Dans le monde du cinéma, les majors sont les plus gros studios de production américains. Leur nombre a varié selon les périodes et surtout leurs actionnaires. Considéré comme indépendantes durant l'Âge d'Or des années 1920-1930, les sociétés de production ont par la suite changé de propriétaires, de statuts, disparu ou fusionné.

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Dans le monde du cinéma, les majors sont les plus gros studios de production américains. Leur nombre a varié selon les périodes et surtout leurs actionnaires. Considéré comme indépendantes durant l'Âge d'Or des années 1920-1930, les sociétés de production ont par la suite changé de propriétaires, de statuts, disparu ou fusionné.
  • Van oorsprong zijn er altijd een paar filmstudio's geweest die de filmindustrie gedomineerd hebben. De meeste van deze studio's hadden dit te danken aan hun activiteiten naast de filmproductie, zoals Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer dat een uitgebreid stelsel van bioscopen bezat en 20th Century Fox dat decennialang het belangrijkste filmnieuws bracht in Fox Movietone News. Sommige studio's, zoals Warner Bros. en Walt Disney Productions wisten door hun animatiewerk en tekenfilms bekend te worden onder het grote publiek, waardoor de real-action-films ook traditioneel van veel aftrek genoot. Miramax zorgde voor veel focus op hun films door controverse en veel art house-producties aan te bieden aan het publiek, terwijl Universal Studios groot geworden is met sciencefiction- en horrorfilms. Elke filmstudio probeert op een of andere manier een ander palet van films te presenteren aan de filmkijkende doelgroep en zoals overal in de wereld, is de een daar net even wat kundiger in dan een ander.Traditiegetrouw zijn er enkele studio's die sinds oprichting tot de dag van vandaag een belangrijke rol hebben gespeeld in de filmindustrie. Tot deze groep behoren onder andere 20th Century Fox (ook als Fox Film Corporation en 20th Century Pictures), Warner Bros. Pictures, Universal Studios, Walt Disney Pictures (door de wereldberoemde animatiefilms), Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (als oprichter van het studiosysteem, mentor van vele beroemde acteurs en actrices, producent van beroemde films en tegenwoordig als merknaam), Columbia Pictures en Paramount Pictures.
  • A major film studio is a production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box office revenue in a given market. In the North American, Western, and global markets, the major film studios, often simply known as the majors, are commonly regarded as the six diversified media conglomerates whose various film production and distribution subsidiaries command approximately 90 percent of U.S. and Canadian box office revenue. The term may also be applied more specifically to the primary motion picture business subsidiary of each respective conglomerate.The "Big Six" majors, whose operations are based in or around the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood, are all centered in film studios active during Hollywood's Golden Age of the 1930s and 1940s. In three cases—20th Century Fox, Warner Bros., and Paramount—the studios were one of the "Big Five" majors during that era as well. In two cases—Columbia and Universal—the studios were also considered majors, but in the next tier down, part of the "Little Three". In the sixth case, Walt Disney Studios was an independent production company during the Golden Age; it was an important Hollywood entity, but not a major.Today, Disney is the only member of the Big Six whose parent entity is still located near Los Angeles (actually, on Disney's studio lot). The five others report to conglomerates headquartered in New York City, Philadelphia, and Tokyo. Of the Big Six, Paramount is the only one still based in Hollywood, and Paramount and Fox are the only ones still located within the Los Angeles city limits.Most of today's Big Six control subsidiaries with their own distribution networks that concentrate on arthouse pictures (e.g. Fox Searchlight) or genre films (e.g. Sony's Screen Gems); several of these specialty units were shut down or sold off between 2008 and 2010. The six major studios are contrasted with smaller production and/or distribution companies, which are known as independents or "indies". The leading independent producer/distributors—Lionsgate Films, The Weinstein Company, and former major studio MGM—are sometimes referred to as "mini-majors". From 1998 through 2005, DreamWorks SKG commanded a large enough market share to arguably qualify it as a seventh major, despite its relatively small output. In 2006, DreamWorks was acquired by Viacom, Paramount's corporate parent. In late 2008, DreamWorks once again became an independent production company; its films are distributed by Disney's Touchstone Pictures.The Big Six major studios are today primarily backers and distributors of films whose actual production is largely handled by independent companies—either long-running entities or ones created for and dedicated to the making of a specific film. The specialty divisions often simply acquire distribution rights to pictures in which the studio has had no prior involvement. While the majors still do a modicum of true production, their activities are focused more in the areas of development, financing, marketing, and merchandising. Those business functions are still usually performed in or near Los Angeles, even though the runaway production phenomenon means that most films are now mostly or completely shot on location at places outside Los Angeles.Since the dawn of filmmaking, the U.S. major film studios have dominated both American cinema and the global film industry. Today, the Big Six majors routinely distribute hundreds of films every year into all significant international markets (that is, where discretionary income is high enough for consumers to afford to watch films). It is very rare, if not impossible, for a film to reach a broad international audience on multiple continents and in multiple languages without first being picked up by one of the majors for distribution.
