La Frontière (the Frontier) ou Mythe de la Frontière est la ligne marquant la zone limite de l'implantation des populations d'origine européenne dans le contexte de la conquête de l'Ouest. Elle est l'un des mythes historiques des États-Unis.

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  • La Frontière (the Frontier) ou Mythe de la Frontière est la ligne marquant la zone limite de l'implantation des populations d'origine européenne dans le contexte de la conquête de l'Ouest. Elle est l'un des mythes historiques des États-Unis.
  • The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American Frontier. He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. He also stressed results, especially that American democracy was the primary result, along with egalitarianism, a lack of interest in high culture, and violence. "American democracy was born of no theorist's dream; it was not carried in the Sarah Constant to Virginia, nor in the Mayflower to Plymouth. It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier," said Turner. In the thesis, the American frontier established liberty by releasing Americans from European mindsets and eroding old, dysfunctional customs. The frontier had no need for standing armies, established churches, aristocrats or nobles, nor for landed gentry who controlled most of the land and charged heavy rents. Frontier land was free for the taking. Turner first announced his thesis in a paper entitled "The Significance of the Frontier in American History", delivered to the American Historical Association in 1893 in Chicago. He won very wide acclaim among historians and intellectuals. Turner elaborated on the theme in his advanced history lectures and in a series of essays published over the next 25 years, published along with his initial paper as The Frontier in American History.Turner's emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories. By the time Turner died in 1932, 60% of the leading history departments in the U.S. were teaching courses in frontier history along Turnerian lines.
  • «Теория границы» («тезис фронтира», англ. Frontier Thesis) — идея, выдвинутая в 1890-х годах американским историком Фредериком Тёрнером, которая объясняла особенности развития Соединённых Штатов взаимодействием с фронтиром (границей американских поселений). Таким образом Тёрнер пытался доказать самобытность социальных институтов США и объяснял разнообразие внутри американской нации различиями подобного взаимодействия.«Теория границы» оказала огромное влияние на историков и стала одной из основ так называемой среднезападной школы. Однако в 1930-х годах, ещё при жизни Тёрнера, она была подвергнута критике и признана несостоятельной как отдающая предпочтение лишь одному фактору среди многих. Тем не менее, в сознании американцев тезис Тёрнера по настоящее время продолжает жить в виде «исторического мифа».
  • Teorie hranice (angl. Frontier Thesis) je teorie zformulovaná americkým historikem Frederickem J. Turnerem, podle níž se „typické povahové vlastnosti“ amerického národa utvořily v americkém pohraničí, to jest na Divokém západě.
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  • bande de frontière
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  • La Frontière (the Frontier) ou Mythe de la Frontière est la ligne marquant la zone limite de l'implantation des populations d'origine européenne dans le contexte de la conquête de l'Ouest. Elle est l'un des mythes historiques des États-Unis.
  • Teorie hranice (angl. Frontier Thesis) je teorie zformulovaná americkým historikem Frederickem J. Turnerem, podle níž se „typické povahové vlastnosti“ amerického národa utvořily v americkém pohraničí, to jest na Divokém západě.
  • «Теория границы» («тезис фронтира», англ. Frontier Thesis) — идея, выдвинутая в 1890-х годах американским историком Фредериком Тёрнером, которая объясняла особенности развития Соединённых Штатов взаимодействием с фронтиром (границей американских поселений).
  • The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American Frontier. He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. He also stressed results, especially that American democracy was the primary result, along with egalitarianism, a lack of interest in high culture, and violence.
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  • La Frontière
  • Frontier Thesis
  • Teorie hranice
  • Теория границы
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