Mutual Film Corporation est une société de production et de distribution américaine, créée en juillet 1906 par John R. Freuler, Harry E. Aitken et Roy Aitken. Elle ferma en 1972.Le 26 février 1916, Charlie Chaplin signe un contrat avec la Mutual Film pour douze courts métrages.

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  • Mutual Film Corporation est une société de production et de distribution américaine, créée en juillet 1906 par John R. Freuler, Harry E. Aitken et Roy Aitken. Elle ferma en 1972.Le 26 février 1916, Charlie Chaplin signe un contrat avec la Mutual Film pour douze courts métrages. Il touche la somme de 150 000 $ lors de cette signature, suivi de 10 000 $ de salaire par semaine.Une filiale, la Lone Star Corporation fut spécialement créée pour la production des films de Chaplin.
  • Mutual Film Corporation fue uno de los primeros conglomerados estadounidenses dedicados a la cinematografía y es recordado principalmente como los productores de algunas de las comedias más importantes de Charlie Chaplin.Tiene origen en la Western Film Exchange fundada en Milwaukee, Wisconsin en julio de 1906 por John R. Freuler (1872-1958) y Harry E. Aitken (1877-1956).En 1912 MFC incluía subsidiarias tales como Keystone Comedies. En 1912, la compañía adquirió Thanhouser Studios. Después de fusionar en 1915 Majestic Motion Picture Company y Reliance Motion Picture Company en la Mutual Film Corporation, hacia 1917 el conglomerado operaba como distribuidora para cuatro estudios cinematográficos subsidiarios en California, tres de ellos del área de Los Ángeles y el otro en Santa Bárbara. Ellos eran Signal Film Corporation, Vogue Films, Inc., Lone Star Film Company and American Film Company. Vogue Films, Inc. operaba un estudio en el boulevar Santa Monica Boulevard y Gower en Los Angeles produciendo exclusivamente películas de comedia de dos bobinas. En 1915, la Corte Suprema de Justicia de los Estados Unidos resolvió en el caso Mutual|Film Corporation vs. Industrial Commission of Ohio que las películas eran un artículo de comercio y no un artículo de arte y que por lo tanto no estaban amparadas por la Primera Enmienda a la Constitución de los Estados Unidos. Poco después de esta decisión en las ciudades se comenzaron a aprobar normas prohibiendo la exhibición pública de películas "inmorales", haciendo temer a los grandes estudios cinematográficos que inmediatamente aparecerían regulaciones estatales o federales. Aquellas normas permanecieron vigentes hasta que en el caso Joseph|Burstyn, Inc vs. Wilson en 1952 se declaró que la película es un producto artístico amparado por la garantía de libertad de expresión.Charles Chaplin había llegado a ser el artista de entretenimiento mejor pagado del mundo cuando firmó contrato con la Mutual Film Corporation en 1916 con un salario de $670,000. Mutual construyó a Chaplin su propio estudio y le permitió total libertad para hacer doce películas de dos bobinas durante un período frucífero de doce meses. Posteriormente Chaplin reconoció a este período como el de la producción más libre e innovadora de su carrera.Durante 1916 y 1917, the Lone Star Film Company tuvo a Charles Chaplin trabajando en sus estudios de Lillian Way 1025, en Hollywood. Hacia 1919 Mutual Film Corporation cesó la producción. Como muchas de las compañías establecidas en esa época, MFC fue absorbida por corporaciones más grandes, en su caso la Film Booking Offices of America y luego RKO. En 1972, después de 53 años de ausencia, MFC distribuyá una película: Tears of Happiness.Actualmente hay una compañía, Mutual Film Company que tiene vínculos con la antigua Mutual Film Corporation y usa el logotipo original de ésta.
  • Mutual Film Corporation foi um estúdio de cinema estadunidense que atuou como distribuidor de filmes no início da indústria cinematográfica, apresentando posteriormente incursões na produção cinematográfica. Atualmente tem sido mais lembrado por ter produzido algumas das grandes comédias de Charlie Chaplin.
