Les grenadiers ou poissons queue de rat (Macrouridae) forment une famille de poissons vivant dans les abysses (200 à 6 000 m).En France, l'espèce le plus connue est le grenadier de roche (Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus, 1765) ; chez cette espèce, la proportion d’individus de petite taille augmente avec la profondeur.↑ Marine GIRARD, Pascal LORANCE & Alain BISEAU, Captures par unité d'effort des espèces profondes du talus continental à l'ouest des îles britanniques ; CPUE des espèces profondes du talus continental, p.

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  • Les grenadiers ou poissons queue de rat (Macrouridae) forment une famille de poissons vivant dans les abysses (200 à 6 000 m).En France, l'espèce le plus connue est le grenadier de roche (Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus, 1765) ; chez cette espèce, la proportion d’individus de petite taille augmente avec la profondeur.
  • Buławikowate (Macrouridae) – rodzina morskich ryb dorszokształtnych (Gadiformes). Polska nazwa rodziny nawiązuje do kształtu ich ciała.
  • Die Grenadierfische (Macrouridae (Gr.: „makros“ heißt groß und „oura“ heißt Schwanz)), auch Rattenschwänze genannt, sind Fische aus der Ordnung der Dorschartigen (Gadiformes). Sie leben in allen Weltmeeren in Tiefen von 200 bis 6000 Metern, meist pelagisch, aber nah über dem Bodengrund. Von ihrer Anzahl stellen die Grenadierfische 15 % der Tiefseefische.
  • ソコダラ科(学名:Macrouridae)は、タラ目に所属する魚類の分類群の一つ。4亜科38属396種で構成される、タラ目で最大のグループである。学名の由来は、ギリシャ語の「makros(大きな)」+「oura(尾)」から。
  • Los macrúridos (Macrouridae) son una familia de peces gadiformes conocidos vulgarmente como granaderos o colas de rata debido a la desproporcionada longitud y forma de ésta comparada con la parte delantera del cuerpo. Se encuentran entre los peces más comunes de las zonas abisales y están presentes en todos los oceános del mundo
  • Долгохвостовые или макру́русовые(лат. Macrouridae) — семейство морских глубоководных рыб отряда трескообразных.Макрурусовые — большое и разнообразное семейство, включающее в себя 27 родов и примерно 350 видов, от небольшого грациозного хименоцефалюса до гигантского макруруса.Многие виды являются промысловыми.Подсемейство BathygadinaeРод Bathygadus (10 видов)Род Gadomus (12 видов)Подсемейство MacrourinaeРод Albatrossia (монотипический)Род Asthenomacrurus (два вида)Род CetonurichthysРод CetonurusРод Coelorinchus (114 видов)Род CoryphaenoidesРод CynomacrurusGenus EchinomacrurusРод HaplomacrourusРод Hymenocephalus (23 вида)Род Kumba (8 видов)Род KuronezumiaРод LepidorhynchusРод LucigadusРод MacrosmiaРод MacrourusРод MalacocephalusРод MataeocephalusРод MesobiusРод NezumiaРод OdontomacrurusРод PseudocetonurusРод PseudonezumiaРод SphagemacrurusРод SpicomacrurusРод TrachonurusРод VentrifossaПодсемейство MacrouroidinaeРод Macrouroides (монотипический)Род Squalogadus (монотипический)Подсемейство TrachyrincinaeРод IdiolophorhynchusРод Trachyrincus↑ ↑
  • I Macrouridae sono una famiglia di pesci di mare appartenenti all'ordine Gadiformes. Sono genericamente noti come pesci topo in italiano e grenadiers in inglese.
  • De familie Rattenstaarten (Macrouridae) (Engels: grenadiers) behoort tot de orde van de Kabeljauwachtigen (Gadiformes). Soorten uit deze familie zijn over het algemeen grote, bruin tot zwarte zeevissen. De leden van deze familie behoren tot de meest voorkomende diepzeevissen. Ze worden aangetroffen op grote dieptes in de Noordelijke IJszee en Zuidelijke IJszee. Grenadiers zijn misschien het meest bekend door hun rol in de film Titanic, waarin de vissen worden gezien tijdens de verkenning van het wrak.
