John Kennedy Toole, né le 17 décembre 1937 et mort le 26 mars 1969, est un écrivain américain qui se suicida par déception de ne pas être publié, et qui connut le succès après sa mort.

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  • John Kennedy Toole, né le 17 décembre 1937 et mort le 26 mars 1969, est un écrivain américain qui se suicida par déception de ne pas être publié, et qui connut le succès après sa mort.
  • Джон Кеннеди Тул (англ. John Kennedy Toole, 17 декабря 1937 — 26 марта 1969) — американский писатель из Нового Орлеана, известный своим сатирическим романом «Сговор остолопов», за который автор посмертно удостоился Пулитцеровской премии.«Сговор», написанный в начале 1960-х, был единственным литературным трудом, который Тул пытался издать; неудача способствовала ухудшению его состояния и через несколько лет писатель покончил с собой.Сохранился также ранний роман «Неоновая библия», написанный Тулом в возрасте 16 лет и сочтённый им самим слишком «сырой» работой, не заслуживающей внимания публики.Несмотря на это, спустя несколько лет после «Сговора» она была издана, а в 1995 году экранизирована.
  • John Kennedy Toole (17 Aralık 1937 – 26 Mart 1969) ABD'li yazar.Alıklar Birliği (A Confederacy of Dunces) adlı romanı yayınlanamadan intihar eden Toole, ölümünden sonra, 1981 yılında Pulitzer Ödülü'nü kazandı. Kitabın yayıncılar tarafından geri çevrilmesi, yazarın kötü durumda olan ruh sağlığını daha da olumsuz etkilemiş, artan alkol ve ilaç kullanımı ve ağırlaşan depresyonu intiharla sonuçlanmıştı. Ancak 1980 yılında yayınlanabilen Alıklar Birliği Türkçe dahil 18 dile çevrildi.
  • John Kennedy Toole (* 17. Dezember 1937 in New Orleans; † 26. März 1969 in Biloxi, Mississippi) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, dessen Roman Die Verschwörung der Idioten (teils auch "Ignaz oder Die Verschwörung der Idioten") erst ein Jahrzehnt nach seinem Selbstmord veröffentlicht wurde und den Pulitzer-Preis gewann.
  • John Kennedy Toole (Nueva Orleans, Luisiana, 17 de diciembre de 1937 - Biloxi, Misisipi, 26 de marzo de 1969), fue un novelista estadounidense, autor de La conjura de los necios obra ganadora del Premio Pulitzer de ficción en 1981. Se suicidó en 1969 a los 31 años tras no conseguir publicar esta novela, siendo posteriormente publicada con enorme éxito en 1980 gracias a la insistencia de su madre, Thelma Toole.
  • John Kennedy Toole (New Orleans, 17 december 1937 - 26 maart 1969) was een Amerikaans schrijver en leraar.
  • John Kennedy Toole (ur. 17 grudnia 1937, zm. 26 marca 1969) - amerykański pisarz z Nowego Orleanu, autor powieści Sprzysiężenie osłów (tytuł angielski A Confederacy of Dunces) (1980).Popełnił samobójstwo (wdychanie spalin), a jego powieść wydano pośmiertnie (nagroda Pulitzera). Za jego życia wydawnictwo Simon and Schuster odrzuciło rękopis.Sprzedano 1,5 miliona egzemplarzy tej książki w 18 językach.Był nauczycielem uniwersyteckim.
  • John Kennedy Toole (17 de desembre de 1937 - 26 de març de 1969) fou un noveŀlista estatunidenc nascut a Nova Orleans, Louisiana, conegut sobretot per la seva novel·la Una conxorxa d'enzes, guanyadora del Premi Pulitzer.Les novel·les de Toole no es van publicar en vida de l'autor. Alguns anys després de la seva mort, la seva mare Thelma Toole va presentar el manuscrit d'Una conxorxa d'enzes i va aconseguir que es publiqués. L'any 1981 Toole va guanyar el Premi Pulitzer postumament.
  • John Kennedy Toole (17. prosince 1937, New Orleans, USA – 26. března 1969, Biloxi, USA) byl americký spisovatel známý především jako autor románu Spolčení hlupců.
