La non-violence est une philosophie qui délégitimise la violence, promeut une attitude de respect de l'autre dans le conflit et une stratégie d'action politique pour combattre les injustices.

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  • La non-violence est une philosophie qui délégitimise la violence, promeut une attitude de respect de l'autre dans le conflit et une stratégie d'action politique pour combattre les injustices.
  • 非暴力(ひぼうりょく)は体制変革における理念のひとつであり、ハト派で、抑圧を受けている民衆が政治体制の変革を求めるにあたって、革命によって暴力的に支配者を倒すことではなく、粘り強く、弾圧されても決して屈せずに、言論を以って変革の必要を主張し続けることである。
  • Não-Violência é um termo que se refere a uma série de conceitos sobre moralidade, poder e conflitos que rejeitam completamente o uso da violência nos esforços para a conquista de objetivos sociais e políticos. Geralmente usado como sinônimo de pacifismo, a partir do meio do século XX passou a ser aplicado também a confrontos sociais que não usem violência, bem como movimentos políticos e filosóficos que tenham aderido aos mesmos conceitos.O termo é comumente associado à luta pela independência da Índia, liderada por Mahatma Gandhi, e à luta pelos direitos civis dos negros norte-americanos, liderada por Martin Luther King. O movimento ocorrido na Índia foi fortemente influenciado pelos princípios da religião jainista, pelas ideias de desobediência civil de Henry David Thoreau e do anarquismo cristão de Leon Tolstói. O exemplo indiano inspirou uma série de ações que ocorreram nas décadas seguintes.
  • Il termine nonviolenza è la traduzione letterale del termine sanscrito ahimsa, composto da a privativa e himsa: danno, violenza. La parola ahimsa implica una sfumatura intenzionale che si potrebbe rendere con "assenza del desiderio di nuocere, di uccidere". Il concetto è nato in ambito orientale e soprattutto il Buddhismo in India e il Taoismo in Cina ne sono stati i migliori interpreti e teorici. Concetti alternativi, per esempio "innocenza", non sono confacenti al significato originario, che si caratterizza eticamente nella volontà specifica di non-fare danno a chiunque né alla natura in ogni sua espressione.
  • Non violence – (ang. non violence – bez przemocy, wym. non `vaɪələns, non wajelens) – strategia, doktryna walki politycznej polegająca na odrzuceniu stosowania przemocy lub groźby jej użycia w każdych warunkach i okolicznościach – bierny opór. Propagatorem i zwolennikiem tego podejścia był Mahatma Gandhi. Współcześnie teorię non violence rozwija Gene Sharp, którego publikacje miały wpływ na działania licznych antyrządowych ruchów społecznych na świecie takie jak m.in.: serbski Otpor!, gruzińska Kmara, ukraińska Pora czy Białoruski Ruch Oporu "Żubr".Przykłady zastosowania non violence na skalę masową: reakcja na delegalizację "Solidarności"; działania norweskiego ruchu oporu w latach II wojny światowej; zachowanie społeczeństwa czechosłowackiego po zdławieniu Praskiej Wiosny w 1968; walka Afroamerykanów o równouprawnienia pod kierunkiem M. L. Kinga.Istnieje ponad 200 metod zastosowania non violence, do których zaliczane są m.in.: strajki, protesty, marsze uliczne petycje bojkot polityczny i ekonomiczny odmowa respektowania praw uznanych za niesprawiedliwe obywatelskie nieposłuszeństwo
  • La no-violència és una filosofia i estratègia per al canvi social que rebutja l'ús de la violència.
  • Geweldloosheid is een ideologie over moraal, macht en conflicten die het gebruik van geweld verwerpt bij acties om sociale of politieke doelen te bereiken. Hoewel de term geweldloosheid dikwijls gebruikt wordt als synoniem van pacifisme, heeft hij toch zijn eigen betekenis gekregen sinds de helft van de 20e eeuw.Als techniek voor de sociale strijd is geweldloosheid het meest geassocieerd met de campagne voor Indiase onafhankelijkheid geleid door Mahatma Gandhi, en de strijd voor burgerrechten voor Afro-Amerikanen geleid door Martin Luther King. Mahatma Gandhi was een grote inspiratie voor de veertiende dalai lama Tenzin Gyatso die de strijd voor autonomie in Tibet eveneens geweldloos voert. Ook de geweldloze Zingende revolutie (1988-1991), waardoor de Baltische staten hun onafhankelijkheid herkregen, was door Gandhi geïnspireerd.
  • Ненасилие е едновременно философия и стратегия на действие, която отхвърля физическото насилие като форма на разрешаване на конфликти и проблеми. Ненасилието предлага тактики като гражданско неподчинение, бойкот, мирни демонстрации, словесно убеждаване и образоване. Пацифизъм и ненасилие са две различни течения, първото се обявява против войната, докато второто е за социални и политически промени без използване на сила.Лев Толстой, Махатма Ганди и Мартин Лутър Кинг са най-отявлените представители на философията на ненасилието.
