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  • L’Empire ottoman a développé au cours des siècles une organisation d’État reposant sur un gouvernement très centralisé avec le sultan comme dirigeant suprême, tant civil que militaire et religieux ("Commandeur des croyants"), qui exerçait un contrôle effectif sur les provinces, les sujets et les fonctionnaires. Comme son prédécesseur l'Empire byzantin, l’Empire ottoman n'avait pas de titres héréditaires, mais des offices révocables par le sultan, tels que les vizirs, pachas et ağas. La richesse et la position sociale n’étaient pas reçues en héritage, mais pouvaient être acquises par la reconnaissance des mérites. Le service militaire était un élément clé de l’avancement dans la hiérarchie.
  • The Ottoman Empire developed a highly advanced organisation of state over the centuries.[citation needed] Even though it had a very centralized government with the Sultan as the supreme ruler, it had an effective control of its provinces and inhabitants, as well as its officials. Wealth and rank wasn't necessarily something one inherited, rather it had to be earned.[citation needed] Positions were perceived as titles such as viziers and ağas. Military service was a key to advancement in the hierarchy.With the expansion of the Empire, the need for more systematic administrative organization arose. Over time a dual system of military ("Central Government") and civil administration ("Provincial System") developed a kind of separation of powers with most higher executive functions carried out by the military authorities and judicial and basic administration carried out by civil authorities. Outside this system were various types of vassal and tributary states. Most of the areas ruled by the Ottomans were explicitly mentioned in the official full style of the sultan, including various lofty titles adopted to emphasize imperial rank and show the empire as being "successor-in-law" to conquered states. The empire was divided into vilayets, with a governor assigned to each vilayet. The idea of vilayet originated from the Seljuk vassal state (Uç Beyliği) in central Anatolia. Over the years the Empire became an amalgamation of pre-existing polities, the Anatolian beyliks, brought under the sway of the ruling House of Osman.
  • Osmanlı devlet teşkilatı, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nun idari, askeri ve siyasi olarak teşkilatlanmasını, yapılanmasını bütünüyle ele alan konudur. Osmanlı, genel olarak merkeziyetçi bir yapıya sahipti. Padişah, devlet teşkilatında en üst mertebede sayılmasına rağmen Harem,Divan ve çeşitli odakların fikirleri baskın olabiliyordu. Abdülhamit Han devrinde devleti yönetim şekli değiştirilerek Meşruti Monarşi ve Meşrutiyet şeklini getirdi.
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  • L’Empire ottoman a développé au cours des siècles une organisation d’État reposant sur un gouvernement très centralisé avec le sultan comme dirigeant suprême, tant civil que militaire et religieux ("Commandeur des croyants"), qui exerçait un contrôle effectif sur les provinces, les sujets et les fonctionnaires. Comme son prédécesseur l'Empire byzantin, l’Empire ottoman n'avait pas de titres héréditaires, mais des offices révocables par le sultan, tels que les vizirs, pachas et ağas.
  • Osmanlı devlet teşkilatı, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nun idari, askeri ve siyasi olarak teşkilatlanmasını, yapılanmasını bütünüyle ele alan konudur. Osmanlı, genel olarak merkeziyetçi bir yapıya sahipti. Padişah, devlet teşkilatında en üst mertebede sayılmasına rağmen Harem,Divan ve çeşitli odakların fikirleri baskın olabiliyordu. Abdülhamit Han devrinde devleti yönetim şekli değiştirilerek Meşruti Monarşi ve Meşrutiyet şeklini getirdi.
  • The Ottoman Empire developed a highly advanced organisation of state over the centuries.[citation needed] Even though it had a very centralized government with the Sultan as the supreme ruler, it had an effective control of its provinces and inhabitants, as well as its officials. Wealth and rank wasn't necessarily something one inherited, rather it had to be earned.[citation needed] Positions were perceived as titles such as viziers and ağas.
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  • Organisation de l'Empire ottoman
  • Osmanlı devlet teşkilatı
  • State organisation of the Ottoman Empire
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