  • John Kennedy Toole (December 17, 1937 – March 26, 1969) was an American novelist from New Orleans, Louisiana, whose posthumously published novel A Confederacy of Dunces won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. He also wrote The Neon Bible. Although several people in the literary world felt his writing skills were praiseworthy, Toole's novels were rejected during his lifetime. After suffering from paranoia and depression due in part to these failures, he committed suicide at the age of 31.Toole was born to a middle-class family in New Orleans. From a young age, his mother taught him an appreciation of culture. She was thoroughly involved in his affairs for most of his life, and at times they had a difficult relationship. With his mother's encouragement, Toole became a stage performer at the age of 10 doing comic impressions and acting. At 16 he wrote his first novel, The Neon Bible, which he later dismissed as "adolescent".Toole received an academic scholarship to Tulane University. After graduating from Tulane, he studied English at Columbia University in New York while teaching simultaneously at Hunter College. He also taught at various Louisiana colleges, and during his early career as an academic he was valued on the faculty party circuit for his wit and gift for mimicry. His studies were interrupted when he was drafted into the army, where he taught English to Spanish-speaking recruits in San Juan, Puerto Rico. After receiving a promotion, he used his private office to begin writing A Confederacy of Dunces, which he finished at his parents' home after his discharge.Dunces is a picaresque novel featuring the misadventures of protagonist Ignatius J. Reilly, a lazy, obese, misanthropic, self-styled scholar who lives at home with his mother. It is hailed for its accurate depictions of New Orleans dialects. Toole based Reilly in part on his college professor friend Bob Byrne. Byrne's slovenly, eccentric behavior was anything but professorial, and Reilly mirrored him in these respects. The character was also based on Toole himself, and several personal experiences served as inspiration for passages in the novel. While at Tulane, Toole filled in for a friend at a job as a hot tamale cart vendor, and worked at a family owned and operated clothing factory. Both of these experiences were later adapted into his fiction.Toole submitted Dunces to publisher Simon & Schuster, where it reached noted editor Robert Gottlieb. Gottlieb considered Toole talented but felt his comic novel was essentially pointless. Despite several revisions, Gottlieb remained unsatisfied, and after the book was rejected by another literary figure, Hodding Carter Jr., he shelved the novel. Suffering from depression and feelings of persecution, Toole left home on a journey around the country. He stopped in Biloxi, Mississippi to end his life by running a garden hose in from the exhaust of his car to the cabin. Some years later, his mother brought the manuscript of Dunces to the attention of novelist Walker Percy, who ushered the book into print. In 1981, Toole was posthumously awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
  • John Kennedy Toole (Nova Orleans, 17 de dezembro de 1937 - Biloxi, 26 de março de 1969) foi um romancista norte-americano mais conhecido por seu romance publicado postumamente "A Confederacy of Dunces", vencedor do Prêmio Pulitzer. Ele também escreveu "The Neon Bible". Embora várias pessoas do mundo literário acreditassem em suas habilidades de escrita, os romances de Toole foram rejeitadas durante sua vida. Sofrendo de paranóia e depressão, em parte devido a estas rejeições, cometeu suicídio aos 31 anos de idade.== Referências ==
  • John Kennedy Toole (New Orleans, 17 dicembre 1937 – 26 marzo 1969) è stato uno scrittore statunitense.John Kennedy Toole in vita non pubblicò nulla. Solo diversi anni dopo la sua morte, avvenuta a soli 32 anni, la madre riuscì a far leggere il manoscritto di A Confederacy of Dunces (titolo originale di Una banda di idioti) allo scrittore Walker Percy, che affascinato dalla genialità dell'opera, riuscì a convincere un editore a pubblicare il romanzo. Nel 1981 a Toole fu assegnato postumo il Premio Pulitzer per la narrativa.
  • John Kennedy Toole Estatu Batuetako idazlea (New Orleans, 1937 - 1969). Columbiako Unibertsitatean egin zituen ikasketak, eta Lousianan eta New Orleansen egon zen irakasle. A Confederacy of dunces (1980, Ergelen batzarra) izan zen idatzi zuen eleberri bakarra, eta argitaletxez argitaletxe ibili ondoren, inork ez ziola argitaratu nahi eta bere buruaz beste egin zuen. Handik hamar urtera, Thelma D. Toolek, Johnen amak, Walker Percy idazlearen bidez, lortu zuen argitaratzea, eta arrakasta itzela izan zuen. 1981ean Pulitzer Saria eman zioten.
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  • John Kennedy Toole, né le 17 décembre 1937 et mort le 26 mars 1969, est un écrivain américain qui se suicida par déception de ne pas être publié, et qui connut le succès après sa mort.
  • John Kennedy Toole (17 Aralık 1937 – 26 Mart 1969) ABD'li yazar.Alıklar Birliği (A Confederacy of Dunces) adlı romanı yayınlanamadan intihar eden Toole, ölümünden sonra, 1981 yılında Pulitzer Ödülü'nü kazandı. Kitabın yayıncılar tarafından geri çevrilmesi, yazarın kötü durumda olan ruh sağlığını daha da olumsuz etkilemiş, artan alkol ve ilaç kullanımı ve ağırlaşan depresyonu intiharla sonuçlanmıştı. Ancak 1980 yılında yayınlanabilen Alıklar Birliği Türkçe dahil 18 dile çevrildi.