  • Mutual Film Corporation was an early American motion picture conglomerate best remembered today as the producers of some of Charlie Chaplin's greatest comedies.It originated with the Western Film Exchange founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in July 1906 by Wisconsin natives John R. Freuler (1872-1958), Harry E. Aitken (1877-1956) and Roy Aitken (1882-1976).In 1910, Freuler would also form a partnership with Chicago film distributor Samuel S. Hutchinson known as the American Film Manufacturing Company. In March 1912, the company acquired Thanhouser Studios, naming Charles J. Hite, who was Hutchinson's partner in Chicago and acquired some studio stock, helping the studio make the Thanhouser purchase. He served as the company's president. The company was renamed the Mutual Film Corporation. Hite died in 1914.As 1912 progressed, the company included auxiliary units such as Keystone Studios Comedies and the Majestic Studios, which would later become the Reliance-Majestic Studios through Harry Aitken's partnership with D. W. Griffith, and the New York Motion Picture Company. In 1915, the workers of Keystone Studios, Kay Bee Studios (a subsidiary of the New York Motion Picture Company) and Reliance-Majestic Studio left Mutual, along with the Aitken brothers, to form the Triangle Film Corporation. Now as complete owners of the former Reliance-Majestic Studio, by 1917 the conglomerate operated as the distributor for four subsidiary studios in California, three of which were in the Los Angeles area and the other in Santa Barbara. They were Signal Film Corporation, Vogue Films, Inc., Lone Star Film Company and American Film Company. Vogue Films, Inc. operated a studio at Santa Monica Boulevard and Gower street in Los Angeles producing two-reel comedy films exclusively.In 1915, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio that motion pictures were a form of business, not an art form, and therefore not covered by the First Amendment.Shortly after this decision, cities began to pass ordinances banning the public exhibition of "immoral" films, concerning the major studios that state or federal regulations would soon follow. This ruling remained in effect until Joseph Burstyn, Inc v. Wilson in 1952 which declared that film was a legitimate artistic medium with free speech protections.In 1916, Charlie Chaplin became the highest paid entertainer in the world when he signed a contract with Mutual for a salary of $670,000 per year. Mutual built Chaplin his very own studio and allowed him total freedom to make twelve two-reel films during this fruitful twelve-month period. Chaplin subsequently recognised this period of film-making as the most inventive and liberating of his career, although he also had concerns that the films produced were increasingly formulaic during the length of his contract.During 1916 and 1917, the Lone Star Film Company had Charlie Chaplin working at their studio at 1025 Lillian Way, in Hollywood. Charlie Chaplin moved on to found United Artists in 1919 with Mary Pickford, D. W. Griffith, and Douglas Fairbanks. In 1919, Mutual Film Corporation ceased production. Like many other companies established at this time, Mutual was eventually absorbed by larger corporations, in this case Film Booking Offices of America and later RKO Radio Pictures.With the exception of the Chaplin films, most of the Mutual shorts and feature dramas are lost to time and decompostion.After a 53 year absence, MFC distributed one film, Tears of Happiness, in 1972.There is a newer organisation, Mutual Film Company which has links to the older Mutual Film Corporation. It uses the original corporate film logo.[citation needed]
  • Mutual Film Corporation е сред първите американски филмови компании. Позната е като продуцент на някои от най-великите комедии на Чарли Чаплин.Основана е през юли 1906 г. в Милуоки, Уисконсин от Джон Фрулър (1872-1958), Хари Айткен (1877-1956) и Рой Айткен (1882-1976).Произвежда множество филми до 1919 г., когато е напусната от Чаплин. Компанията спира производството на филми за цели 53 год. През 1972 г. отново започва да продуцира филми, създавайки Tears of Happiness.
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  • Mutual Film Corporation est une société de production et de distribution américaine, créée en juillet 1906 par John R. Freuler, Harry E. Aitken et Roy Aitken. Elle ferma en 1972.Le 26 février 1916, Charlie Chaplin signe un contrat avec la Mutual Film pour douze courts métrages.
  • Mutual Film Corporation foi um estúdio de cinema estadunidense que atuou como distribuidor de filmes no início da indústria cinematográfica, apresentando posteriormente incursões na produção cinematográfica. Atualmente tem sido mais lembrado por ter produzido algumas das grandes comédias de Charlie Chaplin.
  • Mutual Film Corporation е сред първите американски филмови компании. Позната е като продуцент на някои от най-великите комедии на Чарли Чаплин.Основана е през юли 1906 г. в Милуоки, Уисконсин от Джон Фрулър (1872-1958), Хари Айткен (1877-1956) и Рой Айткен (1882-1976).Произвежда множество филми до 1919 г., когато е напусната от Чаплин. Компанията спира производството на филми за цели 53 год. През 1972 г. отново започва да продуцира филми, създавайки Tears of Happiness.
  • Mutual Film Corporation was an early American motion picture conglomerate best remembered today as the producers of some of Charlie Chaplin's greatest comedies.It originated with the Western Film Exchange founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in July 1906 by Wisconsin natives John R. Freuler (1872-1958), Harry E. Aitken (1877-1956) and Roy Aitken (1882-1976).In 1910, Freuler would also form a partnership with Chicago film distributor Samuel S.
  • Mutual Film Corporation fue uno de los primeros conglomerados estadounidenses dedicados a la cinematografía y es recordado principalmente como los productores de algunas de las comedias más importantes de Charlie Chaplin.Tiene origen en la Western Film Exchange fundada en Milwaukee, Wisconsin en julio de 1906 por John R. Freuler (1872-1958) y Harry E. Aitken (1877-1956).En 1912 MFC incluía subsidiarias tales como Keystone Comedies. En 1912, la compañía adquirió Thanhouser Studios.
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  • Mutual Film
  • Mutual Film
  • Mutual Film Company
  • Mutual Film Corporation
  • Mutual Film Corporation
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