  • Gewaltlosigkeit oder Gewaltfreiheit ist ein Prinzip, das Gewalt ablehnt und zu überwinden sucht. Terminologisch wird gelegentlich zwischen gewaltlos (situativer Gewaltverzicht) und gewaltfrei (prinzipieller Gewaltverzicht) unterschieden. Der Begriff „gewaltfrei“ wurde zuerst 1951 von Nikolaus Koch verwendet (s.u.), verbreitete sich aber erst durch die Publikationen des Politikwissenschaftlers Theodor Ebert Ende der 1960er / Anfang der 1970er Jahre. Gene Sharp unterscheidet 198 Methoden des Vorgehens. Gewaltfreiheit geht davon aus, dass Gewalt oder deren Androhung Probleme nicht lösen, Ungerechtigkeit und Unterdrückung nicht beseitigen kann. Gewaltlosigkeit ist nicht Wehrlosigkeit, Passivität und Tatenlosigkeit. Konflikte sollen nicht vermieden, sondern durch gewaltfreien Widerstand geregelt werden. Wesentliches Element der Erziehung zur Gewaltfreiheit ist ferner das Erlernen von Methoden der Konfliktbearbeitung, z.B. Gewaltfreie Aktion.
  • Ненаси́лие — система ценностей, этическая и социальная концепция и практика, состоящая в неприятии насилия и отказе от использования насилия для достижения любых целей.
  • Az erőszakmentesség egy erkölcsi irányultság és társadalmi technika, amely elutasítja a fizikai (gyakran mindenféle) erőszakot a társadalmi, gazdasági és politikai célok elérésére, illetve a másoktól elszenvedett erőszak – mind az elnyomás, mind a nyílt agresszió – megállítására. Alternatívaként számtalan módszert javasol: például az oktatást, felvilágosítást, meggyőzést, állampolgári engedetlenséget. Míg korábban az erőszakmentesség a pacifizmus szinonimája volt, addig napjainkra sok társadalmi mozgalom a társadalmi változások eszközeként tekint rá, és nem csupán a háborúval kívánja szembe állítani.
  • Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition. It comes from the belief that hurting people, animals or the environment is unnecessary to achieve an outcome and refers to a general philosophy of abstention from violence based on moral, religious or spiritual principles.For some, the philosophy of nonviolence is rooted in the simple belief that God is harmless. Mahavira (599 BCE–527 BCE[1]),the twenty-fourth "tirthankara" of Jain religion was the Torch-bearer of "Ahimsa" and introduced the word to world in large and applied in his life. Therefore, to more strongly connect with God, one must likewise be harmless. Nonviolence also has 'active' or 'activist' elements, in that believers accept the need for nonviolence as a means to achieve political and social change. Thus, for example, the Gandhian ahimsa is a philosophy and strategy for social change that rejects the use of violence, but at the same time sees nonviolent action (also called civil resistance) as an alternative to passive acceptance of oppression or armed struggle against it. In general, advocates of an activist philosophy of nonviolence use diverse methods in their campaigns for social change, including critical forms of education and persuasion, mass noncooperation civil disobedience and nonviolent direct action and social, political, cultural and economic forms of intervention.In modern times, nonviolent methods of action have been a powerful tool for social protest and revolutionary social and political change. There are many examples of their use. Fuller surveys may be found in the entries on civil resistance, nonviolent resistance and nonviolent revolution. Here certain movements particularly influenced by a philosophy of nonviolence should be mentioned, including Mahatma Gandhi leading a decades-long nonviolent struggle against British rule in India, which eventually helped India win its independence in 1947, Martin Luther King's and James Bevel's adoption of Gandhi's nonviolent methods in their campaigns to win civil rights for African Americans, and César Chávez's campaigns of nonviolence in the 1960s to protest the treatment of farm workers in California. The 1989 "Velvet Revolution" in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the Communist government is considered one of the most important of the largely nonviolent Revolutions of 1989. Most recently the nonviolent campaigns of Leymah Gbowee and the women of Liberia were able to achieve peace after a 14-year civil war. This story is captured in a 2008 documentary film Pray the Devil Back to Hell. In an essay, "To Abolish War," evolutionary biologist Judith Hand advocated the use of nonviolent direct action to dismantle the global war machine.The term "nonviolence" is often linked with or even used as a synonym for peace, and despite being frequently equated with passivity and pacifism, this is rejected by non-violent advocates and activists. Non-violence (with a hyphen) refers more specifically to the absence of violence and is always the choice to do no harm or the least harm, and passivity is the choice to do nothing. Sometimes non-violence is the same as being passive, and other times it isn't. So for example, if a house is burning down, the most harmless appropriate action is to put the fire out, not to sit by and passively let the fire burn. There is considerable confusion and contradiction written about non-violence, harmlessness and passivity. A person may advocate nonviolence in a specific context while advocating violence in other contexts. For example, someone who passionately opposes abortion as a life-saving practice may concurrently advocate violence to kill an abortionist.
