On compte environ 2 000 plantes utilisées en herboristerie. Jusqu'à l'avènement de la chimie moderne (extraction, synthétisation), les plantes ont été une des principales, sinon la principale, ressource de la pharmacopée utilisée par les différentes civilisations. Elles font historiquement partie de la médecine et restent des éléments de bases de la chimiothérapie moderne.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • On compte environ 2 000 plantes utilisées en herboristerie. Jusqu'à l'avènement de la chimie moderne (extraction, synthétisation), les plantes ont été une des principales, sinon la principale, ressource de la pharmacopée utilisée par les différentes civilisations. Elles font historiquement partie de la médecine et restent des éléments de bases de la chimiothérapie moderne. Dans son ensemble, une plante constitue un ensemble riche et complexe, composé de parties aériennes (feuille, fruit, fleur...) et de parties souterraines (racine, rhizome...). Elle peut avoir une ou plusieurs parties actives avec des indications pouvant être différentes, qui seront utilisées avec indications et des méthodes de préparation différentes. La recherche en phytothérapie sélectionne les plantes les plus actives et les plus efficaces pour lutter contre les maladies[réf. nécessaire]. Limitation des effets indésirables, dositométrie des principes actifs stabilisés. Avec ces méthodes, la pharmacognosie ouvre la porte à de nouvelles utilisations venues des végétaux, par exemple dans la lutte contre les cancers[réf. nécessaire].
  • Toto je seznam léčivých rostlin.CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== A ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== B ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== C ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== Č ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== D+Ď ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== E+F+G ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== H ==
  • This is a list of plants that have been used as herbal medicine.Plants have the ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to perform important biological functions, and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals. Many of these phytochemicals have beneficial effects on long-term health when consumed by humans, and can be used to effectively treat human diseases. At least 12,000 such compounds have been isolated so far; a number estimated to be less than 10% of the total. These phytochemicals are divided into (1) primary metabolites such as sugars and fats, which are found in all plants; and (2) secondary metabolites – compounds which are found in a smaller range of plants, serving a more specific function. For example, some secondary metabolites are toxins used to deter predation and others are pheromones used to attract insects for pollination. It is these secondary metabolites and pigments that can have therapeutic actions in humans and which can be refined to produce drugs—examples are inulin from the roots of dahlias, quinine from the cinchona, morphine and codeine from the poppy, and digoxin from the foxglove. Chemical compounds in plants mediate their effects on the human body through processes identical to those already well understood for the chemical compounds in conventional drugs; thus herbal medicines do not differ greatly from conventional drugs in terms of how they work. This enables herbal medicines to be as effective as conventional medicines, but also gives them the same potential to cause harmful side effects.Most cultures have a tradition of using plants medicinally. In Europe, apothecaries stocked herbal ingredients for their medicines. In the Latin names for plants created by Linnaeus, the word officinalis indicates that a plant was used in this way. For example, the marsh mallow has the classification Althaea officinalis, as it was traditionally used as an emollient to soothe ulcers. Ayurvedic medicine, herbal medicine and traditional Chinese medicine are other examples of medical practices that incorporate medical uses of plants. Pharmacognosy is the branch of modern medicine about medicines from plant sources. Plants included here are those that have been or are being used medicinally, in at least one such medicinal tradition.Modern medicine now tends to use the active ingredients of plants rather than the whole plants. The phytochemicals may be synthesized, compounded or otherwise transformed to make pharmaceuticals. Examples of such derivatives include Digoxin, from digitalis; capsaicine, from chili; and aspirin, which is chemically related to the salicylic acid found in white willow. The opium poppy continues to be a major industrial source of opiates, including morphine. Few traditional remedies, however, have translated into modern drugs, although there is continuing research into the efficacy and possible adaptation of traditional herbal treatments.
  • Llista de les plantes medicinals més utilitzades a Occident segons el criteri de tres fonts de l'Estat espanyol: el Catálogo de Plantas Medicinales del Consejo General de Colegios Farmacéuticos, el Catálogo de Especialidades Farmacéuticas, Base de Datos del Medicamento y Parafarmacia també del Consejo General de Colegios Farmacéuticos, i el Vademécum de Prescripción de Fitoterapia de la Sociedad Española de Fitoterapia (SEFIT), del catàleg de monografies de la Comissió E a nivell d'Europa i de les WHO monografies de l' OMS a nivell mundial. Aquesta llista té com a objectiu agrupar totes les plantes medicinals (ordenades pel seu nom científic) més usades amb independència de la seva acció terapèutica i, properament, vindrà acompanyada de la seva llista homòloga ordenada per noms populars.
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  • On compte environ 2 000 plantes utilisées en herboristerie. Jusqu'à l'avènement de la chimie moderne (extraction, synthétisation), les plantes ont été une des principales, sinon la principale, ressource de la pharmacopée utilisée par les différentes civilisations. Elles font historiquement partie de la médecine et restent des éléments de bases de la chimiothérapie moderne.
  • Toto je seznam léčivých rostlin.CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== A ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== B ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== C ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== Č ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== D+Ď ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== E+F+G ==CELÝ SEZNAM A-B-C-Č-D+Ď-E+F+G-H-Ch+I+J-K-L-M-N+O-O-P-R-Ř-S-Š-T-U-V-W+Y-Z-Ž== H ==
  • Llista de les plantes medicinals més utilitzades a Occident segons el criteri de tres fonts de l'Estat espanyol: el Catálogo de Plantas Medicinales del Consejo General de Colegios Farmacéuticos, el Catálogo de Especialidades Farmacéuticas, Base de Datos del Medicamento y Parafarmacia també del Consejo General de Colegios Farmacéuticos, i el Vademécum de Prescripción de Fitoterapia de la Sociedad Española de Fitoterapia (SEFIT), del catàleg de monografies de la Comissió E a nivell d'Europa i de les WHO monografies de l' OMS a nivell mundial.
  • This is a list of plants that have been used as herbal medicine.Plants have the ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to perform important biological functions, and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals. Many of these phytochemicals have beneficial effects on long-term health when consumed by humans, and can be used to effectively treat human diseases.
rdfs:label
  • Liste des plantes utilisées en phytothérapie
  • List of plants used in herbalism
  • Lista roślin leczniczych
  • Llista de plantes medicinals
  • Seznam léčivých rostlin
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