladı. 14 Haziran 1919'da SPD'nin lideri oldu. Wels önderliğindeki Almanya Sosyal Demokrat Partisi; Nasyonal Sosyalist Alman İşçi Partisi (NSDAP) ve Almanya Komünist Partisi (KPD) ile beraber Weimar Cumhuriyeti dönemi Almanya'sının en önemli 3 partisinden biri olmuştu. Wels, komünistlere ve nasyonal sosyalistlere karşı bir propaganda yürütmekteydi, çünkü ona göre fazlasıyla radikal olan komünistler ve nasyonal sosyalistler cumhuriyetin varlığı için birer tehlikeydi. SPD Temmuz 1932, Kasım 1932 ve Mart 1933 seçimlerinde sırasıyla % 21.58, % 20.43 ve % 18.25 oranında oy alarak ana muhalefet konumunda yeraldı. 1933'te NSDAP'nin iktidara gelmesiyle çıkan Yetki Yasası'na karşı konuşma yapan tek Reichstag üyesiydi.Haziran 1933'te Milletler Cemiyeti kontrolünde olan Saargebiet'e sürgüne gönderildi. Nazilerin muhalefeti sindirme hareketi sonucu Wels Ağustos 1933'te Alman vatandaşlığından çıkarıldı. Wels daha sonra Prag'a giderek SPD'nin sürgün organizasyonu olan "Sopade" örgütünü kurdu. 1938'deki Münih Antlaşması sonunda parti merkezini Paris'e taşıdı. 1939'da Paris'te öldü. Günümüzde Almanya'nın pek çok şehrinde Otto Wels ismini taşıyan sokaklar görmek mümkündür.
  • Otto Wels (nacido el 15 de septiembre de 1873 en Berlín, Alemania - 16 de septiembre de 1939 en París, Francia) es un político alemán del SPD siendo miembro de este partido desde 1912 hasta 1939 y líder del partido desde 1919 hasta 1939. Él fue el único orador de la oposición a pesar de las amenazas, la aprobación de la Ley de Autorización de la intención de los nazis durante la reunión del Reichstag el 23 de marzo de 1933.Fue declarado apátrida tres meses después de la disolución del SPD por los nazis en junio de 1933. Fue exiliado en el territorio de la cuenca del Sarre, que luego fue dirigido por la Sociedad de las Naciones . Luego trató de reconstruir un SPD en el exilio, primero en Praga y luego a París, donde murió en 1939.
  • オットー・ヴェルス(独:Otto Wels、1873年9月15日 - 1939年9月16日)は、ドイツの政治家。1919年から1939年までドイツ社会民主党(SPD)の党首を務めた。ナチ党が国会に提出した全権委任法に対する反対演説で名を残した。
  • Otto Wels (15 September 1873 – September 16, 1939) was the chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1919 and a member of parliament from 1920 to 1933.Born in Berlin the son of an inn-keeper, Wels in 1891 began an apprenticeship as a paper hanger and joined the SPD. From 1895 to 1897 he served in the German Army. From 1906 he worked as a trade union official, party secretary in the Province of Brandenburg and the Vorwärts press committee. In 1912 he achieved a mandate for the Reichstag parliament and by the agency of August Bebel joined the SPD executive committee the next year.In the German Revolution of 9 November 1918, Wels was a member of the Berlin Workers' council (Arbeiter- und Soldatenrat) of the SPD and USPD. He was appointed military commander of the city and consequently had to deal with the occupation of the Stadtschloss by revolutionary forces including violent fights with Freikorps units. Upon the election of Friedrich Ebert as Reich President on 11 February 1919 he acted as presiding officer of the SPD and was formally elected chairman together with Hermann Müller on June 14.In 1920 Wels and Carl Legien organised the general strike that helped defeat the right-wing Kapp Putsch, after which Wels enforced the resignation of his party colleague Gustav Noske as Reich Minister of Defence. He argued for the foundation of the Reichsbanner Schwarz-Rot-Gold and the Iron Front paramilitary organisations against the rising extremist forces of the SA, Stahlhelm and Rotfrontkämpferbund. From 1923 Wels also became a member of the executive of the Labour and Socialist International. After the 1930 Reichstag election, Wels advocated the toleration of the cabinet of Chancellor Heinrich Brüning, who had lost the support of the DNVP deputies. Even after the Preußenschlag of July 1932 against Otto Braun's government in the Free State of Prussia, he spoke against a general strike; however after the Reichstag election of November 1932 he rejected any negotiations with the new Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher.On March 23, 1933 Wels was the only member