  • La no violencia es mucho más que una práctica, táctica, estrategia, forma de actuar. La noviolencia es una ideología política que consiste en la renuncia a recurrir a la violencia, ya sea como objetivo, metodología, método de protesta, práctica de lucha social, o como respuesta a la misma violencia. Se trata de una opción alternativa que pretende "humanizar" a la humanidad, esto es, una apuesta por el poder de la vida. Hay personas que no usan la violencia, ya sea porque les resulta física o psíquicamente difícil o imposible, o porque sus creencias religiosas, morales o éticas se lo impiden; sin embargo, la noviolencia es mucho más que no ser violentos, es buscar alternativas para reducir el sufrimiento y el daño entre los seres vivientes.
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rdfs:comment
  • La non-violence est une philosophie qui délégitimise la violence, promeut une attitude de respect de l'autre dans le conflit et une stratégie d'action politique pour combattre les injustices.
  • 非暴力(ひぼうりょく)は体制変革における理念のひとつであり、ハト派で、抑圧を受けている民衆が政治体制の変革を求めるにあたって、革命によって暴力的に支配者を倒すことではなく、粘り強く、弾圧されても決して屈せずに、言論を以って変革の必要を主張し続けることである。
  • La no-violència és una filosofia i estratègia per al canvi social que rebutja l'ús de la violència.
  • Ненаси́лие — система ценностей, этическая и социальная концепция и практика, состоящая в неприятии насилия и отказе от использования насилия для достижения любых целей.
  • Geweldloosheid is een ideologie over moraal, macht en conflicten die het gebruik van geweld verwerpt bij acties om sociale of politieke doelen te bereiken.
  • Il termine nonviolenza è la traduzione letterale del termine sanscrito ahimsa, composto da a privativa e himsa: danno, violenza. La parola ahimsa implica una sfumatura intenzionale che si potrebbe rendere con "assenza del desiderio di nuocere, di uccidere". Il concetto è nato in ambito orientale e soprattutto il Buddhismo in India e il Taoismo in Cina ne sono stati i migliori interpreti e teorici.
  • Não-Violência é um termo que se refere a uma série de conceitos sobre moralidade, poder e conflitos que rejeitam completamente o uso da violência nos esforços para a conquista de objetivos sociais e políticos.
  • Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition. It comes from the belief that hurting people, animals or the environment is unnecessary to achieve an outcome and refers to a general philosophy of abstention from violence based on moral, religious or spiritual principles.For some, the philosophy of nonviolence is rooted in the simple belief that God is harmless.
  • Gewaltlosigkeit oder Gewaltfreiheit ist ein Prinzip, das Gewalt ablehnt und zu überwinden sucht. Terminologisch wird gelegentlich zwischen gewaltlos (situativer Gewaltverzicht) und gewaltfrei (prinzipieller Gewaltverzicht) unterschieden. Der Begriff „gewaltfrei“ wurde zuerst 1951 von Nikolaus Koch verwendet (s.u.), verbreitete sich aber erst durch die Publikationen des Politikwissenschaftlers Theodor Ebert Ende der 1960er / Anfang der 1970er Jahre.
  • Non violence – (ang. non violence – bez przemocy, wym. non `vaɪələns, non wajelens) – strategia, doktryna walki politycznej polegająca na odrzuceniu stosowania przemocy lub groźby jej użycia w każdych warunkach i okolicznościach – bierny opór. Propagatorem i zwolennikiem tego podejścia był Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Az erőszakmentesség egy erkölcsi irányultság és társadalmi technika, amely elutasítja a fizikai (gyakran mindenféle) erőszakot a társadalmi, gazdasági és politikai célok elérésére, illetve a másoktól elszenvedett erőszak – mind az elnyomás, mind a nyílt agresszió – megállítására. Alternatívaként számtalan módszert javasol: például az oktatást, felvilágosítást, meggyőzést, állampolgári engedetlenséget.
  • Ненасилие е едновременно философия и стратегия на действие, която отхвърля физическото насилие като форма на разрешаване на конфликти и проблеми. Ненасилието предлага тактики като гражданско неподчинение, бойкот, мирни демонстрации, словесно убеждаване и образоване.
  • La no violencia es mucho más que una práctica, táctica, estrategia, forma de actuar. La noviolencia es una ideología política que consiste en la renuncia a recurrir a la violencia, ya sea como objetivo, metodología, método de protesta, práctica de lucha social, o como respuesta a la misma violencia. Se trata de una opción alternativa que pretende "humanizar" a la humanidad, esto es, una apuesta por el poder de la vida.
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  • Non-violence
  • Erőszakmentesség
  • Gewaltlosigkeit
  • Geweldloosheid
  • No violencia
  • No-violència
  • Non violence
  • Nonviolence
  • Nonviolenza
  • Não violência
  • Ненасилие
  • Ненасилие
  • 非暴力
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