  • John Kennedy Toole (* 17. Dezember 1937 in New Orleans; † 26. März 1969 in Biloxi, Mississippi) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, dessen Roman Die Verschwörung der Idioten (teils auch "Ignaz oder Die Verschwörung der Idioten") erst ein Jahrzehnt nach seinem Selbstmord veröffentlicht wurde und den Pulitzer-Preis gewann.
  • John Kennedy Toole (Nueva Orleans, Luisiana, 17 de diciembre de 1937 - Biloxi, Misisipi, 26 de marzo de 1969), fue un novelista estadounidense, autor de La conjura de los necios obra ganadora del Premio Pulitzer de ficción en 1981. Se suicidó en 1969 a los 31 años tras no conseguir publicar esta novela, siendo posteriormente publicada con enorme éxito en 1980 gracias a la insistencia de su madre, Thelma Toole.
  • John Kennedy Toole (New Orleans, 17 december 1937 - 26 maart 1969) was een Amerikaans schrijver en leraar.
  • John Kennedy Toole (ur. 17 grudnia 1937, zm. 26 marca 1969) - amerykański pisarz z Nowego Orleanu, autor powieści Sprzysiężenie osłów (tytuł angielski A Confederacy of Dunces) (1980).Popełnił samobójstwo (wdychanie spalin), a jego powieść wydano pośmiertnie (nagroda Pulitzera). Za jego życia wydawnictwo Simon and Schuster odrzuciło rękopis.Sprzedano 1,5 miliona egzemplarzy tej książki w 18 językach.Był nauczycielem uniwersyteckim.
  • John Kennedy Toole (17 de desembre de 1937 - 26 de març de 1969) fou un noveŀlista estatunidenc nascut a Nova Orleans, Louisiana, conegut sobretot per la seva novel·la Una conxorxa d'enzes, guanyadora del Premi Pulitzer.Les novel·les de Toole no es van publicar en vida de l'autor. Alguns anys després de la seva mort, la seva mare Thelma Toole va presentar el manuscrit d'Una conxorxa d'enzes i va aconseguir que es publiqués. L'any 1981 Toole va guanyar el Premi Pulitzer postumament.
  • John Kennedy Toole (17. prosince 1937, New Orleans, USA – 26. března 1969, Biloxi, USA) byl americký spisovatel známý především jako autor románu Spolčení hlupců.
  • John Kennedy Toole Estatu Batuetako idazlea (New Orleans, 1937 - 1969). Columbiako Unibertsitatean egin zituen ikasketak, eta Lousianan eta New Orleansen egon zen irakasle. A Confederacy of dunces (1980, Ergelen batzarra) izan zen idatzi zuen eleberri bakarra, eta argitaletxez argitaletxe ibili ondoren, inork ez ziola argitaratu nahi eta bere buruaz beste egin zuen. Handik hamar urtera, Thelma D.
  • John Kennedy Toole (New Orleans, 17 dicembre 1937 – 26 marzo 1969) è stato uno scrittore statunitense.John Kennedy Toole in vita non pubblicò nulla. Solo diversi anni dopo la sua morte, avvenuta a soli 32 anni, la madre riuscì a far leggere il manoscritto di A Confederacy of Dunces (titolo originale di Una banda di idioti) allo scrittore Walker Percy, che affascinato dalla genialità dell'opera, riuscì a convincere un editore a pubblicare il romanzo.
  • John Kennedy Toole (Nova Orleans, 17 de dezembro de 1937 - Biloxi, 26 de março de 1969) foi um romancista norte-americano mais conhecido por seu romance publicado postumamente "A Confederacy of Dunces", vencedor do Prêmio Pulitzer. Ele também escreveu "The Neon Bible". Embora várias pessoas do mundo literário acreditassem em suas habilidades de escrita, os romances de Toole foram rejeitadas durante sua vida.
  • Джон Кеннеди Тул (англ.
  • John Kennedy Toole (December 17, 1937 – March 26, 1969) was an American novelist from New Orleans, Louisiana, whose posthumously published novel A Confederacy of Dunces won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. He also wrote The Neon Bible. Although several people in the literary world felt his writing skills were praiseworthy, Toole's novels were rejected during his lifetime.
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  • John Kennedy Toole
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  • John Kennedy Toole
  • John Kennedy Toole
  • John Kennedy Toole
  • John Kennedy Toole
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  • John Kennedy Toole
  • John Kennedy Toole
  • John Kennedy Toole
  • John Kennedy Toole
  • Тул, Джон Кеннеди
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