Muhammad al-Badr (15 février 1926 – 6 août 1996) (en arabe : المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد) est le dernier roi du Royaume mutawakkilite du Yémen (Yémen du Nord), et a dirigé le camp royaliste lors de la guerre civile du Yémen du Nord (1962-1970).

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  • Muhammad al-Badr (15 février 1926 – 6 août 1996) (en arabe : المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد) est le dernier roi du Royaume mutawakkilite du Yémen (Yémen du Nord), et a dirigé le camp royaliste lors de la guerre civile du Yémen du Nord (1962-1970).
  • S.M. Muhammad Al-Badr (15 de fevereiro de 1926 - 6 de agosto de 1996) (em árabe: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد) foi o terceiro e último rei do Iêmen (Iêmen do Norte) e líder das regiões monárquicas durante a Guerra Civil do Iêmen do Norte (1962-1970). Seu nome completo era Al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad Al-Badr bin Al-Nasir-li-dinu'llah Ahmad, Imame e Comandante dos Fiéis e Rei do Reino do Iêmen.Após a morte de seu pai, Ahmad bin Yahya, em 19 de setembro de 1962, tornou-se Rei do Iêmen, Imã Mutawakkilite e Emir dos Crentes. Entretanto, uma semana depois de subir ao poder, um grupo com membros comprometidos com os Oficiais Livres deu um golpe de Estado e declarou a República Árabe do Iêmen. O rei fugiu para as montanhas do norte do país e depois organizou a oposição monarquista à república com o apoio da Arábia Saudita; enquanto que os revolucionários foram apoiados pelo Egito, que forneceu tropas e suprimentos. Somente quando o exército egípcio, após a Guerra dos Seis Dias de 1962, retirou-se do Iêmen e os monarquistas fracassaram na tentativa de conquistar a capital Sanaa, que Muhamad al-Badr deixou o Iêmen.O Imame permaneceu no exílio até sua morte, ocorrida em um hospital de Londres em 1996; sendo enterrado em uma área muçulmana do Cemitério de Brookwood.== Referências ==
  • Muhammad Al-Badr (February 15, 1926 – August 6, 1996) (Arabic: المنصور بالله محمد البدر بن أحمد‎) was the last king of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (North Yemen) and leader of the monarchist regions during the North Yemen Civil War (1962–1970). His full name was Al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad Al-Badr bin Al-Nasir-li-dinu'llah Ahmad, Imam and Commander of the Faithful and King of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of the Yemen.Muhammad al-Badr was born in 1926 as oldest son of Ahmad bin Yahya, later imam of the Zaydis and king of North Yemen. In 1944 he moved to Taizz in the south of the country, where his father had already been the Imam's deputy for several years, to continue his education. Soon after the assassination of Imam Yahya in February 1948 plotted by Sayyid Abdullah al-Wazir, al-Badr arrived in Sana'a, the capital, but apparently only gave tacit support to the new regime. Meanwhile Sayf al-Islam Ahmad had managed to get away from Taizz and made for Hajjah, where he gathered the tribes around him, proclaimed himself Imam with the title of al-Nasir and within a month of the assassination had easily regained control of Sana'a and executed the principal perpetrators of the rebellion.Sayf al-Islam al-Badr (as Muhammad now became), not yet 20, was clearly able to patch up speedily any misunderstandings with his father, for in late 1949 he was appointed his deputy over Hodeida, the important port on the Red Sea. He was also made Minister of the Interior.Al-Badr played a prominent role in quelling the revolt against his father, Imam Ahmad, in 1955 led by Ahmad's brother Sayf al-Islam Abdullah and afterwards was declared Crown Prince.In that same year Ahmad bin Yahya forged connections and signed agreements during a tour to Soviet bloc countries. In April 1956 he signed a mutual defence pact with Egypt, involving a unified military command, and in 1958 incorporated Yemen with the United Arab Republic of Egypt and Syria into what then became