James Henry Scullin (18 septembre 1876, Trawalla, Victoria – 28 janvier 1953, Melbourne, Victoria), est un homme politique travailliste australien qui fut le 9e Premier ministre d'Australie.

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  • James Henry Scullin (18 septembre 1876, Trawalla, Victoria – 28 janvier 1953, Melbourne, Victoria), est un homme politique travailliste australien qui fut le 9e Premier ministre d'Australie.
  • Джеймс Генри Скаллин, или Джим Скаллин (18 сентября 1876 года — 28 января 1953 года) — австралийский политик, седьмой премьер-министр страны. Первый премьер-министр, рождённый на территории Австралии.
  • James Henry Scullin (18 September 1876 – 28 January 1953) was an Australian Labor Party politician and the ninth Prime Minister of Australia. Scullin led Labor to government at the 1929 election. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 transpired just two days after his swearing in, which would herald the beginning of the Great Depression in Australia. Already in a weak political position, the economic crisis would prove overwhelming for Scullin, with interpersonal and policy disagreements causing a three-way split of his party that would bring down the government in late 1931. Despite his chaotic term of office, Scullin remained a leading figure in the Labor movement throughout his lifetime, and served as an éminence grise in various capacities for the party until his retirement in 1949.The son of working-class Irish-immigrants, Scullin spent much of his early life as a laborer and grocer in Ballarat. An autodidact and passionate debater, Scullin would join the Australian Labor Party in 1903, beginning a career spanning five decades. He was a political organizer and newspaper editor for the party, and was elected to the House of Representatives first in 1910 and then again in 1922 until 1949. Scullin quickly established himself as a leading voice in parliament, rapidly rising to become deputy leader of the party in 1927 and then Leader of the Opposition in 1928.Winning a landslide election in 1929, events took a dramatic change with the crisis on Wall Street and the rapid onset of the Great Depression around the world, which hit heavily indebted Australia hard. Scullin and his Treasurer Ted Theodore responded by developing several plans during 1930 and 1931 to repay foreign debt, provide relief to farmers and create economic stimulus to curb unemployment based on deficit spending and expansionary monetary policy. Although the Keynesian Revolution would see these ideas adopted by most Western nations by the end of the decade, in 1931 such ideas were considered radical and the plans were bitterly opposed by many who feared hyperinflation and economic ruin. The still opposition-dominated Senate, and the conservative-dominated boards of the Commonwealth Bank and Loan Council, repeatedly blocked the plans.With the prospect of bankruptcy facing the government, Scullin backed down and instead advanced the Premiers' Plan, a far more conservative measure that met the crisis with severe cutbacks in government spending. Pensioners and other core Labor constituencies were severely affected by the cuts, leading to a widespread revolt and multiple defections in parliament. After several months of infighting the government collapsed and the newly formed United Australia Party took power at the subsequent 1931 election.Scullin would remain party leader for several more years but the party split would not be healed until after Scullin's return to the backbenches in 1935. Scullin became a respected elder voice within the party and leading authority on taxation and government finance, and would eventually play a significant role in reforming both when the ALP returned to government in 1941. Although disappointed with his own term of office, he nonetheless lived long enough to see many of his government's ideas implemented by subsequent governments before his death in 1953.
  • James Scullin (ur. 18 września 1876 w Trawalla, Wiktoria - zm. 28 stycznia 1953 w Melbourne) - australijski polityk i dziennikarz, w latach 1929-1931 premier tego kraju.
  • James Henry Scullin (Trawalla, 18 settembre 1876 – Melbourne, 28 gennaio 1953) è stato un politico australiano, nono primo ministro del suo Paese.Figlio di un ferroviere di origini cattolico-irlandesi, dopo la licenza elementare, lavorò come droghiere a Ballarat mentre studiava alle scuole serali e frequentava la biblioteca pubblica. Nel 1903 si iscrisse nel Partito laburista australiano e divenne un organizzatore del sindacato ed editore del quotidiano laburista di Ballarat, Evening Echo (eco della sera). Per tutta la vita egli fu un devoto cattolico.
  • James Henry Scullin (* 18. September 1876 in Trawalla, Victoria; † 28. Januar 1953 in Melbourne, Victoria) war der 9. Premierminister Australiens. Seine Amtszeit dauerte vom 22. Oktober 1929 bis zum 6. Januar 1932. Er war der erste Katholik in diesem Amt. Vom 26. April 1928 bis zum 22. Oktober 1929, sowie vom 6. Januar 1932 bis zum 1. Oktober 1935 war er der Oppositionsführer.
