Natalis Comes (nom latinisé), ou encore Natale Conti, Noël Conti (Milan, v. 1520 - 1582)Il est né à Milan et mort dans la même cité en 1582. Il a cependant passé toute sa vie à Venise et y a publié tous ses livres.Natale Conti était un grand spécialiste de la mythologie grecque et égyptienne.

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  • Natalis Comes (nom latinisé), ou encore Natale Conti, Noël Conti (Milan, v. 1520 - 1582)Il est né à Milan et mort dans la même cité en 1582. Il a cependant passé toute sa vie à Venise et y a publié tous ses livres.Natale Conti était un grand spécialiste de la mythologie grecque et égyptienne. Il croyait que dans les fables mythologiques étaient renfermées les vérités des sciences et la philosophie, et que les sages avaient choisi cette forme pour faciliter sa diffusion.Au XIXe siècle, Conti a été considéré comme le précurseur du symbolisme dans le domaine de l'histoire des religions (Carl Gustav Jung, Mircea Eliade, Ernst Cassirer).Il a laissé plusieurs recueils de poèmes néo-latins et des traductions.Il est auteur : de plusieurs poèmes latins, De Horis, de Anno, de Venatione, etc. ; d'une Histoire de mon temps, 1572 (latin) ; d'un ouvrage important intitulé Mythologie, Venise, 1551 et 1581, où il explique par la philosophie les mythes des anciens. La première édition fut donnée par les Alde en 1551.Il est le premier traducteur d'Athénée et a traduit plusieurs autres écrivains grecs.Scaliger l'avait qualifié de "Homo futilissimus".
  • Natale Conti (* 1520 in Mailand; † 1582 ebenda; lateinisch: Natalis Comes, französisch: Noël le Comte) war ein venezianischer Gelehrter und Historiker, der vor allem durch sein 1551 erschienenes mythographisches Handbuch, die Mythologiae, sive explicationis fabularum libri decem, bekannt geworden ist.
  • Natale Conti o en latín Natalis Comes, también Natalis de Comitibus y en francés Noël le Comte (1520–1582) fue un mitógrafo, poeta, humanista e historiador italiano.
  • Natale Conti or Latin Natalis Comes, also Natalis de Comitibus and French Noël le Comte (1520–1582) was an Italian mythographer, poet, humanist and historian. His major work Mythologiae, ten books written in Latin, was first published in Venice in 1567 and became a standard source for classical mythology in later Renaissance Europe. It was reprinted in numerous editions; after 1583, these were appended with a treatise on the Muses by Geoffroi Linocier. By the end of the 17th century, his name was virtually synonymous with mythology: a French dictionary in defining the term mythologie noted that it was the subject written about by Natalis Comes.Conti believed that the ancient poets had meant for their presentations of myths to be read as allegory, and accordingly constructed intricate genealogical associations within which he found layers of meaning. Since Conti was convinced that the lost philosophy of Classical Antiquity could be recovered through understanding these allegories, "The most apocryphical and outlandish versions of classical and pseudo-classical tales," notes Ernst Gombrich, "are here displayed and commented upon as the ultimate esoteric wisdom."Taking a Euhemeristic approach, Conti thought that the characters in myth were idealized human beings, and that the stories contained philosophical insights syncretized through the ages and veiled so that only "initiates" would grasp their true meaning. His interpretations were often shared by other Renaissance writers, notably by Francis Bacon in his long-overlooked De Sapientia Veterum, 1609. In some cases, his interpretation might seem commonplace even in modern mythology: for Conti, the centaur represents "man's dual nature," both animal passions and higher intellectual faculties. Odysseus, for instance, becomes an Everyman whose wanderings represent a universal life cycle:Despite or because of its eccentricities, the Mythologiae inspired the use of myth in various art forms. A second edition, printed in 1568 and dedicated to Charles IX, was popular in France, where it served as a source for the Ballet comique de la Reine (1581), part of wedding festivities at court. The Ballet was a musical drama with dancing set in an elaborate recreation of the island of Circe. The surviving text associated with the performance presents four allegorical expositions, based explicitly on Comes' work: physical or natural, moral, temporal, and logical or interpretive.The allegorization of myth was criticized during the Romantic era; Benedetto Croce said that medieval and Renaissance literature and art presented only the "impoverished shell of myth." The 16th-century mythological manuals of Conti and others came to be regarded as pedantic and lacking aesthetic or intellectual coherence.Nor were criticisms of Conti confined to later times: Joseph Scaliger, twenty years his junior, called him "an utterly useless man" and advised Setho Calvisio not to use him as a source.Conti, whose family (according to his own statement) originated in Rome, was born in Milan. He described himself as "Venetian" because his working life was spent in Venice.
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  • Natalis Comes (nom latinisé), ou encore Natale Conti, Noël Conti (Milan, v. 1520 - 1582)Il est né à Milan et mort dans la même cité en 1582. Il a cependant passé toute sa vie à Venise et y a publié tous ses livres.Natale Conti était un grand spécialiste de la mythologie grecque et égyptienne.
  • Natale Conti (* 1520 in Mailand; † 1582 ebenda; lateinisch: Natalis Comes, französisch: Noël le Comte) war ein venezianischer Gelehrter und Historiker, der vor allem durch sein 1551 erschienenes mythographisches Handbuch, die Mythologiae, sive explicationis fabularum libri decem, bekannt geworden ist.
  • Natale Conti o en latín Natalis Comes, también Natalis de Comitibus y en francés Noël le Comte (1520–1582) fue un mitógrafo, poeta, humanista e historiador italiano.
  • Natale Conti or Latin Natalis Comes, also Natalis de Comitibus and French Noël le Comte (1520–1582) was an Italian mythographer, poet, humanist and historian. His major work Mythologiae, ten books written in Latin, was first published in Venice in 1567 and became a standard source for classical mythology in later Renaissance Europe. It was reprinted in numerous editions; after 1583, these were appended with a treatise on the Muses by Geoffroi Linocier.
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