Onfroi de Hauteville ou Onfroi d'Apulie (Umfredo d'Altavilla), né vers 1010, est le troisième comte normand d’Apulie.

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  • Onfroi de Hauteville ou Onfroi d'Apulie (Umfredo d'Altavilla), né vers 1010, est le troisième comte normand d’Apulie.
  • Hunifredo de Altavilla u Onofre de Altavilla (ca. 1010 – agosto 1057), conocido por el sobrenombre de Abagelardo, fue conde de Apulia y Calabria desde el año 1051 hasta su muerte.
  • Humfred von Hauteville († 1057) war Graf von Apulien von August 1051 bis 1057. Humfred war der dritte Sohn von Tankred von Hauteville und Muriella (Tochter von Herzog Richard von Normandie) sowie Bruder von Wilhelm Eisenarm und Drogo.
  • Humphrey of Hauteville (c. 1010 – August 1057), surnamed Abagelard, was the Count of Apulia and Calabria from 1051 to his death.Humphrey was probably the youngest son of Tancred of Hauteville by his first wife Muriel. Some sources make Geoffrey and Serlo his younger brothers. He is usually said to have accompanied his elder brothers William and Drogo to the Mezzogiorno circa 1035 on the basis of Goffredo Malaterra; however, he may have arrived later, in 1044, during the reign of his elder brother William. Around 1047, he was granted the lordship (or countship) of Lavello by his brother Drogo, whom he succeeded as Count of Apulia in August 1051. In his early years in Lavello, he employed a young Richard Drengot, who was later to serve him against the pope. In 1053, Humphrey received his three brothers, Geoffrey and their half-brothers Mauger and a younger William, on their arrival in Italy. He granted Mauger the Capitanate and William the Principate.His reign began amid the troubles which had ended his brother's. Humphrey vigorously punished the instigators of his brother's assassination, especially the principal murderer. Many Norman knights were in rebellion and pillaging papal lands. Guaimar IV of Salerno supported Humphrey's succession, but he was soon assassinated. Pope Leo IX organised a coalition against the Normans and marched south. The pope's forces and those of the Normans fought the Battle of Civitate near Civitate sul Fortore on 18 June 1053. Humphrey led the armies of the Hautevilles (assisted by his younger half-brother Robert Guiscard) and Drengots (assisted by Richard Drengot) against the combined forces of the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire. The Normans destroyed the papal army and captured the pope, whom they imprisoned in Benevento, which they had been authorised by the emperor to capture in 1047. They finally released him on 12 March 1054. Leo died soon after. In the aftermath of Civitate, the Normans under Humphrey took advantage of the severely weakened papacy to further their conquest. He took Oria, Nardò, and Lecce by the end of 1055. Robert Guiscard, the hero of Civitate, meanwhile conquered Minervino Murge, Otranto, and Gallipoli before Humphrey sent him back to Calabria in fear of his growing power and influence. Upon his death in 1057 (or 1056 according to some sources), Humphrey was succeeded as count by Robert. Humphrey had given Guiscard the guardianship of his young sons, but Guiscard confiscated their inheritance. Humphrey is buried in the Abbey of the Santissima Trinità in Venosa.
  • Онфруа (Готфрид) (около 1010—1057) — сын Танкреда Отвиля и его первой жены Мюриэллы, третий граф Апулии из дома Отвилей (1052– 1057). Его самым известным деянием был разгром папской армии при Чивитате и пленение папы Льва IX.