  • Se conoce con el anglicismo majors (literalmente «las mayores», «las de mayor tamaño», «las más poderosas») a un número reducido de estudios cinematográficos que desde la época de la fundación del sistema de estudios (los años 1910 y 1920), han dominado la industria del cine estadounidense, esencialmente desde Hollywood, un distrito de la ciudad de Los Ángeles en el que se encuentran sus sedes. A los estudios cinematográficos también se les llama «productoras de cine» o simplemente «productoras», y de ahí que en castellano a las majors se las nombre siempre en femenino (nunca ha sido de uso en castellano, por ejemplo, decir «los majors»).Las películas de las majors acumulan sistemáticamente la mayor cuota de mercado tanto en lo que respecta a la recaudación en taquilla (box office en inglés) como al número de espectadores (admissions en inglés), y tanto en Estados Unidos como en el resto del mundo. Como consecuencia indirecta, los grandes estudios también dominan de forma sistemática los mercados derivados, más concretamente: las ventas a cadenas de televisión, la distribución de vídeo y DVD, las ventas de licencias (a los fabricantes de videojuegos, juguetes, cadenas de restauración y ocio etc.) y van desarrollando progresivamente una creciente posición de dominio también en nuevos medios de distribución (Internet y telefonía móvil, principalmente). Para asegurar este dominio a largo plazo, las corporaciones propietarias de las majors integran productoras o estudios de televisión, cadenas de salas de proyección cinematográfica, portales de internet etc.
  • Per rientrare nella categoria dei maggiori studi di produzione cinematografica (in inglese major film studio o semplicemente major), un'azienda di produzione e di distribuzione di film deve rilasciare annualmente un notevole numero di film e controllare costantemente una significativa percentuale degli incassi al botteghino in un dato mercato. Nei mercati nordamericani, occidentali e globali, i maggiori studi di produzione cinematografica, sono spesso conosciuti con il soprannome di majors. Oggi esistono sei grandi conglomerati dei media che tramite le varie majors, controllano approssimativamente il 90% dei ricavi al botteghino negli Stati Uniti e in Canada.
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 3639317 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageLength
  • 6251 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 115 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 111039674 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dcterms:subject
rdfs:comment
  • Dans le monde du cinéma, les majors sont les plus gros studios de production américains. Leur nombre a varié selon les périodes et surtout leurs actionnaires. Considéré comme indépendantes durant l'Âge d'Or des années 1920-1930, les sociétés de production ont par la suite changé de propriétaires, de statuts, disparu ou fusionné.
  • Per rientrare nella categoria dei maggiori studi di produzione cinematografica (in inglese major film studio o semplicemente major), un'azienda di produzione e di distribuzione di film deve rilasciare annualmente un notevole numero di film e controllare costantemente una significativa percentuale degli incassi al botteghino in un dato mercato. Nei mercati nordamericani, occidentali e globali, i maggiori studi di produzione cinematografica, sono spesso conosciuti con il soprannome di majors.
  • Van oorsprong zijn er altijd een paar filmstudio's geweest die de filmindustrie gedomineerd hebben. De meeste van deze studio's hadden dit te danken aan hun activiteiten naast de filmproductie, zoals Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer dat een uitgebreid stelsel van bioscopen bezat en 20th Century Fox dat decennialang het belangrijkste filmnieuws bracht in Fox Movietone News. Sommige studio's, zoals Warner Bros.
  • Se conoce con el anglicismo majors (literalmente «las mayores», «las de mayor tamaño», «las más poderosas») a un número reducido de estudios cinematográficos que desde la época de la fundación del sistema de estudios (los años 1910 y 1920), han dominado la industria del cine estadounidense, esencialmente desde Hollywood, un distrito de la ciudad de Los Ángeles en el que se encuentran sus sedes.
  • A major film studio is a production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box office revenue in a given market. In the North American, Western, and global markets, the major film studios, often simply known as the majors, are commonly regarded as the six diversified media conglomerates whose various film production and distribution subsidiaries command approximately 90 percent of U.S.
rdfs:label
  • Major du cinéma
  • Grootste filmstudio's ter wereld
  • Maggiori studi di produzione cinematografica
  • Major film studio
  • Majors (cine)
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink of
is foaf:primaryTopic of