  • James Henry Scullin (Trawalla (Victoria), 18 september 1876 - Melbourne (Victoria), 28 januari 1953) was Australisch politicus. Hij was de 9e premier van Australië.
  • James Henry Scullin (lahir di Trawalla, Victoria, Imperium Britania, 18 September 1876 – meninggal di Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 28 Januari 1953 pada umur 76 tahun), adalah politikus Partai Buruh Australia yang menjabat sebagai Perdana Menteri Australia ke-9 dari tahun 1929 sampai tahun 1932. Ia adalah anggota Parlemen Australia untuk divisi elektoral Yarra dari tahun 1922 sampai tahun 1949. Scullin memimpin Partai Buruh hingga mengambil alih pemerintahan pada pemilihan tahun 1929. Runtuhnya Wall Street 1929 terjadi hanya dua hari setelah ia disumpah sebagai perdana menteri. Keruntuhan Wall Street 1929 menyebabkan Depresi Besar di Australia. Scullin sudah berada dalam posisi politik yang lemah, dan cobaan krisis ekonomi terbukti terlalu berat Scullin. Ditambah perselisihan antarpribadi dan perselisihan kebijakan yang akhirnya menyebabkan perpecahan tiga arah di dalam partainya, pemerintahannya jatuh pada akhir tahun 1931. Meskipun terjadi kekacauan ketika menjabat perdana menteri, Scullin tetap menjadi tokoh terkemuka dalam gerakan Buruh sepanjang hidupnya, dan menjabat sebagai éminence grise dalam berbagai kapasitas untuk partainya hingga pensiun pada tahun 1949.
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  • Photographie de James Scullin prise entre 1929 et 1932.
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  • Photographie de James Scullin prise entre 1929 et 1932.
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  • James Henry Scullin (18 septembre 1876, Trawalla, Victoria – 28 janvier 1953, Melbourne, Victoria), est un homme politique travailliste australien qui fut le 9e Premier ministre d'Australie.
  • Джеймс Генри Скаллин, или Джим Скаллин (18 сентября 1876 года — 28 января 1953 года) — австралийский политик, седьмой премьер-министр страны. Первый премьер-министр, рождённый на территории Австралии.
  • James Scullin (ur. 18 września 1876 w Trawalla, Wiktoria - zm. 28 stycznia 1953 w Melbourne) - australijski polityk i dziennikarz, w latach 1929-1931 premier tego kraju.
  • James Henry Scullin (* 18. September 1876 in Trawalla, Victoria; † 28. Januar 1953 in Melbourne, Victoria) war der 9. Premierminister Australiens. Seine Amtszeit dauerte vom 22. Oktober 1929 bis zum 6. Januar 1932. Er war der erste Katholik in diesem Amt. Vom 26. April 1928 bis zum 22. Oktober 1929, sowie vom 6. Januar 1932 bis zum 1. Oktober 1935 war er der Oppositionsführer.
  • James Henry Scullin (Trawalla (Victoria), 18 september 1876 - Melbourne (Victoria), 28 januari 1953) was Australisch politicus. Hij was de 9e premier van Australië.
  • James Henry Scullin (Trawalla, 18 settembre 1876 – Melbourne, 28 gennaio 1953) è stato un politico australiano, nono primo ministro del suo Paese.Figlio di un ferroviere di origini cattolico-irlandesi, dopo la licenza elementare, lavorò come droghiere a Ballarat mentre studiava alle scuole serali e frequentava la biblioteca pubblica.
  • James Henry Scullin (18 September 1876 – 28 January 1953) was an Australian Labor Party politician and the ninth Prime Minister of Australia. Scullin led Labor to government at the 1929 election. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 transpired just two days after his swearing in, which would herald the beginning of the Great Depression in Australia.
  • James Henry Scullin (lahir di Trawalla, Victoria, Imperium Britania, 18 September 1876 – meninggal di Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 28 Januari 1953 pada umur 76 tahun), adalah politikus Partai Buruh Australia yang menjabat sebagai Perdana Menteri Australia ke-9 dari tahun 1929 sampai tahun 1932. Ia adalah anggota Parlemen Australia untuk divisi elektoral Yarra dari tahun 1922 sampai tahun 1949. Scullin memimpin Partai Buruh hingga mengambil alih pemerintahan pada pemilihan tahun 1929.
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  • James Scullin
  • James Scullin
  • James Scullin
  • James Scullin
  • James Scullin
  • James Scullin
  • James Scullin
  • Скаллин, Джеймс Генри
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