the United Arab States.During the remaining period of Imam Ahmad's rule, Sayf al-Islam al-Badr held the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs and from 1958 he was also the Imam's deputy over Sana'a.Like most young Arab leaders of his generation, Al-Badr, been a great admirer of the Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. So in 1959 while he was in charge of Yemen for a few months during Imam Ahmad's absence in Italy for medical treatment, he arranged for Egyptian experts to come and help modernize the Yemen in all fields, including the military.An assassination attempt on the life of Imam Ahmad in March 1961 left the latter gravely crippled, so in October Sayf al-Islam al-Badr took over effective control of the government. On 19 September 1962 Ahmad died in his sleep, al-Badr was proclaimed Imam and King and took the title of al-Mansur.A week later rebels shelled his residence, Dar al Bashair, in the Bir al-Azab district of Sana'a whence on September 26 1962, Abdullah as-Sallal, whom al-Badr had appointed commander of the royal guard, staged a coup, and declared himself president of the Yemen Arab Republic.Al-Badr escaped to the north of North Yemen, and rallied tribes that support him in opposition to Sallal. Fighting erupted between the two groups, starting the North Yemen Civil War. Al-Badr started getting support from Saudi Arabia, while the republicans received support from Egypt.[citation needed]Although the revolution had announced to the world that al-Badr had died beneath the rubble of his palace[citation needed], he had in fact managed to escape unhurt and set out to the north. As he proceeded on his journey the tribes rallied round him pledging him their unconditional allegiance as Amir al-Mumineen ("Prince of the Faithful"). These tribes were Zaydi Shia for whom unstinted loyalty to an imam from the Ahl al-Bayt (the descendants of the Prophet) was a fundamental obligation of their religion.[citation needed] A few days later he held a press conference over the border in south-west Saudi Arabia. His uncle Sayf al-Islam al-Hasan, who had been abroad and had been proclaimed Imam at the news of al-Badr's alleged demise, immediately gave allegiance to him together with all the princes of the Hamid al-Din family.[citation needed] Soon the entire tribal confederation of Bakil along with most of Hashid who occupied the central and northern highlands of Yemen and who had been Zaydis for centuries joined enthusiastically the cause of the Imam and the princes to fight the revolutionary regime.During the bloody civil war which continued for eight years al-Badr, like his cousins, played a vital role. He lived alongside his men the life of a warrior, sharing with them every deprivation and hardship.[citation needed] He set up his headquarters in various places in the scenically spectacular mountainous north-west Yemen, on Jebal Qara, for instance, in the region of Hajur al-Sham and at al-Muhabisha high up above the Tihama plain. These HQs situated in caves fitted out with every basic facility deep in the mountainside were nevertheless constantly under the threat of Egyptian bombardment from the air. In 1967 al-Badr left his HQ at Mabyan near Hajjah for Taif in Saudi Arabia, where he stayed until the end of the war.[citation needed] He assisted his father in defending his father's control over North Yemen from two rebellious brothers in 1955.During his father's trip abroad for medical treatment in 1960 al-Badr introduces a number of reforms in Yemen which his father had promised.[citation needed] His father annulled these upon his return.[citation needed] In 1962 Imam Ahmad died, and al-Badr succeeded him. Among al-Badr's first actions was to grant amnesty to political prisoners.[citation needed]In 1970, despite the fact that territorially most of the Yemen remained under the control of al-Badr and the Hamid al-Din family[citation needed], Saudi Arabia, which had been the principal opponent of the Sana'a regime[citation needed], recognized the Yemen Arab Republic and other nations like the United Kingdom swiftly followed suit.