Jean-Baptiste Marchand, né le 22 novembre 1863 à Thoissey et mort le 13 janvier 1934 à Paris, est un militaire et un explorateur français, célèbre pour avoir commandé la mission Congo-Nil.

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  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand, né le 22 novembre 1863 à Thoissey et mort le 13 janvier 1934 à Paris, est un militaire et un explorateur français, célèbre pour avoir commandé la mission Congo-Nil.
  • for others with similar names, see Jean MarchandGeneral Jean-Baptiste Marchand (2 November 1863 – 13 January 1934) was a French military officer and explorer in Africa. He was born in Thoissey, Ain and attended l’Ecole militaire de Saint-Maixent. Marchand is best known for commanding the French expeditionary force during the Fashoda Incident.He participated in the French conquest of Senegal and was severely wounded in 1889 at the capture of Diena by the French. In 1890 Major Marchand was sent to explore the sources of the Niger River and the Nile and to occupy the area around Fashoda, Sudan, now known as Kodok, and bring it under French control. After a 14-month trek on foot and by boat from West Africa Marchand's expedition of 20 French officers and NCOs and 130 French Senegalese troops arrived at Fashoda, an abandoned fort on the Nile, on 10 July 1898. Marchand rebuilt the fort, but the expected support from other French columns and from Abyssinia did not arrive. On 18 September a detachment led by Sir Herbert Kitchener, commander of the Anglo-Egyptian army that had just defeated the forces of the Mahdi at the Battle of Omdurman, arrived at Fashoda. Following the battle Kitchener had opened sealed orders from London to investigate the French expedition some 600 kilometres to the south. Both sides insisted on control of Fashoda but the two commanders were diplomatic and the encounter was polite. It led to a period of intense diplomatic discussions between Paris and London, at the end of which the French Government ordered their forces to leave. Marchand had already been recalled to France and insisted on travelling through Abyssinia rather than down the British-controlled Nile. Marchand later fought with French expeditionary forces in China during the 1900 Boxer Rebellion. He was promoted to the rank of General in 1915 during World War I and was wounded in 1915 in the Battle of Champagne and again in 1916 in the Battle of the Somme. He retired from the Army in 1919
  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand (* 22. November 1863 in Thoissey; † 14. Januar 1934 in Paris) war ein französischer Offizier und Afrikaforscher.
  • Жан-Батист Маршан (на френски Jean-Baptiste Marchand) (2 ноември 1863 - 13 януари 1934) френски офицер, изследовател на Африка.Роден в малкото градче Тоасеи (Thoissey), северно от Лион. Завършва военно училище. Участва във френското завладяване на Сенегал, където през 1889 г. е тежко ранен и за няколко години е извън армията.През 1896-1899 г. извършва първото пресичане на Африка от запад на изток, в най-широката част на континента. От устието на Конго се изкачва по реката и по Убанги и Мбому, пресича вододела Нил-Конго, спуска се по реките Сус, Джур и Бахр-ел-Газал до Бели Нил. От там се изкачва по Собат и по дясната я съставяща Баро, пресича Етиопия и достига до Джибути.През 1900 г. участва във френските експедиционни сили, които участват в потушаването на "въстанието на боксьорите" в Китай. Взема участие и в Първата световна война, вече с чин генерал (1915 г.) като е ранен два пъти, през 1915 г. в битката при Шампан и през 1916 г. - в битката при Сома. Пенсионира се от армията през 1919 г. и умира през 1934 г.
  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand (Thoissey, 22 november 1863 - Parijs, 13 januari 1934) was een Franse militair die vooral bekend is als de leider van de Franse expeditie tijdens het Fashoda-incident.Marchand was van simpele komaf. Op zijn dertiende verliet hij de middelbare school voor een baantje als klerk. Dit bleef hij tot zijn twintigste doen. Daarna meldde hij zich voor het leger. In 1883 nam hij dienst in het koloniale leger. Hij kreeg al op zijn 26e het Legioen van Eer door zijn optreden in de Soedan. In 1892 werd hij tot kapitein bevorderd. Na Soedan werd hij in Ivoorkust geplaatst. Daar maakte hij naam met een ontdekkingsreis langs de Baoulé in West-Afrika. Na deze reis spande hij zich in voor een expeditie naar Fashoda om zo de Engelsen de pas af te snijden. Na een lange zware reis van anderhalf jaar werd Fashoda bereikt. Hoewel Frankrijk eerder aankwam in Fashoda dan Engeland wist Engeland Frankrijk uiteindelijk toch te dwingen om Fashoda af te staan.
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  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand, né le 22 novembre 1863 à Thoissey et mort le 13 janvier 1934 à Paris, est un militaire et un explorateur français, célèbre pour avoir commandé la mission Congo-Nil.
  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand (* 22. November 1863 in Thoissey; † 14. Januar 1934 in Paris) war ein französischer Offizier und Afrikaforscher.
  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand (Thoissey, 22 november 1863 - Parijs, 13 januari 1934) was een Franse militair die vooral bekend is als de leider van de Franse expeditie tijdens het Fashoda-incident.Marchand was van simpele komaf. Op zijn dertiende verliet hij de middelbare school voor een baantje als klerk. Dit bleef hij tot zijn twintigste doen. Daarna meldde hij zich voor het leger. In 1883 nam hij dienst in het koloniale leger.
  • for others with similar names, see Jean MarchandGeneral Jean-Baptiste Marchand (2 November 1863 – 13 January 1934) was a French military officer and explorer in Africa. He was born in Thoissey, Ain and attended l’Ecole militaire de Saint-Maixent. Marchand is best known for commanding the French expeditionary force during the Fashoda Incident.He participated in the French conquest of Senegal and was severely wounded in 1889 at the capture of Diena by the French.
  • Жан-Батист Маршан (на френски Jean-Baptiste Marchand) (2 ноември 1863 - 13 януари 1934) френски офицер, изследовател на Африка.Роден в малкото градче Тоасеи (Thoissey), северно от Лион. Завършва военно училище. Участва във френското завладяване на Сенегал, където през 1889 г. е тежко ранен и за няколко години е извън армията.През 1896-1899 г. извършва първото пресичане на Африка от запад на изток, в най-широката част на континента.
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  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand
  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand
  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand
  • Jean-Baptiste Marchand
  • Жан-Батист Маршан
  • Маршан, Жан-Батист
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