L'opération Trio (Treća neprijateljska ofenziva en yougoslave ou Operacija Trio en croate) est une opération anti-partisans en Croatie, la troisième offensive contre les partisans de Tito, qui eut lieu du 8 avril au 14 juin 1942.

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  • L'opération Trio (Treća neprijateljska ofenziva en yougoslave ou Operacija Trio en croate) est une opération anti-partisans en Croatie, la troisième offensive contre les partisans de Tito, qui eut lieu du 8 avril au 14 juin 1942.
  • La Operación Trio, o Tercera Ofensiva Antipartisana (llamada en la historiografía yugoslava Treća neprijateljska ofenziva o tercera ofensiva enemiga) fue la primera gran operación conjunta germano-italiana contra la insurgencia en Yugoslavia, llevada a cabo en el Estado Independiente de Croacia (NDH) durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Constó de dos operaciones en el este de Bosnia, desde el 20 de abril hasta el 13 de mayo de 1942. Contó con los miembros de la milicia croata Ustacha y de la Guardia Nacional Croata tomando parte como aliados del Eje. El objetivo de la operación era la eliminación de todos los insurgentes entre Sarajevo y el río Drina en el este de Bosnia, incluyendo a dos facciones enfrentadas: los partisanos y los chetniks. La operación fue de una eficacia limitada debido a varios factores, incluyendo la descoordinación entre las fuerzas atacantes. A pesar de ello, la Operación Trio se saldó con la retirada del líder partisano Josip Broz Tito, su Alto Estado Mayor y la principal fuerza partisana, que consistía en la 1.ª y 2.ª Brigada Proletaria, desde su base de operaciones en Foča. Después de una breve reorganización en torno a la montaña Zelengora, al sureste de la ciudad, trasladaron sus operaciones a Bosnia occidental durante el resto de 1942. Supuso también, de facto, la ruptura de las hostilidades entre partisanos y chetniks, que mantuvieron sus primeros enfrentamientos armados en el conflicto.
  • Operation Trio (Serbo-Croatian: Operacija Trio) was the first large-scale joint German-Italian counter-insurgency operation of World War II conducted in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), which included modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was carried out in two phases within eastern Bosnia from 20 April to 13 May 1942, with Ustaše militia and Croatian Home Guard forces taking part on the Axis side. The aim of the operation was to target all insurgents between Sarajevo and the Drina river in eastern Bosnia. These included groups led by communists and Serb-chauvinist Chetniks. Differentiating between the rank and file of the two insurgent factions was difficult, as even the communist-led insurgent groups consisted mainly of Serb peasants who had little understanding of the political aims of their leaders.Operation Trio consisted of two parts, Trio I and Trio II. Together they comprised the first phase of the Axis effort known as the Third Enemy Offensive (Serbo-Croatian: Treća neprijateljska ofenziva). The joint Italian-Chetnik Herzegovina Offensive formed the second phase. The Third Enemy Offensive forms part of the Seven Enemy Offensives framework in Yugoslav historiography.The operation was of limited effectiveness due to several factors, including pre-emptive action by the Ustaše militia and Italian delays. The area of operations straddled the demarcation line between the German and Italian zones of occupation within the NDH, which led to mutual suspicion and lack of coordination. Both insurgent factions avoided fighting the Axis and NDH forces, instead focusing on fighting each other. After Operation Trio, the Partisan leader Josip Broz Tito, his Supreme Staff and the Partisan main force, consisting of the 1st and 2nd Proletarian Brigades, withdrew from their base of operations around Foča. After briefly reorganising around Zelengora mountain south-east of Foča, they moved their operations to western Bosnia for the remainder of 1942.Operation Trio coincided with and contributed to the polarisation of the almost exclusively Serb rebels in eastern Bosnia into two groups: the Serb-chauvinist Chetniks and the multi-ethnic and communist-led Partisans. Encouraged by Chetnik propaganda against Croats and Bosnian Muslims and repelled by the sectarian left-wing policies and actions of the communists, many Serb peasant fighters were swayed to the Chetnik cause. Violent coups occurred against the communist leadership of all but one of the Partisan detachments in eastern Bosnia, and these detachments effectively defected to the Chetniks. Most of the surviving communist fighters from these detachments joined the Partisan forces, and many withdrew with Tito to western Bosnia during the Partisan Long March. Within a few weeks of the end of Operation Trio only 600 Partisan fighters were left in eastern Bosnia, comprising the Group of Shock Battalions and the Birač Partisan Detachment. All these forces sought refuge in the Birač region. The Chetnik movement in eastern Bosnia, at best a confederacy of local warlords, was strengthened by mass defections from the Partisans. For a time they ruled large parts of the region, after making accommodations with the Ustaše regime in May and June 1942.
  • Третата офанзива срещу Титовите партизани, известна още с кодовото си наименование Операция ТРИО (на немски: Operation TRIO), е оперативно-тактическа операция на силите на Оста по време на Втората световна война.В хода на операцията стават сражения между титовите партизани от една страна, силите на Вермахта, НХД и италианските сили от втора, и сръбските четници от трета страна. Операцията известна от югославската историография като Трета неприятелска офанзива (на сърбохърватски: Treća neprijateljska ofenziva) се провежда в планинските райони на Източна Босна, Северна Черна гора, Санджак и североизточна Херцеговина между 31 март 1942 и месец юни 1942.
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  • Titoet la principale force des partisans se retirèrent dans le massif montagneux de laZelengorapour échapper à l'offensive des troupes de répression
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  • Tito et la principale force des partisans se retirèrent dans le massif montagneux de la Zelengora pour échapper à l'offensive des troupes de répression
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  • L'opération Trio (Treća neprijateljska ofenziva en yougoslave ou Operacija Trio en croate) est une opération anti-partisans en Croatie, la troisième offensive contre les partisans de Tito, qui eut lieu du 8 avril au 14 juin 1942.
  • La Operación Trio, o Tercera Ofensiva Antipartisana (llamada en la historiografía yugoslava Treća neprijateljska ofenziva o tercera ofensiva enemiga) fue la primera gran operación conjunta germano-italiana contra la insurgencia en Yugoslavia, llevada a cabo en el Estado Independiente de Croacia (NDH) durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Constó de dos operaciones en el este de Bosnia, desde el 20 de abril hasta el 13 de mayo de 1942.
  • Operation Trio (Serbo-Croatian: Operacija Trio) was the first large-scale joint German-Italian counter-insurgency operation of World War II conducted in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), which included modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was carried out in two phases within eastern Bosnia from 20 April to 13 May 1942, with Ustaše militia and Croatian Home Guard forces taking part on the Axis side.
  • Третата офанзива срещу Титовите партизани, известна още с кодовото си наименование Операция ТРИО (на немски: Operation TRIO), е оперативно-тактическа операция на силите на Оста по време на Втората световна война.В хода на операцията стават сражения между титовите партизани от една страна, силите на Вермахта, НХД и италианските сили от втора, и сръбските четници от трета страна.
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  • Opération Trio
  • Operación Trio
  • Operation Trio
  • Трета офанзива срещу Титовите партизани
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