[citation needed]Stunned by Saudi Arabia's recognition of the republican regime which had been negotiated without any consultation with him whatsoever, al-Badr refused to stay any longer in Saudi Arabia and demanded that he be permitted to leave the kingdom immediately. He went to England, where he lived quietly in a modest house in Kent, only going abroad to visit the holy cities of Mecca and Medina and to call on relatives and friends in that part of the world.[citation needed] Its also rumored that he had a late son in 1994.He died in 1996 in London, and is buried in Brookwood Cemetery in Woking, in Surrey.[citation needed]
  • Muhammad al-Badr (arabisch ‏محمد البدر‎, DMG Muḥammad al-Badr; * 15. Februar 1926; † 6. August 1996 in London) war der letzte König der Zaiditen im Nordjemen (1962).Muhammad al-Badr wurde von seinem Vater Ahmad ibn Yahya (1948-1962) schon zu Lebzeiten zum Thronfolger bestimmt. Allerdings kam es bald zu Spannungen, als Muhammad die sehr zögerliche Modernisierungspolitik seines Vaters beschleunigen wollte. So versuchte er, während eines Kuraufenthaltes seines Vaters im Ausland, mit Hilfe sowjetischer und chinesischer Berater einige Reformen durchzusetzen. Diese mussten aber nach der Rückkehr seines Vaters wieder zurückgenommen werden. Nachdem Ahmad bei einem Attentat im März 1961 schwer verwundet worden war, übertrug er die Regierung seinem Sohn. Nach dessen Tod am 19. September 1962 wurde er auch zum König des Nordjemen ausgerufen.Allerdings kam es schon am 26. September 1962 in Sanaa zum Putsch republikanischer Offiziere unter Abdullah as-Sallal. Muhammad al-Badr gelang aber die Flucht. Während die Putschisten die Republik ausriefen, verbündete sich Muhammad mit den Bergstämmen im Nordjemen. In dem nun ausbrechenden Bürgerkrieg (1962-1969) wurden die Republikaner von Ägypten und die Royalisten von Saudi-Arabien unterstützt. Zeitweise kämpften bis zu 40.000 Ägypter auf der Seite der Republikaner. Erst nach dem Rückzug der Ägypter aus dem Jemen (nach dem Sechstagekrieg 1967) und einem gescheiterten Angriff der Royalisten auf Sanaa kam es zu Verhandlungen zwischen den Bürgerkriegsparteien. Nach dem Friedensvertrag, der zu einer Amnestierung der Royalisten führte, verließ Muhammad al-Badr am 8. März 1969 den Jemen. Er starb 1996 im Exil in London.
  • アル=マンスール・ムハンマド・アル=バドル・ビン・アフマド(العربية: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد‎, ラテン文字転写: Al-Mansur Muhammad Al-Badr bin Ahmad)は、イエメン王国第3代(最後の)国王。
  • Al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad al-Badr (Hajjah, 25 februari 1929 – Londen, 6 augustus 1996) was van 19 september tot 27 september 1962 de laatste sjiitische imam en koning van het overwegend soennitische Koninkrijk Jemen. Hij volgde een opleiding aan de madrassa's (islamitische hogescholen) van Hajjah en Taiz. Van 1949 tot 1955 was hij plaatsvervangend gouverneur van Al Hudaydah en van 1955 tot 1962 vicepremier, minister van Defensie en minister van Buitenlandse Zaken. In 1955 werd hij tot kroonprins gekozen. Na de dood van zijn vader (Ahmad ibn Yahya) op 19 september 1962 werd hij koning van het Mutawakkilitisch Koninkrijk Jemen en imam en emir van de gelovigen. Een week na zijn aantreden pleegden leden van de 'Club van Vrije Officieren' een staatsgreep en riepen de Jemenitische Arabische Republiek uit. De imam/koning vluchtte daarop het berggebied in en organiseerde het royalistisch verzet tegen de republiek. Met steun van Saoedi-Arabië hielden de royalisten stand. In 1967 werd de imam als opperbevelhebber vervangen door prins Muhammad al-Hussein. In 1970 sloot deze laatste een akkoord met de republikeinen, waarna er royalisten tot de regering van de republiek konden toetreden.De imam bleef echter in ballingschap leven. Hij overleed in een Londens ziekenhuis aan een longontsteking. Hij ligt begraven op een islamitisch gedeelte van Brookwood Cemetery.
