Jean ou Jón Haraldsson (né vers 1180, assassiné à Thurso en 1231). Jarl des Orcades et comte de Caithness de 1206 à 1231.

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  • Jean ou Jón Haraldsson (né vers 1180, assassiné à Thurso en 1231). Jarl des Orcades et comte de Caithness de 1206 à 1231.
  • Jon Haraldsson was Earl of Orkney between 1206 and 1231.Jon Haraldsson and his brother David were the sons of Harald Maddadsson with his second wife Hvarflod, daughter of Earl Máel Coluim of Moray. Jon and David were joint Earls of Orkney after the death of their father. David Haraldsson died of sickness in 1214, leaving Jon Haraldsson to rule alone. In 1222, Jon Haraldsson was implicated, indirectly, in the burning of Bishop Adam of Caithness in his hall at Halkirk by local farmers. Jon was accused of looking on or of fomenting the discontent. King Alexander II of Scotland undertook harsh reprisals for the killing, to the satisfaction of Pope Honorius III. Snaekoll Gunnisson, a great-grandson of Rognvald Kali, demanded that Jon Haraldsson should share the Earldom with him. The supporters of Jon and Snaekoll fought a war until it was agreed that King Haakon IV of Norway should settle the matter. All concerned set off to Norway, but a ship carrying Jon Haraldsson, his supporters and his kin, was lost at sea on the return voyage during 1231.[citation needed] An alternative version of Earl John's demise is that he was resident in Thurso, and had his hall burnt around him. He escaped to a cellar only to be mortally wounded by Hanef, quaestor to the King of Norway, with nine wounds. With his death the Norse line of the Earldom of Orkney, dating from the time of Harald Fairhair, became extinct. The Mormaer of Caithness was given over to Magnus, (Magnus mac Gille-Brighde of Angus), the son of Gille Brigte, Mormaer of Angus, forming the basis for a new governing presence. In 1236, Magnus was granted the Earldom of Orkney by King Haakon IV.
  • Jon Haraldsson (1162 - 1231) fue un caudillo hiberno-nórdico, que gobernó como jarl de las Orcadas en diarquía con su hermano David Haraldsson, ambos hijos de Harald Maddadsson fruto de su segundo matrimonio con Gormflaeth, hija de Malcolm MacEth, conde de Ross y mormaer de Moray. Su gobierno se inició en 1206 pero su hermano falleció por enfermedad en 1214 y siguió dominando las Orcadas en solitario hasta 1231.En 1222, Jon Haraldsson se vio implicado indirectamente en el asalto a la residencia de Adán de Melrose, obispo de Caithness, en Halkirk por granjeros locales. Jon fue acusado de alimentar el descontento entre la población y Alejandro II de Escocia tomó represalias por el homicidio, con el beneplácito del papa Honorio III.Snaekoll Gunnisson, bisnieto de Ragnvald Kali Kolsson, reclamó su derecho a compartir las Orcadas a Jon y la situación desembocó en una guerra hasta que Haakon IV de Noruega intervino como mediador y solicitó que todos los implicados viajasen hasta Noruega; no obstante el barco que llevaba a Jon, séquito y familia, se perdió en el mar durante el trayecto de regreso en 1231 y con su muerte, toda la línea sucesoria desde Harald I de Noruega desaparece y con ellos la Era vikinga llega a su fin, abriendo otra etapa en la Edad Media del archipiélago con el mormaer de Caithness a manos de Magnus mac Gille, hijo de Gille Brigte, mormaer de Angus que en 1236 recibe el amparo del gobierno de las Orcadas bajo la corona de Haakon IV.
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  • Jean ou Jón Haraldsson (né vers 1180, assassiné à Thurso en 1231). Jarl des Orcades et comte de Caithness de 1206 à 1231.
  • Jon Haraldsson was Earl of Orkney between 1206 and 1231.Jon Haraldsson and his brother David were the sons of Harald Maddadsson with his second wife Hvarflod, daughter of Earl Máel Coluim of Moray. Jon and David were joint Earls of Orkney after the death of their father. David Haraldsson died of sickness in 1214, leaving Jon Haraldsson to rule alone. In 1222, Jon Haraldsson was implicated, indirectly, in the burning of Bishop Adam of Caithness in his hall at Halkirk by local farmers.
  • Jon Haraldsson (1162 - 1231) fue un caudillo hiberno-nórdico, que gobernó como jarl de las Orcadas en diarquía con su hermano David Haraldsson, ambos hijos de Harald Maddadsson fruto de su segundo matrimonio con Gormflaeth, hija de Malcolm MacEth, conde de Ross y mormaer de Moray.
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  • Jean Haraldsson
  • Jon Haraldsson
  • Jon Haraldsson
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