  • Grenadiers or rattails (less commonly whiptails) are generally large, brown to black gadiform marine fish of the family Macrouridae. Found at great depths from the Arctic to Antarctic, members of this family were amongst the most abundant of the deep-sea fish.The Macrouridae are a large and diverse family with some 34 genera and 383 species recognized (well over half of which are contained in just three genera, Caelorinchus, Coryphaenoides, and Nezumia). They range in length from about 10 cm (3.9 in) in the graceful grenadier (Hymenocephalus gracilis) to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in the giant grenadier, Albatrossia pectoralis. An important commercial fishery exists for the larger species, such as the giant grenadier and roundnose grenadier, Coryphaenoides rupestris. The family as a whole may represent up to 15% of the deep-sea fish population.Typified by large heads with large mouths and eyes, grenadiers have slender bodies that taper greatly to very thin caudal peduncles or tails (excluding one species with no tail fin): this rat-like tail explains the common name 'rattail' and the family name Macrouridae, from the Greek makros meaning "great" and oura meaning "tail". The first dorsal fin is small, high, and pointed (and may be spinous); the second dorsal fin runs along the rest of the back and merges with the tail and extensive anal fin. The scales are small.As with many deep-living fish, the lateral line system in grenadiers is well-developed; it is further aided by numerous chemoreceptors located on the head and lips, and chemosensory barbels underneath the chin. Benthic species have gas bladders with unique muscles attached to them. The animals are thought to use these muscles to "strum" their gas bladders and produce sound, possibly playing a role in courtship and mate location. Light-producing organs, photophores, are present in some species; they are located in the middle of the abdomen, just before the anus and underneath the skin.Living at depths from 200 to 6,000 m (660 to 19,690 ft), grenadiers are the most common benthic fish of the deep (however, two genera are known to prefer the midwater). They may be solitary or may form large schools, as with the roundnose grenadiers. The benthic species are attracted to structural oases, such as hydrothermal vents, cold seeps, and shipwrecks. They are thought to be generalists, feeding on smaller fish, pelagic crustaceans such as shrimp, amphipods, cumaceans and less often cephalopods and lanternfish. As well as being important apex predators in the benthic habitat, some species are also notable as scavengers.As few rattail larvae have been recovered, little is known of their life histories. They are known to produce a large number (over 100,000) of tiny (1–2 millimetres or 0.039–0.079 inches in diameter) eggs made buoyant by lipid droplets. The eggs are presumed to float up to the thermocline (the interface between warmer surface waters and cold, deeper waters) where they develop. The juveniles remain in shallower waters, gradually migrating to greater depths with age.Spawning may or may not be tied to the seasons, depending on the species. At least one species, Coryphaenoides armatus, is thought to be semelparous; that is, the adults die after spawning. Nonsemelparous species may live to 56 years or more. The Macrouridae in general are thought to have low resilience; commercially exploited species may be overfished and this could soon lead to a collapse of their fisheries.
  • La família dels macrúrids (Macrouridae) és composta per peixos marins actinopterigis de l'ordre dels gadiformes.
  • Macrouridae é uma família de peixes actinopterígeos pertencentes à ordem Gadiformes.
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  • Les grenadiers ou poissons queue de rat (Macrouridae) forment une famille de poissons vivant dans les abysses (200 à 6 000 m).En France, l'espèce le plus connue est le grenadier de roche (Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus, 1765) ; chez cette espèce, la proportion d’individus de petite taille augmente avec la profondeur.↑ Marine GIRARD, Pascal LORANCE & Alain BISEAU, Captures par unité d'effort des espèces profondes du talus continental à l'ouest des îles britanniques ; CPUE des espèces profondes du talus continental, p.
  • Buławikowate (Macrouridae) – rodzina morskich ryb dorszokształtnych (Gadiformes). Polska nazwa rodziny nawiązuje do kształtu ich ciała.
  • Die Grenadierfische (Macrouridae (Gr.: „makros“ heißt groß und „oura“ heißt Schwanz)), auch Rattenschwänze genannt, sind Fische aus der Ordnung der Dorschartigen (Gadiformes). Sie leben in allen Weltmeeren in Tiefen von 200 bis 6000 Metern, meist pelagisch, aber nah über dem Bodengrund. Von ihrer Anzahl stellen die Grenadierfische 15 % der Tiefseefische.
  • ソコダラ科(学名:Macrouridae)は、タラ目に所属する魚類の分類群の一つ。4亜科38属396種で構成される、タラ目で最大のグループである。学名の由来は、ギリシャ語の「makros(大きな)」+「oura(尾)」から。
  • Los macrúridos (Macrouridae) son una familia de peces gadiformes conocidos vulgarmente como granaderos o colas de rata debido a la desproporcionada longitud y forma de ésta comparada con la parte delantera del cuerpo. Se encuentran entre los peces más comunes de las zonas abisales y están presentes en todos los oceános del mundo
  • I Macrouridae sono una famiglia di pesci di mare appartenenti all'ordine Gadiformes. Sono genericamente noti come pesci topo in italiano e grenadiers in inglese.
  • La família dels macrúrids (Macrouridae) és composta per peixos marins actinopterigis de l'ordre dels gadiformes.
  • Macrouridae é uma família de peixes actinopterígeos pertencentes à ordem Gadiformes.
  • De familie Rattenstaarten (Macrouridae) (Engels: grenadiers) behoort tot de orde van de Kabeljauwachtigen (Gadiformes). Soorten uit deze familie zijn over het algemeen grote, bruin tot zwarte zeevissen. De leden van deze familie behoren tot de meest voorkomende diepzeevissen. Ze worden aangetroffen op grote dieptes in de Noordelijke IJszee en Zuidelijke IJszee.
  • Grenadiers or rattails (less commonly whiptails) are generally large, brown to black gadiform marine fish of the family Macrouridae. Found at great depths from the Arctic to Antarctic, members of this family were amongst the most abundant of the deep-sea fish.The Macrouridae are a large and diverse family with some 34 genera and 383 species recognized (well over half of which are contained in just three genera, Caelorinchus, Coryphaenoides, and Nezumia).
  • Долгохвостовые или макру́русовые(лат.
rdfs:label
  • Macrouridae
  • Buławikowate
  • Grenadierfische
  • Grenadiers (fish)
  • Macrouridae
  • Macrouridae
  • Macrouridae
  • Macrúrid
  • Rattenstaarten
  • Долгохвостовые
  • ソコダラ科
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