  • Muhammad al-Badr, arab. المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد, właśc. al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad al-Badr bin al-Nasir-li-dinu'llah Ahmad (ur. 25 lutego 1926 w Hadżdży, zm. 6 sierpnia 1996 w Londynie) – ostatni król Północnego Jemenu (1962; formalne roszczenia do 1970) i ostatni imam zajdytów (1962; według niektórych zwolenników do śmierci).Był najstarszym synem Ahmada ibn Jahji i jego pierwszej żony Sajjidy Safii bint Muhammad al-Ezz. Edukację otrzymał w madrasach w Hadżdży i Taizz. W latach 1949- 1955 zastępca gubernatora prowincji Al-Hudajda. W kwietniu 1955 został ogłoszony następcą tronu i pomagał ojcu w zdławieniu rebelii dwóch wujów. W latach 1955- 1962 pełnił funkcje: wicepremiera Jemenu, ministra spraw zagranicznych i ministra obrony. W 1956 odbył podróż po krajach bloku wschodniego, gdzie podpisał szereg umów międzypaństwowych oraz poprawił relacje z ZSRR. Był zwolennikiem reform społecznych i politycznych, toteż w 1960 roku wprowadził kilka z nich. Działo się to w czasie pobytu ojca za granicą (leczenie) i choć reformy te Ahmad od dawna obiecywał, to po powrocie wszystkie cofnął. 18 września 1962 roku zmarł jego ojciec i Muhammad został nowym królem i imamem. Wprowadził amnestię dla wszystkich więźniów politycznych i zapowiedział reformy. Powołał też nowego głównodowodzącego armii Abdullaha as-Sallala, który to 26 września wraz z grupą lewicowych wojskowych obalił Muhammada. Król uciekł więc na północ kraju, gdzie stanął na czele antyrządowych plemion. Często podróżował do Arabii Saudyjskiej, zabiegając o jej pomoc w obaleniu chwiejnego jeszcze wówczas rządu. Wybuchła wojna domowa, w której republikanów wspierał Egipt, a rojalistów Saudowie. Muhammad rościł swoje pretensje do tronu i uznawany był za króla przez wiele krajów do roku 1970, kiedy to Saudowie podpisali porozumienie z republikanami. Choć monarchiści podpisali pokój z rządem w 1970, to walki trwały do 1972. Po ich ustaniu Muhammad udał się na emigrację do Wielkiej Brytanii. Zmarł w londyńskim szpitalu na zapalenie płuc. Pochowany jest na cmentarzu Brookwood w Woking (Anglia).Miał trzy żony (z pierwszymi dwiema wziął rozwód). Miał 2 synów i 2 córki: książę Agil bin Muhammad al-Badr Hamidaddin (formalny następca) książę Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Badr Hamidaddin księżna Amat al-Ghani bint Muhammad al-Badr Hamidaddin księżna Ghufran bint Muhammad al-Badr HamidaddinZa życia otrzymał kilka odznaczeń w tym Order Zasługi Republiki Włoskiej (28 listopada 1957)
  • Muhammad al-Badr, in arabo: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد, al-Mansūr Muhammad al-Badr ibn Ahmad (San'a', 15 febbraio 1926 – Londra, 6 agosto 1996), è stato l'ultimo re del Regno Mutawakkilita dello Yemen (Yemen del Nord) e leader dei territori monarchici durante la Guerra civile dello Yemen del Nord (1962-1970).Il suo nome completo era al-Mansùr bi-llàh Muhammad al-Badr b. al-Nàsir li-din Allah Ahmad, Imam e Comandante dei Credenti, nonché Re del Regno Mutawakkilita dello Yemen.
  • S.M. Muhammad Al-badr (Hajjah, 15 de febrero de 1926 - Londres, 6 de agosto de 1996) (en árabe: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد) fue el tercer rey del Reino de Yemen (Yemen del Norte), y el líder de las regiones monárquicas durante la guerra del Yemen del Norte (1962-1970). Su nombre completo era al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad al-Badr bin al-Nasir-li-din'ullah Ahmad, el Imán y el Comandante de los Fieles, y el Rey del Reino de Yemen.Tuvo un hijo, Ageel bin Muhammad al-Badr, que fue el Príncipe de Yemen, le sucedió, al menos nominalmente.
