Max Hoelz (nom également retranscrit Max Hölz) né le 14 octobre 1889, à Moritz, près de Riesa (Saxe) était un militant communiste et agitateur révolutionnaire allemand. Il est mort le 15 septembre 1933, à Gorki en URSS).

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  • Max Hoelz (nom également retranscrit Max Hölz) né le 14 octobre 1889, à Moritz, près de Riesa (Saxe) était un militant communiste et agitateur révolutionnaire allemand. Il est mort le 15 septembre 1933, à Gorki en URSS).
  • Max Hoelz (d. 14 Ekim 1889, Moritz Riesa - ö. 15 Eylül 1933 Gorki/Sovyetler Birliği), anarşist eğilimleri ağır basan Alman komünisti. İşçilerle birlikte birçok mülkiyete el koyma eyleminde bulunmuş, bu yüzden de 'Kızıl Robin Hood' adıyla ün salmıştır.
  • Макс Гёльц (нем. Max Hoelz или Hölz, 14 октября 1889, Мориц, близ Ризы, Германская империя — 15 сентября 1933, Горький, СССР) — немецкий революционер, один из активных участников и организаторов революционных восстаний в Германии в 1920—1921 годах.
  • Max Hoelz (* 14. Oktober 1889 in Moritz bei Riesa; † 15. September 1933 bei Gorki, UdSSR), Schreibweise auch Hölz, war ein deutscher Kommunist.
  • Max Hoelz (14 October 1889 - 15 September 1933) was a German Communist, most known for his role as a 'Communist Bandit' in the Vogtland region.Hoelz was born the son of a day labourer and emigrated to Britain in 1905 to become a mechanic.Hoelz served in the German army during the World War I but was wounded and worked on the railways. Towards the end of the war he was working in a reinforced concrete construction company near Mulhouse in Alsace where he received news his wife in Vogtland was ill, leading him to travel back to Falkenstein with soldiers returning from the front, amongst whom he helped form the Falkenstein Workers' and Soldiers' Council on 9 November 1918. However, he was shortly forced out of the council by his co-chair Sturl, a USPD member, but despite this he joined the USPD a got a job selling subscription to their new journal for the Vogtland, Vogtlandische Volkszeitung. Hoelz went on to found the KPD in Falkenstein in Spring 1919 and became a leader of the unemployed in the town.During the Kapp Putsch Hoelz helped form a Red Army in Vogtland. In the aftermath of the crushing of the Ruhr Red Army, the Vogtland was surrounded by 50,000 government troops and Hoelz led his army to the border with Czechoslovakia where they were surrounded by the Reichswehr. The Red Army split up into detachements to avoid the Reichsweher and Hoelz was eventually arrested in Czechoslovakia and then deported to Austria.After returning to Vogtland in late 1920, Hoelz organised a band of around 50 men equipped with arms and bicycles to try and free those detained after the Kapp Putsch. The first bombing he organised was of the Falkenstein Rathaus on 6 March 1921 and others targeted courthouses throughout Germany.Later in his 1929 autobiography 'From the "White Cross" to the Red Flag' he regretted taking part in this these attacks,"It was a grave political mistake to endorse, and participate in, the robberies of banks, post offices, etc. by "expropriation groups." The money went to leaders of the KAPD. It fulfilled a political purpose because it was used to print newspapers and leaflets. A small part was used to help the comrades living underground. Unfortunately, the proletarian aid organisation Rite Hilfe did not yet exist. However, the political gain never outweighed the damage done to the communist cause by the expropriations. One reason was that most of the revolutionary communist workers did not understand and condone them. Another reason was that the actions corrupted the comrades involved in them."Hoelz was one of the leaders of armed groups during the March Action in the Mansfeld region and ended up on trial in Berlin in May 1921 where he was sentenced to life imprisonment.He was released by an amnesty in 1928 and moved to the Soviet Union where he drowned in the Oka River near Nizhny Novgorod in 1933.
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  • Max Hoelz (nom également retranscrit Max Hölz) né le 14 octobre 1889, à Moritz, près de Riesa (Saxe) était un militant communiste et agitateur révolutionnaire allemand. Il est mort le 15 septembre 1933, à Gorki en URSS).
  • Max Hoelz (d. 14 Ekim 1889, Moritz Riesa - ö. 15 Eylül 1933 Gorki/Sovyetler Birliği), anarşist eğilimleri ağır basan Alman komünisti. İşçilerle birlikte birçok mülkiyete el koyma eyleminde bulunmuş, bu yüzden de 'Kızıl Robin Hood' adıyla ün salmıştır.
  • Макс Гёльц (нем. Max Hoelz или Hölz, 14 октября 1889, Мориц, близ Ризы, Германская империя — 15 сентября 1933, Горький, СССР) — немецкий революционер, один из активных участников и организаторов революционных восстаний в Германии в 1920—1921 годах.
  • Max Hoelz (* 14. Oktober 1889 in Moritz bei Riesa; † 15. September 1933 bei Gorki, UdSSR), Schreibweise auch Hölz, war ein deutscher Kommunist.
  • Max Hoelz (14 October 1889 - 15 September 1933) was a German Communist, most known for his role as a 'Communist Bandit' in the Vogtland region.Hoelz was born the son of a day labourer and emigrated to Britain in 1905 to become a mechanic.Hoelz served in the German army during the World War I but was wounded and worked on the railways.
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  • Max Hoelz
  • Max Hoelz
  • Max Hoelz
  • Max Hoelz
  • Гёльц, Макс
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