John Mercer (né le 21 février 1791 à Great Harwood dans le Lancashire; mort le 30 novembre 1866 à Oakenshaw dans le Lancashire), est l'inventeur du procédé de mercerisation pour l'industrie textile.

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  • John Mercer (né le 21 février 1791 à Great Harwood dans le Lancashire; mort le 30 novembre 1866 à Oakenshaw dans le Lancashire), est l'inventeur du procédé de mercerisation pour l'industrie textile.
  • John Mercer (21 February 1791 – 30 November 1866) was an English dye and fabric chemist and fabric printer born in Great Harwood, Lancashire. In 1844 he developed a process for treating cotton, mercerisation, that improves many of its qualities for use in fabrics.John Mercer never went to school, he learned basic reading and writing from his neighbour. He was very fond of dyeing. With the help of a chemistry textbook he taught himself the basics of the dyeing process. He continued to experiment, until he discovered Antimony orange. Later on he developed the mercerisation process and was admitted to the Royal Society, the Philosophical Society and the Chemical Society.In 1814 he married Mary Wolstenholme; together they had six children. His wife died in 1859 and he afterwards became a juror to the second Great Exhibition in 1862, and a justice of the peace in Lancashire, continuing to give lectures at Clayton-le-Moors and supporting local Anglican and Methodist churches.The 1861 census records him as a 70-year old "Chymist", living with his son John and 12 others at 29 Burlington Hotel. (Florence Nightingale was next door, at No. 30). Mercer died at home in 1866 and was buried in St Bartholemew's church. Funds for his commemoration were provided by his daughter Maria and a clock tower was unveiled in Great Harwood in 1903, as well as the Mercer Hall. Mercer's cottage at Oakenshaw was donated to be a museum and park.
  • John Mercer (* 21. Februar 1791 in Great Harwood, Lancashire; † 30. November 1866 in Oakenshaw, Lancashire) war der Begründer des nach ihm benannten Verfahrens zur Textilveredelung, der Merzerisation.Sein Vater, Robert Mercer, war zuerst Spinner, dann Handweber. Seine Mutter hieß Betty Clayton. Im Alter von neun Jahren füllte Mercer bereits die Kopse der Weberschiffchen für seinen Vater. Er ging nie zur Schule, ein Nachbar brachte ihm Lesen und Schreiben bei, ein Beamter die höhere Mathematik. Das Wissen über Chemie eignete er sich im Selbststudium an. 1814 heiratete er Mary Wolstenholme.Mercer beschäftigte sich mit dem Färben von Textilien. Er erfand zahlreiche Farbstoffe und war einer der ersten, die Photographien auf Stoff drucken konnten.1844 erfand er das nach ihm benannte Verfahren, 1851 wurde es in Großbritannien und den USA patentiert.Mercer war Mitglied in der Royal Society, der Chemical Society, der Philosophical Society und Juror der Great Exhibition.
  • John Mercer (Great Harwood, Lancashire, 21 febbraio 1791 – 30 novembre 1866) è stato un chimico e industriale tessile britannico, fu uno studioso delle fibre tessili e delle sostanze coloranti.Viene ricordato soprattutto per la messa a punto nel 1844 del trattamento della cellulosa con soda caustica (detto mercerizzazione) che brevettò nel 1851 negli Stati Uniti e in Gran Bretagna.Si occupò anche di coloranti dei tessuti e di sostanze coloranti per processi fotografici.
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  • John Mercer (né le 21 février 1791 à Great Harwood dans le Lancashire; mort le 30 novembre 1866 à Oakenshaw dans le Lancashire), est l'inventeur du procédé de mercerisation pour l'industrie textile.
  • John Mercer (Great Harwood, Lancashire, 21 febbraio 1791 – 30 novembre 1866) è stato un chimico e industriale tessile britannico, fu uno studioso delle fibre tessili e delle sostanze coloranti.Viene ricordato soprattutto per la messa a punto nel 1844 del trattamento della cellulosa con soda caustica (detto mercerizzazione) che brevettò nel 1851 negli Stati Uniti e in Gran Bretagna.Si occupò anche di coloranti dei tessuti e di sostanze coloranti per processi fotografici.
  • John Mercer (* 21. Februar 1791 in Great Harwood, Lancashire; † 30. November 1866 in Oakenshaw, Lancashire) war der Begründer des nach ihm benannten Verfahrens zur Textilveredelung, der Merzerisation.Sein Vater, Robert Mercer, war zuerst Spinner, dann Handweber. Seine Mutter hieß Betty Clayton. Im Alter von neun Jahren füllte Mercer bereits die Kopse der Weberschiffchen für seinen Vater. Er ging nie zur Schule, ein Nachbar brachte ihm Lesen und Schreiben bei, ein Beamter die höhere Mathematik.
  • John Mercer (21 February 1791 – 30 November 1866) was an English dye and fabric chemist and fabric printer born in Great Harwood, Lancashire. In 1844 he developed a process for treating cotton, mercerisation, that improves many of its qualities for use in fabrics.John Mercer never went to school, he learned basic reading and writing from his neighbour. He was very fond of dyeing. With the help of a chemistry textbook he taught himself the basics of the dyeing process.
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  • John Mercer
  • John Mercer
  • John Mercer (Chemiker)
  • John Mercer (scientist)
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