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  • Muhammad al-Badr (15 février 1926 – 6 août 1996) (en arabe : المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد) est le dernier roi du Royaume mutawakkilite du Yémen (Yémen du Nord), et a dirigé le camp royaliste lors de la guerre civile du Yémen du Nord (1962-1970).
  • アル=マンスール・ムハンマド・アル=バドル・ビン・アフマド(العربية: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد‎, ラテン文字転写: Al-Mansur Muhammad Al-Badr bin Ahmad)は、イエメン王国第3代(最後の)国王。
  • Muhammad al-Badr, in arabo: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد, al-Mansūr Muhammad al-Badr ibn Ahmad (San'a', 15 febbraio 1926 – Londra, 6 agosto 1996), è stato l'ultimo re del Regno Mutawakkilita dello Yemen (Yemen del Nord) e leader dei territori monarchici durante la Guerra civile dello Yemen del Nord (1962-1970).Il suo nome completo era al-Mansùr bi-llàh Muhammad al-Badr b. al-Nàsir li-din Allah Ahmad, Imam e Comandante dei Credenti, nonché Re del Regno Mutawakkilita dello Yemen.
  • Muhammad al-Badr (arabisch ‏محمد البدر‎, DMG Muḥammad al-Badr; * 15. Februar 1926; † 6. August 1996 in London) war der letzte König der Zaiditen im Nordjemen (1962).Muhammad al-Badr wurde von seinem Vater Ahmad ibn Yahya (1948-1962) schon zu Lebzeiten zum Thronfolger bestimmt. Allerdings kam es bald zu Spannungen, als Muhammad die sehr zögerliche Modernisierungspolitik seines Vaters beschleunigen wollte.
  • S.M. Muhammad Al-badr (Hajjah, 15 de febrero de 1926 - Londres, 6 de agosto de 1996) (en árabe: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد) fue el tercer rey del Reino de Yemen (Yemen del Norte), y el líder de las regiones monárquicas durante la guerra del Yemen del Norte (1962-1970).
  • S.M. Muhammad Al-Badr (15 de fevereiro de 1926 - 6 de agosto de 1996) (em árabe: المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد) foi o terceiro e último rei do Iêmen (Iêmen do Norte) e líder das regiões monárquicas durante a Guerra Civil do Iêmen do Norte (1962-1970).
  • Al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad al-Badr (Hajjah, 25 februari 1929 – Londen, 6 augustus 1996) was van 19 september tot 27 september 1962 de laatste sjiitische imam en koning van het overwegend soennitische Koninkrijk Jemen. Hij volgde een opleiding aan de madrassa's (islamitische hogescholen) van Hajjah en Taiz. Van 1949 tot 1955 was hij plaatsvervangend gouverneur van Al Hudaydah en van 1955 tot 1962 vicepremier, minister van Defensie en minister van Buitenlandse Zaken.
  • Muhammad al-Badr, arab. المنصور محمد البدر بن أحمد, właśc. al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad al-Badr bin al-Nasir-li-dinu'llah Ahmad (ur. 25 lutego 1926 w Hadżdży, zm. 6 sierpnia 1996 w Londynie) – ostatni król Północnego Jemenu (1962; formalne roszczenia do 1970) i ostatni imam zajdytów (1962; według niektórych zwolenników do śmierci).Był najstarszym synem Ahmada ibn Jahji i jego pierwszej żony Sajjidy Safii bint Muhammad al-Ezz. Edukację otrzymał w madrasach w Hadżdży i Taizz.
  • Muhammad Al-Badr (February 15, 1926 – August 6, 1996) (Arabic: المنصور بالله محمد البدر بن أحمد‎) was the last king of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (North Yemen) and leader of the monarchist regions during the North Yemen Civil War (1962–1970).
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