of the Reichstag to speak against Adolf Hitler's Enabling Act (the "Law for Removing the Distress of People and Reich"). The vote took place during the last session of the multi-party Reichstag, on March 23, 1933. Because the Reichstag building itself had suffered heavy fire damage in February, the March session was held in Berlin's Kroll Opera House. Despite the incipient persecution of leftist and opposition politicians and the presence of the SA, he made a courageous speech opposing the Enabling Act, which formally took the power of legislation away from the Reichstag and handed it over to the Reich cabinet for a period of four years.He stated:"At this historic hour, we German Social Democrats pledge ourselves to the principles of humanity and justice, of freedom and Socialism. No Enabling Law can give you the power to destroy ideas which are eternal and indestructible ... From this new persecution too German Social Democracy can draw new strength. We send greetings to the persecuted and oppressed. We greet our friends in the Reich. Their steadfastness and loyalty deserve admiration. The courage with which they maintain their convictions and their unbroken confidence guarantee a brighter future." [Noakes and Pridham, 1974].Speaking directly to Hitler, Wels proclaimed,"You can take our lives and our freedom, but you cannot take our honour. We are defenseless but not honourless."All 96 SPD members of parliament voted against the act. The Communists were not present and could not vote, due to having been banned. The rest of the Reichstag voted in favour. The passage of the Enabling Act marked the end of parliamentary democracy in Germany and formed the legal authority for Hitler's dictatorship. Within weeks of the passage of the Enabling Act, the Hitler government banned the SPD, while the other German political parties chose to dissolve to avoid prosecution, making the Nazi party the only legal political party in Germany.In June 1933, Wels went into exile in the Territory of the Saar Basin, which at the time was under League of Nations control; in August 1933, he was deprived of his citizenship. He then worked to build the expatriate SPD, first in Prague, then in Paris, where he died in 1939.
  • 오토 벨스(Otto Wels, 1873년 9월 15일 ~ 1939년 9월 16일)은 독일의 정치가다. 1919년에서 1939년까지 사민당의 당대표를 역임했다. 그는 1912년부터 1918년까지 독일제국 제국의회 의원을 역임했고, 1919년에서 1933년까지는 바이마르 공화국 제국의회 의원을 지냈다. 1933년 제국의회에서 행한 나치의 전권위임법에 대한 반대연설로 유명하다.
  • Otto Wels (* 15. September 1873 in Berlin; † 16. September 1939 in Paris) war ein sozialdemokratischer deutscher Politiker.Wels war seit 1919 bis in die Zeit der Exil-SPD während der Herrschaft der Nationalsozialisten SPD-Vorsitzender. Von 1912 bis 1918 war er Abgeordneter des Reichstags des Deutschen Kaiserreichs, 1919 bis 1933 Abgeordneter des Reichstags der Weimarer Republik. Er ging als derjenige Reichstagsabgeordnete in die Geschichte ein, der am 23. März 1933 in der letzten freien Reichstagsrede auf der Reichstagssitzung in der Berliner Krolloper gegen das Ermächtigungsgesetz der Nationalsozialisten argumentierte und die Ablehnung durch die SPD begründete.
  • Otto Wels (ur. 15 września 1873 w Berlinie, zm. 16 września 1939 w Paryżu) – niemiecki polityk Socjaldemokratycznej Partii Niemiec (SPD) od 1919 roku. W latach 1920 do 1933 był posłem do parlamentu z ramienia swojej partii.
  • Otto Wels (Berlino, 15 settembre 1873 – Parigi, 16 settembre 1939) è stato un politico tedesco.È stato uno dei principali leader dei socialdemocratici tedeschi (SPD) a cavallo tra le due guerre mondiali.È celebre il suo discorso del 22 marzo 1933 quando, davanti ad una assemblea in mano ai nazisti, prese la parola per denunciare all'opinione pubblica il suicidio del Parlamento che, nella nuova legge di autorizzazione, rinunciava ai suoi poteri di controllo sull'esecutivo. Nel discorso divenne memorabile la frase rivolta ad Hitler: "Puoi prendere le nostre vite e la nostra libertà, ma non prendi il nostro onore".Dopo la presa del potere definitiva da parte dei nazisti, visse nel distretto della Saar, ancora amministrato dalla Società delle Nazioni, poi a Praga e infine a Parigi, dove morì esule.