  • Humfred van Apulië (-1057) was de derde zoon van Tancred van Hauteville en Murielle (van Normandië). Humfred kwam in 1046 met zijn halfbroer Robert Guiscard naar Zuid-Italië en werd heer van Lavello. Hij volgde zijn broer Drogo op als graaf van Apulië. In 1053 overwon hij paus Leo IX en verplichtte hem om zijn heerschappij te erkennen.Hij was getrouwd met Gaitelgrima van Salerno, de weduwe van zijn broer Drogo, en werd vader van onder anderen: Herman (-1097), graaf van Aversa en Canne Abelard
  • Umfredo d'Altavilla (Cotentin, 1010 circa – Venosa, 1057) è stato un cavaliere normanno, conte di Puglia e Calabria.Era figlio cadetto di Tancredi d'Altavilla e della sua prima moglie Muriella.Alcune fonti ritengono che Umfredo sia giunto nel sud Italia insieme ai suoi fratelli nel 1035 circa; ma, poiché il suo nome manca tra i cavalieri normanni che a Melfi nel 1042 si spartirono i primi territori conquistati, è probabile che il suo arrivo risalga a qualche anno più tardi, nel 1044, durante il dominio del fratello maggiore Guglielmo. A quel tempo prese possesso di Lavello e poi succedette nel 1051 al fratello Drogone come conte di Puglia e Calabria.Di sicuro l'evento più rilevante che lo vide protagonista fu la battaglia di Civitate (18 giugno 1053): Umfredo guidò le armate degli Altavilla (insieme al giovane fratellastro ed erede Roberto il Guiscardo) e dei Drengot (insieme a Riccardo, conte di Aversa) contro le forze unite del papato e dell'impero. L'esercito pontificio fu annientato e papa Leone IX fu catturato e imprigionato a Benevento.Umfredo sposò Matilda, figlia di Asclettino I Drengot da cui ebbe due figli: Abelardo, nato dopo il 1044 e morto in Illiria nel 1081 Ermanno, nato dopo il 1045 e morto a Bisanzio nel 1097.Alla morte del fratello Drogone, ne sposò la vedova Gaitelgrima, figlia di Guaimario III di Salerno, da cui nacque Umfreda, che andò sposa a Basileo Spadafora.Umfredo morì a Venosa nel 1057 e la sua eredità passò al fratellastro ed eroe di Civitate, Roberto il Guiscardo, al quale attribuì anche la tutela dei suoi figli minorenni, Abelardo ed Ermanno. Il Guiscardo, però, ne confiscò l'eredità: nel giro di due anni, avrebbe elevato il suo rango comitale allo status ducale.
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  • Onfroi de Hauteville
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  • Bataille de Civitate(1053)
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  • Statue de Onfroi de Hauteville datant de 1875, remplaçant celle abîmée à la Révolution, sur la face nord de lacathédrale de Coutances.
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  • Comte d'Apulie
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  • Altrude de Sorrente
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  • août 1057
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  • vers 1010
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  • août 1051
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  • Statue de Onfroi de Hauteville datant de 1875, remplaçant celle abîmée à la Révolution, sur la face nord de la cathédrale de Coutances.
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  • Murielle
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  • Onfroi d'Apulie
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  • Onfroi de Hauteville
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  • Onfroi de Hauteville ou Onfroi d'Apulie (Umfredo d'Altavilla), né vers 1010, est le troisième comte normand d’Apulie.
  • Hunifredo de Altavilla u Onofre de Altavilla (ca. 1010 – agosto 1057), conocido por el sobrenombre de Abagelardo, fue conde de Apulia y Calabria desde el año 1051 hasta su muerte.
  • Humfred von Hauteville († 1057) war Graf von Apulien von August 1051 bis 1057. Humfred war der dritte Sohn von Tankred von Hauteville und Muriella (Tochter von Herzog Richard von Normandie) sowie Bruder von Wilhelm Eisenarm und Drogo.
  • Онфруа (Готфрид) (около 1010—1057) — сын Танкреда Отвиля и его первой жены Мюриэллы, третий граф Апулии из дома Отвилей (1052– 1057). Его самым известным деянием был разгром папской армии при Чивитате и пленение папы Льва IX.
  • Humfred van Apulië (-1057) was de derde zoon van Tancred van Hauteville en Murielle (van Normandië). Humfred kwam in 1046 met zijn halfbroer Robert Guiscard naar Zuid-Italië en werd heer van Lavello. Hij volgde zijn broer Drogo op als graaf van Apulië. In 1053 overwon hij paus Leo IX en verplichtte hem om zijn heerschappij te erkennen.Hij was getrouwd met Gaitelgrima van Salerno, de weduwe van zijn broer Drogo, en werd vader van onder anderen: Herman (-1097), graaf van Aversa en Canne Abelard
  • Humphrey of Hauteville (c. 1010 – August 1057), surnamed Abagelard, was the Count of Apulia and Calabria from 1051 to his death.Humphrey was probably the youngest son of Tancred of Hauteville by his first wife Muriel. Some sources make Geoffrey and Serlo his younger brothers.
  • Umfredo d'Altavilla (Cotentin, 1010 circa – Venosa, 1057) è stato un cavaliere normanno, conte di Puglia e Calabria.Era figlio cadetto di Tancredi d'Altavilla e della sua prima moglie Muriella.Alcune fonti ritengono che Umfredo sia giunto nel sud Italia insieme ai suoi fratelli nel 1035 circa; ma, poiché il suo nome manca tra i cavalieri normanni che a Melfi nel 1042 si spartirono i primi territori conquistati, è probabile che il suo arrivo risalga a qualche anno più tardi, nel 1044, durante il dominio del fratello maggiore Guglielmo.
rdfs:label
  • Onfroi de Hauteville
  • Humfred (Apulien)
  • Humfred van Apulië
  • Humphrey of Hauteville
  • Hunifredo de Altavilla
  • Umfredo d'Altavilla
  • Онфруа (граф Апулии)
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