Cet article vise à donner une liste exhaustive des colonies françaises au cours de l'Histoire. Pour des données plus complètes sur chaque période ou chaque colonie, veuillez consulter les articles détaillés, ou l'article général Empire colonial français.

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  • Cet article vise à donner une liste exhaustive des colonies françaises au cours de l'Histoire. Pour des données plus complètes sur chaque période ou chaque colonie, veuillez consulter les articles détaillés, ou l'article général Empire colonial français.
  • During the 19th and 20th centuries, the French colonial empire was one of the largest in the world, behind the British Empire, the Russian Empire and the Spanish Empire: it extended over 12,898,000 km2 (4,980,000 sq mi) of land at its height in the 1920s and 1930s. The French colonial empire was the largest empire in 17th century and the Second Empire in 1929. Including metropolitan France in 1929, the total amount of land under French sovereignty reached 13,018,575 km² (5,020,000 sq. miles) but 13,518,575 km2 (5,219,551 sq mi) including Fezzan captured by Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque for Charles de Gaulle, at the time, which is 8.7% (or 9% with Fezzan) of the Earth's total land area. Its influence made French a widely spoken colonial European language, along with English, Spanish, and Portuguese. France began to establish colonies in North America, the Caribbean and India, following Spanish and Portuguese successes during the Age of Discovery, in rivalry with Britain for supremacy. A series of wars with Britain during the 18th century and early 19th century, which France lost, ended its colonial ambitions on these continents, and with it is what some historians term the "first" French colonial empire. In the 19th century, France established a new empire in Africa and South East Asia. Some of these colonies lasted beyond the invasion and occupation of France by Nazi Germany during World War II. At present, France possesses the second-largest exclusive economic zone to the world just after the USA; it measures approximately 11,351,000 km2 (4,383,000 sq mi).Here is a list of all the countries that were part of the French colonial empires in the last 500 years, either entirely or in part, either under French sovereignty or as mandate or protectorate.
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  • Cet article vise à donner une liste exhaustive des colonies françaises au cours de l'Histoire. Pour des données plus complètes sur chaque période ou chaque colonie, veuillez consulter les articles détaillés, ou l'article général Empire colonial français.
  • During the 19th and 20th centuries, the French colonial empire was one of the largest in the world, behind the British Empire, the Russian Empire and the Spanish Empire: it extended over 12,898,000 km2 (4,980,000 sq mi) of land at its height in the 1920s and 1930s. The French colonial empire was the largest empire in 17th century and the Second Empire in 1929. Including metropolitan France in 1929, the total amount of land under French sovereignty reached 13,018,575 km² (5,020,000 sq.
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  • Liste des colonies françaises
  • List of French possessions and colonies
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