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  • Otto Wels (15 septembre 1873, Berlin - 16 septembre 1939, Paris) est un homme politique allemand. Député du SPD de 1912 à 1933, il en est le président de 1919 à 1939. Il est le seul orateur à s'opposer, malgré les menaces, à l'adoption de la loi des pleins pouvoirs voulue par les nazis, lors de la séance du Reichstag du 23 mars 1933.Il est déclaré apatride trois mois après la dissolution du SPD par les nazis en juin 1933.
  • オットー・ヴェルス(独:Otto Wels、1873年9月15日 - 1939年9月16日)は、ドイツの政治家。1919年から1939年までドイツ社会民主党(SPD)の党首を務めた。ナチ党が国会に提出した全権委任法に対する反対演説で名を残した。
  • 오토 벨스(Otto Wels, 1873년 9월 15일 ~ 1939년 9월 16일)은 독일의 정치가다. 1919년에서 1939년까지 사민당의 당대표를 역임했다. 그는 1912년부터 1918년까지 독일제국 제국의회 의원을 역임했고, 1919년에서 1933년까지는 바이마르 공화국 제국의회 의원을 지냈다. 1933년 제국의회에서 행한 나치의 전권위임법에 대한 반대연설로 유명하다.
  • Otto Wels (ur. 15 września 1873 w Berlinie, zm. 16 września 1939 w Paryżu) – niemiecki polityk Socjaldemokratycznej Partii Niemiec (SPD) od 1919 roku. W latach 1920 do 1933 był posłem do parlamentu z ramienia swojej partii.
  • Otto Wels (15 September 1873 – September 16, 1939) was the chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1919 and a member of parliament from 1920 to 1933.Born in Berlin the son of an inn-keeper, Wels in 1891 began an apprenticeship as a paper hanger and joined the SPD. From 1895 to 1897 he served in the German Army. From 1906 he worked as a trade union official, party secretary in the Province of Brandenburg and the Vorwärts press committee.
  • Otto Wels (Berlino, 15 settembre 1873 – Parigi, 16 settembre 1939) è stato un politico tedesco.È stato uno dei principali leader dei socialdemocratici tedeschi (SPD) a cavallo tra le due guerre mondiali.È celebre il suo discorso del 22 marzo 1933 quando, davanti ad una assemblea in mano ai nazisti, prese la parola per denunciare all'opinione pubblica il suicidio del Parlamento che, nella nuova legge di autorizzazione, rinunciava ai suoi poteri di controllo sull'esecutivo.
  • Otto Wels (* 15. September 1873 in Berlin; † 16. September 1939 in Paris) war ein sozialdemokratischer deutscher Politiker.Wels war seit 1919 bis in die Zeit der Exil-SPD während der Herrschaft der Nationalsozialisten SPD-Vorsitzender. Von 1912 bis 1918 war er Abgeordneter des Reichstags des Deutschen Kaiserreichs, 1919 bis 1933 Abgeordneter des Reichstags der Weimarer Republik. Er ging als derjenige Reichstagsabgeordnete in die Geschichte ein, der am 23.
  • Otto Wels (d. 15 Eylül 1873, Berlin – ö. 16 Eylül 1939, Paris, Üçüncü Fransa Cumhuriyeti), 1919-1939 yılları arasında Almanya Sosyal Demokrat Partisi (SPD) başkanlığını yapmış Alman politikacı. 1873'te Berlin'de doğdu. 1891'de SPD'ye katıldı. 1912'de Reichstag'a (Alman Milli Meclisi) girdi ve milletvekilliği yapmaya başladı. 14 Haziran 1919'da SPD'nin lideri oldu.
  • Otto Wels (nacido el 15 de septiembre de 1873 en Berlín, Alemania - 16 de septiembre de 1939 en París, Francia) es un político alemán del SPD siendo miembro de este partido desde 1912 hasta 1939 y líder del partido desde 1919 hasta 1939.
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  • Otto Wels
  • Otto Wels
  • Otto Wels
  • Otto Wels
  • Otto Wels
  • オットー・ヴェルス
  • 오토 벨스
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